Posted at 10.09.2018
What is nonverbal communication. Nonverbal communication is all messages sent by ones aside from words in a communication. These communications are for example, modulation of voice, facial message, eyeball contact, spatial subject matter and many more. Nonverbal communication usually conveys more so this means than verbal communication. Regarding to Dr. Albert Mehrabian, nonverbal communication is 93% of overall daily communication. This statistic implies that nonverbal communication is vital in our daily life. Whenever we speak, we usually not just talk with expression, nonverbal message convey more messages than talking. Therefore, we can conclude that verbal and nonverbal work together in communication. In the next newspaper will be demonstrating the value of nonverbal communication predicated on example and the types of nonverbal communication.
Characteristic of nonverbal communication
There are about five quality of nonverbal communication:
Nonverbal communication arise constantly
In every daily life, we must make communication. Attention contact, laugh, frown, or totally ignore someone, you are actually communicating something. For example, when you having conversation with someone, you are not just saying it, it will be include your modulation of voice, body gestures and facial manifestation. Nonverbal communication can present a note through both verbal and with correct body signals. The way you listen closely, look, and behave in a dialogue, make other person understand how you value the talk.
Nonverbal communication depends upon the context
Your direct attention contact to a stranger often means entirely different from the direct vision connection with your friend. Once you talk to your friend, your calm tone of voice, eye contect, and good posture reveal how much you value for this romantic relationship. These happen because nonverbal communication is interpret within the framework of your friendship and is also complemented by informal and personal dialogue.
Nonverbal communication is more believable than verbal communication
Consider this talk between a mother and her little girl regarding her daughter's hubby:
"What's wrong together with you and Chad?" asks Jess's mom.
(Stare and frown) "Whatever, I'm not annoyed, why must i be?" reply Jess.
"you seem to be to be in funk, and you are staying away from speaking with me. So what's incorrect? Does you and Chad have a fight?" asks Jess's mother.
"I said there is nothing wrong! Leave me exclusively! Everything is fine!" (Seiler, W. J. & Beall, M. L. , 2011)
Throughout the chat, we can feel that Jess is upset and sending a note that she has a deal with with her husband. Nonverbal communication is more difficult to be control compare to verbal communication because nonverbal cues symbolize our emotion which is more challenging to regulate. Beside this, "nonverbal is often suggest as unintentional and subconsciously generated" (Seiler, W. J. & Beall, M. L. , 2011).
Nonverbal communication is an initial means of expression
We are often able to detect emotion like anger, annoyance, sadness, or anxiousness without people revealing it because nonverbal cues are so powerful. Virtually all our feeling can be portrayed through our nonverbal patterns.
Nonverbal communication relates to culture
Different culture contributes different view in nonverbal behavior. For example, the formation of an O with index finger and thumb, which means OK or good work in the us, may have insult meaning in other country (Seiler, W. J. & Beall, M. L. , 2011). Still some innate behavior such as smiling is a common nonverbal cue offering people an indicator of friendly sense.
Function of nonverbal communication
Nonverbal communication adds our exchanges by complementing, duplicating, regulating and substituting for our words. Sometimes, we even make use of it to deceive others (Seiler, W. J. & Beall, M. L. , 2011). Desk 1 shows the work as well as importance of nonverbal communication.
To complete, describe, or accents a verbal message
When you declaring "I'm pleased to meet you" with a welcoming giggle and a warm handshake.
Express a note that are similar interpretation to verbal one
A motion of your mind and hand to restate your verbal "let's go. "
Controls move of communication
Shaking your head left and right to point out that you have no interest on finished. .
Replace verbal communication with nonverbal cues
Signal "All right" with a hand gesture.
Nonverbal cue that purposely mislead to create false impression
When playing cards, one will demonstrating the 'poker face' to face mask their facial expression, not uncovering how good or bad their hand is.
The programs of nonverbal messages
The basic of nonverbal communication involves facial expression, body gestures, eyesight contact, spatial subject matter, touch message, tone of voice, silence and artifacts. Following are detail that explains each nonverbal cue that related to the importance of nonverbal communication in our lifestyle.
Facial movements are capable of doing at least eight thoughts: happy, shock, anger, fear, unhappy, disgust, contempt, and interest (Ekman, Friesen, Ellsworth, 1972). These sentiment are universal irrespective any culture. Of overall body motion, facial expression conveys the most information and it is reliable when decode. But every once in awhile, human had learned to conceal our real feeling from others. There is certainly some technique on facial management. You can expect to mask yourself when your friend gets a scholarship and you do not, even though you think you need it. If you visit a distant relative's funeral, you'll be look completely sorry as you sacrificing someone tonight. But instead you not necessarily feel the sadness because you are not near him. These kinds of actions will be required concerning have a polite conversation with other folks.
Body terms is often send as kinesics this means 'any movements of face or body communicate a message' (Seiler, W. J. & Beall, M. L. , 2011, p. 122). Body text messages contain body motion and general appearance of body. Stand 2 shows the quality of body activity and its example.
Body gesture immediately translate into words or phrases
The OK signal, the thumb-up for 'good job', and V for success.
Accent, strengthen or focus on a verbal message
When referring to left, your hand showing to way of kept.
Monitor, control, organize or maintain the speaking of other individual
Eye contact, nodding of mind, taking a look at wristwatch.
Body activity that express emotion
Slouching, jumping up and down
Gesture that meet some personal need
Scratching, smoking, smoothing hair
Eye subject matter sometime known as oculesics, which means 'research of eye habit' (Seiler, W. J. & Beall, M. L. , 2011, p. 122). Corresponding to some research workers, during interactions, people put in about 45% of their time looking to each other eyes (Janik & et al. , 1978). Attention contact is an important kind of nonverbal communication. How you take a look at someone can speak a lot of things, including interest, affection, hostility, or fascination. Eyeball contact is important in retaining the circulation of conversation and observes for other person's response.
Proxemics is 'review of the use of space and of distance between individuals when they are interacting' (Seiler, W. J. & Beall, M. L. , 2011, p. 130). According to Edward T. Hall's four distance zone, relationship between people can be classify into four group particularly seductive space, personal space, sociable space, and general public space. Each area have different distance maintained. Another aspect in proxemics is territoriality, a possessive reaction to a location or particular items. Basically were usually in three types of territories: principal territories, extra territories, and public territories (Altman, 1975).
Tone of voice
The term paralanguage refer to vocal but nonverbal facet of speech. It is based how you say something, not what you say. Paralanguage includes the rate (swiftness), volume level (loudness), and rhythm of voice. If u speaking the same term, but are different in velocity or volume or rhythm, will present different meaning to people who understand it.
Silence is also an integral part of nonverbal communication. Silence allow loudspeaker to think, organize his or her speech or even to pick up attention from people in a seminar. Sometimes, silence is essential in a few situation for example in funeral and in a speech. Silence can be use to prevent some certain matter from surfacing or even to prevent someone stating something that he / she might regret.
Artifacts are personal adornments or property that communicate information about us. For instance, color, clothing, charms and beautification of space. Different culture has different interpretation on color. Take black color as example, in Thailand means old age groups; in elements of Malaysia means courage; in a lot of Europe, fatality (DeVito, J. A. , 2011, p. 143). How do you react to individuals who have body piercings and tattoos? Based on the artifacts on a person, it'll sent different message to us. Take this example, a person wears a suit to interview and a person putting on sweater and trousers to interview sent different note.
Touching is one of the most primitive and delicate means of relating with others. Touching is referenced as either tactile communication or haptics. Haptics means tactile or touch, communication; one of the most basic form of communication (Seiler, W. J. & Beall, M. L. , 2011, p. 128). Touch play significant role in stimulating, expressing care, demonstrating support and is also often more powerful than words. Touch split into five category specifically, functional-professional, social-polite, friendship-warmth, love-intimacy, and intimate arousal. Desk 3 shows the category of touch and the respective examples.
A doctor touches an individual during physical examination.
Two people shake palm or kiss in their culture to greet other people.
Two men or two women meet at airport terminal, hug, and walk off with their arms around each other.
Two people hug, caress, adopt and kiss.
Sexual touch action includes foreplay and intercourse.
(Seiler, W. J. & Beall, M. L. , 2011, p. 129).
Nonverbal communication encompasses everything that we converse to others without needing words. Nonverbal communication is more important than verbal message because it convey more meaning than verbal may. Try to imagine a person talking with a monotony voice and expressing that he is happy because he found back his lost thing. It isn't what we say but how exactly we say it with this modulation of voice, body motion, use of space, touch, and appearance, all which capable communicators understand. Nonverbal cues are incredibly useful to our day to day life to improve and deliver our emotion to other people. Still, nonverbal note should be working together with verbal concept as they did the trick best with each other.