Posted at 11.01.2018
The economic downturn that started out around January 2008 has taking its toll on several fronts. The tough economy has afflicted the U. S. labor markets as seen in the rapidly increasing unemployment and underemployment issues. U. S. jobs have declined by over 5 million over the past twelve months and the unemployment rate has risen to over 9%. The recession has also brought on a steep drop in state tax revenues. Because of this states are beginning to see very large finances deficits. States are struggling to find different ways to shore up the loss in revenue that is needed to support public services.
California, the Golden Talk about has reported a $20 billion budget deficit. The state happens to be spending $400 to $ 600 million more a month that they are collecting in revenues. As the truth of the deficit becomes visible to the leaders of California, the governor has requested answers to their problems. "Everything you can expect generally is not any taxes and horrible cuts, absolutely dreadful cuts, " said Governor Schwarzenegger to press secretary Aaron McLear. "We're not heading to complete the deficit we have without making some really challenging decisions. " (www. sacbee. com)
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, a SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA Democrat, and the state's two Democratic U. S. senators have said new national aid was improbable, considering that California has already received vast amounts of dollars from the stimulus deal. "The federal government is not responsible for the point out of California's budget, and we look forward to hearing a ecological plan for the state to get its house in order, " a spokesman for Ms. Pelosi said following the budget premiered Friday May 14, 2010. (www. wstj. com)
While the state administration debates ways to reduce the large deficit one solution has been stated, the legalization of cannabis. It has been estimated that a legal market for marijuana could yield income of $1. 5 to $2. 5 billion each year. Total retail sales would cause a total monetary impact of $8 to $13 billion annually. The state of hawaii would also save over $160 million a year in police cost for arrests, prosecutions, and imprisonment. Additional benefits would happen from more sales fees from spinoff marketplaces such as smokehouses, commercial hemp facilities and larger amounts of tourism. (www. canorml. org)
Over 1. 6 million Californians have smoked cannabis within the past 30 days, in line with the most recent National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, which found 5. 6% of most Americans older than 12 are current pot users. According to the survey, one-third of this population, or 530, 000 Californians are daily users. Taking this review under consideration, the California administration believes there will be sufficient demand because of this product. (www. canorml. org)
California has added the Taxes Cannabis Action to its November ballot which will be to legalize the cultivation, possession, and recreational use of cannabis. So why not legalize cannabis? There are many moral arguments that require to be considered: rights, justice, utilitarianism, nurturing, virtue and Christianity before any decisions can be produced.
Marijuana was banned by The Marijuana Tax Action of 1937 in the U. S. in 1937after 162 years of use. In 1937 Anslinger testified before Congress and only Pot Prohibition by stating: "Marijuana is the most violence creating drug in the annals of mankind. " "Most cannabis smokers are Negroes, Hispanics, Filipinos and entertainers. Their Satanic music, jazz and golf swing, result from pot usage. Marijuana causes white women to seek sexual relations with Negroes. " (www. hempcar. org) Many supporters of legalization of cannabis think that the prohibition regulations were passed based on discrimination and is therefore violating real human rights.
In general, the right is "a person entitlement to something". (pg 73, Velasquez) Rights are a powerful device according to Velasquez, when they are being used to enable the individual to choose readily whether to go after certain activities and protect those selections. (pg 74) "Prohibition will work great problems for the reason for temperance. It is a varieties of intemperance within itself, for it will go beyond the bounds of reason in that it attempts to control a man's appetite by legislation, and makes a criminal offenses out of things that aren't crimes. A Prohibition regulation hits a blow at the very principles after which our authorities was founded. " Abraham Lincoln (1809-65), U. S. Leader stated throughout a conversation on the 18th of Dec 1840, to Illinois House of Representatives. Allowing the government to control what individuals readily choose to do when they pose no threat with their community than these are letting the federal government violate their basic constitutional privileges.
The production, circulation, and use of cannabis is a criminal offense under the Handled Drugs and Product Take action. Retributive justice identifies the "just imposition of punishment and penalties on those who do incorrect. " (pg88, Velasquez) In 2007, law enforcement officials in Californian made over 60, 000 felony and misdemeanor arrests of people possessing pot. If costed with possession of marijuana it'll carry large penalties for offenders in the United States. The first offence could be a fine of $500 or up to twenty years imprisonment for third or more offences.
These arrests create long term criminal records that can disqualify individuals for schooling, student loans, housing and most importantly jobs. The cost of law enforcement of the marijuana regulations in California donate to the financial problem by over $150 million per season. (pg 97) So the moral question is: Does the criminal offenses fit the punishment? How good is this action? These questions of distributive justice happen when "differing people help with conflicting boasts on society's benefits and burdens. " (pg 88)
There are no arguments that there are a several side effects which come from smoking weed. The advocates for cannabis use believe the only side effect is it elevates the sensation of delight. Jeremy Bentham claims that, "the theory which allows as the basics of morals, power or the greatest happiness principle, keeps that one's actions are right if those actions promote happiness and wrong if indeed they produce unwanted effects. The happiness is intended to create pleasure and not pain. " (pg 62) This honest theory insists that the desire to have happiness motivates human conduct.
Taking into consideration the utilitarian calculations, by using pot in the privacy of the individual's home functions to increase their pleasure or greatest happiness principle. The government, therefore, does not have any right to prohibit what's ethically justifiable do. On the other hand for those individuals who argue against legalizing of pot believe that the utilization is wrong because marijuana damages brain cells and may also be considered a "gateway" medication to more lethal drugs and narcotics. These advocates have efficiently enacted prohibition laws banning the use of weed. Utilitarian's stress, however, these advocates are acting unethically because they are decreasing the best happiness principle protected in the shield of upholding what is an essentially contested notion (pg 60), specifically, "the common good. "
Utilitarianism is also the foundation of the techniques of economic cost-benefits evaluation. This type of analysis is utilized to determine whether its present and future financial benefits outweigh its present and future costs. (pg 63) The California supervision thinks that by legalizing marijuana they can tax it which will help eliminates the state's budget deficit problems. This can also eliminate the $150 million us dollars that are put in each year by enforcing the ban on pot.
Drugs that are regarded politically, socially, medically, or religiously unfit for recreational use tend to be suspended. Ethic reasoning predicated on caring recognizes our areas and communal relationships as a simple value that should be preserved and maintained. (pg 103) The positioning on the legalization of cannabis is different for every single specific. Those positions range between blanket prohibition to permitting used in small dosages.
Advocates believe legalizing the medication would be a good thing because it forces manufactures to meet regulation guidelines just like the manufactures of tobacco and alcohol consumption. Currently legal drugs will need to have ingredients lists, caution product labels and purity levels plainly stated on the pots. By giving a legal resource chain of the presently illegal drug the prices will land which would theoretically lead to the collapse of the current illegal drug industry and also lead to a reduction in crimes dedicated by those unlawful organizations. They also argue that you will see no change in the quantity of demand for marijuana because of the inelasticity of the demand.
On the other area of the debate, advocates believe the state of hawaii shouldn't be involved in the distribution of chemicals that are believed unhealthy. They believe it is the areas job to protect each citizen's health and not contribute to exposing them to high-risk items. These advocates truly look after their neighborhoods by exhibiting the virtues of matter and love. (pg 103) These advocates are very concerned that the cannabis use will be dangerous to others next to the user. They are worried that it will contribute to the surge in health costs, create more assault that is always accompanied with drug use and most importantly donate to the neglect of children that is always observed in drug-addicted parents.
The debate occurring in California over legalization weed is a very controversial concern. It's been debated by both advocating attributes of the problem. The advocates for legalizing pot argue from Aristotle's moral virtue point of view. A person lives according to reason, Aristotle argued, when the person knows and selects reasonable middle floor in his actions and wants: "Moral virtue is a mean between two vices, one of extra and the other of deficit and it is designed a hitting the mean in needs and actions. "(pg 110) With respect to consumable goods, temperance the virtue to be acceptable by indulging the desire but not in excess. Marijuana advocates reason that as long as it can be used only for recreational purposes rather than abused there should be no issues from Aristotle viewpoint for not legalizing it.
The advocates against legalizing marijuana claim from another moral virtue perspective. They claim that economic companies or governmental supervision make people greedy and large bureaucrat organizations make people less in charge. These organizations are morally defective because they tend to create morally defective individuals. (pg 113) These advocates fear that the Condition of California only concern is to fix its budget deficit problems at the expense of its citizen well being.
The advocates against legalizing cannabis argue that the use of any mind-altering medication is morally and spiritually harmful therefore should be retained out of reach. The reserve of Galatians 5:19-21states, "The serves of sinful aspect are obvious: sexual immorality, impurity and debaucherydrunkenness, orgies, and the like. I warn you, as I did so before, that those who live such as this won't inherit the kingdom of heaven. " Keeping this scripture in mind, by participating in these deeds of the flesh will excluded one from the kingdom of heaven. This scripture also shows that smoking cannabis would not be a good Christian activity you might want to take part in. The bible forecasted that people would want to participate in bad patterns in a letter the apostle Paul composed to Timothy in 2 Timothy 3:1-5 which says, " You will see terrible times within the last days and nights. People will be lovers of themselves, enthusiasts of moneywithout love, do it yourself control, not addicts of goodlovers of pleasure, somewhat than addicts of God-having a kind of godliness but denying its ability. Have nothing to do with them. " The debate is made that individuals will be buffs of the pleasures in life somewhat than addicts of God. The ultimate argument is how can an individual concentrate on doing good works if their minds are clouded with marijuana smoke.
On the side of the argument advocates for legalizing pot argue that the existing regulations are an invasion of specific privileges to make their own moral decisions regarding what they do in their own homes. Prohibition is allowing the federal government to make moral decisions for folks and not allowing ones to be morally accountable for their own activities. The scriptures do talk about keeping cathedral and state separate in Luke 20:25 which areas, "He thought to them, "Then share with Caesar what is Caesar's and also to God what's God's. " Jesus also discussed this separating in John 15:19, "If you belong to the earth, it will love you as its own. As it is, you do not belong to the globe, but I've chosen you. " It is also argued that although pot is in a roundabout way talked about in the bible it can talk about how God provided humans crops and herbs to make use of for food. "Then God said, I offer you every plant bearing [seed] seed on the facial skin of the complete earth and every tree that has berry with seed in it. They'll be yours for food. " (Genesis 1:29)
The legalization of weed appears to have a great deal of support in California. Activists believe taxing marijuana development and sales would bail out the cash-strapped point out. The point has been made that prohibition legislations has been a large disaster since it has wasted billions of dollars in law enforcement resources and made criminals out of normally legislations bidding citizens. There are on the other hand still a whole lot of activists that oppose decrimalizing cannabis. They claim that with recreational weed use comes impaired traveling, crashes and injuries to innocent people. Critics also get worried social costs significantly outweigh the earnings it will bring in to their state. There are several measures that require to be fulfilled in order to develop support. First sales should not be outright legalized but controlled. Next their state would need to create laws to control the production, syndication, and sales of cannabis. Finally pot should be maintained and managed using the rules the alcohol and tobacco industries follow.