Posted at 11.17.2018
For many small islands travel and leisure is financially significant as a income source and job. Islands, especially small islands, continue to fascinate and catch the attention of tourists, and then for exotic Less Developed Countries (LDCs) such as Malaysia with many offshore islands, coders and government planners see the potential to develop resorts. However, imagine if small islands that already variety international tourism, even small-scale such as backpackers? What issues and tensions might emerge as these small hawaiian islands face significant change? Peninsular Malaysia has many small islands from the east coast, they all have become ever more popular among international and local tourist likewise. Islands like Perhentian is attracting increasing numbers of people to visit and this popularity although good for the economics has taken in regards to a mass tourism sensation whereby huge amounts of people go to the island at one given time thus crowding the island. This drives the tourism authorities, hotels and travel operators to provide to the demand, centering more on the mass travel and leisure and the revenue it creates, thus neglecting environmentally friendly degradation that brings about many negative effects to the island. Many conservation programmes have been since embarked by the tourism specialists after realising the need for safeguard for the surroundings but most are just ad hoc and is not sustained.
The Perhentian islands off the east coastline of peninsula Malaysia have been a tourism destination since the later 1980s when backpackers determined these islands. Both main islands of perhentian have experienced differing types of development since that time, which island has since drawn increasingly more people to its majestic islands. Which paper examines how mass tourism can affect a specific destination therefore of its recognition.
1. 2 Research question
What will be the ramifications of mass travel and leisure to the surroundings of Pulau Perhentian which will be my research question
My problem includes mass and advancing tourism industry and its impact to the natural setting that people have in Perhentian Island.
Urbanization is not indeed a difficulty to anyone, by the way many people are living compared to 20 years back again. The convenience to handle a task is made so simple by so many gadgets, storing, controlling and sharing data and information has never been easier after the technology of the internet and so forth. It's a electronic world now that we you live in.
Tourism is the no 1 hospitality industry on earth, with the advancement of technology in transport and information transfer. Booking, choosing, exploring and experiencing hasn't been simpler. But have we ever before stop to believe what is required for us to experience these getaways? Hotel? Land? Natural learning resource?, and have we ever used a step back again to think what and how our activities have done to your environment? I am not arguing stating that travel and leisure industry is the main cause of all the pollution and devastation induced. However in this paper I am going to show what some irresponsible stakeholders have done to Perhentian and how our mother nature suffers while watching us frolicking.
1. 3 Research objectives
Malaysia is a country which embraces its modernity while its traditions and world old attraction, together with this is its growing beauty of the natural setting up, the exotic jungles and its diverse ecosystem. Therefore this destination is fuelled by a growing amount of local and international tourists, and with progress of global communication, the numbers are rocketing up. But with the increasing volume of tourist variety and suppliers in Malaysia need to cater to the demand thus triggering development and urbanization, and so causing Malaysia to reduce much of its land, rainfall forest, compromising endangered varieties of animals along the way
This research has three specific aims in order to comprehend the impact of mass travel and leisure to the environment.
The first goal is to look at perhentian island which were affected, the consequence of these pollutions and prove that these pollutions are induced by mass tourism activities.
The second aim is to comprehend how federal, NGO's and the general public are doing to protect the surroundings.
The third aim is to provide alternatives and ideas that can be used for future years of tourism and also protect the environment at the same time so that travel and leisure and sustainability can coexist without destroying one another.
1. 4 Significant of studies
This research provides many perks to the tourism industry, the local community and Perhentian island.
This research will show how mass travel and leisure has been affecting the natural environment of perhentian island, and the risk that it poses to the endangered species of pets or animals that share the hawaiian islands tepid to warm water and jungles with us. Second, by discovering the reason and aftereffect of the harm to perhentian island, options can be than considered by local authorities and other specialists to preserve the remaining of the island and established boundaries and rules which may in exchange bring back the total amount in the ecosystem and the natural setting up of perhentian island. Third, by employing ;"travel laws and regulations" in perhentian, this might help to reduce on the destruction that has strike perhentian. And help preserve the surroundings and its own ecosystem for the younger generation to experience.
Lastly, this research also contributes knowledge to maintain the natural environment not only in perhentian but also other areas in Malaysia which could face the same problem as Perhentian.
1. 5 Constraints of studies
This research is performed to recognize the relationships between Mass travel and leisure activity and its own immediate impact to Perhentian island. Besides that, this research examines the results of such activity and the solutions that can be resorted to in order to maintain an equilibrium. This research is conducted in Perhentian Island, Malaysia. Interviews will be completed to both local and international holidaymakers who are going to Perhentian.
. The sample size is limited to 100 respondents. As perhentian is a small island
2. 0 Books review
2. 1 Mass tourism
What is travel and leisure?
There is no single definition of tourism which everyone uses. Many definitions have been used over time, some of that happen to be widespread and can be applied to any situation, as well as others terms for a more specific purpose. Different tourism organisation, for example, often devises meanings that meet their own specific requirements. The more universal definition builds on Goeldner and Ritchie (2006)
'Tourism may be defined as the total of the techniques, activities and outcomes arising from the relationship and the interaction among tourist, travel and leisure suppliers, host government authorities, host communities and surrounding surroundings that get excited about the attracting, transporting, web host and management of visitor and other visitors. '
Tourism based on the Cambridge online dictionary says that it's the business of providing services such as carry, places to stay or entertainment for people who are on holiday. In the mean time the oxford online dictionary says that it is the commercial corporation and operation of holidays and appointments to tourist destinations.
What is mass tourism
Mass tourism is the take action of visiting a leisure vacation spot with huge amounts of folks at one time. The development of mass tourism is parallel to the development and advancements of technology. Travel and internet has evolved so much in time, making communication fast and easy, this allows vacationer to research, find out and book and even purchase their holiday seasons online, this thus contributing to the go up of mass travel and leisure, besides that the improvement in technology in the transport industry also helps in the transportation of large numbers of people in a brief space of time to places of leisure interest, so that better numbers of people could begin to enjoy the benefits of leisure time.
Mass tourism is definitely the main topic of criticism for its negative impacts throughout the world. Many catalogs point out mass tourism's possibly destructive influences on societies, culture and environment. Many authors condemned and still condemn this mass use and the ones who enjoy it. Actually the argument over the advantages and the drawbacks of tourism has raged incessantly and will continue. Travel and leisure development in many places, and especially mass tourism, has resulted in deterioration in environment quality. In the 1960s, the consequences of mass tourism and the increasing knowing of the human impacts on the surroundings led to an over-all state that character is no inexhaustible source of information.
Relation between environment and tourism
Today, you can assist to a high amount of sensibility for the natural environment. The reason is that tourism is the one cost-effective sector that offers natural environment as a very important part of its product. In other words, the natural environment is an integral factor of the travel and leisure activity. Krippendorf (1982) "the surroundings is the true raw material of tourism; it's the reason for the lifestyle of tourism as well as its economic driving a vehicle force". It illustrates the actual fact that vacationer product quality is associated with environment quality. This highly dependence between tourism and environment is often used as basic discussion to help make the tourism industry aware about the negative impacts of mass tourism on the surroundings. MA European Travel and leisure Management
The environment constitutes a tourism source and should be considered as an integral part of the tourism product because no other financial sector is so vitally and directly influenced by environmental quality (Mieczkowski, J. 1995). This close marriage or interdependence between travel and leisure and environment, Mieczkowski (1995 ) defines it as "the environmental part of tourism"
Multiple surveys validate the hypothesis that the quality of natural environment constitutes "the primary factors that captivated the present-day visitor" (WTO, 1983: 28). So, if tourism wants to survive, it seems vital to reach this harmony between people and characteristics. It's the only way to reduce the expenses of travel and leisure on the environment and permit the tourist to take pleasure from undisturbed characteristics. (Mieczkowski, J. 1995) This "symbiotic relation", term employed by Budowski (1976) has a name, it is sustainable tourism.
Mass travel and leisure creates intense environmental pressures because of the fact that such activity consists of a large quantity of travellers in small areas. Additionally, those pressures are accentuated by the temporal polarization of mass tourism (Shaw, G. and Williams, A. 2002). Hudman and Jackson (2003) acknowledge that coastal resorts are a good example of changing pre-existing forms associated with both the individual and physical environment. In Spain, for example, several coastal villages have been modified rather dramatically in the past couple of years. Travel posters of the area usually highlight the area as it was before tourism. Yet, with the development of mass travel and leisure, the scattered villages of Torremolinos, Benidorm or Lloret del Mar, and other small villages are no more recognizable. Lloret de Mar, was among the first in European countries to be developed for mass tourism (Telegraf. co. uk, 2001). Recently, the introduction of transfer facilities such as airlines have allowed to people places to attract still more travellers. For example, because the appearance of Ryanair, the reduced cost air travel company, at Gerona air-port, the city of Lloret de Mar has become far more accessible, especially to prospects who maintain a rigid travel budget. Mass travel and leisure has a range of impacts of most types on natural environment (e. g. coastal, mountains or inland) but also on built environments (e. g. historic sites or locations).
Mass tourism brings about the direct degradation, pollution, even destruction of elements (air, soils, geology, vegetation, normal water and wildlife) and ecosystems (coastal, mountains, inland and polar) (Mieczkowski, Z. 1995). The main causes will be the construction of holiday facilities such as hotel complexes, theme parks and marinas and the amount of travelers in the same place. The simplest way to see such environmental impacts is to consider mass travel and leisure within specific environments. Coastal areas are especially vulnerable to mass travel and leisure because they represent the most suitable places to invest vacation. Occasionally like the Mediterranean, there's been widespread damage of the ecosystems. It is the sea ecosystem which supports and is affected by mass beach travel and leisure, especially concentrated during the high season (from June to August). The summer months have most sun and they include the longest school vacation period when family members take their main holiday. The marine ecosystems suffer from garbage disposal by hotels and littering by tourists, essential oil spills from cruise lines and other motorized motorboat traffic, etc. (Mieczkowski, Z. 1995). All of the construction of tourism facilities necessary for mass travel and leisure in coastal areas influences the beach in virtually any ways. Infrastructures must cope with the large volume of consumers in a brief time period (Shaw, G. and Williams, A. 2002)
Why does mass travel and leisure happen
Mass tourism looks following the World Conflict II, it was initiated in the trunk roadways of the commercial towns and towns in the north of Britain. The introduction of mass tourism under western culture was linked to the economic development of contemporary society and as a matter of known fact to the incorporation of a more powerful middle and lower category inside the holiday market. This enlargement has been based on exterior factors such as generalisation of paid getaways, rising expectations of living and an instant improvement in the means of transportation like the increase in air travel. The growth of such tourism signifies a democratisation of travel which democratisation means that status distinctions will be attracted between different classes of traveller, but less between the ones that can travel or not.
Increase in car ownership
Increase in leisure time:
shorter working week
early old age with pensions
Two wage-earner families
Computer reservation systems
Internet on-line booking
The package head to, also called deal holiday, package deal travel or all-inclusive bundle are often standardised and with limited overall flexibility. The package identifies the purchase of a offer of travel services including transport and accommodation. All other types of excursions are non-package travels. When buying a offer, the tourist feels sure to receive the service promised. Today, the industry tourism has modified its offer to the customer needs and anticipations and proposes tailor-made deals where in fact the customer can incorporate all the components of his trip. The idea of the package tour is the same but more overall flexibility is granted
Popularity of the certain place
What will be the effects?
The impact of the mass tourism is very popular, especially upon the environment. Besides, not a lot of share of investment property on getaways actually reach the local people, which regional and native social attractions we all enjoy. They are the people who actually save the customs and habits with their local areas. Individuals, who allow us to capture a glimpse of their cultural heritage, they may be who have preserving and taking care of the un-spoiled aspect for all those. Maybe many of the people are used to feel that big tour providers and large travel consortiums have a responsibility to maintain that local social heritage and environment. However they are only worried about their income and nothing else. But if one do not look a bit further in future to see that this way, one day there would not be many remaining traveler resources and profits will start descending fast. Regrettably, this will have an impact on nobody so greatly, but the locals. After all, alternative tourism varieties include small groups of people, who surely do not harm the environment that much. Besides, if not familiar, as I am sure almost all of them are, one of the aims of the alternative tourism forms is to recognize how to preserve the surroundings and local traditions and culture. Actually, some different forms are meant to enable man to appreciate the greatness of nature, a great such example is the eco-tourism. However, it is totally different situation in some big resorts with thousands of people playing around and lots of hotels keeping the beautiful nature views from your sight. Certainly, there a wide range of ways of entertainment because of the tourist's animation, nightlife, and other. But is it not exactly that that which we are working from? Could great nightlife and different animations with the difference they are at different place, compare with all of the all alternative forms; to compare with the naked character and cultural traditions?
1) Careers are made by tourism in many areas - in the initial engineering of the resorts, in travel, in food provision and in other service related market sectors.
2) Residents benefit immediately from employment
4) Move facilities are developed
5) The local tax base boosts so the local federal government/council can spend money on schools, healthcare and sociable services.
1) TNCs (Trans Country wide Businesses) from rich countries tend to be involved - this can cause a great deal of profits leaving the united states.
2 Careers can be seasonal - especially in beach and snow skiing centered resorts. people can therefore find themselves out of work in the close season.
3) Tourists consume large sums of resources including food and water - this kind of tourism is particularly UNSUSTAINABLE in this manner.
4) Tourists expose new beliefs and ethnicities - this triggers cultural pollution.
5) Land is lost from farming to traveler developments.
Example of a location afflicted by mass tourism
For years Bali, the pearl one of the Sunda Islands, has been touted as an earthly paradise, because of the its tropical landscapes, its white sandy beaches, the tormented beauty of its Hindu temples and its inhabitants' reputation for kindness and tolerance. But this idyllic location may soon be considered a thing of days gone by, with the threat of Bali learning to be a victim to the gathered effects of mass tourism, unbridled use of resources and environmental collapse. From your 1970s onwards Bali really became a traveler destination. Hundreds of hotels consume a large talk about of freshwater reserves, with each four-star room eating 300 litres a day. By 2015 Bali could be facing a drinking water crisis.
More than a million visitors emerged to Bali in 2001. The statistics for 2011 claim that numbers have more than doubled since, eventually unaffected by the 2002 terror harm, which remaining 202 lifeless, including many Australians. Each year 700 hectares of land is lost to hotels, luxury enclosure for wealthy foreigners or perhaps roads to improve connections on the island. Every day some 13, 000 cubic metres of throw away is dumped on general public tips and only half is recycled. With 13% more cars on the streets every year, the gradually increasing traffic triggers significant jams.
In an attempt to mitigate the side effects of mass tourism on the local Hindu culture, an exception in generally Muslim Indonesia, the specialists have launched environmental legislation. Among its provisions makes it compulsory for resorts to be set back at least 150 metres from beaches, without hotels within 5km of Hindu temples.
In January 2011, the governor of Bali, Made Mangku Pastika, given analysis on new properties in heavily developed areas, alert that Bali was at risk of becoming a sterile land bristling with concrete. The ban is definately not popular with traders. Tourism is partially due to the attraction in our culture: if mass travel and leisure develops in a manner that threatens the culture, which will bring about the locals losing their specific appeal. Compared with other holiday locations in south-east Asia, Bali has retained much of its magic, at least in the areas up to now spared by mass travel and leisure. But if there is nothing done to prevent current trends, it may suffer the same destiny as other aspiration destinations.
2. 2 Perhentian Island
Asia-Pacific is one of the world's quickest growing tourism areas in conditions of international arrivals, especially in the South-East Asian sub-region with flourishing tourism in founded places such Thailand (14. 1 million international arrivals in 2009 2009) and newer, appearing spots such as Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos (UN WTO, 2010). The concentration of this newspaper, Malaysia, also offers a growing international tourism sector with 24. 6 million international arrivals this year 2010 generating over US $18. 2 billion in receipts, and adding at least seven per cent of GDP (MOTOUR, 2011). 4International arrivals data to Malaysia is disaggregated regarding to country of source rather than by market section so it is unknown just how many backpackers visit, but one estimation suggests at least 300, 000 per calendar year (Ian and Musa, 2005). Inside the growing South-East Asia backpacker path, the Perhentian islands are one of the 'hotspot' sites in north peninsula Malaysia. Typically, backpackers get into Malaysia from southern Thailand (or travel north from Singapore) and then trip in a circuit between Penang via the Cameron Highlands and then to the east coast specifically to go to the Perhentians. Backpackers often stick to islands or at other beach resorts as mini break from harder travelling within their much larger trips around the spot.
The Island of Perhentian
Not less than an hour over a sail boat from the east coast of Malaysia, Northeast of Peninsular Malaysia, local the location of Kota Bharu, there are two small islands that form the Perhentian Islands. The brands are Perhentian Besar, the bigger of both and popular among couples and households with children, and Perhentian Kecil, the smaller island and very popular among budget travelers. Both islands have lots of accommodation open to stay overnight. This varies from luxurious resorts that provide cabanas complete with air-conditioning, to simple lodges where you will have to do with cold water and a lover. There are no (internationally renowned) hotels. Perhentian is most popular because the fantastic places for diving and snorkeling; in most cases you can benefit from the underwater world right before the resort. Additionally it is very popular because the island is straightforward to reach; though through the monsoon season (Oct to March) virtually the whole island is shut to travellers. As Perhentian Island is part of a marine park guests have to pay a conservation fee of RM5. The island is situated about 20 kilometers off of the northeastern coastline of Peninsular Malaysia.
http://divezone. net/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/perhentian-islands-map. gif
http://go2travelmalaysia. com/tour_malaysia/images/perhentian_map. gif
The Perhentian Islands are two islands called Pulau Perhentian Kecil (Small Perhentian Island) and Pulau Perhentian Besar (Large Perhentian Island). The Malay name Perhentian is translated as "spot to stop" and this is exactly what these two islands were for investors traveling between Malaysia and Bangkok in years gone by. These islands are still a gorgeous place to stop and relax today.
The laid-back atmosphere and the natural splendor of the Perhentian islands immediately transport you to a new world. The white sand is dotted with sun-worshipping trip producers, some retreating to the cover from the sun for one glass of freshly squeezed drink. A group of scuba divers are boarding a vessel to go out into the turquoise waters and submerge themselves in the underwater wonderland. Later, as the sun sets, a tranquil hype of music and chatter fills the environment, alongside the slim wisp of smoke cigars from the barbeque open fire. The islands continue to be relatively untouched and the sole permanent inhabitants stay in a small angling community on Perhentian Kecil. Aside from footpaths that trim through the jungle, there are no highways on the islands. The only path to bypass is by walking through the jungle or taking a sea taxi. In the event that you tread carefully, you may even encounter a few of the islands' timid wildlife on the way, such as monitor lizards, super fruit bats, squirrels or even the elusive mouse deer. Simple chalets and some moderately luxurious resorts series the picturesque beaches along with restaurants, dive centers and vessel operators advertising their services with hand-painted signs or symptoms. Perhaps it is the exercises of white beach or the superior water and the superior scuba diving. Perhaps it is the untouched forests or the relaxed atmosphere and unspoiled elegance. We prefer to think that the lush greens and the wildlife's habiting the island makes Perhentian Islands the perfect destination to connect ecotourism & experience tourism.
Activities In the island
Attractions in Perhentian island are nature based, which range from snorkeling to scuba diving and jungle treeking. All wanting to teach traveler about the ecosystem that surrounds the island. These islands have been gazette as a marine park and therefore littering, sportfishing and collecting of any marine life (whether deceased or alive) is purely prohibited. Since it is a marine park, this also means that the abundant variety of aquatic life has been preserved and it is beautiful to experience.
Perhentian is well-known for its great snorkeling prospects. A whole lot of resorts on the island have their own house reef. Which means that you can snorkel straight in the front or within walking distance of your holiday resort. Over the Perhentians there are dozens of diving schools. There, you can hire diving goggles, an air tube and flippers for a little charge (usually around RM15 each day). With this equipment you can snorkel before your bungalow. Sadly the fish in front of the resorts often are incredibly spoiled. Which means that, as soon as you are in this particular you will be surrounded by small (and sometimes also large) fish that expect you to supply them. Also, the coral reefs near the resorts usually are less beautiful, because vessels regularly go by to drop people off at the vacation resort. A number of the popular places for snorkeling are Shark Point, Teluk Pauh and Tanjung Basi. If you're lucky, a combo of these puts a stop to may mean that you visit a turtle, some black idea reef sharks and an abundance of colourful coral all in one. But the absolute amounts of visitors and careless tactics have led to damage to the coral and consequently the marine life around the hawaiian islands rip.
Many holidaymakers visit Perhentian Island to enjoy several great dives. As there is certainly fierce competition between providers diving at the island is relatively cheap, usually ranging between RM60 and RM80 per dive. Diving at Perhentian is especially for beginners as there are minimal currents and presence is almost always fine. There are better places to dive in Malaysia, but almost do not require are so affordable and easy to reach as on Perhentian. Sea life is in abundance here and apart from the many types of hard and gentle coral that form the backbone of these ecosystems you can also expect to encounter turtles, several species of sharks, mackerel, jacks, moray eels, nudibranchs and different other reef seafood. Thus giving a chance for ecotourist to find out about marine life in their natural habitat also to learn how never to ruin their habitat.
On both islands there are a variety of hiking paths, there are no streets however. The trails are light and usually don't take more than thirty minutes to complete. Perhentian is too small to spot real animals, but there are screen lizards, monkeys, super fruit bats plus some species of birds on the island. Because walking in heat is not very pleasant for most, you can take water taxis to return to your holiday resort following the hike. When going to remote locations, come with an contract on the pickup for the return trip. Tropical forest covers the greater part of the Perhentian Islands and some tracks that twist through the greenery enable you to explore the variety of plant life. Tread quietly and you'll just meet some of the islands' animals along the way. Monitor lizards are by the bucket load, as are numerous types of bugs and birds. If you're lucky, you may spot several long-tailed macaques (a type of monkey). The elusive mouse deer is also thought to inhabit the island, but these little animals are hardly ever seen.
Perhentian a conservation island ?
In series with the conservation effort Perhentian Island has Sea Parks as Marine Recreation area are ideal places for observing the wealthy aquatic life that abound in Malaysia's water. You can find 5 marine parks and traveler desperate to visit these parks must take note of regulations. A Sea park is an section of the sea zoned as a sanctuary for the coral reef community which is considered as most likely the most profitable ecosystem in the world, with its diversity of flora and fauna. Coral reefs are also important mating and nursery grounds for most commercially important types of marine organisms and seafood.
Among the goals of the Sea Park and Marine reserves are:
- Preservation and safety of coral reef areas from the impact of development.
- Update and preserve the natural habitat of endangered types of aquatic life.
- Establishment of zones for preservation of the aquatic nature and also for the purpose of research and educational activities.
- Establishment of areas for recreational uses constant with the carrying capacity of the region.
With the establishment of the Marine Park, the huge benefits are the following, the ecosystem and habitat of marine life will be safeguarded and retained, besides that it will also help in rejuvenation of over exploited areas and their maintenance for the safeguard of endangered kinds of sea organisms, and establishment of zones for research and educational purposes.
Perhentian and mass tourism
The growth of travel and leisure changes and modifies the surroundings. Environment is land, drinking water, air, nature, but also people and culture and the impacts of tourism are shown on components of the natural environment as well as on the man-made environment or built environment (development of environments for tourism for example vacation resorts). The introduction of tourism requires the existence of an infrastructure, as well as hotel accommodation and another facilities specific to travel and leisure. In a few areas highways and airfields have been designed to make stimulate tourism but not always has the local human population benefited from these trends. Infrastructure and facilities require land and the effect is that land prices grow in the areas were tourism is developing
What will be the effects up to now?
The Perhentian Islands are fast taking the middle ground of the tourism industry. Not big enough for runways and golf lessons like its neighbour Redang Island, travel and leisure will come in two main varieties - backpackers on Pulau Kecil and weekenders on Pulau Besar. There are only a couple of high-priced resorts, as the bulk of the accommodations cater to the mid-range audience. Only 2 decades ago, Perhentian was considered a well-kept magic formula; now the seashores are chock-a-block filled with resorts, chalets, dive outlets and cafes. Back in 1985 less than ten chalets occupied the coastline of both islands, but a building boom has since pushed the full total over thirty today. A tourism development case study of Perhentian in 2000 concluded that any further development must continue with extreme care because of the size of the islands. Mega-tourism assignments were regarded to be improper and the enticement to catch the attention of affluent visitors with international-type resorts must be prevented. It added that budget vacationers dominate the traffic to Perhentian and planners shouldn't be misled by the misconception that they don't spend enough money. Many problems still exist even with the current degree of development. The study remarked that the "smallness of scale of physical resources causes them to become more susceptible to negative impacts of mass tourism development", especially abnormal water demand, poor sewage and sturdy waste disposal and a shortage of ideal beachfront land. That is readily clear as tourism designers dredge coral programs for boat access and septic tanks release wastes to the ocean during monsoon floods
The physical presence of tourists in the destination area, especially if they are simply in large communities. Residents usually resent the fact of sharing facilities and services with site visitors and often discuss congestion as problem. It is noticeable that the awareness of large numbers of tourists causes congestion of facilities and services. Dispersing travellers can reduce vacationer densities so the ratio of travellers to hosts is reduced without lowering the number of traveler arrivals.
The demonstration impact. Residents frequently resent the noticeable economic superiority of guests and try to copy their behavior. The introduction of overseas ideologies and ways of life into societies exposed to tourism suggests a international domination of the industry and an adaptation of work. Furthermore, the hosts perceive quickly the desire of travellers to invest money and their weaknesses are exploited. Hosts may develop an inferiority complex that begin an activity of imitation. Most case studies that analyze demonstration effect agree that tourism can enhance local behaviour and divide the population of destinations areas.
Foreign possession and occupation. The job of non-locals in professional and professional occupations, holding greater responsibility and superior salaries to those available to local residents, also provokes resentment. These features have been labelled in the books and in this newspaper as outgrowths of neo-colonialism.
What will be the initiative taken by the federal government / NGO's to avoid this?
March (2004) the Coral Cay Conservation corporation, a British conservation group, commenced the Malaysia Reefs and Island Conservation Job (MRICP) with volunteers from Britain and Malaysia on a three-month pilot period project. Their target is to carry out marine and terrestrial research on Perhentian to provide baseline information on the flora and fauna of sea and forest habitats. Afterwards the MRICP will be split into two three-year tasks - the Malaysia Coral Reef Conservation Job (MCRCP) and the Malaysia Tropical Forests Conservation Project (MTFCP).
Sponsored by the Team of Fisheries Marine Park Branch, Coral Cay intends to acquire main data for use in providing habitat maps and types inventories to assist the long-term management of the isle's natural resources. And according to Coral Cay scientists, a literature search disclosed, "very little baseline ecological survey work has been completed on the Perhentians. "
The MRICP is put into two phases - sea and terrestrial. The sea surveys kicked off of the job in March and can continue before two main islands of Besar and Kecil are completed later in the year. The terrestrial period started in mid-May and is just about the first biodiversity research study of its kind to be performed on Perhentian.
This is not Coral Cay's first job in Malaysia, having conducted reef studies here in the past in colaboration with WWF. The not-for-profit conservation company has sent volunteers worldwide to utilize local neighborhoods and agencies since 1986 to review endangered coral reefs and understudied tropical rainforests. Coral Cay currently has expeditions in Fiji, Honduras, Mexico and the Philippines.
The data collection can be categorized into key and extra data. The principal data carries a set of questionnaires with close finished questions and scaled response to recognize the inspiration of tourist browsing perhentian island, what they think of the environment. These questions will end up being helpful in lots of ways, for example, if the majority of tourist are going to Perhentian to see the natural environment. Then isn't it miserable to see the main attractions which is the surroundings slowly deteriorating.
Besides, the supplementary data which consists of gathering information about the impacts of tourism on the environment in Perhentian. And any relevant information useful to this research This information may include publications, books, webpage, etc.
"The impacts of mass travel and leisure activity on the environment of Perhentian Island, Malaysia "3. 1 Research design
Increase of pollutions
Degradation of natural setting
Impact of mass tourism to the surroundings.
Solutions and suggestions to maintain the natural environment of perhentian
Local and international tourist
Limitation of Study
Cause of degradation of environment
Effect of mass tourism
Solution to environmental issue
Significant of Study
3 part questionnaire
Result will be taken and documented in SPSS
Primary data - Questionnaires ( Close concluded & size response)
Secondary data - Journals, book & webpage
Motivation and the evaluation of Perhentian is collected by using a questionnaire with finished ended questions and scaled response. This is to identify the real reason for visiting the vacation spot and to look at what the holiday thought about the deterioration of the natural setting up.
The analysis is fixed to Perhentian island. Respondents will be approached and enlightened about the survey and asked if they were to take part in the review. The test size is 80 respondents as it is a convenient sampling.
The questionnaire in this research includes three portions. First section includes the respondent's demographic characteristics to comprehend their background. The next section is to examine what motivates the tourists to choose Perhentian as a vacation destination. This is accompanied by a scaled response to identify the importance of environmentally friendly attributes which includes motivated them. The 3rd section consists of the amount of satisfaction with the destinations environmental attributes predicated on the respondent's experience in Perhentian.