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The Concept Of Sustainable Agriculture Environmental Sciences Essay

This project will both check out and apprise a number of factors which contribute to the current sustainability and the ones that may influence this sustainability.

This project is directly related to a case study which we as a group observed; the research study was completed across 5 farms in the African american Lion region Co Cavan which is shown on the map below.

Sustainable agriculture is the practice of farming using guidelines of ecology, the analysis of human relationships between organisms and their environment. It's been defined as "an integrated system of place and animal production practices possessing a site-specific request that will, over the future:

Global sustainability of agriculture:

Global sustainability of agriculture addresses a vast array of subject areas they being:

Biodiversity,

Energy,

Fisheries

Forests,

Fertilizer,

Food,

Population,

Water.

The term sustainability in ecology terms directly explains how biological systems remain diverse and successful over time. Long-lived and healthy wetlands and forests are examples of sustainable natural systems. For humans, sustainability is the prospect of long-term maintenance of health, which has environmental, financial, and social proportions.

At present the entire world is experiencing a number of environmental troubles which can be creating major public, economic and political consequences throughout the world.

If we were to give attention to these environmental problems individually would not be suitable as all life on the planet earth is part of a huge ecosystem, and what influences one area of the system affects the whole. This could be seen during our site visit as was deeply illustrated by each of the farmers that as current administration and EU plans stipulate on stocking rates, farming methods and farming by the calendar when used this isn't the most suitable case.

This is because of lots of issues as focusing on any single issue such as stocking rates for every area differs due to the local environment also deteriorating levels of genetic seed stock, preservation such as ground base (green cover during December-January) are issues directed at Ireland and EU, but larger issues such as insufficient regional food shares for world populations, water supply, a reducing forestry base are issues to be attended to worldwide and are essential needs into the future. When any one of these problems is resolved, all areas of the complete must be brought under consideration.

Agricultural sustainability worldwide has an integral role that can be played in finding solutions to the troubles facing the Earth such issues as:

-insufficient access to food,

-declining genetic variety,

-environmental degradation,

- vanishing forests

Without solutions for these issues to be realised new difficulties will fast emerge.

Such troubles which can be found in a region such as western Cavan are how climate change has effects on land condition, lawn growth habits, the option of fresh water.

Along with climatic issues such as Reps, the water construction directive, Nitrates directive and cap are in place to contribute to the preservation of such a rural environment.

EU and Country wide Policies/Directives

Ireland's Country wide Biodiversity Plan was launched in Apr 2002. The plan set out a framework that could help provide Ireland with conservation and lasting techniques that might be used to improve and boost biodiversity throughout the country. The plan possessed certain goals and objectives to attain, and was to be researched following a five-year period. There were fifteen themes or templates and industries, with detailed actions that were to be pursued to attain its goals. The National Biodiversity Plan set up special secured areas, that was very important to the conservation of biodiversity in Ireland. About 10% of Ireland was regarded as important for dynamics conservation and were contained in the protected areas programme. The construction for site protection in Ireland, both in conditions of what should be covered and how it should be protected, are determined by nationwide and by EU plan. These systems and techniques of protecting the SPA's, were options in the Repetitions schemes, where there is added incentives and bonus deals to the farmer for starting measures which were made to improve biodiversity on his/her plantation. REPS become a very important design to farmers in these SPA's, particularly in west state Cavan as there were substantial payments on an annual basis for any participating farmer. An example of a supplementary solution that could be undertaken to enhance biodiversity in Repetitions is the conservation of outdoors bird habitats. This supplementary measure aims to boost habitat set ups for outrageous birds and offer them with more breeding sites. You will discover SPA's chosen throughout the country to protect vulnerable species such as the corncrake and the hen harrier. Each farmer could get an extra repayment for undertaking a supplementary measure, as stated above, together with their REPS payment that was paid on a per hectare basis. A Repetitions plan had to be drawn up by an approved planner, and any plan that included commonage/NHA/SAC/SPA's had to be approved and authorized by an approved environmentalist. The planner should set out the management requirements based on the relevant commonage platform plan, NPWS site management plan or arranged farming prescription. The plan must include an environmental statement, prepared by the environmentalist. Specific site requirements might include features such as modification to stock amounts or grazing routine, remedial works such as fencing or rubbish removal, restricted use of pesticides and fertilisers or any extra requirements lay out in the REPS planner. It really is compulsory to get approval from the Section of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if any farmer intends to increase stock levels, bring in stock to areas that were not grazed before or change the type of stock on the plantation during the course of the plan. This professional suggestions and advice into these plans, from professionals such as Repetitions planners, environmentalists and division officials, experienced a very positive effect on the commonage and SPA's in western world county Cavan, and the areas with similar landscaping features. Farmers have made great use of the professional advice open to them, have made great use of the techniques and incentives all of which have helped protect and enhance the biodiversity of their local area. The REPS system has arguably possessed the most positive influence on farmers farming in commonage and SPA/NHA/SAC's areas. You will find compulsory courses to be carried out for every single farmer, which educates them how to manage their farms appropriately, with issues such as nutritional management plans, protection of watercourses/habitats and the supplementary actions. This education, in my own opinion has already established a very positive effect on farmers and has been put use in farming regions where REPS was popular. Also, the financial benefits of the REPS schemes brought many positives to areas such as western state Cavan, as almost all the amount of money was spent in the neighborhood economy. Schemes including the National Biodiversity Plans, Commonage Framework Programs, Duchas/NPWS ideas and REPS strategies have all helped bring positive influences to areas such as western world region Cavan an I expect will continue in the future in some form. Ideas that some emphasis will be put on "people goods" in the SFP post 2013 is positive, and implies that both EU and the Irish administration are purpose on protecting Ireland commonage and animals features into the future.

Conclusion:

To conclude after our evaluation of the Dark lion region in Co Cavan.

We deducted that sustainability within the region could be viewed under lots of headings communal, cost-effective and environmental factors.

Social: The reasons as which were explained through the tour relating to cultural factors within the spot was that very little employment outside of farming existed within the spot and generally the younger technology saw a way out of the with emigration from the spot being the producing factor.

This then resulted in that generation getting educated going out of the region taking on residence close to work mainly across the east coast which resulted in the western Cavan region being empty and loose all revenue which such people moving into the area could have brought.

Such a situation also leaves a bleak outlook for agriculture as there remains no successor to take the reins following the current proprietor goes by,

Economic: If the region is to remain sustainable in an economic sense there exists vital dependence on encouragement to develop on the existing population within the region.

Incentives must be put in spot to encourage the introduction of employment within the spot. As the farming community could be immediately involved within such a development due to the land within their possession could be utilised for off-farm income centered projects such as tourism: hill walking, angling, bog snorkelling ect.

As if current tendencies were to keep the spot could fast become under filled and could soon become isolated.

Under population may subsequently results farming becoming extinct within the region this might also result in a poor impact for the surroundings scheduled to no preservation of the land that could bring about overgrowth of the mountains no preservation of such a uncommon landscape.

Environmental: Agriculture has performed an important part in the monetary and sustainable development of the region.

However, for this to continue, the agricultural community must ensure that various obligations regarding the legislations and the environment are applied which current Legislation is at spot to ensure: which limit the misuse of activities such as

Land growing distances from water bodies. It is vital that the required distances are found in the case of domestic wells and general population water supply sources.

Requirements regarding the manner of software of fertilisers, soiled drinking water etc.

Periods when program of fertilisers is prohibited.

Limits on the quantity of livestock manure to be employed.

Ploughing and the use of non-selective herbicides

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