Posted at 11.21.2018
Homosexuality is quite typical in modern culture. However many individuals still discriminate against them. Their prejudgments are based on stereotypes, and lack of information. Due to our social notion, individuals who are different from them is consider to be threatening. In this report, discrimination against homosexuals will be talked about, with facts, different helping examples and instances from Singapore and the United States, with Singapore being the greater traditionally conservative one. Methods to reduce discriminations against them is also talked about and explored.
The issue and who are involved?
We can show up in love, but why can't they?
Homosexuality is affectionate and/or sexual interest or behavior among users of the same making love or gender, creating around 10% of the population. Sadly, they continue to be one of minimal protected by the federal government and discriminated against by the society. Homosexuality was classified as a mental disorder until 1973. What "gay" and "lesbian" are used to make reference to homosexual men and women and "bisexual" identifies the ones that are attracted to men and women.
Brief Record on Homosexuals in Singapore
In 1960s, Homosexuality was classified as an ailment in a Singapore MILITARY (SAF). Before enlistment, all enlistees would undergo a medical checkup and asked to declare their homosexuality status. Those announced will be downgraded to a Consumer Employment Position of 3 and were given to be clerks.
In 1998, Older Minister, Mr Lee Kuan Yew, go on CNN International, said, '. . . what we should are doing as a administration is to leave people to live their own lives as long as they don't really impinge on other people. I mean, we don't harass anybody. ' these words helped establish the tenor for established policy on homosexuality for quite some time. His reviews is said to be one of many events relating to gay privileges.
Before 2003, homosexuals were forbidden from being employed in "sensitive positions" in the Singapore Civil Service. Perfect Minister Goh Chok Tong abolished this in a broadly publicized statement.
In 2006, Liberty Group, a business that "promotes gender and erotic health for the individual, family and society", was granted $100, 000.
Brief History on Homosexuals in the US
After W. W. 11, a large number of homosexuals were dishonorably fired from the equipped services and careers, due to public display of homosexuality, and were ostracized from households and neighborhoods. In early 1953, homosexuality became by a necessary and sufficient reason fire any federal staff from one's job.
In the 1970s, in some places, anti- discrimination for homosexual regulations was inserted. California got its first openly gay elected formal; Harvey Dairy.
Compared to Singapore, the US has a richer and even more open up homosexuality culture. Lately, the united states has slowly started popularity for homosexuality. Several television programs with elements of homosexuality, Will and Grace, Glee, Queer Eyes for the Right Person, Grey's Anatomy were aired. As the acceptance of the shows rises, the gay community is nearer to popularity and justice by the population. They have got gay take great pride in parades and homosexual marriages reinforced by many regions of US, unlike Singapore.
Discrimination against Homosexuals
With the laws placed and the better popularity of the homosexual community, the situation in both countries seems beneficial. However, homosexuals still face rampant stereotypes from the planet and could worsen if deeper knowledge of homosexuals is not being advertised and measures aren't taken. This subject has been chosen because this is an essential issue in this world, and feels that they must have the same rights as heterosexuals. There have been many happenings of bullying and victimizing homosexuals that led to deaths in the US. Many have eliminated into depression. These should not be tolerated and something needs to be done.
Homosexuals do not come out for many reasons, the most common being that they are uneasy to declare to any society that is recognized to be homophobic.
Negative stereotyping is often a consequence of homophobia, which refers to an irrational dread, prejudice or discrimination towards homosexuals, and can be name-calling and teasing to serious crimes like assault and murder.
Positive stereotypes, or 'counter-types, ' also can be found but may be believe it or not harmful, as they are still oversimplified views of the group being stereotyped.
Some examples of the common stereotypes that gays are referred to to be expressing too much of his feelings, very vulnerable and sensitive, prefers touching himself and other people. They are also stereotyped to love discussing feminine things; the utilization of makeup products, very concerned with their lips, skin and head of hair protections.
Why this prejudice and discrimination affect contemporary society which is important.
Current situation in Singapore
Although being homosexual in Singapore is not outlawed, performing any homosexual functions in public or privately, is. Section 377 of the Singapore Penal Code reports the charges for indecency between individuals which include consensual, private, mature homosexual acts; imprisonment is up to 24 months.
A gay group was denied permission to hold a forum on the role of homosexuals in world. The local marketing avoids homosexual issues in concern with getting their licenses suspended. In classes, sexuality courses target more on heterosexuality-the only reference to homosexuality reminds students that it's illegal. In addition, homosexual couples in Singapore, cannot rightfully own a home through the public housing scheme, thus many lease as private property is unaffordable to them.
Unsurprisingly, this demonstrates Singaporean population remains deeply conservative and the governments are still less open to conversations about gay rights. Behaviour towards homosexuality are also tied up closely with the various religious values in this multi-racial modern culture, like Muslims and Christianity which considers it as a sin.
In Singapore, the government uses Confucian readings "to create a certain amount of ideological coherence in its version of Asian Beliefs also to give it some academic respectability". From an interview, 68. 6% of the surveyors expressed negative attitudes towards homosexuality. Christians and Muslims were found to be least tolerant, the elderly are less tolerant and more educated people are definitely more tolerant. Therefore, Singapore who is a usually conservative society may well not be ready for a big change.
Current situation in United States
Recently, there were many reports on homosexual bullying resulting in suicides, for example, Tyler Clementi, a 19 year old learner from Rutgers University. After his university roommate lived-streamed Tyler having intimate relations along with his sweetheart, Tyler threw himself off a bridge. Asher Brown was a 13-year-old was tormented for the way he dressed and being gay. His bullies acted out mock gay intimacy operates in classes. His parents repeatedly contacted school representatives on his bullying. Nothing was ever done. He shot himself in the head.
Policy on lesbian, gay, bisexual, in US has evolved over time and varies between different parts. Five state governments and one region have legalized same-sex relationship. President Obama released that he will use Congress and the military to repeal the "don't ask, don't tell" plan that forbids homosexuals from openly portion in the military. However, there continues to be much opposition, commenting that homosexuals' identities shouldn't be made known.
However, there were many interviews and studies that show that the US is slowly recognizing homosexuals. For example the graph below shows that behaviour towards homosexuality in the US, over time seem more positive.
Source: http://www. norc. org/GSS+Website/Browse+GSS+Variables/Subject+Index/
A continuation of homosexual discrimination is harmful to their mental health, which might increase suicidal tendencies or other mental afflictions. There are plenty of websites contending that homosexuality is a sin, proclaiming that it's completely up to choice, easily changeable, and providing excuses to put down homosexuals, using reasons like "God hates fags".
People have a tendency to relate HIV and Assists as a gay related disease, thinking that as long as they avoid having sex with homosexuals, they are simply safe from HIV. This ignorance can lead them to practice unsafe sexual activity.
Stereotyping them to be rapist, pedophiles are very common and these send an incorrect message to the general public, causing dread. This escalates the fear in homosexuals to be found out to be gay, causing these to feel immense stress and pressure, doubling the chance of depression and suicidal tendencies.
The rejection and misinformation leads to homophobia causing them to bully other folks, verbal assaults, causing other people mental stress and pain. Homosexuals may also face family and friends rejections. The result is a vicious pattern of prejudice and discrimination.
The regulation, sec 377a, criminalizing erotic acts between homosexuals, motivates Singaporeans discriminate against homosexuals indirectly. Other countries have accepted same love-making marriage and also have laws to protect them. Homosexuals should also have the same benefits as heterosexuals. In Singapore, some teachers were being forced to quit because of their sexuality like Otto Fong, and Alfian Saat. In national service, they are simply downgraded to positions like clerks, and disqualified from some "sensitive" areas. Each one of these are considered to be discrimination and homosexual inequality.
From what I've found out, these prejudice and discriminations comes from ignorance and misinformation. Neutral sex education can help to change mindsets of men and women about homosexuality most importantly. Singaporeans are regularly taught that intimate serves between homosexuals are illegitimate but do not talk about why and how exactly we should learn to accept them inside our society. This is an important concern, thus this subject matter should maintain Civic Moral Education where students can learn about it. The society can also teach homosexuality in the multimedia, television set shows, or number public homosexuality discussions and events. For example, in the US, they have a "Wear a Crimson Shirt Day" honoring homosexuals that determined suicides anticipated to bullying.
We as individuals have to learn not to stereotype and listen to people's misconceptions, but taking effort to learn more about homosexuality from places like, internet and catalogs. Our company is more than with the capacity of making our own decisions, plus more than capable of being taking and inclusive.
We should create a world of diversity and acceptance for both heterosexuals and homosexuals.
http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Singapore_gay_background:_2000_to_2009_A. D.
http://www. sgwiki. com/wiki/Singapore_gay_history
http://knol. yahoo. com/k/discrimination-against-homosexuals-in-singapore#
http://www. norc. org/GSS+Website/Browse+GSS+Variables/Subject+Index/
http://articles. cnn. com/2010-01-27/politics/obama. gays. military services_1_repeal-policy-that-bars-gays-servicemembers-legal-defense-network?_s=PM:POLITICS
http://filipspagnoli. wordpress. com/stats-on-human-rights/statistics-on-discrimination/statistics-on-discrimination-of-homosexuals/
http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/LGBT_privileges_in_the_United_States