The two extracts which will be analysed in this essay are Romeo and Juliet and Othello, that are two of Shakespeare's most famous tragedies. Shakespeare is renowned for his use of terms but more importantly is significant for his contribution to the British Terms. Romeo and Juliet was one of Shakespeare's prior tragedies and is also thought to have been written between 1594 to1595 and Othello between 1603 to 1605. The day and structure of Shakespeare's play is significant, since both takes on were written through the Renaissance period. During this time, the English vocabulary underwent major changes thus became more flexible, allowing writers like Shakespeare to have significantly more freedom in writing. Shakespeare's tragedies always consisted of five serves and explored paradox of tragedy with the death of a significant protagonist. Romeo and Juliet and Othello have theme of love and death in keeping.
Shakespeare acquired the major vocabulary of any copy writer, and one of the reasons for this was that he accepted new words of every kind. We notice in these components that Shakespeare does not only use words that are derived from Middle British or Old English but also many words that are derived from Latin. During the renaissance period, Latin was used as the words of the courts thus was seen as the high style. As a result we find in Romeo and Juliet a number of Latin loan words such as 'envious' from 'invidisus', 'vestal' from 'vestalis', 'sphere' from 'sp9ra', from Othello we find 'monumental' from 'monumentlis' and 'relume' from 'relminre'. It really is vitalto note that the Latinate words are polysyllabic, gives the sentence a more rhythmic essence and provides a grander style. Usually, the superior people in culture such as Othello used Latin to raise their words and also to give them a sense of electric power. Romeo uses Latin produced words to amplify the beauty of Juliet. Shakespeare tends to use more Latinate words in his tragedies. It is also important to note that British was viewed as the low style; what are usually monosyllabic and are used in insults and in negative talk thus, we find in Othello instances such as 'quench' from OE 'cwencan' and 'smell' from ME 'smellen'.
Shakespeare is renowned for his dramatic style, which he has achieved through a number of stylistic devices. Shakespeare emphasises and heightens the terminology by using metaphors, similes, repetition, puns and alliteration. In Romeo and Juliet, Romeo runs on the string of metaphors to spell it out Juliet's beauty. He uses celestial metaphors such as 'reasonable sun' and 'as daylight doth a lamp; her eyes in heaven', 'lighting of her cheeks'. They are all poetic exaggerations used to heighten the dialect. The language here is courtly love, and Romeo shows that he is fond of Juliet. The audience must assume that Romeo is deeply in love, so the tragedy in the end may take place. Similarly, in Othello, we be aware the use of metaphors to describe Desdemona such as 'chaste star' and 'whiter skin of hers than snow'; however, these metaphors and similes are used for different functions. First of all, it implies that Othello can only give attention to Desdemona's good morals although he feels that she 'betrayed' him. Second, the use of metaphors and similes hide Othello's true cruel motives and almost helps justify Othello's action of wanting to kill Desdemona. This implies that Othello is not in the right mind-set, showing his distress.
One of the reasons why Shakespeare used metaphorical vocabulary was to create imagery since there have been not many props in theatre. Because of this, it was very important to Shakespeare to set-up imagery in the mind of the audience. Types of imagery in Romeo and Juliet are 'winged messenger of heaven', remember that Shakespeare might have substituted this buy angel but creates imagery by using an overstatement for result.
Shakespeare's works are filled with puns and wordplay. Sometimes the connotation is simple and sometimes obvious. In Othello, there is an example of a triple term play when Othello says 'put out the light and then released the light'.
The first Light here is referring to the light, which is getting rid of in Desdemona's bedchamber. The second use of the word 'light' compares the light of his lamp to the light of Desdemona's life. In addition, it refers to Othello's own integrity in that his honourable name will be distinguished after he kills Desdemona and finally if he kills Desdemona, the light, he will be left at night. Therefore, the puns have great significant in meaning also for dramatic effect. Shakespeare also uses oxymoron to make impact. In Othello he pairs 'special' and 'fatal' alongside one another and 'this sorrow's heavenly'. Pairing these opposites jointly shows Othello's conflicting sense as to whether or not to eliminate Desdemona.
Another way of heightening the words is by alluding or discussing other reports. When Othello says 'promethean high temperature', he is discussing Prometheus who got open fire from heaven to provide to individuals kind. The fireplace here represents providing life since real human kind cannot live without open fire or light.
Shakespeare is recognized for being able to capture the feelings of his individuals in their conversation. Othello's mind-set is skilfully shown by the use of his vocabulary. Lines someone to three are very vague because of the use of 'it' and 'cause', which have no specific reference. The prepetition of 'it is the cause' illustrates Othello's mental and tormented head. In addition Othello's use of 'more men' is different since we realize that Othello gets the goal to 'eliminate' Desdemona because he feels that she 'betrayed' him by continuing a relationship with Cassio. Why would Othello then want to stop her from betraying other men? This shows how irrational Othello is and that he's not in the right state of mind. Emotions can't be shown through props and for that reason it was important that Shakespeare could show this through the personas speech.
A simple yet effective device for heightening terms is by repetition. Romeo refers to Juliet as 'reasonable' constantly, which emphasises her beauty and his love for Juliet. Likewise, when Othello says 'one more, one more' it highlights his feelings for Desdemona but also shows his doubt.
Both tragedies are written in blank verse, which is unrhymed and most lines are iambic pentameter. The iambic pentameter has ten syllables and has a weak stress followed by a solid one, which is repeated. Using bare verse allows Shakespeare to use regular punctuation and pauses and there are fewer end-stopped sentences making the speech ongoing and making the words streaming and less artificial. Blank verse is more formal and even more regular than normal talk and is often found in serious concerns. More elevated and powerful people in modern culture spoke in verse, whereas those of lower status spoke in prose. Shakespeare's sonnets and love scenes usually concluded with rhyming couplets, thus we remember that in Romeo and Juliet the first verse ends in a rhyming couplet.
The structure of the remove also shows us the way the characters feelings are shifting. In the beginning, Othello speaks in blank verse but as the phrases and exchanges become shorter, we note Othello's stress. The conversation becomes more intense as Desdemona tries to reason with Othello but he becomes angrier thus accumulating to the climax where he strangles her.
With respects to syntax, there isn't a major difference between Early Modern English and today's English. Both text messages generally follow the topic, Verb and Object order such as 'Juliet is the sunshine' and 'she leans her cheek upon her hand'. Although SVO was the key term order in EMnE, there are instances where Shakespeare didn't follow this order. For example, 'not to me she speaks' uses the OSV order. Shakespeare's use of preliminary verb, in the extract emphasises the action and helps it be seem like an imperative 'Arise, reasonable sun' and 'deny thy daddy'.
Social dissimilarities can be shown by the ways that the characters dwelling address one another. In both texts we see the use of the second person pronoun 'thou', 'thee' and 'thy'. These were all used as a familiar term of address and through the EMnE period, was used as an insult to the people less inferior. A lot more courteous term to employ could have been 'you'. We remember that Othello in the very beginning of the content material addresses Desdemona as 'you', but as he gets angrier and as his words become more unpleasant, he starts to handle her by using thee and thou. Desdemona however, is of lower status, addresses Othello by his name showing the intimacy, and uses you and 'my lord' to show his social status. At this time in the play the intimacy between them is lost. The, thou and thy were also used to show a special intimacy between two different people such as communicating with God or a fan, thus we see Romeo and Juliet address each other by using these nouns.
Shakespeare is exclusive for the reason that he has his own style of writing. He exploits and uses simple methods such as repetition to heighten terminology. He uses vocabulary so that one term may have multiple meanings. The vocabulary, composition and the style he uses all have important relevance to both the context and meaning of the play. However, the most interesting aspect of Shakespeare's heightened terminology is just how he make the people utterance very natural. Shakespeare has performed a major role in attracting new words in to the English language and it is for that reason that he is the most influential dramatist of his time.
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