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The Assessment Of Shakespeare And Webster British Literature Essay

Shakespeare's Hamlet revolves around revenge tragedy, in which a character who may have been wronged and their pursuit is revenge. The determination for revenge is a need to defend their honour and their family honour. Whereas Webster's Duchess of Malfi is Jacobean tragedy "also referenced as 'the theater of blood') where the has are violent and revolve around many problems such as problem. Both these has show situations which led to the labor and birth of a malcontent identity. A malcontent is an average figure in a tragic story, who critically feedback on modern culture he's moving into and the character's frame of mind. The play of John Marston; The Malcontent, confirmed a character called Malvole who subjected the corruption of the court. The malcontent is also referred as the agent of revenge because they often times plot revenge against someone.

One aspect that both plays have in common is the malcontent character, where Shakespeare reveals young prince Hamlet as a malcontent and Webster reveals the character of Bosola as a malcontent. In Shakespeare's Hamlet, the young prince's frame of mind about his father's death is very serious and he mourns "Tis not alone my inky cloak, " advises Hamlet is grieving and the dark colored cloth demonstrates his malcontent figure. In the same way in Webster's Duchess of Malfi, Bosola's persona description is offered to us by Antonio "Here comes Bosola, Really the only court-gall" shows that he's not part of the contemporary society and gall is a person who causes distress; this is actually the first view into Bosola's malcontent talk about. His existence creates awkwardness "Miserable time, where only the reward to do well is the doing of it" this is Bosola's first criticism of world and he says that there's no compensation for doing anything.

However, Hamlet's occurrence doesn't create awkwardness and irritates others around Bosola's. Hamlets' father's fatality causes his malcontent status and his soliloquies allow us to get an understanding to his mind "O that too too sullied flesh would melt" this soliloquy shows Hamlet's abhorrence about the culture and his disgust at characteristics "Things ranking and gross in aspect". Hamlet's melancholy attitude is perturbing for others "How can my good Lord Hamlet?" yet Hamlet carries on with his role of malcontent by criticising the world "Ay, sir. To be honest, as this world runs, is usually to be one man picked out of ten thousand". Furthermore, the type of Bosola in Duchess of Malfi is also disturbing for other heroes, when Delio and Antonio are having chat about Bosola "This foul melancholy will poison all his goodness, for, I'll let you know, " suggests that he criticizes and is also jealous of the judge; he doesn't socialize with anyone. Also, Antonio can be involved that his melancholic condition may lead him to something bad and it will simply spend his energy.

Shakespeare presents Hamlet as a tragic hero, who has a flaw which actually brings about the tragedy; they put up with in the play. The whole idea of a tragic hero is they preserve the honour of family name or family. Back the Elizabethan times, when the play was written, family honour was really important and it was essential that the person of the house should protect this honour. Whereas, today it is not important maybe because time has altered and people tend to be concerned about their self-honour. From my viewpoint, I think population is more independent and there's more flexibility in comparison to 16th century. Heading back to the point, it was critical that family honour was protected whether it made someone to take revenge, which is the situation in Shakespeare's Hamlet. There's a spot in the play where Hamlet realizes his flaw known as Anagnorisis, which really is a moment of self knowledge, his soliloquy "For being, or not to be- that is the question;" this is soliloquy was crucial to the play because it is the time when Hamlet tries to find the answer to his question which drives him mad; Hamlet reflects on his flaw. Hamlet is troubled about the afterlife rather than taking his responsibility; taking revenge "Or to take biceps and triceps against a sea of troubles". Shakespeare earns the issue of religious beliefs with revenge, which contradicts with Hamlet's honour of his father. Hamlet feels that killing someone is incorrect, against God's will yet it is immoral for the unlawful to live without being punished. Hamlet is cautious about the time of purgatory, a time of after-life when souls suffer from because of their sins before they go to Haven.

In distinction to Shakespeare's Hamlet, Webster presents Bosola as the agent of revenge, who himself is only a middle one who requires vengeance for someone else and get's nothing at all; no pay back. Bosola however, is constantly on the take revenge for the brothers "Whose neck must I minimize?"Despite the fact that he mentions preceding to Antonio that both brothers are corrupt and don't give reward for any service. The character's do recognise Bosola's melancholy "Keep the old garb of melancholy, " Ferdinand says Bosola to be himself which way he'll get access to private rooms. At this point Webster presents Bosola without conscious of whether he's doing right or wrong unlike Hamlet who's mindful about the afterlife. However, towards the end Webster gives Bosola's personality a mindful when he determines to help Antonio "Oh she's ended up again: there the cords of life broke" and he'll take revenge from the brothers. Once again Bosola is taking revenge for someone else, and because he's a minimal list person, he may easily be intimidated by the brothers.

Shakespeare and Webster generate the idea of misogyny in their has through Bosola and Hamlet. In Shakespeare's Hamlet, the young prince clearly shows misogynistic feelings which alluded from his mother's activities. Hamlet's fury at his mom started when he discovered that she wedded his Uncle "O God, a beast that wishes discourse of reason could have mourned longer-married with my uncle" suggest that didn't his mother loved his daddy, he's furious at Gertrude and saying that she's worse than a beast; comparing women to pet. The key phrase "Frailty thy name women" suggest that a women are dependent on men because they are weak and the term "frailty" means weakness and this may also suggest mental weakness or Gertrude might have been deceived. Another feminine character in play that Hamlet hates is Ophelia, the young innocent woman. We obtain Hamlet's misogynist feelings towards Ophelia in the nunnery scene. Ophelia allows that she was misled by his love "I was the more deceived" which suggests that girls are weak plus they rely upon men. However, Hamlet is outraged at her because he thinks that she has betrayed him "Get thee to a nunnery. Why wouldst thou be a breeder of sinners?"This suggests that a nunnery is a place where women can not be married and they have no connection with men or any influence of men. Also, the phrase "breeder of sinners" this emphasis that she won't have children and won't face men like his uncle; nunnery could keep her away from marriage. I feel that this Hamlet also pertains this to his mom because was unfaithful to his daddy, as she hitched his uncle, so he's declaring this on the whole to all or any women that they should be sent to the nunnery. Hamlet's fury gets extreme "I've heard about your paintings too, well enough. God hath given you one face, so you make yourselves another. " This connotes that no matter how beautiful you make your self look, at the end of the day you will go in the bottom when you expire, he identifies the skull "Now get you to my lady's table and tell her, let her color an in. thick, to this favour she must come" connotes by painting on the make-up, you can lie about your age. Also, suggest that he Hamlet prices fact and hates duplicity or two-faced people; he recognizes Ophelia as a two-faced gal.

Webster similarly, presents Bosola as a misogynist; we find this out when the old woman enters the world "You result from painting now?" Bosola makes this offensive remark which connote that her face is not real, there's some sort of make-up. He suggests that women put make-up on themselves to make their encounters look beautiful and levelled. Back the days, possessing a colored face was considered adding makeup. Likewise, Shakespeare also presents this idea of "'I have heard about your paintings too, sufficiently. " This indicates two-faced people and duplicity because you are covering your real face for something that you will be not. Also, Bosola compares women with creature like Hamlet "resembled an abortive hedgehog" and Hamlet compares his mother with a beast, suggests that they both are insulting towards women. Bosola's bitter responses are annoying "I'll hear no more of the glass-house, you are still abusing women" and he's constantly abusing women. However, Bosola shows that he's just mentioning women's weaknesses "mention your frailties" just like Hamlet, who feels that girls are dependent on men and are weak; Bosola thinks that girls just give love for the money "but more, for more precious compensation. " Both the malcontent's views about women are similar in many ways and they both consider women as unfaithful.

I think that one characteristic of any malcontent is hating anyone, whether the population, women, or everyone. Shakespeare presents Hamlet as a misogynist very much like Bosola. Where Bosola can be an outsider in the modern culture "court-gall", Hamlet is crucial about the population he's living in "Denmark's a jail" and he separates himself emotionally rather than cultural position, where as Bosola, the agent of revenge fells unrewarded by his society. Another difference between them is, Hamlet questions the type and the capability of men "Just what a piece of work is a guy! how noble in reason! how infinite in faculty! in form and moving how express and admirable! doing his thing how as an angel" on the other hand Bosola finds men corrupted, disgusting "Man stands amaz'd to see his deformity in virtually any other creature but himself. " because he doesn't get any rewards and yet he still take revenges for others. Webster has shown Bosola more frigid and bitter then Hamlet because he's a murderer "I recognized this fellow seven years in the galleys for a notorious murder". The malcontent differs from the 16th century and the 21st century. Inside the 16th century people thought negatively about the malcontents and thought they may be dangerous, whereas in the 21st century they are believed more as outsiders, anti-heroes and we empathize with their imperfections.

After doing a close analysis of both texts, I feel that both Webster and Shakespeare have used the malcontent character type in their play really well. I think back the 16th century malcontent was a thought that was popular in many plays of Shakespeare. These performs had characters who comment on the culture or dynamics and their reviews were essential to the play because the heroes were directly in contact with the audience. Webster reveals his malcontent personality as the agent of revenge and Shakespeare presents Hamlet as a tragic hero, but both are seeking revenge for someone. Hamlet's downfall contributes to his fatality, but Bosola's activities resulted in his own death which was revenge contrary to the brothers. Both these has are classic examples of revenge tragedy, where one is a theater of blood because of the extreme assault and other is packed with revenge to preserve honour of a family group.

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