PLAGIARISM FREE WRITING SERVICE
We accept
MONEY BACK GUARANTEE
100%
QUALITY

The Ban Of Smoking In Public Areas Economics Essay

Content
  1. Smoking was banned in India on 2nd October, 2008 in various places such as lounges, public transport (cars, buses) and their transport area (railway stations, airports, bus stands) auditoriums, libraries, carnivals, malls, Courts, banquet halls, pubs, offices and educational centres.
  2. Smoking is also permitted in airports, restaurants, bars, pubs, discothЁques and some other enclosed workplaces if indeed they provide designated separate smoking areas. Anybody violating this law will be charged with an excellent of INR200.
  3. The above two articles clearly show that the revenue of the nightclubs and other factors have been affected. The ban has afflicted the nightclubs so gets the rise in the legal age to take alcohol. I chose these three nightclubs because I visit these nightclubs frequently and seen many people visiting these nightclubs. Given the aforementioned statement I needed to check if implementation of such laws had an impact on the revenue of the nightclubs. I am going to also touch increasing of underground markets regarding the supply of alcohol and cigarettes.
  4. Methology-
  1. "A lot of the teenagers turned to drinking for fun or under peer pressure. Over 32 percent drink when upset and 18 percent when they feel lonesome and depressed.
  2. In addition, about 15 percent indulged in alcohol to curb boredom while 45 percent consumed liquor to "get high. "
  3. "The researchers surveyed over 2, 000 teenagers in the age band of 15-19 years across Mumbai, Kochi, Chennai, Hyderabad, Indore, Patna, Pune, Delhi, Chandigarh, and Dehradun. "
  4. "Actor Imran Khan said, "It's completely unfair to expect that you have to hold back till 25 years to exercise his freedom of choice regarding one's lifestyle. Young India is not as irresponsible as the older establishment assumes it to be. "
  5. v"Imbibing alcohol in the location hasn't been easy on the Mumbaikar's wallet, and there will no forthcoming relief as the Maharashtra government has increased excise duty on all liquor, apart from wine. Their state has increased the minimum rate of excise duty to Rs 95 per proof litre for country liquor, Rs 240 per proof litre for foreign liquor, Rs 33 per bulk litre for mild beer and Rs 42 per bulk litre for fermented beer. "
  6. viWent to tryst for the very first time last Wednesday with my partner and a few friends.
  7. Heard a lot about the place from all. Was a complete let down
  8. 1) so crowded that a person couldn't move and yes avoid being touched by sweaty people passing by. Lot of underage and drinking individuals were in the area. Management appears to give two hoots about authority.
  9. 2) Aircon non effective.
  10. 3) No rules followed: individuals were smoking everywhere without giving a damn. Bouncers were being somewhat strict but after having a token gesture the bouncers went away and folks lit up any and everywhere. Can't blame the bouncer's, but rules because they are not enforced.
  11. vii"More people in Maharashtra are buying liquor from wine shops rather than gulping down a few pegs in bars or permits rooms.
  12. The reason: high excise duty makes drinking in bars and restaurants a costly affair"
  13. Last year's steep hike has pushed alcohol prices up and brought down liquor sales in bars, say excise department officials and restaurant owners.
  14. viiiCigarettes do not just harm individuals who smoke. In addition they harm the individuals who are near cigarettes and breathe the smoke. Carbon monoxide smoke is the smoke that comes out of the lit end of your cigarette and that a smoker exhales (breathes out) about 53, 000 people die from second hand smoke every year. When we breathe carbon monoxide smoke, we live breathing the same 4, 000 chemicals a cigarette smoker breathes.
  15. ix"I, like several other people, snickered when they announced this ban simply
  16. because I didn't believe it would be effective. That is a country which has no dearth of laws, rules and bans. The main reason these things don't workout is that people don't believe in respecting laws, " he says.
  17. "The term 'public place' isn't defined clearly in cases like this. Will it really mean the street? There is not much clarity, will there be?" he questions, adding, "The one places that the ban was enforced for a few months were restaurants, pubs and bars. "
  18. Rajesh Gopinath, a co-employee manager, notes, "I think the smoking ban was a good try, but it had very poor implementation.
More...

The research question is exactly what has been the economic effect on discotheque by the raising of the legal drinking age and the ban on smoking in public areas in Mumbai. Im not covering entire Mumbai and concentrating on the primary areas where people visit, these areas are colaba, lower parel and bandra (west)

I chose this topic because I needed to know how the nightclubs and people residing in Mumbai got affected. I haven't included the complete of Mumbai, but centered on three areas colaba, lower parel and bandra (west). I determined two factors that afflicted the nightclubs and individuals; these factors are namely the ban on smoking in public places and the rise in the legal drinking age. These factors fall under the group of demerit good. I read a newspaper article which led me to the research question -" Bishnu Das, associate vice-president, TGIF. , says, "The ruling is certainly going to affect the business enterprise for clubs and pubs in Mumbai. It's sad. But honestly I don't believe it's going stop people under 25 from drinking. They would only have more curious. " the article highlights showing that this will lead for an underground and illegal market and you will see an increase in the number of drinkers.

I HAVE TO WRITE ABOUT THE LAW OF DRINKING PLUS THE DATE THE LEGAL AGE INCREASED

This is another article that led me to get another demerit good in my own research question "The Bling lounge at the Leela in Mumbai, which also run the famous discotheque Poison, has already been feeling heat. "There has been a 10-15 % fall of men and women coming in due to the smoking ban. It is a great cause for concern, " said one of the managers. "

Farzad Birji, F&B manager at Gordon house, which runs the popular discotheque Polyesther, said: "People enjoy smoking while drinking. Guests are peeved that they have to come completely down to the lobby and get out of the hotel to smoke. " This post clearly states that there is a decrease in the number of customers, a drop of 10-15%.

Smoking was banned in India on 2nd October, 2008 in various places such as lounges, public transport (cars, buses) and their transport area (railway stations, airports, bus stands) auditoriums, libraries, carnivals, malls, Courts, banquet halls, pubs, offices and educational centres.

Smoking is also permitted in airports, restaurants, bars, pubs, discothЁques and some other enclosed workplaces if indeed they provide designated separate smoking areas. Anybody violating this law will be charged with an excellent of INR200.

Demerit goods are private goods with negative externalities that are considered socially undesirable. Negative externalities occur when the intake of a good has measurable negative consequences on others who do not consume the nice themselves.

The above two articles clearly show that the revenue of the nightclubs and other factors have been affected. The ban has afflicted the nightclubs so gets the rise in the legal age to take alcohol. I chose these three nightclubs because I visit these nightclubs frequently and seen many people visiting these nightclubs. Given the aforementioned statement I needed to check if implementation of such laws had an impact on the revenue of the nightclubs. I am going to also touch increasing of underground markets regarding the supply of alcohol and cigarettes.

Hypothesis-as the core notion of the essay is to learn the impact of the smoking ban and the increase in the legal drinking age on the earnings of the discotheque in bandra (west) Mumbai.

The revenue of the discotheque in bandra (west) Mumbai has decreased

After the ban on smoking in public areas places

The Raise in the legal drinking age

The ban on smoking in public places and the raise in the legal drinking age has caused high barriers to entry in this market (discotheque) in Mumbai.

Enforcement of the smoking ban in public areas has reduced negative externalities.

Increase In legal drinking age has caused a decrease in lots of drinkers.

The above five hypothesis would be proved or disproved using graphical analysis, statistical tools and in comparison to assumptions.

Methology-

The given extended essay uses both primary and secondary data.

Primary data has been collected utilizing a written questionnaire and oral interview. I'm not covering entire Mumbai, but covering the key areas where people visit, these areas are colaba, lower parel and bandra (west) Data was obtained from three nightclubs that are in each on the areas mentioned previously; before and after the ban of smoking and from the increase in the legal drinking age. The info was also obtained from random people and through friends. The sample size for the primary data is 70. The age group focused on the youth and the working class basically from 18-30. Primary data is used for both qualitative and quantitative analysis.

Secondary data has been collected through the internet (e-newspapers), magazines and past records of the three night clubs in bandra (west) Mumbai.

Primary data and secondary data has been represented using bar graph, pie chart and column graph, the info has been analysed using mean, median, mode, average income and marginal revenue. The monetary theories pertaining this essay would be theory of market-demand and offer, theory of costs and revenues, theory of firms, market failure, negative and positive externality of consumption.

Analysis of data:

The various hypothesis is been analysed by the assistance of statistical tools, graphical representation and monetary theories.

Age group-18 to 25

This graph is basically showing the different age groups, I have highlighted two age groups. The graph is showing the number of folks who only drink, only smoke, do both and do none. the sample taken for the age group 18-24 is 40 and for 25-30 is 30. the graph is showing that smoking and drinking together is the highest, this has reduced in the number of customers. HAVE TO WRITE ABOUT THE OWERS PERPECTIVE. This proves by hypothesis one (the earnings of the nightclubs has been reduced because of the implementation of the laws) The nightclub owners are giving entry to younger crowd, this younger crowd will be the crowd that begun to indulge into alcohol, cigarettes and get dependent on it. The night club managers allow to increase their revenue

The graph is showing that we now have more number of people drinking below the legal drinking age; this implies that there can be an underground market formed. Secondary data has been taken from an article from the internet, that article states that Statistics from a recent survey by the social development foundation of the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (Assocham) reveals that nearly 45 percent of 12th graders in metropolitan cities drink excessively at least five to six times per month. "

"A lot of the teenagers turned to drinking for fun or under peer pressure. Over 32 percent drink when upset and 18 percent when they feel lonesome and depressed.

In addition, about 15 percent indulged in alcohol to curb boredom while 45 percent consumed liquor to "get high. "

"The researchers surveyed over 2, 000 teenagers in the age band of 15-19 years across Mumbai, Kochi, Chennai, Hyderabad, Indore, Patna, Pune, Delhi, Chandigarh, and Dehradun. "

The article is showing us just how many teens drink, about 2, 000 teens drink between your generation of 15-19. In my own extended essay I have focused on the age groups from 18 to 30, I included this generation as I've seen that people of this age group going to nightclubs and indulging into alcohol. The age group specified above is below this group I've taken, people below the age of 18 are consuming alcohol which shows that there surely is The federal government increased the legal drinking age from 21-25 because there is a lot of alcohol consumption get back age group. The upsurge in the legal age to consume alcohol just managed to get worst and increasingly more teens are indulging involved with it. The government did not make sense by increasing the legal age to drink, different parts of India have different an alternative age to consume alcohol, example-in goa and Karnataka you can consume alcohol at age 18, in Maharashtra its 25 and wardha district its 30. throughout the world the legal drinking age is between 18-21 and in India its 25, the federal government wants Mumbai to be a hotspot for tourists, but this has only reduced tourism as the tourists drink young so when they come to Mumbai they can not drink if they are not 25. many famous celebrities have also commented on the rise on the legal drinking age namely Amitabh Bachan, he says that "Bollywood superstar Amitabh Bachan tweeted that it is odd that Indians are deemed mature enough to vote and join the army before 25 however, not drink. "At 23, Sid Mallya is GM and owner of the 3rd greatest liquor company on earth. But, guess what? It's illegitimate for him to drink, " Bachan wrote. Mallya junior, who's actually 24, tweeted: "What's this I hear that they've gone and bumped the drinking age up to 25?!!! That means I cannot get served for another year!!!!"

"Actor Imran Khan said, "It's completely unfair to expect that you have to hold back till 25 years to exercise his freedom of choice regarding one's lifestyle. Young India is not as irresponsible as the older establishment assumes it to be. "

The celebrities are saying that its unfair for a person to wait till 25 to drink, Amitabh Bachan says that the owner of the third greatest liquor company on the globe cannot consume alcohol; he must wait till he's 25.

In my questionnaire I asked a question stating that 'has the ban on smoking in public places and the rise in the legal age to drink alcohol reduced you or stopped you from drinking and smoking'. People answered saying that shops, nightclubs still serve alcohol and there is no fine charged if your caught smoking in public areas. Some people said that they smoked front of the cops and they said nothing. This is just showing that regulations has not been implemented properly and there has not been a reduced amount of these activities that your government wanted. The fine for smoking in public areas is Rs. 200; this is a little amount of money. I feel that the policemen should stop taking bribes, become stricter and the fine for smoking should be increased.

My second hypothesis states that - The ban on smoking in public areas and the raise in the legal drinking age has caused high barriers to entry in this market (discotheque) in Mumbai.

I would support my hypothesis with quantitative and qualitative data. Nightclubs have high barriers to entry in Mumbai; the excise duty on alcohol has risen to reduce the consumption of alcohol. I read a newspapers article supports my point

v"Imbibing alcohol in the location hasn't been easy on the Mumbaikar's wallet, and there will no forthcoming relief as the Maharashtra government has increased excise duty on all liquor, apart from wine. Their state has increased the minimum rate of excise duty to Rs 95 per proof litre for country liquor, Rs 240 per proof litre for foreign liquor, Rs 33 per bulk litre for mild beer and Rs 42 per bulk litre for fermented beer. "

The article is saying that the excise duty on all alcohol is increased which has caused problems for most it implies that the purchase price is hiked by almost double, this article is extracted from a news article in the entire year 2011, in the beginning there was a decrease in the consumption of alcohol such as the same year regulations was passed for the legal age to consume alcohol, the federal government increased it to 25 from 21. This did not make a difference as the consumption of alcohol happens to be very high inspite of regulations and high excise duty. The government basically rose the rates of excise duty as he wanted the intake of hard liquor to lessen by people switching to soft liquor like wine and beer, the excise duty on wine is low and folks have reduced going to nightclubs, pubs, bars and restaurants to drink because they charge high due to excise duty, thus there can be an increase in the consumption of alcohol through wine shops. To create a nightclub there are a lot of things requires and the price is very high, the cost depends upon the area, licenses, security, dj, utilities (gas and electricity etc. ), advertising, rent, insurance, guests, staff like bartenders, waiters, managers, a good retailer,

WRITE OWNERS VIEW permits and there may be additional costs like establishing a smoking section due to the ban on smoking in public places, lighting etc.

To set up a night club you will desire a lot of financial support, the rates in your nightclub will show the amount of men and women visiting. The excise rate being high makes it difficult for nightclubs to lower their price on alcohol served, if the purchase price is too low the nightclub won't cover its cost nor get any profits. This is one reason why many nightclubs in Mumbai allow underage drinking. Teenagers and other younger crowd drink for the first time and do not realise the amount they spend, there's a nightclub which I'm talking about allows underage crowd. That nightclub is namely tryst. this is one of the comments made by a person on tryst -

viWent to tryst for the very first time last Wednesday with my partner and a few friends.

Heard a lot about the place from all. Was a complete let down

1) so crowded that a person couldn't move and yes avoid being touched by sweaty people passing by. Lot of underage and drinking individuals were in the area. Management appears to give two hoots about authority.

2) Aircon non effective.

3) No rules followed: individuals were smoking everywhere without giving a damn. Bouncers were being somewhat strict but after having a token gesture the bouncers went away and folks lit up any and everywhere. Can't blame the bouncer's, but rules because they are not enforced.

This comment demonstrates the guidelines and laws are not followed and this is increased in the consumption of alcohol among teens. This is a comment in one of folks who visited the club. Definitely not it is the clubs fault as people use fake I'd s to get into clubs. The clubs may be allowing younger people in to increase their revenue; this will cause some additional costs like paying the cops. .

vii"More people in Maharashtra are buying liquor from wine shops rather than gulping down a few pegs in bars or permits rooms.

The reason: high excise duty makes drinking in bars and restaurants a costly affair"

Last year's steep hike has pushed alcohol prices up and brought down liquor sales in bars, say excise department officials and restaurant owners.

Thus my hypothesis is proved that nightclubs have high barriers to entry.

My third hypothesis states that "Enforcement of the smoking ban in public areas like reduced negative externalities"

Negative externality is basically when the third party is influenced which is not involved, example smoking occurs between the smoker and the cigarette, and the 3rd party that is the passive smoker gets influenced by the smoker without the participation of the passive smoker. in this hypothesis I'm showing the way the ban on smoking has reduced negative externalities.

In my questionnaire I asked two questions relating to smoking

DOES THE BAN OF SMOKING IN NIGHT CLUBS CAUSE YOU INCONVIENCE? IF YES, HOW?

IF YOUR CAUGHT SMOKING IN THE NIGHT CLUB, WHAT HAPPENS?

In the age group 18-24, about 6 people out of 40 do not smoke, and in the age group 25-30 about 5 out of 30 do not smoke, these people said that these were happy smoking was banned in a public places especially nightclubs, as nightclubs are a closed area, most of the smoke does not venture out and these non-smokers get damaged passively. According to the Non-smokers they get more affected then the folks who are actually smoking, this is a successful fact; there is a report on

viiiCigarettes do not just harm individuals who smoke. In addition they harm the individuals who are near cigarettes and breathe the smoke. Carbon monoxide smoke is the smoke that comes out of the lit end of your cigarette and that a smoker exhales (breathes out) about 53, 000 people die from second hand smoke every year. When we breathe carbon monoxide smoke, we live breathing the same 4, 000 chemicals a cigarette smoker breathes.

Surprisingly smokers also say that the law hasn't caused them inconvenience because regulations is not implemented properly, majority of the answers for the second question were 'they tell you to venture out and smoker' and 'they tell you to throw the cigarette'. smokers say these rules do not cause any inconvenience and after their told to throw an cigarette, they light another one. They haven't been charged or anything and so they do not fear to smoke again because they are not getting thrown out of the club for smoking.

ix"I, like several other people, snickered when they announced this ban simply

because I didn't believe it would be effective. That is a country which has no dearth of laws, rules and bans. The main reason these things don't workout is that people don't believe in respecting laws, " he says.

"The term 'public place' isn't defined clearly in cases like this. Will it really mean the street? There is not much clarity, will there be?" he questions, adding, "The one places that the ban was enforced for a few months were restaurants, pubs and bars. "

Rajesh Gopinath, a co-employee manager, notes, "I think the smoking ban was a good try, but it had very poor implementation.

These smokers and non-smokers even said that it's not only clubs, they smoke everywhere and nothing has happened to them, this just demonstrates the law was passed on paper and nothing's happening about it. Based on the cops the individuals should comprehend themselves by not smoking breaking the law.

Given that many smokers don't think twice about lighting cigarettes all across the City, the idea of the ban on smoking in public areas can really be questioned. The authorities may say that all is in order - but you may still find people smoking on the streets and open spaces like parks.

The commissioner of police (law and order), T Suneel Kumar, comments, "The smoking ban doesn't seem to be to be effective as the fine amounts that are imposed don't really affect anyone. People are not bothered. " He adds, "It can be made far better if the fine is increased and awareness is established. At college levels, awareness programmes and respect for the legislature and its own proceedings should be created. "

The fine charged for smoking in a public place should be raised which would make a difference. We can not say that the fine will stop the smoking in public places immediately, but it'll surely reduce the consumption of smoking in public areas.

Many countries on the planet have banned smoking in public areas like Australia, Belgium, Bermuda, Bhutan, British Virgin Islands, Canada, Cuba, Denmark (in April 2007), France, Hong Kong, Iceland (in June 2007), India, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Malaysia, Montenegro, New Zealand, Norway, Puerto Rico (in March 2007), Singapore, South Africa, Sweden, Uganda, UK (in April 2007 in Wales and Northern Ireland and July 2007 in England), and Uruguay.

This shows smoking is very harmful to the environment and folks who smoke, nor smoke, the law is implemented properly in the other countries. Advertisement for smoking is banned so that folks do not indulge involved with it and on the cigarette boxes it is specified that 'smoking is harmful' and 'It causes cancer'. in movies if anyone is smoking it is said below in the subtitles that smoking is injurious to health. These are one of the items the government has enforced to lessen smoking. in India also these things are done, however the smoking does not stop because people do not need to.

Thus, my hypothesis is not proved as negative externality is not reduced.

Questionnaire 1-PUBLIC

NAME-

AGE-

GENDER-

OCCUPATION-

DO YOU SMOKE?

YES

NO

ARE YOU ALERT TO THE BAN OF SMOKING IN PUBLIC AREAS AREAS?

YES

NO

DO YOU DRINK?

YES

NO

ARE YOU AWARE OF THE LEGAL DRINKING AGE?

YES

NO

DO YOU VISIT NIGHTCLUBS?

YES

NO

HOW OFTEN DOES ONE VISIT NIGHTCLUBS?

ONCE A WEEK

TWICE A WEEK

THRICE A WEEK

OTHERS

WHICH NIGHTCLUB DO YOU REALLY HEAD TO?

HOW WOULD YOU GET ENTRY IN THE NIGHT CLUB, WHEN THE LEGAL DRINKING AGE IS 25?

THROUGH FRIENDS

PAYING MONEY

FAKE I'D

KNOW THE MANAGER

OTHER-

DOES THE BAN OF SMOKING IN DANCE CLUBS CAUSE YOU INCONVIENCE? IF YES, HOW?

YES-

NO

IF YOUR CAUGHT SMOKING IN A NIGHT CLUB, WHAT GOES ON?

THE INCREASE IN THE LEGAL AGE TO DRINK CAUSES YOU INCONVIENCE? HOW?

YES-

NO

DO YOU IMAGINE THE LEGAL AGE TO DRINK SHOULD HAVE DECREASED? WHY?

YES

NO

Has the ban on smoking in public areas and the raise in the legal drinking age stopped you from drinking and smoking or visiting nightclubs?

Yes

no

If yes, how will you manage to drink and smoke?

Questionnaire 2-OWNERS

NAME-

NAME OF NIGHT CLUB-

HAS THE LEGAL AGE TO DRINK REDUCED THE REVENUE OF THE NIGHT TIME CLUB?

YES

NO

HAS THE BAN ON SMOKING IN PUBLIC PLACES (NIGHT CLUB) CAUSED ONE TO OPEN A SMOKING SECTION?

YES

NO

IF THE BAN ON SMOKING OR THE UPSURGE IN THE LEGAL DRINKING AGE REDUCED YOUR REVENUE, HOW HAVE YOU OVERCOMED THIS PROBLEM TO ATTRACT CUSTOMERS?

DO YOU THINK THE LEGAL DRINKING AGE MUST HAVE DECREASED? WHY?

YES-

NO-

Do other nightclubs you know of, allow young crowd?

Yes

no

DO YOU ALLOW PEOPLE BELOW THE DRINKING AGE?(optional)

YES

NO

IF THESE FOLKS ARE ALLOWED ARE THEY SERVED ALCOHOL?(optional)

YES

NO

HAS YOUR NIGHT CLUB EVER BEEN RAIDED, IF YES? WHY?(optional)

YES-

NO

DO YOU THINK NIGHTCLUBS HAVE HIGH BARRIERS TO ENTRY?

YES

NO

More than 7 000 students trust us to do their work
90% of customers place more than 5 orders with us
Special price $5 /page
PLACE AN ORDER
Check the price
for your assignment
FREE