Posted at 10.01.2018
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs or Wisma Putra as it is commonly known has been mandated to follow the nation's foreign policy in accordance with the Federal government Constitution of Malaysia with the aim of protecting and promoting the nation's interest at the international level. Malaysia's international plan is premised on building close and friendly relationships with countries locally of nations. It will continue to value the inner affairs of other countries and advocate an insurance plan of non-interference recognizing the sovereignty of countries.
Since Malaysia's freedom in 1957 till today, the eyesight of our international policy remains consistent that is to guard Malaysia's national interests as well as contribute towards a just and equitable community of nations. That is achieved through upholding the country's sovereignty and promoting general calmness; fostering friendly relations with overseas countries and guarding Malaysia's passions in the regional and international industry. Quite simply, Malaysia will continue steadily to consolidate its relationships with other countries and international organisations, both at the regional and international level.
In line with the targets of promoting and safeguarding Malaysian national interest abroad, the Ministry has established a complete of 105 missions in 83 countries and appointed 53 Honorary Consuls who provide support and assistance in promoting Malaysia's interest abroad.
Since the self-reliance of Malaya in 1957, the country's foreign policy has truly gone through several phases of significant change with different emphases under five previous premierships. The insurance policy has been essentially dependant on the established national characteristics and succession of politics command as well as by the strong regional and international environment.
Tunku Abdul Rahman, the first Best Minister of Malaysia placed a markedly anti-Communist and pro-Western good posture as the age saw the united states threatened by the Communist insurgency. The overseas plan during Tunku's time got to take into consideration the bipolar electricity struggle between opposing ideas of democracy and communism. Beneath the stewardship of Malaysia's second leading Tun Abdul Razak, Malaysia's international policy began to transfer towards non-alignment and internationalism with Malaysia becoming a member of the Company of Islamic Seminar (OIC) and Non-Aligned Movements (NAM).
A amount of consolidation ensued under Tun Hussein Onn with ASEAN becoming the cornerstone of Malaysia's international policy following a collapse of Saigon (now Ho Chi Minh City) in 1975, the withdrawal of the US military occurrence from Southeast Asia and the invasion of Kampuchea (now Cambodia) by Vietnam.
During the premiership of Tun Dr. Mahathir in 1981, Malaysia commenced opening its gates to foster relationships with more nations and became a symbol of a growing developing country. Under Tun Mahathir's tenure, the country's foreign policy started implementing a much higher financial orientation in the country's exterior relationships while championing the rights, interests and aspirations of growing countries. This approach resulted in the advocacy of the South-South Co-operation, a more proactive role in the G-77, the establishment of the G-15 and observed the 'Look East Plan' being instituted. This shift to the East greatly inspired Malaysia's financial development. Malaysia became the voice of the growing world and was a job model for most expanding countries as it become popular for its effective position at the UN and other international conferences. Malaysia's contribution in peacekeeping missions under the UN is also a testimony of the country's seriousness in instilling the will of the international community. Since 1960, Malaysia has committed soldiers to Republic of Congo, Bosnia Herzegovina, Somalia, Sierra Leone, Namibia, American Sahara, Iraq, Timor Leste and Lebanon.
The fifth Primary Minister of Malaysia, Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi sustained to ensure that Malaysia was active in the international industry. During his tenure, Malaysia enjoyed an instrumental role in the formulation and adoption of the ASEAN Charter which includes been ratified by all ASEAN member says and subsequently inserted into pressure on 15th Dec 2008. During this period, Malaysia was also dynamic in increasing the target of OIC from being an organisation focused solely on politics issues into one which focuses on the socio-economic development of Islamic countries. The Islam Hadhari theory which promotes a form of civilisational Islam was also presented by Prime Minister Abdullah Badawi and was accepted and accepted by the OIC member areas at another Special Summit of OIC at Makkah in December 2005.
Under the management of Perfect Minister YAB Dato' Sri Najib Tun Razak, Malaysia will continue steadily to task a forward-looking and pragmatic overseas policy whilst continuing to help trade, attract international investment as well as job Malaysia as a stable and peaceful country. Upon taking office in Apr 2009, the Prime Minister also pressured that Malaysia's international insurance policy under his administration would be designed significantly by the 1Malaysia: People First, Performance Now concept. Among the key elements of the 1Malaysia idea is within realising the strength of Malaysia lies in its diversity. This idea bodes well with the main perspective of Malaysia's Foreign Policy that is to safeguard and promote interests abroad and at the same time responsibly and effectively add for the building of a fair and simply world. Dato' Sri Najib thinks that the interconnectedness of nations on the planet means that Malaysia would gain in making use of 1Malaysia in its work in diplomacy and foreign relationships. Synonymous with the 1Malaysia strategy, Malaysia will continue steadily to maintain close relations with all countries on the planet and will continue to use like-minded countries in pursuing nationwide interest.
YAB PM also introduced the Government Change Program (GTP) that identified Key Results Area (KRAs) and Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) of the Ministry as a promises of dedication by the Government to the rakyat. In line with this, the Ministry has recognized 14 Key Performance Indications to measure the success of the Ministry.
The KRAs of the Ministry are as follows:
a. Security and promotion of Malaysia's passions bilaterally, regionally and internationally through proactive diplomacy;
b. Realisation of any ASEAN Community by 2015 via the ASEAN Political Security Community Blueprint, ASEAN Economic Community Blueprint and ASEAN Public Cultural Blueprint;
c. Improving Malaysia's position in the international community particularly in the platform of 1Malaysia in an ever before changing geopolitical scenario; and
d. Provision of prompt and effective services locally and overseas.
Malaysia in addition has maintained excellent relationships with other countries, bilaterally and multilaterally through existing regional and international mechanisms of ASEAN, UN and other organisations which we are an associate of.
Malaysia's foreign plan is structured after a framework of bilateralism, regionalism and multilateralism where its outreach is likening to a pattern of concentric circles. ASEAN forms the core concern of Malaysia's current foreign policy, in awareness of our neighbours as our closest allies. Looking further afield, as a country with a solid Muslim bulk, Malaysia also offers importance to the solidarity of the Ummah and the spirit of cooperation among the Company of Islamic Convention (OIC). Malaysia's position as a producing nation makes it imperative for the country to engage actively in the Non-Aligned Motion (NAM), the Commonwealth, Group of Seventy Seven (G77), Developing Eight (D8), Asia Midsection East Dialogue (AMED), ASIA Asia Latin America Assistance (FEALAC), Indian Sea Rim Association for Regional Assistance (IOR-ARC), Asia Europe Meeting (ASEM) and Asia Pacific Economic Assistance (APEC). No less important is the country's continuing active involvement in the Commonwealth, the US and other international organisations.
Through these organisations, Malaysia has searched for to market the South-South Co-operation among the expanding countries and the Muslim world. Malaysia also advocates the "Prosper thy neighbour" policy to enhance economic relations and assistance with its neighbouring countries through Brunei-Indonesia-Malaysia-the Philippines East ASEAN Development Area (BIMP-EAGA), Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Development Triangle (IMTGT) and other entities.
Malaysia will continue to play a significant role in the various multilateral issues that affect our pursuits. These issues include disarmament, counter terrorism, trafficking in individuals, climate change and environmental issues. As an associate of the UN, Malaysia is a firm believer of international peace and security and an upholder of international laws.
Malaysia's election as the Chief executive of US Economic and Friendly Council (ECOSOC) for 2010 2010 and the Chairmanship of the Plank of Governors of the International Atomic Energy Firm (IAEA) were a further testimony of Malaysia's positive international image.
Malaysia will also continue steadily to build relationships like-minded countries, both in the region and beyond in guaranteeing its sovereignty and financial physical condition are conserved and safeguarded. Malaysia will continue with the principles of proposal and cooperation rather than isolationism and unilateral action. Trade and investment opportunities will still be explored with our traditional trading partners and at the same time to develop tactical partnerships for trade and investment with countries in the Middle East, Africa, Latin America and other areas of Asia.
In the ten years leading up to 2020, Malaysia would need to offer with great changes in the global environment whilst increasing and changing the country's domestic conditions. In recognising this challenge, it is essential that Malaysia's overseas policy continues to focus on protecting national pursuits while responsibly and effectively adding on the building of a fair and just world.
The fundamental concepts of sovereign equality, shared respect for territorial integrity, peaceful arrangement of disputes as well as shared benefit in relationships are the guiding principles that could continue to guide Malaysia's relationships with other countries. These ideas have stood the test of time. Indeed, our steadfast adherence to these ideas, backed by a consistent foreign policy, has generated for Malaysia a credible image in the sight of the international community.
Implementing foreign plan is a complicated and challenging task. With the vibrant environment of world politics, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs must be constantly aware of changes and be able to effectively respond to ensure that Malaysia's sovereignty and countrywide interests are adequately shielded and Malaysia's views and positions are duly articulated in the international arena.
The Ministry will coordinate and work directly with relevant Ministries and Firms to establish workable terms of guide in implementing Malaysia's national pursuits and to coordinate marketing and branding strategies for Malaysia in another country.
In the formulation of overseas plan, every country has its own objective. Regarding Malaysia, it is as simple as the quest for Malaysia's countrywide interest at the international level.
The Malaysian government will strive to ensure that Malaysia is constantly on the play a dynamic role in international relations for the advantage of the country. Main emphasis in the pursuit of Malaysia's foreign plan objectives include:
Maintaining peaceful relations with all countries regardless of its ideology and politics system;
Adopting an unbiased, non-aligned, and principled position in local and international diplomatic affairs;
Forging close relations and financial partnerships with all countries, specifically with ASEAN and other local friends;
Promoting serenity and stability in your community through capacity building and conflict resolution steps;
Playing an influential control role as Couch of the ASEAN, Non-aligned Activity (NAM) and Company of Islamic Convention (OIC) (As we did in the last few years);
Participating positively and meaningfully in the US, especially in the efforts to end injustice and oppression, and to uphold international laws; and
Projecting Malaysia as a leading example of a tolerant and intensifying Islamic land.
Malaysia's foreign policy is basically an expansion of Malaysia's local policy. It really is designed to defend and promote the country's countrywide, political, security, financial and other essential interests. It is geared towards promoting a peaceful regional and international environment, which would give Malaysia space to achieve all its countrywide objectives without disruption from external threats.
Regardless of the variety of views about the perception and justification of foreign plan, no foreign insurance plan can be formulated in vacuum pressure. It must provide to operate in a energetic environment. Malaysia's overseas policy is not a exception. Various geographical, historical, social and politics determinants contributed to shaping the type of Malaysia's foreign policy and the conduct of the country's international relationships.
Our overseas policy seeks to market common tolerance and co-operation amongst all countries that make up the fabric of international community. To this, Malaysia pursues an unbiased, principled and pragmatic overseas plan which rests on the beliefs of peace, mankind, justice, and equality.
Malaysia's foreign insurance policy is also premised on the guidelines of value for the self-reliance, sovereignty, territorial integrity and non-interference in the affairs of other countries, peaceful arrangement of disputes, peaceful co-existence and mutual benefit in relations.
Due to globalization and the surge of powerful non-state stars, such as Multinational Companies (MNCs), non-governmental organizations, and a variety of transnational categories, it is important for small nation says to cooperate even more closely. To the, Malaysia keeps friendly diplomatic, and trade relationships with many countries across the world.
As the trading nation, we advocate a multilateral rule-based global trading system which would promote and guard the interests of all countries, whether developed or producing, in a fair and equitable manner. In this esteem, Malaysia has long advocated the financial concept of "prosper-thy-neighbor" rather than "beggar-thy-neighbor". We believe that the global monetary infrastructure should be that "prosperity will beget success. "
Malaysia's overseas policy is guided by three criteria:
a) First, it must be a CREDIBLE insurance plan:
Exudes trust and self-assurance from other nations. In this regard, it should be predicated on certain internationally valued principles.
Provides the country's best interest and stay a responsible member of the international community.
b) Second, it must be an ENLIGHTENED plan:
Takes care and attention of the interest of its individuals above all else.
Brings international acknowledgement and admiration for Malaysia and allows Malaysians to be good individuals of the
c) Third, it must be a CONSISTENT AND COHERENT insurance plan:
Makes Malaysia a satisfactory and reliable partner in interstate affairs.
Succeeds in making Malaysia the preferred brand in international relationships.
Foreign plan is not static. Its formulation is actually a strong process. Hence, over time, our foreign insurance plan has improved, taking profile of the change in control as well as developments in the ever-changing global politics and economic panoramas. Moreover, the introduction of globalization and the change of interstate relations brought about by new and fast changes in information solutions necessarily means that our foreign policy should be altered and fine tuned to meet new difficulties in a globalised world.
The style and approaches in enunciating Malaysia's overseas policy varies commensurate with the personality of every past and present best minister of Malaysia. A critical study of Malaysia's foreign insurance plan since 1957 would show its dependable evolution seen as a distinctive changes in emphasis, which took place with the change in Malaysia's political stewardship. Briefly;
a) In the time 1957-1969, our country has just gained its freedom. In this post self-reliance period, under our first best minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj, our foreign policy was intended for the survival of our own newly independent country. Our foreign coverage then was markedly anti-Communist and pro-western in posture with close links to the Commonwealth. We were also a solid opponent of apartheid. Our pose towards regional cooperation also began to use root with the delivery of ASA (1960), MAPHILINDO (1963) and ASEAN (1967).
b) In the time 1970 -1976, under Tun Abdul Razak, as a member of the Organisation of Islamic Convention (OIC), Malaysia started to identify itself as a "Muslim land. " The seek out new friends considerably increased the importance of NAM to Malaysia. We became markedly non-aligned and postured towards neutrality, peaceful co-existence and independence. We also commenced to distance ourselves from major power, put strong focus on regionalism and developed connections and diplomatic relationships with communist countries. Opportunities from apart from British sources started to be also welcomed.
c) An interval of consolidation ensued under Tun Hussein Onn (1976-1981) with ASEAN becoming the cornerstone of Malaysia's international policy following the collapse of Saigon (now Ho Chi Minh City) in 1975, the drawback of the US military existence from Southeast Asia and the invasion of Kampuchea (now Cambodia) by Vietnam. The First ASEAN Summit happened and Malaysia agreed upon the Treaty of Amity and Assistance in Bali in 1976. Further emphasis on self-reliance, non-alignment and equidistance from the major capabilities was also made.
d) A more dramatic shift in emphasis happened when Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohammad got over as the fourth Primary Minister in 1981. Malaysia's overseas policy stance commenced to take a much greater economical orientation than ever before, coupled with a solid and nationalistic defence of the privileges, interests and dreams of producing countries and the advocacy of south-south co-operation. Tun Dr. Mahathir's premiership saw the quest for numerous new initiatives such as:
Antarctica as the normal History of Mankind.
The Look East Policy (LEP).
Championing of the cause of growing countries on major social issues like environment, real human privileges and democracy.
With the advent of globalization, Malaysians discovered both the beneficial and negative impact of globalization to the producing countries.
Pro-active and keen strategy on Apartheid and Palestinian issues.
Islamic Unity - Chairmanship and hosting of the 10th OIC Summit, hosting of 1st Expo OIC, creation of D-8.
International peacefulness and security - Malaysia's regular membership in UNSC, peacekeeping role in several countries such as Cambodia, Somalia, Bosnia, Kosovo, Namibia and East Timor. Malaysia also positively championed against selectivity, dual requirements and pre-emptive action beyond your ambit of the UN.
Terrorism - Malaysia forged strong regional and international assistance in combating terrorism, strongly advocated against profiling by religious beliefs or ethnicity, suggested multifaceted approach in combating terrorism including discovering and eliminating the main causes, hosted OIC Foreign Ministers' Interacting with on Terrorism in 2002, proven SEARCCT to mostly concentrate on training and capacity building.
Opening of New Frontiers:
Active bilateral engagements with African, Latin American and Eastern European countries countries, especially in trade, investment and transfer technology in the soul of South-South Cooperation. Includes opening of Diplomatic Missions and extension of Malaysian Techie Co-operation Program (MTCP) in these countries.
East Asia Economic Co-operation (from EAEG to EAEC to ASEAN +3).
Regional Development Assistance - Development Triangle idea such as IMTGT, IMSGT, BIMP-EAGA.
Group of 15 (G15) - first advocated by Malaysia.
Economic diplomacy - slow investment's 'prosper thy neighbor's, South-South co-operation, MIGHT, Langkawi International Dialogue (LID), South Africa International Dialogue (SAID).
e) In the time 2003 and onwards, under the management of Dato' Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, international plan initiatives were further sophisticated and fine- tuned to task:
Pragmatic response in getting together with the existing geopolitical and financial challenges.
More sophisticated articulation of Malaysia's views.
Substance as a active extension to existing plans.
Influential management role as Seat of the Non-Aligned Movements (NAM), the Organisation of Islamic Seminar (OIC) and ASEAN; and
Malaysia as a respected exemplory case of a tolerant and intensifying Islamic Country - Islam Hadhari
The development of the country's international insurance plan under successive leading ministers reflects a pragmatic reaction to the geopolitical and economic changes with their times. To be continually relevant to the country's needs, overseas policy cannot stay static.
But whilst changes in emphasis have become a general feature of Malaysian international policy, continuity in addition has been evident. Both the change and continuity mark a higher level of confidence and maturing of the united states in the carry out of its international affairs. Indeed, in lots of ways Malaysia's control role has been regarded on several issues of deep interest to the developing world.
As a trading nation, we are very much dependent on a peaceful international environment for our wellbeing. Naturally, our foreign policy should be oriented to allow for a larger focus on monetary diplomacy. In the past, whenever we were producing mainly recycleables for the entire world, Malaysia was required to compete with only a handful of countries.
But now, when we have become an industrialized trading country, we have no choice but to work harder, to compete better and also to find new marketplaces for our goods and services. We must find improved ways to do business with the outside world. We need to find niches where we have a competitive edge.
Towards this end, Malaysia has applied a number of policies that have a strong international policy part that will donate to the creation of a solid, strong and resilient market. These policies include between others:
Langkawi International Dialogue
One significant sensation that will impact firmly on Malaysia's overseas policy as we move forward is globalization. Our greatest challenge would be to remove the best from the procedure of globalization and also to give our best to the machine. And in exchange to contribute towards making the entire world a more peaceful and equitable destination to reside in, to provide command in your region and illustrate exemplary and in charge regular membership of the international community.
On the politics front, we start to see the end of the cold war. The world today is no safer than we had been resulted in imagine. The so-called friendly global town has not come about. Old issues either won't die or just have a means of coming out of their graves to haunt us. In the meantime, new conflicts, sometimes much bloodier and brutal than the old ones, continue to emerge and trend or continue to be unresolved. Put into this, two other issues of great concern also remain, particularly terrorism which continue to threaten
Terrorism which continue steadily to threaten the lives and property of innocent patients; and
The proliferation of weapons of mass destruction which brings fourth the prospect of nuclear, chemical, and biological warfare.
It is important; therefore, that our foreign plan be intended for ensuring that increasingly more nations sign and ratify the relevant international conventions such as the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), the In depth Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), Biological Weapons Convention (BWC), Substance Weaponry Convention (CWC), and the Convention on Land Mines (CLM).
The economic dimensions of globalization has been even more disappointing. The financial meltdown that descended after East Asia in 1997 brought about not only sociable misery and monetary disaster but politics instability as well. Substantial Unemployment, negative expansion, stock market crashes and severe money devaluation have taken down millions of individuals below the poverty lines. And today, we could anxiously watching the effects of the possible economical meltdown following the global financial crisis.
The seriousness of the problem calls for the whole business of economic globalization and financial and trade liberalization to be seriously addressed. That is another biggest overseas policy obstacle for Malaysia. Malaysia will continue steadily to press for the reforming the international financial structures that is so susceptible to speculative manipulations and frequently increased fluctuation.
Malaysia's activism at the international leading has of course drawn attention and response from various quarters. Until just lately, Malaysia had been the target for criticism to be "too vocal". But this is something that we need to take our very own stride if Malaysia is usually to be proactive at the global level.
Our foreign policy principles have stood the test of time. Indeed, our steadfast adherence to these rules, reinforced by a constant foreign policy, has established for Malaysia certain reliability in the eyes of the international community.
Malaysia's initiatives at various regional and international fora have put the country on the globe map.
Increased economic success and political steadiness has in truth allowed Malaysia to carve its topic in the international scene.
Making its occurrence felt has allowed Malaysia to exercise some affect in establishing the international agenda.
Being less reliant on foreign help and assistance, Malaysia has had the opportunity to speak through to conditions that other producing countries feel constrained to voice for concern with retribution by the major, especially western, powers.
The years ahead therefore would see our international policy specially oriented towards not only guaranteeing Malaysia's domestic success but also internationally, as a geopolitical and economic player at the global level.