Posted at 10.28.2018
Everyone is created unique and special in their own way. Everyone has a personality of their own that is developed throughout ones life. To effectively and proficiently teach and ensure that each learner understanding the concepts, the teacher needs to understand each university student and their personality.
Personality can be defined as the style of behavior that is enduring, distinctive thoughts, thoughts and behaviours that differs from every individual and is employed to adjust to the globe. The personality of one is forms with nature and nurture participating in an intrinsic role. With reference to the work of Child Dennis (2007:410), posited that "personality requires knowledge of the full total group of humans" A class room is not just a cognitive habitat but consist of intricate personal relationships which deeply have an impact on the learning and teaching functions. In classroom there are a wide variety of personalities and individuals that you must understand personality so as never to discourage the students because they're different.
According to Buskist William (1990:496), "personality is a specific pattern of patterns and pondering prevailing across time and situations that differentiates one individual from another. " No two people think alike, many people are different in attitudes, interest, learning abilities as well as thoughts. The personality of every individual develops though their genetics composition as well as their conversation with the surroundings. Plomin et al (2002:392) mentioned that from "an example of 24, 000 twins his data points to hereditary factors accounting for 40 percent of the variance and environment factors the rest of the 60 percent. This means that the influential environmental factors are experienced by the twins separately of each other".
The researchers purpose to identify the structure of personality, personality theories, big five factors of personality, personality and the institution environment and type A behavior of students and professors so that the experts can emphasis the necessity to promote education on personality in universities and in the culture so that everyone can agree to each other with their differences.
Personality regarding to Freud is made up of the Identification, ego and superego. They involve in the process of shaping the individuals brain. Corresponding to Buskist William (1990:505), "the unconscious mind is a perceptual battleground where the Identification, ego and superego are employed in unending turmoil. " "The result form the battle cause everyone to respond or react in another way forming and demonstrating some other personality. According to Freud the Id is the pleasure primary that looks for gratification and the instincts are: food, sexual pleasure and hostility. " The children are often eager and professors would find them eating in school, fighting with each other to get justice they think they have earned rather than complaining to the instructors. To cope with these behaviour instructors need to comprehend the students personalities.
The ego involves cognitive thinking which allows reasoning, certainty and process information about the environment. The ego links back to you the individual and the surroundings and self awareness. Corresponding to Santrock (1994:31), Freud states that the Id is an total ruler, owed complete obedience; it is spoiled, willful, impatient and self-centered. The ego gets the job to getting things done; it is tuned into fact and is responsive to societys requirements. The superego is concerned with right and incorrect; its role is to inform the greedy Identification that nobler purposes should be pursued. The superego is the moral area of the self.
According to Santrock (1994:33) BODY'S DEFENCE MECHANISM which can be unconscious methods where the ego distorts actuality to protect itself from anxiousness are:
Repression is a powerful and pervasive defense device since it works to push unacceptable Id impulses out of awareness and back into the unconscious head.
Rationalization is the psychoanalytic protection mechanism occurring when the true motive for an individuals behaviour is not accepted by the ego and is replaced by a sort of convert purpose.
Displacement occurs when the participation of unacceptable thoughts from one thing to another, more acceptable object.
Sublimation occur whenever a useful plan of action replaces and undesirable one.
Projection occurs whenever we attribute our own shorting, and faults to others.
Reaction formation occur when we express an undesirable impulse by transforming it into its complete opposite.
Regression occur whenever we behave in ways characteristic of a past developmental level.
The question is; which factors affect the personality more innate or discovered? Both of these factors are essential in the development in an individuals personality. In the study of fraternal twin who had been separated at labor and birth proves that both twin were very different. That they had the same genetic composition but their environment was different. Among the twins was at a prosperous environment with everything and the other in a poorer environment and they both proved so different all as a result of environment these were exposed to. The surroundings or culture you participate in will impact your personality as your will be groomed and taught what that modern culture feel is right or wrong. The richer family provides moral, emotional support, financial security which all humans need as stipulated by Abraham Maslow in the theory of hierarchy of needs. However, another type of society or a poor world will think differently and react in a different way. In case your change the folks environment they will adapt to the new environment and change their personality to adapt to their present environment. It is simply our individual nature of survival.
According to Santrock (1994), Skinner and sociable learning theorist imagine "personality is behaviour that is environmentally identified. " However, humanistic ideas believe that "personality is influences by experience and can be improved and folks have innate potential to self actualized. " It can be seen that both heredity and environment works and important part in an individuals personality development.
According to Freud in Buskist William (1990:505), "personalities are determined by both mindful and unconscious powers, with the unconscious exerting significant effect on the mindful. " Therefore repressed ideas, thoughts and wished influence our mindful way of thinking and behaviour. Also repressed ideas and thoughts can surface in dreams and errors of conversation known as Freudian Slips.
The Conscious mind hold things we could fully aware of, that we can think and rationalize while the unconscious head is the bulk of the mind. The mind suppresses the things we dont want to keep in mind like pain, hurt, conflict, abuse and things we hid from the planet that people hid it up to now we ourselves do not remember. According to Freud, "our deeply repressed encounters in infancy and early childhood determined what our personality will maintain adulthood. While psychoanalytical theorist argues that folks are unaware of our personality development. " Students will vary plus they all have different personality and to understand their needs educators need to comprehend personality. Students inside our school room have pain and injure deep within them leading to them to act reserved or misbehave and the professor without studying the kid plaster a label as "indiscipline, pest, dunce" without understanding or considering what is leading to this child to act this way.
The internal dimensions of personality regarding to Freud are the Id, ego and superego whiles the exterior determinants being cognitive and social learning. Folks are prisoners of these past since the condition may have harmed the individuals ego before when a similar problem arise the individual struggles with low self esteem and low self confidence. Also the cognitive development, social learning and moral direction help to make decisions somewhat than overacting with the Identification but the superego handles all the extreme actions and it can help both the inner and external determinants to harmonize.
According to Freud (1933:69):
The poor egofeels hemmed in on here edges, threatened by three varieties of hazard to which, if it is hard pressed it responds by generating panicThus the ego, motivated by id, confined by the superego, repulsed by simple fact, struggles to master it economic discussion of bringing about harmony among the forces and affects employed in and after it, and we can know how it s that frequently we cannot suppress a cry: "Life is challenging!"
Some specific have a high level of intellect or gifted although some students are poor learners. Some students are sociable and interact while some are reserved and peaceful, some are funny and jolly although some are sad and depress and these are all personalities of individuals. Everyone deal with situation differently since many people are being guided in a different way by their superego. Many people are taught different values depending on their culture. Regarding to Child (1998), Eysencks big five are "Neuroticism-Emotional Balance, Introversion-Extraversion, Openness-Convergence, Agreeableness-Antagonism and Conscientiousness-Undirectedness. "
Table 1:1 The measurements of personality regarding to Eysencks (1916)
http://alleydog. com/images/eysenek-wheel. gif
Figure 1. 1 Eysencks Steering wheel of Personality http://alleydog. com/images/eysenek-wheel. gif
Temperament according to Galambos and Costigan (2003) as citied by Santrock (2005:192), "can be an individuals behavioral style and quality way of responding and it is the building blocks of personality. " There are three types of character:
Easy Child: this child is generally in positive mood, quickly establishes regular exercises, and adapts easily to new encounters. Difficult Child: this child reacts negatively to man situation and is also slow to accept new experience. Slow-to-warm-up child: this child has a low activity level, is relatively negative and displays a low intensity of feeling.
With reference to the table and the wheel the researchers have experience with students who respond in all these ways. However, it sometimes appears that not on a regular basis the difficulty students are poor performers but sometime a lot more privilege students have higher pain from pressure and high prospects that they behave diversely at home and in institution. They could be secure at home with school the complete contrary and need love and attention. Students when away from home they would like to be themselves and live just a little and professors need to help them by displaying them how to behave an help them understand life over Adolescence, they are going through. At this time, students are forming an id and creating a personality that will define who they are as specific. It is important that educators understand personality, their own personality in order to tolerate others therefore the students will imitate them and tolerate their peers in the class and this understanding of personality can help students to avoid turmoil and confrontation among peer because they'll understand that everyone is different and is also part of our society.
A school room is not only a cognitive habitat, but involves intricate personal interactions which deeply have an impact on the learning and teaching process. Personality characteristics play an important role when it comes to the learning process and the behaviour and perceptions of learning. Every university student views learning in different ways since their parents and instructors would try to convenience them that learning is beneficial to them in the foreseeable future. Some students are enthusiastic about learning the best way while others are not motivated by when teachers utilize multiple cleverness methods students will see what stimulates their interest and can become hobbies.
According to Child and Smithers (1971) assessed and cited by Child (2007:403):
Variations in performance are not entirely a question of intellect, desire or thinking skills, but may rely upon the personal traits which can enhance or inhibit the grade of that performance.
In the class room and in the coaching career there are individuals with Type A behavior personality plus they can be difficult individual so that's the reason it is a difficulty that some students and educators just cannot go along because they dont understand each other personality or even realize they have a sort A behaviour.
After the task of two American Center Specialist Friedman and Rosenman 1974 was analyzed, endorsed and cited in Child (2007:403) the characteristics of Types A behavior are:
Tries to do or think of two or more things at once, (b) Cannot sit doing nothing-feels guilty when not working, (c) Advances ticks, facial movement (eyebrow raising), (d) has a 'thing about punctuality, (e) gets impatient viewing others doing a job he or she thinks can be carried out better, (f) plays to gain- even though using children, (g) drums fingertips impatiently, (h) does indeed a lot of arm waving when conversing, (i) hurries others along who are speaking, (j) attempts to steer interactions to her or his own pursuits, (k) will try to load up a great deal of work into little time, (l) shows no affinity for aesthetic facet of area (m) gets very cross in queues, (n) gets the motto 'if you want something done properly, do it yourself and (o) pushes other people hard at work
Students with this type of behavior do not usually be friends with their peers since they want everything perfect and bossy. When the students are ambitious and dominant then they will be fidgety and argue with the professors and be disruptive to show their details. Also, it is can be very alarming if professors have that types of behaviour since they can be 'frigid, detach and no-nonsense person with no lenience who the students will fear which can cause students to underperform given that they don't realize what is requires of these from the tutor. These individuals will have a high self-esteem and assurance and can work hard and be professions. The students will be hard working trying for only A. This type of behavior cause stress, stress and aggression that is not good for the students or the educators health.
Personality can be explained as the routine of behavior that is long lasting, distinctive thoughts, feelings and behaviours that differs from every individual and can be used to adapt to the planet.
A school room is not just a cognitive habitat, but contains intricate personal interactions which deeply influence the training and teaching process.
The unconscious mind is a perceptual battleground in which the Identification, ego and superego are employed in unending discord.
Defense Mechanisms which are unconscious methods where the ego distorts reality to protect itself from stress are: Repression, Rationalization, Displacement, Sublimation, Projection, Effect and Regression
Both heredity and environment plays and important part within an individuals personality development.
The cognitive development and interpersonal learning and moral instruction create decisions somewhat than overacting with the egos but the superego manages all the extreme actions and it can help both the internal and exterior determinants to harmonize.
Eysencks big five are: Neuroticism-Emotional Stability, Introversion-Extraversion, Openness-Convergence, Agreeableness-Antagonism and Conscientiousness-Undirectedness.
Three types of personality: Easy Child, Difficult Child and Slow-to-warm-up child.
Variations in performance aren't totally a question of intellect, motivation or thinking skills, but may depend on the personal qualities which can boost or inhibit the quality of that performance
Type A behaviour personality can result in a person to be difficult to deal with and understand.
The experts can confidently conclude that was the most interesting and beneficial researcher they have ever before pursued: understanding personality
From the readings the researchers believe there is still a whole lot yet to uncover about personality. Understanding personality starts the sight of a person to accept and tolerate the behaviours, behaviour and cultures of others. The researchers being teachers viewed how the idea of personality can influence their attitudes and behaviours when working with the adolescents. Understanding the personalities and difference will help teachers to communicate better with the students and also they are better able to counsel the students into tolerating each other and also to help students and tutor to better offer with situations. Personality studies won't come to an end because each individual is different, complex and complex in their own way.