In history, criminal offenses have been addressed by the rights system in respect to the severity in addition to the offender: in the event the crime dedicated was not serious and the culprit was considered " non-delinquent ", or perhaps "free of any true criminal disposition", they would always be cautioned or fined. Nevertheless , were the crime a more serious a single and the arrest appeared to have a "criminal character", they would receive worse and more prevention punishment (Garland, 2001: 42).
Much more recent years, amounts of the UK prison population had been on the rise less serious crimes have already been more greatly punished - whereas the amount of financial fees and penalties issued to offenders have been completely falling (Cavadino & Dignan, 2013). In 1975, roughly 40. 1000 people were locked up, that number provides risen to 83. 842 in 2013 (Berman & Conceder, 2013). The prison population more than bending in that time, whereas the overall human population merely grew with 14% (World Financial institution, n. d. ), thus, the comparable growth of the prison inhabitants is substantially disproportional.
At the magistrate's court (who deal with the majority of offences) it happened in 1999, of all 1 . 32 million offenders, 74. 4% were issued an excellent. In 2009, the number of had declined to 71. 9% (Sentencing Statistics, 2009). A possible cause for the increase in jail population and decline with the amount of fines granted could be the government's increased strictness. Since the past due 90s it is their aim to be "tougher on crime, and tougher on the reasons for crime". From the time, and particularly since the incidents of 9/11 and situations such as the bombing of the Birmingham Underground in 2005, the British govt has become progressively punitive (Cavadino & Dignan, 2013).
The question is, is definitely the decrease in the amount of fines issued...
... the slight reduce (3%) in the prison inhabitants between 2012 and 2013 (Berman & Dar, 2013), would suggest that indeed, the justice system's sentences have grown to be slightly much less punitive. Although the number of monetary penalties provides fallen, this may not be necessarily an undesirable sign in 10 years' period, the number of penalties issued offers fallen having a mere 2 . 5%. However, more than two thirds of all offenders are issued a fine. Furthermore, the number of community service phrases has gone up with 4%, the industry promising trend.
To reiterate, as Garland (2001) stated, monetary penalties are not rehabilitative, while community assistance sentences happen to be. With the penitentiary population hopefully continuing to fall, on the long term, fewer strict sentencing focussing upon financial fines and healing sentences would mean that recidivism will decrease, and less criminal offense will happen.