The Background Of The Happening Of Alasitas In Bolivia Cultural Studies Essay

A festival can be an event, usually and typically staged by a local community, which centers around and celebrates some unique facet of that community and the Event. Among many religions, a feast is a set of activities in honour of God or gods. A feast and a festivity are historically compatible. However, the word "feast" has also inserted common secular parlance as a synonym for any large or sophisticated food. When used just as the meaning of the festival, most often refers to a religious happening rather than a film or fine art festival.

In the Religious liturgical calendar there are two main feasts, properly known as the Feast of the Nativity of the Lord (Christmas) and the Feast of the Resurrection, (Easter). Inside the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Anglican liturgical calendars there are a great number of lesser feasts throughout the year commemorating saints, sacred situations, doctrines, etc.

For a list of festivals in the USA, please see Set of festivals in america.

bolivia

http://wordsdomination. com/alasitas. html

· The twelve-monthly traditions of Alasitas entails buying tiny reproductions of the items you want the coming year, and offering them to the Ekeko, who provides them (basically, the items are supposed to be sown or somehow attached to him) through the 12 months. - "Ciao!: Images from Alasitas"HYPERLINK "http://www. centellas. org/miguel/archives/000601. html", centellas. org

· alasitas 019. la prensita. Want to touch upon this photo? Join a free bill, or "alasitas 019 by PTICI, on Flickr">. - "alasitas 019 | Flickr - Picture Sharing!"HYPERLINK "http://www. flickr. com/photos/arquitecta/90800303/", flickr. com

· In Bolivia, Ekeko is a figure associated with great quantity and success, and he's the central body in the Festival of Alasitas. This event is based in the town of La Paz, but can be observed in other cities of Bolivia. Juan Apaza writes about a few of the scenes from Alasitas in El Alto Hoy [sera]. - "Global Voices in British HYPERLINK "http://globalvoicesonline. org/2008/02/01/bolivia-the-festival-of-alasitas/""HYPERLINK "http://globalvoicesonline. org/2008/02/01/bolivia-the-festival-of-alasitas/" Bolivia: The Happening of Alasitas"HYPERLINK "http://globalvoicesonline. org/2008/02/01/bolivia-the-festival-of-alasitas/", globalvoicesonline. org

Maldive

http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Hay_Festival

The Hay Celebration of Literature & Arts can be an annual literature festivity organised in Hay-on-Wye, Powys, Wales for ten days and nights from May to June. Devised by Norman and Peter Florence in 1988, the happening was explained by Expenses Clinton in 2001 as "The Woodstock of your brain". [1] Since its inception, the happening was held at a variety of locations around Hay, including the local Primary Institution, until 2005 when it changed to a central location just outside of the city. [2] The Guardian has been the primary sponsor of the event since 2002, being successful The Sunday Times.

The celebration has expanded in recent years and now includes musical performances and film previews. A children's event, "Hay Fever", runs alongside the primary festival. It has also expanded internationally and sister celebrations happen in Nairobi, Zacatecas, The Maldives, Kerala, Beirut, Belfast, Cartagena, the Alhambra Palace, Parc Prison in Bridgend and Segovia. In 2009 2009 Hay Celebration also required on the ailing Brecon Jazz Celebration.

The 2009 festivity included authors Carol Ann Duffy, David Simon, Stephen Fry, David Nicholls and Melvyn Bragg, experts Martin Rees and Sabine Bahn, economists Anthony Giddens, Nicholas Stern, Howard Davies and Danny Quah, comedians Dylan Moran, Dara o Briain and Sandi Toksvig, and standard speaker systems David Frost, Desmond Tutu, Rowan Williams and Rhodri Morgan.

The Hay Festival is one of 11 Welsh winners of The QueenHYPERLINK "http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Queen's_Awards_for_Enterprise"'HYPERLINK "http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Queen's_Awards_for_Enterprise"s Awards for Organization for 2009. [

Alasitas

http://www. boliviabella. com/alasitas. html

Alasitas is a 3-week long good that, in La Paz, occurs start on the 24th of January and in Santa Cruz occurs in Sept. Everything is at miniature! This festivity originally occurred in Sept throughout the country when it's spring and coil time in Bolivia and farmers prayed for a good crop so their harvest would be bountiful. Alasitas is an Aymara festivity Bolivia celebrates in reverence of the indigenous "god of bounty" or "abundance" called the Ekkekko. Therefore, Alasitas has been called the Festival of Abundance. It takes place at the Parque Urbano in La Paz and the 5th Engagement ring between Tres Pasos al Frente and Cumavi in Santa Cruz. Since it grows every year, its location is sometimes moved.

tradition that has propagate to other areas of Bolivia as immigrants maneuver around; however, in the Andean regions of the united states the particular date was turned to January to commemorate an indigenous uprising that occurred in 1781, let by Tupac Katari.

The Aymara have a god called the Ekkekko (so this means midget or dwarf). He's the god of large quantity. They buy a statue of the Ekkekko which usually has a poncho made of "aguayo" cloth. The aguayo is the colorful handloomed lambswool or alpaca wool fabric that Aymara women use to carry produce or their children on the backs.

During Alasitas, which takes place just prior to Carnaval, all you may possibly think of comes in miniature. You'll find miniature houses, automobiles, supermarket products, college or university diplomas, little tools and kitchen utensils, clothing, even passports and visas.

The Aymara purchase in small everything they pray the Ekkekko will offer them through the coming year. They then pin these exact things to his poncho and leave them there as sort of altar in their homes over summer and winter, in the hopes that he will help them acquire these exact things during that time.

When they first pin the small what to his poncho they put a cigarrette in his mouth and light it. Then they pray to him as he smokes. Sometimes they consume alcohol and toss him a little drop or drop some onto the floor in front of the Ekkekko before drinking from the wine glass themselves. This, I'm advised, is because you should always give to the planet earth before taking on your own.

Alasitas is a great destination to visit as a tourist. It's amazingly interesting. But since it has also become very touristic, you can now purchase just about anything you want at Alasitas in the form of handcrafts and fine art pieces for tourists. In fact, it has become so popular that artisans come completely from Peru, Chile, Argentina, Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil and other areas to market their handcrafts too.

You can also find things that aren't in miniature like great ceramics and leather goods. Definitely visit this month-long reasonable if you're in La Paz in Feb or in Santa Cruz in September.

You can test all types of great baked goods and dried out fruits. I would recommend trying the anticuchos. Anticuchos are like shish-kabobs. They're little bits of meats and potatoes caught on to a thin metallic keep and roasted on an open grill. Prior to handing the anticucho to you, the griller will slather a spicy sauce over it. The sauce is absolutely delicious and is made from peanuts and hot peppers. (Oh! And do I talk about the meat is beef heart and soul? Yum. )

Alasitas is becoming among the best and largest venues for people to market their goods and handcrafts every year. They sell so well that they've completely shattered with tradition and today sell all sorts of things just for tourists. In addition, what used to be a 10-day fair has been prolonged to 30 days and they now proceed to Santa Cruz each year in Sept and stay a whole month there too. It's somewhat amusing, really, since almost all of people who sell at Alasitas lay claim to be staunchly anti-capitalist.

During the Alasitas Fair devotees buy miniatures of items they would like to own and offer those to Ekeko, the God of Lots, while the Virgin of La Paz is also honoured.

Read more at Suite101: Fiesta de las Alasitas in La Paz, Bolivia: Happening of the Aymara God Ekeko, BoliviaHYPERLINK "http://www. suite101. com/content/fiesta-de-las-alasitas-in-la-paz-bolivia-a187635#ixzz13LafqcM0"'HYPERLINK "http://www. suite101. com/content/fiesta-de-las-alasitas-in-la-paz-bolivia-a187635#ixzz13LafqcM0"s God of Abundance http://www. suite101. com/content/fiesta-de-las-alasitas-in-la-paz-bolivia-a187635#ixzz13LafqcM0

http://www. suite101. com/content/fiesta-de-las-alasitas-in-la-paz-bolivia-a187635

Alasitas is Bolivia's festivity of small hopes, yearly held in various towns at differing times. The largest good is held yearly in the administrative centre of La Paz, on January 24, when Bolivians buy miniatures representing the materials goods they desire to own and offer those to Ekeko, the God of Large quantity.

The Record of the Festival of Alasitas in Bolivia

There is not one conclusive theory about how exactly and where the festival started. In the Aymara terminology, alasitas means "buy from me" and in pre-colonial times Alasitas was celebrated in September [Bolivian springtime], to ensure a good crop.

It is said that the Spanish modified the time to January 24 in commemoration of any indigenous uprising in 1781: the siege of La Paz by Tupac Katari. Through the colonisation the Spanish attempted to force Catholicism on the indigenous people. They partly succeeded, many Bolivians became Catholics, but in reality the Bolivian religion became a mix of Catholicism and traditional Andean values and rituals.

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Who Celebrates the Alasitas Rational?

Alasitas has become a potpourri where Catholicism is mixed with centuries-old Andes traditions. The primary divinity is Ekeko, but Catholic priests give their blessing to the recently acquired smaller goods as well, while all together the Virgin of La Paz is honoured. Whereas the Franciscans focus on the Virgin, the yatiris - the neighborhood wizards - focus on Ekeko; the average Bolivian cares about both.

Alasitas is a happening for everyone and celebrated by Bolivians from all levels of society. It is celebrated by the inhabitants of villages, towns and countryside, by the highlanders and the lowlanders, by the indigenous and the criollos, as well as by american orientated enterprisers.

Who is Ekeko, Bolivia's God of A great deal?

Ekeko ["dwarf" in Aymara] is the household god which is not abnormal for Bolivians to have a representation of this brief and chubby, happy-looking fellow in their home. To ensure all the best the statue should be received as a gift idea rather than be privately bought. Ekeko brings prosperity in to the family and continues misfortune away.

To have the favour of bundle of money, Bolivians prefer to present Ekeko with miniatures - generally manufactured from a sugary substance - of products they would like to own. These can be considered a house, a car, furniture, clothes, an aircraft but also food. A smaller passport may be bought if one has the desire to travel, a school diploma in the event one wants to study or when graduation is next to.

Read on

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Perfectly copied smaller dollars and euro records are favoured over local bolivianos in the event one wants prosperity. Ekeko adores smoking, his statue has a particular gap in the mouth to provide him a cigarette.

Where in La Paz is La Fiesta de las Alasitas Celebrated?

Calle Sagarnaga is the commercial centre of the indigenous handicraft of miniatures. This is the heart of the visitor centre where a large number of vacationers stroll down the alleys searching for souvenirs and also to admire the neighborhood curiosities of miniatures and other products that bring fortune.

The Bolivians especially come for the last mentioned during Alasitas, and the roadways are crammed with local people who need to buy their miniatures replicas with time - the blessings will need place around noon plus they should prepare yourself at that time.

The location of the ritual of blessings may change yearly. It is advisable to ask at a Visitor Information, or another tourist location like a hotel, restaurant or museum where the primary activities will be kept.

The Alasitas Event in La Paz, Bolivia

Alasitas is one of La Paz' important celebrations. On January 24 Bolivians buy miniatures of products they would like to own and offer them to their God of Large quantity, Ekeko. This happening gives travellers an insight in to the typical Bolivian mixture of Catholicism and local beliefs. This article offers a synopsis of BoliviaHYPERLINK "http://www. suite101. com/content/top-five-religious-festivals-in-bolivia-a286892"'HYPERLINK "http://www. suite101. com/content/top-five-religious-festivals-in-bolivia-a286892"s top five religious holidays.

Travellers considering festivals may be enthusiastic about these celebrations in South America:

Read more at Collection101: Fiesta de las Alasitas in La Paz, Bolivia: Celebration of the Aymara God Ekeko, BoliviaHYPERLINK "http://www. suite101. com/content/fiesta-de-las-alasitas-in-la-paz-bolivia-a187635#ixzz13Lanycvo"'HYPERLINK "http://www. suite101. com/content/fiesta-de-las-alasitas-in-la-paz-bolivia-a187635#ixzz13Lanycvo"s God of Abundance http://www. suite101. com/content/fiesta-de-las-alasitas-in-la-paz-bolivia-a187635#ixzz13Lanycvo

Holidays and Festivals in Bolivia

http://www. boliviahostels. com/travelguide/festivals. html

Date

Holiday

Festival

Location

January 1

New Year

 

National

January 24

 

Alasitas

La Paz

February 2

 

Virgen de la Candelaria

Copacabana

February or March

Carnaval and La Diablada

 

Oruro

February or March

Carnaval del Oriente

 

Santa Cruz

February 22

Local Holiday

 

Oruro

March or April

Good Fri and Easter

 

National

Second Sunday in March

 

Pujllay

Tarabuco

April 15

Local Holiday

 

Tarija

May 1

Labor Day

 

National

May 25

Local Holiday

 

Chuquisaca

Late May or early on June

 

El Gran Poder

La Paz

July 16

Local Holiday

 

La Paz

July 31

 

Santo Patron de Moxos

San Ignacio de Moxos

August 5

Virgen de Copacabana

 

Copacabana

August 6

Independence Day

 

National

August 10 - 13

 

San Lorenzo

San Lorenzo

August 15 - 18

 

Virgen de Urcupi±a

Quillacollo

Late August

 

ChHYPERLINK "http://www. boliviahostels. com/travelguide/festivals. html#chutillos"'HYPERLINK "http://www. boliviahostels. com/travelguide/festivals. html#chutillos"utillos

Potosi

First week of September

 

San Roque

Tarija

First week of September

 

Virgen de Guadalupe

Sucre

September 14

Local Holiday

 

Cochabamba

September 24

Local Holiday

 

Santa Cruz and Pando

October 12

Columbus Day

 

National

November 1

All Saints Day

 

National

November 2

All Souls Day

 

National

November 10

Local Holiday

 

Potosi

November 18

Local Holiday

 

Beni

December 25

Christmas Day

 

National

Alasitas

This is a colourful, happy event tinged with poignancy. At the end of January the roads at the heart of La Paz fill up with people from metropolis and the countryside, most of them in traditional dress, eagerly buying finely-crafted miniatures from streets stalls and distributors. The figures stand for materials goods that the individuals aspire to own. It might be a tiny car or a bag of concrete to represent a fresh home. A small passport or postage stamp might secure a imagine travel and very small banknotes might bring wealth. Perhaps one of the most popular figurine is Ekeko, "The God of Abundance", a popular, generous and everything encompassing divinity. By the end of frenzied investing there's a procession to go to the Yatiri, a wizard who blesses all the items.

Virgen de la Candelaria

The festivity of the Virgen de la Candelaria, in many images, is celebrated on February 2 in a variety of Hispanic Catholic countries, including Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Venezuela and Uruguay.

The festivities in Peru and Bolivia are focused around Lake Titicaca, in Puno and the tiny village of Copacabana. In Bolivia, the Virgen is also known as the Dark Virgin of the Lake, and the Patroness Of Bolivia. She is revered for a series of wonders, recounted in Nuestra Se±ora de Copacabana and has another festival on August 5. Normally, Copacabana is a silent, rural village with angling and agriculture the mainstays. However, the week before and the day of the fiesta, the village changes.

There are parades, multi-colored costumes, music and lots of drinking alcohol and celebrating. New vehicles are brought in from around Bolivia to be blessed with ale. People collect for days in advance to pray and also to celebrate in an assortment of Catholic and indigenous religions. Bolivian celebrants believe the Virgen prefers to remain inside the Basilica erected in her honor. When taken outside, there's a risk of storm or other calamity.

Carnaval de Oruro and Diablada Festival

Say Carnaval and what images come to mind? Fantastically and scantily garbed dancers, pounding samba rhythms, parades, incessant revelry? Carnaval de Oruro, Bolivia?

In Bolivia, Oruro, Santa Cruz, Tarija and La Paz carry carnavals however the carnaval in Oruro, is the most famous. It takes place for the eight times preceeding Ash Wednesday. Unlike carnaval in Rio where in fact the escolas de samba choose a new theme every year, carnaval in Oruro always commences with the diablada or devil dance. The diablada is a centuries-old ritual making it through unchanged from colonial days and nights.

Next are a huge selection of devils in monstrous outfits. The heavy masks have horns bulging eye fangs long locks and in contrast to the terrifying masks the devils wear gleaming breastplates silk embroidered shawls and gold spurs. Between the devils sets of dancers outfitted as monkeys pumas and pests caper to the music from brass bands, or pipers or drummers. The noise is loud and frenzied.

Out of the devil dancers comes China Supay, the Devil's partner, who dances a seductive party to entice the Archangel Michael. Around her boogie the customers of local workers unions, each hauling a small mark of these union such as pickaxes or shovels. Dancers dressed as Incas with condor headdresses and suns and moons on their chests boogie along with dancers outfitted as the dark-colored slaves imported by the Spaniards to work in the magic mines.

Family members led by the matriarchs in yellowish dresses come in order: first the husbands dressed in red, next come the daughters in inexperienced, followed by the sons in blue. The young families boogie their way to the football stadium where the next part of the celebrations takes place.

Two plays begun, as medieval secret plays, are enacted. The first portrays the Conquest by the Spanish conquistadores. The second reason is the triumph of the Archangel Michael as he defeats the devils and the Seven Deadly Sins along with his flaming sword. The results of the battle are released the Patron Saint of the Miners the Virgen del Socavon and the dancers sing a Quecha hymn.

Although the referrals to the Spanish conquest and the downtrodden point out of the Bolivian peasants are extremely clear, this festivity is dependant on the pre-Colonial service of giving because of the earth-mother Pachamama. It commemorates the problems of good and wicked and the early Catholic priests allowed it to keep with a Christian overlay in order to pacify the neighborhood natives.

The special event of carnaval persists for times as the diablada dancers break into smaller organizations and continue dance around huge bonfires. Onlookers become a member of the procession at any point and with the intake of strong Bolivian beer and the potent chicha created from fermented cereals and corn they get rowdy. Many rest in doorways or where they land until they awake and continue celebrating. If you plan to maintain Oruro or the cities celebrating carnaval, follow the basic safety safety measures:

· Dress comfortably

· Allow yourself period to get acclimated to the altitude

· Watch what you drink - chicha hangovers are dreadful!

· Leave your valuables behind

Carnaval de Santa Cruz

Refleja el espiritu alegre del pueblo cruce±o. Comienza un mes antes con las fiestas "precarnavaleras"en las que participan todas las comparsas juveniles encabezadas por su Reina. Una semana antes del carnaval se lleva a cabo el minicorso en el cual se realiza la proclamacion de la soberana anual del Carnaval.

A partir del atardecer del sabado y hasta el amanecer del domingo de carnaval tiene lugar el deslumbrante Corso en el que "saltan"alrededor de 300 comparsas. Las mismas recorren las calles de la ciudad al ritmo de bandas y "tamborita". En el recorrido el visitante podra admirar un marco desbordante de lujo y colorido en hermosas fantasias, impresionantes carros alegoricos que transportan a las reinas, tambien percibira el intento por rescatar los motivos regionales y el respeto al medio ambiente.

El espectaculo adquiere su maxima fastuosidad cuando ingresa la reina del carnaval cruce±o con toda su corte constituida por los integrantes de la comparsa coronadora.

En estas fiestas la mujer es la principal protagonista pues, al estar completamente disfrazada, hace de las suyas escogiendo pareja, coqueteando e invitando a bailar a los varones que asisten a dichas fiestas. El pєblico podra apreciar que la entrada de los grupos esta dividida en tres bloques folkloricos: regional, nacional e internacional.

Tambien participan de esta fiesta conjuntos tipicos, entre los que destacan los de la Chiquitania que entran acompa±ados de tamboristas al child de chovenas (ritmo oriental).

El frenesi continua el domingo, lunes y martes, dias en que la poblacion baila y se divierte en las calles centricas de la ciudad jugando con agua, pintura y espumas, viviendo momentos de total alegria.

Pujllay or Phujllay in Tarabuco, Sucre

The Pujllay or Game begins with a Catholic mass in Quechua dialect it can stop then to keep with the get together and the rejoicing for the triumph of the Fight of "Jumbata "in a parade of nonpareil coloring, the peasants move to where the Pucara is and they boogie in circles to its surroundings to the these are of the Tokoros, Pinquillos, Spurs, Bells and Drummers.

The Pucara that is composed on a support or stairway covered with great variety of agricultural products, besides beverages, breads yet others occurred by the peasants of the region.

Labor Day or May Day

If you are journeying in Latin America on the first day of May, you can expect to find banks, authorities office buildings, stores, post offices and businesses shut down for the day as people enjoy the Dia Internacional Del Trabajo with parades, presentations and other icons of solidarity with the employee.

Bolivia celebrated Dia Internacional del Trabajo for the very first time on May 1, 1936. Day of the Employee, or May Day, acquired already been proven in European countries, and would soon sweep across the Latin American countries.

The communist and socialist countries embraced the day, and as time passes, May Day became associated with those politics systems in many non-English speaking countries.

"In Paris in 1889 the International Working Men's Connection (the First International) declared May 1st an international working class holiday in commemoration of the Haymarket Martyrs. The red flag became the icon of the bloodstream of working class martyrs in their struggle for workers privileges. "

The Origins And Traditions Of Mayday

Who were the Haymarket Martyrs? They are all but disregarded in the annals of the United States, who changed the May Day labor activities to Sept. May Day: what happened to the radical workers'holiday? The first Mon in September is now the Labor Day getaway, but it includes very little to do with the reason for a working man's getaway. This background is detailed in May Day - the Real Labor Day.

Long before May Day, The Workers'Day, delivered in the struggle for the eight-hour day came to be, the first of May was a traditional day of feasting, celebrating spring and coil, fertility, romance plus more.

The Pagan Origins of May Day asks "Why does the Labour Activity choose May Day as International Labour Day? It's more that May Day find the Labour Motion. Unlike Easter, Whitsun or Holiday, May Day is the one festival of the entire year for which there is no significant cathedral service. Because of this it has always been a solid secular festival, especially among working people who in past ages would take your day off to observe it as any occasion, often clandestinely minus the support with their employer. It had been a favorite custom, in the proper sense of the term - a people's day - so it was naturally determined with the Labour and socialist activities and by the twentieth hundred years it was firmly rooted as part of the socialist calendar. "

So now you understand why everything shuts down on, may 1. It's wise to experience it safe that day and stay away from parades and rallies that might demonstrate explosive.

Gran Poder

The merging of pre-Columbian religions and the Roman Catholic beliefs created lots of religious observations, including the Fiesta del Gran Poder celebrated primarily in La Paz, Bolivia. The event started in the later 1930's with a tiny quantity of dancers which is today an enormous event.

The festival focuses on the devotion to Christ as the next person in the Holy Trinity based on an anonymous painting of the Trinity dating from the first XVII century. The three entities were coated withIndian or mestizo features. Although Catholic church possessed forbidden individuals representations of the Holy Trinity, a young novice named Genoveva Carrion needed it with her when she inserted the Monasterio de la Purisima Concepcion. If the religious order downsized, the painting found its way into different lay down hands, finally ending up with Placido Lopez who resided in the barrio Chijini in la Paz.

A small chapel was created to honor the Holy Trinity and then Bishop Augsto Scheifert immediate two not-quite-expert music artists to color over the two side results. They have so, but one, wanting to retouch the sight, returned one evening. When the remaining figure relocated its mind, the designer fled, but many favors or miracles were related to the Christ physique. Devotion grew and in 1939 the chapel was officially known as Iglesia Parroquial del Gran Poder.

In the years since, the celebration of El Gran Poder has grown into a global celebration. Parades and processions with the dark physique of the Christ (see photo), music and costumed dancers honoring social and cultural backgrounds. Of the, La Morenada is the most famous.

Held annually at the start of June, the Fiesta del Gran Poder is La Paz's biggest block party. Copious amount of local beers and food are consumed. Visitors seeking a place to stay during the celebrations make move forward reservations.

Columbus Day

October 12 (or the nearest Monday to it) is traditionally celebrated throughout the Americas as your day Christopher Columbus found its way to 1492.

In English speaking countries, your day is celebrated as Columbus Day or Native American Day. In Spanish speaking countries and areas, is is known as Dia de la Raza, the Day of the Race.

Dia de la Raza is the special event of the Hispanic history of Latin America and brings involved with it all the cultural and cultural influences so that it is distinctive.

It is celebrated on October 12 in Argentina, Chile, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras, Mexico, Uruguay and Venezuela, Not ever again in Bolivia, because the strong emotions about the true situation of native us citizens on Spaniards Rule.

A few historical facts behind the holiday:

· Cristobal Colon, blessed Cristoforo Colombo, following the recently accepted theory that the planet was round rather than flat, sailed western world from Spain to find a new path to China or the East Indies. He needed also to confirm his computations of the earth's circumference.

· He was off on his computations and he didn't find a new spice route. Instead, on Oct 12, 1492, he and his small fleet of three boats, the Ni±a, the Pinta and the Santa Maria, got using one of the hawaiian islands now known as the Bahamas. The exact island is a matter of issue and conjecture, but from there, he went on to Cuba and Hispaniola, now the Dominican Republic and Haiti, and went back to Spain to recount his activities.

· With royal endorsement and money, he established in 1493 with a fleet of 17 boats and retraced his earlier voyage. This time around he explored Puerto Rico and the Leeward Islands, founded a colony on Hispaniola. He did not find any spices, nor silver in great volumes, but returned again to Spain. He made his third journey to the New World in 1498, where he explored the seacoast of Venezuela and was awed by the special normal water of the Orinoco where it flowed in to the Atlantic.

· For his efforts, Columbus was made admiral and Governor Basic of the new colonies until he was repaid to Spain in disgrace in 1500. He overcame that humiliation sufficiently to make a fourth and final voyage in 1502, getting in Costa Rica. When he perished in 1506, Columbus was dishonored and everything but neglected. Whether he should be celebrated as the person who exposed Central and South America to exploration and colonization, or excoriated for a similar thing is a continuing debate.

· Christopher Columbus and Columbus Day are reviled in places because he's blamed for having the evils of slavery, the encomienda system and the diseases of Europe to Latin America. He was avaricious, cruel and paved just how for the conquista.

Now, 500 plus years later, we recall his deeds and celebrate not Columbus the man, but the activities and influences of all the people who emerged after him, who melded their European culture with the indigenous cultures and, with difficulty, bloodstream and years of battle, misunderstandings and treachery, have created the multi-cultural, multi-ethnic society we now remember with the Dia de la Raza.

Note: It was up to others to mention the places where he previously landed or even to discover the path to China. Amerigo Vespucci known as Venezuela afer his native Venice, and Vasco da Gama sailed round the Cape of Good Trust and the Indian Sea to the Far East, beginning the Spice Route for Portugal.

All Saints Day

November 1 is celebrated throughout the Catholic world as Dia de Todos Santos, or All Saints Day, to honor all the saints, known and mysterious, of the Catholic faithful. Every day of the entire year has its saint or saints, but there are more saints than calendar days, which one major holy day honors them all, including those who got died in a state of grace but was not canonized. And, to keep things fair, November 2 is celebrated as your day of most Souls.

Dia de Todos Santosis also known as Dia de los Muertos, or Day of the Dead. Like a great many other Catholic activities, in the brand new World it was grafted onto existing indigenous festivities to meld the "new"Catholicism with the "old"pagan values.

In countries where in fact the Europeans eventually reduced the indigenous populations, by one means or another, the festivities slowly but surely lost their indigenous meaning and became more of a traditional Catholic event.

In Latin American countries where the indigenous culture is still strong, such as with Guatemala and Mexico in Central America, and in Bolivia in South America, Dia de Todos Santosis an important meld of many influences.

In Central America, the dead are honored by appointments to the their gravesites, often with food, bouquets and all members of the family. In Bolivia, the useless are expected to come back to their homes and villages.

The Andean emphasis is agricultural, since November 1 is in spring and coil south of the Equator. It's the time of going back rains and the reflowering of the earth. The souls of the dead also return to reaffirm life.

During this time around, the doorways are opened to friends, who enter into with clean hands and talk about in the original dishes, particularly the favorites of the deceased. Furniture are bedecked with bread figurines called t'antawawas, sugarcane, chicha, candies and decorated pastries.

At the cemeteries, the souls are greeted with an increase of food, music, and prayers. Rather than sad occasion, the Dia de Todos Santos is a joyous event.

In Peru, November 1 is celebrated nationally, but in Cuzco its known as Dia de todos los Santos Vivos, or Day of the Living Saints and celebrated with food, specially the famous suckling pig and tamales. November 2 is considered the Dia de los Santos Difuntosor Day of the Deceased Saints and it is honored with trips to cemeteries.

Wherever you are in Latin America on the first and second of November, enjoy the local holiday seasons!

Virgen de Copacabana

A religios festivity for the virgin of the snow. Mass, folkloric dancing and processions. 5th - 6th Virgen de Copacabana - Copacabana (La Paz).

Celebration for the Virgin of Copacabana on the shores of Lake Titicaca. Dancing, processions, folkloric exhibits.

Virgen de Urcupi±a or Virgen de Urqupi±a

Festival in Quillacollo (Cochabamba). Among the most important religious festivals in Cochabamba. It really is a multi-colored &religious festivity with a big mass, folkloric dancing, processions, typical food and the sales of small handicrafts.

Ch'utillos

The Chutillos festivity in Potosi is obviously worth it. Especially the first day with the traditional dances and costumes is wonderful.

Virgen de Guadalupe

Festivals celebrated in Viacha (La Paz), Sucre (Chuquisaca) and Valle Grande (Santa Cruz), but certainly in Sucre is the largest.

A religious festivity honoring the Virgin of Guadalupe. Folkloric dances, bull fights, music, dancing and typical drink and food.

San Roque

Festival in Tarija, (But the fiesta day of San Roque is officially on the 16th of August). An 8-day long special event for the patron saint of pet dogs, San Roque. Unique outfits, processions, music and dancing. The biggest get together and typical of the Tarija region using its unique music style.

http://www. answers. com/topic/alasitas-fair

Each calendar year on January 24 a huge market place in La Paz, Bolivia, is filled with merchants who usually call out, " Alasitas, " an Aymara expression meaning "buy from me, " to audience of their miniature wares. Shoppers can find tiny reproductions of almost every kind of object-cars, homes, foods, furniture, clothes, tools, household goods, and, especially, money-and seek those which represent items they wish to have in the year ahead. After purchasing the small object of one's desire, the next step is to use it to church to own it blessed.

Presiding over-all this downsized business is Ekeko, an Aymara god of materials prosperity, fertility, and good luck. Ekeko is represented as a portly little man who wears a back pack packed with goods and whose arms are stretched out, as if within an attitude of acquisition. Many people keep ceramic results of Ekeko in their homes for good luck.

Maldives

http://minivannews. com/news-in-brief/maldives-hay-festival-to-be-held-from-october-14-10497

The Maldives will hold a Hay celebration starting October 14 with the objective of celebrating "ideas, interactions and fun".

The festival provides jointly international and local experts in literature, art, science, drama, music and poetry, relating to a statement from the President's Office.

Maldivian writers including Ogaru Ibrahim Waheed and Fathmath Nahula will sign up for historian and biographer Jung Chang (author of Wild Swans and Mao), novelist Ian McEwan (writer of Atonement) and environmental campaigners Montagu Don, Tim Smit, Mark Lynas and Chris Gorell-Barnes.

Mauritian-born, digital fusion artist Ravin will perform and local rings includes Fasy Live. Lectures may also be delivered online by dominant artists, scientists and historians.

"The Maldives is a multi-party democracy for only two years which new flexibility has exposed a bunch of new opportunities both culturally and politically, " the assertion said.

Some incidents will be placed on the Presidential Retreat on Aarah, allowing rare public access to the island.

The Hay Happening began in the Welsh publication town of Hay-on-Wye in Brecon Beacons Country wide Park in the united kingdom, and has fostered the exchange of ideas for more than two decades.

http://www. hayfestival. com/maldives/en-programme. aspx?skinid=21

Hay Celebration Maldives will commission rate a series of lectures to be provided online by visible artists, experts and historians. These will issue surroundings that are facing transformation over another a hundred years and what this means for folks living there.

Speakers include historian and biographer Jung Chang, author of Wild Swans and Mao, the novelist Ian McEwan, writer of Atonement, and environmental writers and campaigners Montagu Don, Mark Lynas and Tim Smit. They will look alongside Maldivian freelance writers including Ogaru Ibrahim Waheed and Fathmath Nahula. Mauritian-born, digital fusion musician Ravin provides musical enchantment, and local rings doing include Fasy Live.

As well as the live occurrences, Hay Happening Maldives will fee a series of lectures to be provided online by prominent artists, scientists and historians. These will debate environments that are facing transformation over another one hundred years and what this signifies for people living there. These online lectures will be launched within the Festival in Oct.

The Festival with the Country wide Centre for the Arts is developing a rolling program of workshops during 2010/2011 that may instruct children and teenagers how to interview their parents and grandparents, to gather and record legends and testimonies about their activities of life in the Maldives over the last a hundred years. These reports will be collected in an enormous online collection, to be the launchpad for the Celebration in its second model in 2011.

The final day of the Festival is dedicated to the next technology of artists. Workshops for classes and schools will be accessible for students to come and study from experts about subject areas such as film-making, publishing, writing and journalism.

The festival celebrates 2, 000 years of Maldivian island culture. The Maldives has been a multi-party democracy for only two years which new liberty has opened up a bunch of new opportunities both culturally and politically. The chief executive has established his country a goal to become carbon natural within a decade and the happening provides a system for concentrating international attention on the issues facing the Maldives through climate change.

"The Hay Happening is a location where the social, political and cultural issues in our age are talked about, evaluated and explored. An becoming more popular young democracy with beautiful beaches on the planet - the Maldives would be the perfect backdrop for Hay" said Chief executive Mohamed Nasheed, 2 June 2010

The festival premiered on 14 Oct 2010 in the administrative centre, Male, before moving to Aarah, presenting rare public usage of the Presidential Retreat Island.

Hay Festival Maldives in the media

Embrace local foodstuffs and "grow what needs to grow": Monty Don

Minivan Reports, 21 Oct 2010

Comment: Hay and the importance of festivals and celebrations

Minivan Media, 20 October 2010

Opportunity-hungry young Maldivians make Hay in the sunshine

Haveeru Online, 18 Octo

http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Hay_Festival

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Recording of THE FIRST Release at the Hay Event in-may 2008.

The Hay Event of Books & Arts is an annual literature festival kept in Hay-on-Wye, Powys, Wales for ten days and nights from May to June. Devised by Norman and Peter Florence in 1988, the happening was explained by Expenses Clinton in 2001 as "The Woodstock of the mind". [1] Since its inception, the celebration was held at a number of venues around Hay, like the local Primary University, until 2005 when it moved to a central location just outside of the city. [2] The Guardian has been the primary sponsor of the celebration since 2002, succeeding The Weekend Times.

The celebration has expanded in recent years and today includes musical shows and film previews. A children's festival, "Hay Fever", runs alongside the main festival. It has also expanded internationally and sister festivals happen in Nairobi, Zacatecas, The Maldives, Kerala, Beirut, Belfast, Cartagena, the Alhambra Palace, Parc Prison in Bridgend and Segovia. In 2009 2009 Hay Celebration also required on the ailing Brecon Jazz Celebration.

The 2009 happening included authors Carol Ann Duffy, David Simon, Stephen Fry, David Nicholls and Melvyn Bragg, researchers Martin Rees and Sabine Bahn, economists Anthony Giddens, Nicholas Stern, Howard Davies and Danny Quah, comedians Dylan HYPERLINK "http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Dylan_Moran"Moran, Dara o Briain and Sandi Toksvig, and standard speaker systems David Frost, Desmond Tutu, Rowan Williams and Rhodri Morgan.

The Hay Festivity is one of 11 Welsh winners in the QueenHYPERLINK "http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Queen's_Awards_for_Enterprise"'HYPERLINK "http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Queen's_Awards_for_Enterprise"s Awards for Enterprise for 2009. [3]

http://storymojaafrica. co. ke/main/2010/10/more-than-hay-my-storymoja-hay-festival/

he talks at Storymoja Hay Event, or the Lit Fest as I call it, were so interesting that for a few of us, when that whistle blew, it was quite hard to pull away and attend the subsequent sessions - quite basically. For the proficient group that was present, I'm sure with an opening statement like that, you've already deduced what period I'm referring to; The "Authoring Whistleblowing" seminar.

As I analyzed the chat from the point of view of aspiring article writer, I couldn't help but pay closer focus on the questions that Writer, Michela Wrong was asked by participants of the audience and her reactions to them. I came across myself concentrating on the type of the questions posed to her. The consequence of my experience was a severe wakeup call about the duties associated with writing professionally. Passion, I really believe, is at the main of the writing however the writing itself should be 'more than a sense, ' more than simply articulate. For non-fiction authors, a great deal of extreme research is required. You should know your subject matter in detail, especially when your content takes on a political disposition. After you write about the affairs of express, even when your work is Historical Fiction, you can foresee dire scrutiny from the public. Think about this a reminder that anything less is just fortune.

The questions posed to Judy Kibinge and Michela Wrong taken from the specificities of these are the audience almost obliged the two to defend myself against the role of politician. How do you think the new constitution will have an impact on problem in Kenya moving forward? What do you consider of Wiki Leaks? Do you anticipate John Githongo to involve himself in politics in the foreseeable future? Why do people bear in mind Githongo whereas almost Munyakei seems forgotten? These varieties of questions need you to reach beyond the catalogs content and have a significant range of knowledge regarding Kenya's politics framework. Lucky for Michela, her experience in Kenya and as a journalist means that she can answer these questions quite simply. Actually, I had been impressed and influenced by the confident manner in which both of them responded to the questions lifted.

Zihan Kassam with Michela Wrong, Writer of It's Our Use Eat

The interview really established to me the value of accountability. Prepare yourself, you may just be liable for each point you make. It forewarned of the severe critiques, the wisdom and the aftermath of strong interviews which may follow political reports set in countries as interesting as ours.

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