Posted at 11.01.2018
During World War II on February 19, 1945, america of America and the Empire of Japan fought for Iwo Jima, a little island approximately 660 miles from Japan. Codenamed Procedure Detachment by america, the fight lasted for 35 days, concluding on March 26, 1945, and it remains the most significant struggle in Marine Corps background, with some 75, 144 men being deployed to combat (Frank). The fight of Iwo Jima also marked the first time that American casualties were higher than Japanese casualties in an amphibious assault. American casualties reached 24, 733 while Japanese casualties were a little over 21, 570 (Frank & Naval Background). This amount was because of the leadership of japan during the challenge.
The general who was in command word of the Japanese forces at Iwo Jima was Lieutenant General Tadamichi Kuribayashi. Through the challenge for Iwo Jima, Lieutenant Standard Kuribayashi would show that he was one of Japan's finest General's. In preparation for the approaching battle, Lieutenant General Kuribayashi chose to concentrate his defense on the Northern two-thirds of Iwo Jima, instead on the beaches where in fact the USA would land troops (Frank). Kuribayashi recognized that Japan wouldn't normally beat the United States, simply because of the amount of troops the United States would send. Knowing this, Kuribayashi made a decision to not target his initiatives on the southern beaches and lose quickly to an excellent American pressure, but instead Kuribayashi decided to create strong defensive positions on all of those other island to increase the amount of North american casualties. It had been Kuribayashi's opinion that if his forces could inflict enough American casualties, america would not be compelled to invade Japan, fearing that they would lose way too many soldiers.
In the Pacific Advertising campaign of World Battle II, america used a strategy called island hopping, where the USA would attack a Japanese manipulated island, record it, and then replicate the process until they got to Japan. This was the United States strategy to defeat Japan, and the island of Iwo Jima was the next island to be captured. Iwo Jima was also strategically important due to airfields located on it (Burrell). Iwo Jima was close enough to Japan where the United States could use the airfields on Iwo Jima to attack Japan through the environment with B-29 bombers. This is the main reason Japan defended the island so heavily.
While the island of Iwo Jima was defensively important to the protection of mainland Japan, it was of little offensive importance because by this time Japan's strategy was totally founded of the defense of mainland Japan. One Japanese officer detailed Iwo Jima's offensive relevance so, "Our first series Army and Naval air forces have been worn out in the recent Philippines Procedure. The anticipation to restore our air forces, getting their combined quantity to 3, 000 planes, could materialize only by March or Apr and even then, mainly because the types of airplanes and their performance proved to be impracticable for operations increasing beyond 550 miles radius, we could not utilize them for operations in the Bonin Islands area (Burrell). "
Before the actually land invasion began, the United States bombed the southern part of Iwo Jima, three days and nights before where they would land their soldiers. That's where American brains significantly failed in two ways. It underestimated Kuribayashi's forces by at least a 3rd, and completely overlooked Kuribayashi's intent to make his previous stand at the north end of the island, rather than facing the American's head on at the southern end. These errors ended up leading to the misdirection of the three day bombardment, the heaviest of the warfare, to the southern getting beaches, rather than concentrating on the northern part of the island, where in fact the majority of Kuribayashi's forces would be.
When the land invasion have begin, People in america forces were met without resistance by the Japanese. Instead of attacking the getting forces head on, japan waited for the Us citizens to move forward onto the beach, than ambushed them as they shut down in towards the Japanese position. Not merely have the ambush cause a great number of initial American casualties, it was difficult for the marines to fight due to the landscape of the beach. Instead of the beach being made out of sand, it was packed with volcanic ash, which managed to get hard for the landing forces to dig in to the ground and protect themselves. One marine explained it as, "trying to combat in a bin of loose wheat (Frank). " American forces could actually eventually break japan lines, and on Feb 23, 1945, the southern end of Iwo Jima was captured by American forces.
As america pushed forward, they were met with heavy amount of resistance from japan who had been well fortified and ready to face the enemy. The greater up north the United States went, the harder it became to allow them to fight. JAPAN experienced dug many bunkers in to the landscape, and were successful at using ambush methods up against the marines which only made their advance more challenging. As the challenge continued, marines began better adapting to fighting the Japanese on rough terrain, and using their superior forces drove japan back again until they could retreat forget about. Marines fought for a long and tiring 35 days and nights until on March 26, 1945, the island was officially said to be secure by American forces.
In addition to being truly a historic challenge in World Battle II, the struggle of Iwo Jima in addition has had a substantial influence on American culture. You can view traces of the challenge in many skill forms and popular advertising in America. The Raising of the Flag on Iwo Jima, an image taken by American photographer Joe Rosenthal, depicts five marines and navy corpsman increasing the flag on Support Suribachi, at the southern end of Iwo Jima, on February 23, 1945. The photograph became symbolic for American patriotism during World Conflict II, and the picture was even commemorated by being put on a postage stamp.
You can also start to see the struggle depicted in a movie directed by Clint Eastwood called Words from Iwo Jima. In the movie Clint Eastwood shows the fight of Iwo Jima from japan aspect, depicting what Japan military experienced as the fight was fought. The movie acquired an Academy Honor for best audio editing, and was nominated for three more because of its depiction of the historical battle.
In realization, the battle of Iwo Jima was one of the main battles in the Pacific front World Conflict II. With the United States successfully in a position to take the island of Iwo Jima, they obtained the airfields on the island. With these airfields now under USA control, B-29 bombers would now have the ability to use the island to launch aerial assaults towards Japan, and would be able to utilize it as a fueling station closer to Japan. The battle also showed america how far japan were willing to visit protect their homeland. Out of the initial more than 20, 000 force, only one 1, 083 Japanese soldiers were captured alive (Frank). This confirmed the United States that Japanese soldiers were ready to battle to the death to defend their house, which if the United States was planning on invading Japan, the amount of casualties would have been catastrophic.