Posted at 10.13.2018
The higher education fee HEC Pakistan is formally the university grant commission which grant commission rate manage all the issues about the education in Pakistan under the take action of university grant commission 1974 previously the universities are identified by this institution and all the guidelines and regulations which can be followed by the universities are given by UGC. The UCG function 1974 was repealed and the new ordinance is arrived to place with the name of advanced schooling payment ordinance 2002 and from then on this establishment is accountable for the higher education insurance policy in Pakistan, quality of education (quality control), the main purpose of producing this organization is to uplift the training sector and the ideas is given to the universities in order to improve the system.
Another main job was the development of the training policy, and also to bring the product quality in teaching strategy through the workshops, workshop etc.
Research and development is very important to any institution that's why the limelight is on R and D sector because it is most likely the key for the growth of any organization and this is the start point of the organization and if the problems are identified then it is straightforward for the topic matter exports to execute later on.
For betterment and development in Pakistan the bigger Education Commission gives thousands of MS scholarships and also the doctoral scholarships as well each year.
The planning and development by the HEC is important because this will forecast the difficulties of future and strategies to cope with these challenges is needed to be able to meet up with the international criteria of the colleges, so the initiative used by the establishment like HEC to provide scholarships is right decision by administration.
Another main purpose of this institution is the fact that to give power to the infrastructure of the bigger education in Pakistan. In this technique the research is important which provides better results and the task of HEC with other ministries in growing such a assignments which help the education sector later on.
The linkage of local and foreign universities ensure that the set up of these universities is discovered and the changes were done in our system that is a major change along the way and that is effective for the higher education.
Another effort of the release of university-industry marriage give more practicality, learning to the students and they can find out more from the industry travels that is another good step used regard of development.
Indigenous scholarships are given by the bigger education commission payment of Pakistan in the supervision of administration of Pakistan so that these scholarships encourage and inspire the students to take part and learn more during advanced schooling.
There are a certain insurance policies and strategies or we say rules and regulations are designed by the federal government of Pakistan in cooperation with HEC to help the students who tend to be more delegated towards learning and have excellent educational record to check out the educational heights at higher-level.
They are likewise have an eyes on the students who are concerned with studies nevertheless they do not have enough money to take part and review at higher-level so government provide need structured scholarships to the students having weakened backgrounds.
The basic concept of providing these scholarships is to fortify the faculties of universities locally and enhance the quality of education and delegation and more attention towards the study and development R and D sector is improved upon by the induction of the wise students. And when these highly experienced personnel perform their duties in best way in future the professional sector will also improve.
The recently released program of 5000 indigenous scholarships of MS resulting in PHD will increase the research culture in colleges of Pakistan and the colleges will improve and could take up the international expectations so the students may get the international standard education locally and it is the milestone if done accordingly.
This project is focused on diversified disciplines like the knowledge and technology, interpersonal sciences and humanities and life sciences. More over HEC funded some colleges to develop the study labs and it'll encourage the experts to take part frequently. So the thing is usually that the institution like HEC would have to put place light on the new disciplines and encourage students to learn new subject matter by providing advantage like indigenous scholarships because that could stimulate the students and the launch of new disciplines in Pakistan is more motivating because individuals are only familiar with few discipline.
These indigenous scholarships will help in the socio-economic development of Pakistan because the neighborhood researchers will point out the neighborhood problems and would work on them accordingly because the local researchers tend to be acquainted with the social norms of Pakistan behaviors of residents.
In this program HEC also provide the cash to upgrade the prevailing laboratories and tools that are used in laboratories.
The indigenous scholarships are encouraged because this will improve the expectations of living at individual level, and moreover the current economic climate is affected in positive way.
Another good factor is that the local experts will know there country fads in terms of culture, modern culture, norms and principles, attitude and patterns, manners and customs etc so with keeping these exact things in mind one easily know that the local researchers can perform well in there country because of familiar factors and styles. HEC and the federal government of Pakistan were doing an anchor role in improving the educational specifications.
HEC provide 5000 at PHD level indigenous scholarships to enhance the level of intellectuals in Pakistan and increased decision making capacity in various flied of studies and also to increase the businesses in companies general public and private etc.
The 300 scholars lately awarded PHD levels were doing research to enhance the socio-economic conditions of Pakistan and there research is valuable because of there contribution to the development. These PHD's participate in different areas like business management, agriculture, engineering and HEC is also producing the new disciplines at the amount of PHD's like total quality management. There magazines are essential for analyzing the issues at different level because this is essential to complete the gap first to be able to pick up the progress rate. This all will help to improve the situations in future and it also help to enhance the infrastructure.
In order to give these scholarship HEC create a certain criteria and it offers:
No D grade in previous level.
The one who already learning under any scholarship program of Pakistan cannot get the scholarship or grant for MS.
Candidates will need to have 16 years of education who are applying for the MS scholarships.
Maximum get older 40 for PHD scholarships.
GAT test is necessary for both PhD's and candidates applying for MS.
The applicant cannot change the span of analysis once he submits an application etc.
The target of providing these scholarships is to teach the students for future years benefit for the colleges because only the well-trained and competent personnel aid the students and the learning of the students increase and improve. That's why the competent faculty is recognized as the key of success in learning corporations and one more thing is that they change certain things that assist for more information.
Another thing is that by investing in Real human capital is very important to any country because they change the situation and work with improvement and development, the primary theme of investing in staff is to get the economical stability in terms of development and these kind of investment encourage the people from any race, cultural group to became the product quality employee of any business, faculty person in university and serve the united states and take part for economic growth.
These indigenous scholarships encourage the gifted youngsters to step-up and get skills in complex and non-technical domains and participate in nation building process later-on with there professional and technological knowledge.
And providing these scholarships specifically to the students of MS/PHD will enhance the research culture and environment that is friendly for the study conduction when ever needed with versatility and that will address the issues of entire industries of Pakistan.
This will also boost the strength of the sectors of Pakistan and new idea masterpieces, and ability to get started on the new enterprise is increased because of better knowledge and professional skills as well as for new ideas planning, development and then execution, the entrepreneurial mind is also required for that.
The amount of PHD's in Pakistan increasing due to the better and superior policies and procedure of higher education and admirable work by HEC. And today the Pakistani universities can produce more PhD's in future than earlier a decade. One research shows the results that at the moment range of PhD's reach 8142. Based on the statistics which are available, the amount of PHD's were increased from 347 in 1947 to 676 in 2002 in agricultural sciences, and in natural sciences the results increased from 586 to 1096 and from 14 to 123 in the field of business and management sciences, in anatomist and technology from 21 to 262, and in physical sciences it increased from 709 to 1071 and in neuro-scientific social sciences it increased from 887 to 1080 in last 10 years.
In the last decade the percentage of education particularly in advanced schooling is increased as stated in the results above, so we have to notice that the institution like HEC of Pakistan does perfectly for the betterment of the training and since the creation from 2002 this institution doing great job and particularly in neuro-scientific business and management sciences, executive and technology, agriculture knowledge and the willpower of social technology as well.
HEC present various indigenous scholarships to strengthen the human source of Pakistan also to create a critical mass of highly qualified human resource in various field of studies in Pakistan so these researchers will continue to work on the issues very important to Pakistan, one of the scholar says that these PhD's are real property of Pakistan and they will help country to develop economically.
It is to be talked about that since 1947, a complete of 3, 281 PhDs were awarded. However, and from enough time when the establishment of the HEC in 2002, over 4, 850 PhDs have been honored.
Higher Education commission is also seeking to award 10000 indigenous scholarships to the students as the necessity based mostly scholarships to the deserving students from different parts of Pakistan in 2012-2013. These scholarships are just directed at the students who are very talented and have good academic background in conditions of there marks and percentage and having financial crisis or constraints. So more over these students are signed up for the general public sector colleges for higher education to ensure the equality criteria. Under this new plan, the more importance is directed at the students belonging to Balochistan, FATA, interior Sindh and southern Punjab to aid higher education of maximum amount of academically entitled needy students from the very poor part of the country.
Indigenous scholarships will be the lifeblood of all scholarships. The main objective of the Indigenous Scholarship Scheme is to create a highly certified faculty to your local universities in all fields. These researchers will enhance the rank and potential of all general public and private colleges in Pakistan.
The scholarships are targeted at setting up a pool of special scientists and very skilled pros trained at MS leading to PhD level in areas which can be critical to financial growth. The areas of research protected under these programs include Technology and Technology, Friendly Sciences, Arts and Humanities and other decided on departments of open public universities of the united states.
The primary aim of the programs is to increase indigenous capacities in a variety of fields of science and technology. Regular employees of general population sector universities, colleges and R&D organizations having two years of relevant work experience are eligible for this program. The scholars carry out research in various fields of knowledge and technology and are supervised in their research by HEC approved professors
The specific target of the Indigenous Scholarship Scheme is to produce serious form of highly qualified human resources in every fields of studies trained at the advanced level in local universities. These locally experienced academics and analysts will increase the R&D probable of general population as well as private colleges and it'll also support the neighborhood industrial sector. .
The impact of your scholarship comes with an effect felt very good beyond the pupil helped. The student's success, thanks to the scholarship, may inspire youthful siblings or the student's own children to go after higher education after high school. The student will be able to make more money with a school education and become a better service provider for family. Furthermore, that university student will touch thousands of lives through his or her career whether it is in health, education, business, research or some other field.
When you give a scholarship for a student, you do more than help them fiscally - you impart a lessons of generosity and concern for others that they incorporate into their own lives. Our documents are filled with characters from students talking about the impact that their scholarships made on the lives, and their expectations that one day, they'll be in a position to provide scholarships for future students equally their donors do for the kids.
The purpose of the hold off is to accomplish candidates from distant areas of the united states. The scholarship will be given for the academics year 2012-13 in all areas of studies and disciplines on the quota basis in accordance with authorities quota policy permitted by the federal government of Pakistan.
To raise the research facilities in these areas the bigger Education Commission has supported many Departments/Colleges to establish research labs. This has taken fabulous change in research culture of the Pakistani Universities.
HEC has preserved great stress on indigenous scholarship techniques because locally trained analysts focus on local problems of great national implication. Their research, therefore, is likely to have direct value to the progress and socio-economic development of Pakistan.
In addition, this structure also offers funds to the Colleges for advancing their research facilities particularly small laboratory equipment, chemicals, IT equipment etc. which not only aids research of the HEC scholar but also serves as an durability for the division to start up to date research laboratories.
The need-based scholarships are focused on providing opportunities for usage of advanced schooling especially to under privileged students belonging to remote and very good flung areas of the united states who despite possessing academic merit, are unable to finance their education.
Under this new program, special emphasis is directed at the students belonging to Baluchistan, FATA, interior Sindh and Southern Punjab to aid higher education of maximum amount of academically experienced needy students from the poor segments of the united states. These scholarships would be granted through Financial Aid Offices at the colleges in a transparent and well-defined device.
He also up to date that HEC indigenous and international scholarships are being granted as per federal government quota policy. He urged the members of the workshop to disseminate this information and guide the prospective candidates from Sindh province in this respect. He also emphasized them to avail the advantage of various HEC initiatives.
Speaking on the occasion, Prof. Dr. Parveen Shah expanded because of HEC and NTS for selecting Shah Abdul Latif School Khairpur for organizing such a good academics activity.
In its endeavor to develop a category of Highly Qualified and professional Faculty in Pakistan, HEC has launched a series of scholarship programs. Through this series, HEC aspires to provide the essential impetus to the academia by offering indigenous as well as overseas PhD degrees to both faculty associates and students. It really is well cognizant of the necessity for customizing the prevailing scholar ship programs along with providing new opportunities for the pursuit of higher education at home and in another country.
With an objective of reinforcing universally accepted principle of brilliance in academia, HEC has designed the scholar ship series. Scholar boats can be found not only in reputable disciplines but also in the less regarded but crucial rising fields.
Several scholarship techniques composed of of indigenous as well as overseas scholarship/fellowships are currently on offer under the program. PhD scholars in every disciplines of strategic national value are proceeding to various reputable international colleges/institutions/ research centers by availing these strategies. Indigenous scholars now need to go beyond this collaborative process to the people hard issues in research methodologies.
The federal of Pakistan has showed an elevated sense of commitment to improving the effectiveness of education through its programmed of Education Sector Reforms which includes higher education, and this is further evidenced by the establishment of the duty force. While common literacy and major education have been around in the forefront of development priorities before, the pressing need to benefit from the new knowledge founded economy has located an unprecedented prime on higher education.
Pakistan's advanced schooling system, encompassing all level above quality 12, is providing unable to provide the skills necessary, in the volumes necessary, to achieve the dual targets of nation building and global competitiveness.
Universities are the pillars of the higher education system. They must have autonomy from all extraneous affects in order to govern and deal with their academic, administrative, financial functions. In particular, universities will need to have autonomy to develop their academic programmes, recruit, and choose, train and inform their students.
Education is a continuum process main, secondary, higher supplementary and tertiary levels. Its generic purposes aren't discipline specifies. The support and accountability for educational functions, whether in the domains of knowledge involving natural, natural, numerical and sociable sciences, and humanities, are the tasks of the ministry of education.
HEC experienced paid special attention on the promotion of higher education in the united states. The main initiatives includes special scholarship or grant design for the children, implementation of the federal government government's quota insurance plan to award local and overseas scholarships.
The quantity of the universities have been increased from two to seven including the establishment of the first women universities. They have launched the special projects for the introduction of the basic infrastructure in advanced schooling institutions in the provinces.
The scholarship provides financial support to enable mature-age indigenous students to complete nationally recognized tertiary skills and attain skills and knowledge that will improve their community's future economies and financial development.
Scholarship are intended for indigenous who Face financial barriers that might normally restrict their option for gaining a tertiary qualification. The fund acknowledge that mature-age college student often required to make great personal and financial sacrifices to be able to complete qualification that will help improve their personal and profession goals.
The scholarship provides recipient s with financial assist with reduce the financial burden of research, which may includes course fees, telecommunication cost, accommodation, transport and textbook. Students will need to have the support of these family and/or community. This will require emotional support and some contribution to financial support. The amount of financial contribution is assessed on an individual and highly private basis, with the expectation that people/communities will contribute according with their capacity.
The Scholarship will not cover the provision of standard, pocket money or other voluntary School activities. Families are anticipated to participate in School programs/information classes, etc, around distance and travel permits and become supportive of their daughter's education.
Education is essential aspect in development of an current economic climate of any country, historically Pakistan is an unhealthy country and poverty creates the alarming situations, therefore the policies and moreover procedures are needed to deal that situation, because the factors like unemployment, low per capita income, less GDP and less quality education of the folks can be involved factor and must be paid attention.
On of the financial survey have the statistics such as the figures and these are the public industries spending on the training in Pakistan are:
Public sector mailing as %GDP is 2. 1 and the literacy rate is 57 %. These details includes the age from 10 and above, males 69% and females 45%. ( financial survey of Pakistan 2009-2010).
Pakistan is also depending on the help of the international options. The bigger education fee is also owning a project which include USAID.
If we speak about the introduction of education sector the institution like HEC is doing a significant job in growing the human learning resource or individuals capital. In this respect the indigenous scholarships are open to every one who is employed in the private sector and government sector and also the Pakistani students. HEC has award 1426 undergraduate scholarships and 6635 post graduate scholarships, from which 3765 MS scholarships and this indigenous scholarships program also produced more than 300 PHD's in Pakistan. (Economic study of Pakistan 2009-2010).
These recruiting that are developed and produced by HEC are actively participating in the research and development of Pakistan and they're performing there duties significantly in different office and also in the general public and private colleges. These scholars also managing to increase the local university specifications and infrastructure overall. In this respect HEC has given the post doctoral scholarships to the 503 university or college teachers which help the university or college and the new students later on. HEC also trained the 11021 faculty associates and administrators of different colleges during brief and permanent programs. But if we talk about the development of the institutions there is a boom or increase in the amount awarding institutions DAI and new universities. The PHD's are risen to 624 in 2009 2009, the financing to raised education come to up to 44000 hundreds of thousands.
HEC is also doing planning and development in order to boost the education in Pakistan for this HEC have an idea for the years 2010-2015 and onwards. This consists of the post doctoral, doctoral, and MS leading to PHD these types of indigenous scholarships are stimulating and can help the economy. Funds for promotion of research culture are increased in the recent years up to 800 million in 2010-2011. (Economic review of Pakistan 2011-2012).
In 2008 and onwards the foreign assistance is increased for the introduction of Pakistan and students who are determined for higher studies, this consists of:
USAID funded $2. 14 million, job name strengthening teaching education in Pakistan (STEP).
Funded by DFID 3. 15 million, project name gender in education policy support job (GEPSP)
These money are actively donated by the UNICEF, usaid and also different private organizations are also working actively to teach the instructors in this respect organizations like ed-links are funded by USAID and they're working to improve the teaching requirements and strategy at key and higher level. This charging $ 90million.
The organizations like ITA, IRM UK-AID job are also attempting to increase the educational standards and they are conducted a whole lot of research in recent times which help to recognize different issues in the regions of Pakistan.
The objective of better advanced schooling system is only achieved if the overall system is planned or organized like the international criteria requirements and achieve that particular goal there is a need to work hard, that is why the organization like HEC is appreciated by the international forces who want the progress of education in virtually any country.
But the thing is there are a few forces that show amount of resistance so that is the task for the plan makers to deal the overall situation and make that kind of policy and treatment which may bring the change in the system and the best goal is achieved of improvement for higher education.
The universities are the main pillars of the higher education system, they need to hold the autonomy from the exterior influences in order to govern and manage there administrative, academics and financial functions. They need to have that mush authoritative power to educate there faculty or firstly (recruit) employ the service of the potential faculty members who are able to deliver in the future and council the students in a proper way that can be acceptable and in line with the international criteria and necessity and which can also eliminate the requirement to review at abroad. Today's system is weak since it is hesitant to delegate the power and job enrichment functions which can encourage the faculty users in order to deliver in the right way. In this process each university will need to have the governing plank which will make autonomous decisions for improvement. And when this type of governing extensive perform there duties the overall performance o the establishment is improved. Previously the institution named UGC is not up to the mark because of poor administration systems and less and also late money to the colleges, the system requires the institution which is preparing to deliver and it is HEC and which is proved later on by the quality performance of the HEC and its planning, development and management in conditions of the performance from 2002-2008 is extraordinary.
If the funding from the international forces, authorities of Pakistan and HEC is given to the colleges or DAI then there's a less burden on the students to pay the large amount of fees and they can learn more easily with out any pressure and also the funding is utilized by presenting students quality faculty then they can find out more and may deliver later on and signify the well known organizations and also serve open public sector in better way of course, if the provincial governments also support this kind of funding then there is a increase in the improvement in the quality. The thing is that a whole lot of intellectuals(scholars) were still left Pakistan because of less salary and poor economic condition in the united states so Pakistani authorities and public sector colleges need more financing in order to keep that type of quality faulty associates.
The infrastructure is provided by the HEC giving more indigenous scholarships to the students and stimulate them to review in MS resulting in PHD, and particularly the PHD scholarships as well as encourage the research culture in the colleges, and provide the labs for technological studies and usage of digital collection is extraordinary for the students to learn the international books and articles and publications from the Harvard business review and Jstore etc.
The first thing which may be done to be able to bring revolution in the educational sector, the government primary, middle, supplementary and higher secondary education must be deliver more and some quality education which is lacking and the students when they come for the higher studies they undergo because of less knowledge, so in this respect government will need to have to place more emphasis on the early education quite simply the improvement must begin from the grass root level.
The role of higher education is important for the developing country like Pakistan to survive in the global environment which is competitive and you can only survive if the bigger education is given in a proper way, since it is a string process one action is associated with another and when a very important factor is lacking or not done in a way it required then it can cost later on.
By standing the colleges in terms of quality education establishments, it can stimulate the students, faculty people and the internal policy producers to work hard for the improvement, which is good to award the categories to the institutions regarding to there performance. This plan encourage the high performing universities and they can deliver more often because they want to sustain there position and that's not less than challenge. By monitoring the private organizations as well is also participating in the improvement.
Yes it is right that advanced schooling is very important to the economic development of any country but additionally it is right that financial growth is more very important to the expanding countries and it is the fact that advanced schooling will not only donate to the economic development of the country, it also contribute in land building process, presenting more power to the society, culture in conditions of more civilized culture and individuals became more mindful about the things and they could also have understanding more about upgrading there living standards etc.
In this regard the World Bank and UNESCO provided the duty force for developing countries including Pakistan to check analyze and put focus on the higher education system and living criteria of people and to be employed by the infrastructure of country. In addition they emphasis on the introduction of enlightened leaders, extension of choices and this type of development also enhances the social range of motion and it could be ideal for the talented visitors to appear and demonstrate there potential in the areas of there choices.
The ultimate theme of providing the indigenous scholarships to the students creates the capability to address the correct solutions to the local problems in the united states. In this framework the campaign of higher education is more important in order to progress future of the country, because this is actually the era of competition and the ones who want to compete will need to have that kind of weapons to survive in the contest of competition. The promotion is essential because now the employees, intellectuals and technological people are seen as product by the organizations and applicants who want to get the work they need to market themselves. But the thing is that the individuals are only putted in the competition if indeed they have the data, skills and skills, this technique of KSA is only fulfilled if the students have died through the procedure of the training and moreover if they get the bigger education, this process of indigenous is stimulating for the students who perform from the skin and those who are below the line of poverty and doesn't afford the burden/expenses of higher education which automatically encourage the student s to execute and learn more. But this all is interlinked with the quality higher education and establishments (universities).
The producing countries need to purchase good quality schooling (from lawn route level to higher studies) that prepares graduates, MBA's, MS resulting in PHD, and PHD's for success and quality within work when they go to any field or any firm, in this framework the syllabus or classes are must be like that they cover the broader learning or in other words the course site must be larger rather than limits in the knowledge.
In order to come on growth the corporations (universities) or DAI must put emphasis on practicality and program of the knowledge rather than bookish knowledge, in this respect the higher education percentage (HEC) interlinked the colleges and the organizations plus they put the emphasis on the industrial tours of the students this will give students more learning about how the organizations perform there work virtually.
Most of the developed countries after world battle II spending on the higher education because of there acceptance that it's important for country's economic expansion and growing countries also now shelling out for the bigger education but if we talk about or in Pakistani context the fresh graduates, MBA's are looking for job, and the current job market is not good for new candidates who want to apply, and that's why most of the quality asset in terms of real human capital is moving to the other countries for there better job and future.
So this is actually the alarming situation for the Pakistan since it affects the expansion and impact is bad down the road, so the government of Pakistan must show the concern in order to tackle the problem because it causes badly if not handled properly, and Pakistani federal must provide the infrastructure for better advanced schooling which has international standards contained, so the actions need to be considered not only in educational sector but also in every sector, these improvements eliminate the disappointment of people of Pakistan who forever leave the united states and they may take part in the country building process or quite simply development of current economic climate.
Particularly in the training sector the emphasis must be put on the turf route level because it is the original stage and it is the string process because the basic education further contributes to the higher education. In Pakistan this education system is breakdown into five levels and it offers:
Primary level (from class I to grade V), Middle level (from level VI to VIII), Secondary level (SSC), Higher extra level (HSSC) and the higher education including under graduate, post graduate education etc.
Another effort which is used some remote regions of Pakistan to build up a sub-campuses of the universities to give the quality education to the Pakistani students in these remote control areas which is missing previously, it is better initiative in the process to enhance the number of students at more impressive range because this counts later on in lots of ways.
The human reference development HRD has get relevance importance and this have dual aim in conditions of enhancing institutional capacity and the neighborhood research activities. In this respect recently indigenous scholarships has been directed at the university faculty to be able to get more education from the neighborhood universities as well as the foreign scholarships provided to these university or college faculty customers for the improvement in the education sector, because when these faculty people down the road when teach the students at under-graduate level and MBA's they will definitely provide more knowledge and learning materials etc which will further help them in organizations. These indigenous and foreign scholarships are given on merit basis to the prevailing university faculty customers and the people from the private sector as well.
Nearly 44% of the scholarships are given to the researchers of R and D organizations and university teachers and these are monitored by the HEC, about 900 to 1000 scholars are returned after concluding their studies and about 3000 scholars are learning abroad.
The professional development is given to the different instructor of the universities in order to perform more quality work on the job when teaching particular topics.
Development of ELTR (British language teaching reform) is another effort to market better knowledge of the data etc.
4700 scholars are studying under the indigenous scholarship or grant program of HEC, and 1959 scholars are studying under the job initiated for the FATA/BALOCHISTAN students with both graduate and under graduate level. (Annual plan for higher education 2012-2013).
Financial help is given to the students who cannot deposit their full fee or in other wards devoid of excess amount to review; these students are learning in public and private institutions (universities). 2919 scholars have been transferred up to now, and 526 scholars are still getting education in several local establishments under need established scholarships program.
HEC in addition has developed NVCN (nationwide video conferencing network) in 2006 e-academia in 79 colleges and seeking to extend the national training video conferencing network in more universities it is very helpful as it pertains to learning, many students, faculty customers were facilitated by this effort and this can help in overall improvement of the colleges, more over these kind of initiatives were needed to be able to change the existing situation and bringing advancement in higher education sector.
The higher education plays a leadership role in the education sector because at this level students are concerned with quality learning plus more focused about professional studies/career studies. Within this study it is found that some of the private colleges are lacking in providing quality education or in other words the faculty users are not have that kind of quality to teach at the higher level or the aspect of training is lacking and another concern is usually that the merit system in offering admissions to the students is also on the disadvantage, some of the general public sector universities lacking even the facilities of the multi-media and libraries and laboratories aren't up to the mark or of criteria and some of the universities are lacking the center of hostels for the students. And another important suggestion made under this research is to expose academics audit system managed by HEC and presenting international standard training to the professors for improvements and the admissions must get on merit basis for quality guarantee.
Higher education performs a essential role in the development of society. "Universities, for centuries, had an essential role in educating the potential professionals, businessmen, politics leaders, religious and public scholars, who serve the modern culture, to enrich its beliefs and develop its resources" (Mustard, 1998). These things are also suggested in Pakistan for development.
Pakistan is even behind Bangladesh in education sector, after more than 60 years of freedom Pakistan has only spending 2. 7 percent of GNP on the training which is less than advised by UNESCO they recommended 4 percent, this 4 percent is preferred by UNESCO for everyone developing countries. It really is notice that for state, higher education became the challenging asset. The issue with growing countries including Pakistan is the fact they give less goal/emphasis to the higher education; the knowledge-based economy is only developed if the bigger education system is well outfitted and trained experts can be purchased in every field to participate in economic progress.
Quality of education is essential aspect to emphasis because folks of country like Pakistan are in need of this but for further progression some activities required:
The quality of education is only recognized specifically country if it fulfills the requirements under that your local gaps are crammed in away that shifts the paradigm on overall basis. Therefore the social, academic, national superiority is gained or achieved, that is why the study culture is advertised in developed and expanding countries because the researchers(PHD's) participate in the problems fixing process and recommend different alternatives for betterment.
Quality indications can be split into three classes: educational inputs, educational outputs, and educational procedures. Inputs include financial procedures, physical measures, and manpower steps linked with the resources that receive for students at each educational level. Financial actions are usually summarized by educational expenditures per student. Physical measures include the years, condition, and depth of such facilities as classrooms, laboratories, and libraries and the conditions and use of international materials and tools or machines. Manpower or human resource measures are the number of employees of different kinds, often indicated as ratios in relation to student statistics at each level. They also include history information about these human resources such as educational skills (knowledge), experience, as well as perhaps knowledge competencies and behaviour. (Murnane, 1987).
Educational output identifies the quality of students and that depends upon the data of the students gained throughout their studies and exactly how they are doing and exactly how much they be capable of perform in the business or any other field while educational process refers to the grade of curriculum development to final analysis of the students like the students admission looked after include the learning process and lively participation from the students side and the as teachers capacity to provide quality knowledge which would be applicable when they go for job etc.
The five different techniques in measuring the grade of higher education:
In term of the exceptional (higher standards)
In terms of persistence (zero flaws and setting it up right the very first time)
As fitness for goal (meeting explained purposes)
As value for money.
As transformative (change of the participant). (Harvey and inexperienced 1993)
Another thing is that quality assurance and quality analysis is dearly needed because must of the establishment globally getting the certifications from ISO and it offers ISO 9000, 4001 etc but for as Pakistan is concern only the manufacturing sector gets that type of certification but I think other sectors must also recommended to obtain these accreditations for improvement.
Global alliance for transnational education (GATE) proposed the following key points for the product quality higher education:
Their must be desired Goal and targets for progression.
Standards for improvement and quality management.
Legal issues are handled in an effective way.
Student enrollment and entrance including merit.
Human resources are actually treated as human capital.
Physical and money.
Teaching and learning is very important to development.
Evaluation is important for finding spaces and problems in order for further advancement.
Especially in higher education quality is a multi dimensional principle because it protects the university like the academics life and the infrastructure, the training process, students involvement, and endorsement and campaign of proficient people in terms of giving admission on merit basis and also indigenous scholarships can create greater results in future and nation building process and increases the percentage of education which is currently 2. 7% as advised by UNESCO 4%. So in this regard for quality confidence, the number if factors such as internationalization, marketing, creation, competition this all improve the quality of higher education.
Quality of faculty and workers must be increased, development of instructions, organizational development, instructors training program, boost the quality of curriculum, quality management on overall basis and occurrence of good governance participate in the boost of country living requirements and economy etc. therefore the collective effort is necessary in order to perform management principles; organizing, planning, controlling, leading, staffing and monitoring and evaluation are also important aspects in this framework.
In a definite research it is recommended that the analysis criteria is necessary for the identification of the problems, only the quality is enhanced if the benchmark is designed and implemented in a way that local establishments are evaluated relative to these benchmarks. So in this respect diversity must be increased and the aspect of synergy creates the more ability in the institutions when universities use industries in order to give useful knowledge to the students and also the connection and networking of international universities with local once improve the learning and capacity building process.
Different issues of the grade of higher education in Pakistan as acknowledged by Iqbal (2004) are:
Ineffective governance and management structure and practice.
Inefficient use of available resources.
Inadequate funding which contributes to poor laboratories and libraries etc.
Poor recruitment techniques and limited development of faculty and personnel.
Inadequate support for research.
Politicization of faculty, staff and students.
Pakistan's federal government must develop the indigenous scholarship or grant program at higher level which is better than the current the one that is handled by HEC under the limited funds of administration and the new one may act like the common prosperity scholarships program and give the scholarships to the needy students, on merit basis, and this program may also help the students or fresh graduates in getting the careers, HEC is doing good job for improvement but scheduled the limited cash quality results are not achieved. So the thing is the fact most of the developing countries like Pakistan facing the problem of less quality, because of lacking of the financial constraints (Cash) and also almost all of people having better knowledge want higher salary deals and to preserve them in the public sector universities is trial.
To support talented individuals by giving opportunities to study in quality companies locally under the indigenous scholarships to promote indigenous culture, norms and worth the concentrate on research is prompted by the local institutions or DAI and also that is urged by the international message boards.
In Pakistan HEC takes that effort for betterment in a framework they offer the scholarships to the prevailing faculty users of different universities locally and after training these educators will provide the colleges in a far more effective way. This later on have a stronger effect on local neighborhoods and culture will be offered in better way. This change in environment result the current situation or typical situation which includes been injected from so many years. So for improving the problem in a more proper way the interviews, ideas and tips from the alumni were important because this can help in filling the spaces or tackling problems.
For the development of higher education with lower level (main education) the planet Bank recognized that the money is a required need of the countries in order to boost, improve and develop there socio-economic conditions. As well as for all of this the international donors like UNICEF, UNESCO, UK-aid and US- help are also employed in producing countries. In previous years the earth Bank establish the task forces to investigate the role of universities in developing countries and that will help to handle the overall situation in proper way. So the need is to accept the higher education in producing countries because this will contribute down the road.
With this development of higher education as a tool for socio-economic development, and that the training system should be taken as an incorporated whole somewhat than as portions fighting for resources. Most important school educators, faculty person in higher education, themselves, skilled personnel (Doctors), technicians, policymakers, experts, and enterprisers, are almost completely generated by Higher Education system and, consequently, their capacity to draw out their work at the bigger level is dependent on quality training and research at the amount of higher education, that's why the majority of the better universities are producing good quality graduate, post graduates and PHD's from a long time possibly it could also be effected by the sort of intake of students they provide admission.
The capacity to deliver high-quality teacher training and postgraduate research and research is therefore a key component in increasing the ability of low income country to deal with development challenges and therefore the higher education percentage HEC can play a vital role in this respect giving the indigenous scholarships to the students from the poor background, those who are accomplishing well in previous academic career, mainly the scholarships for MS and PHD students were important because further they can play a vital role in the study sector plus they can also assist in the problem recognition process and then from then on the advice or alternatives by them can help to foster better results.
The financing being such a critical issue for Advanced schooling in expanding countries, especially indigenous scholarships can potentially play an important role in socio-economic development and also in that process it will support academics to progress their knowledge and skills, and the as their vulnerability and experience boosts with the passage of time. The cooperation between academics and sectors is process that foster useful learning for the students plus they serve their corporation more practically plus they can use the theories in better way that they learned during their academic career.
The institution like HEC must put focus on the selection operations and putting importance on academics merit and, The advice is the fact that HEC must support the individuals from all over Pakistan through scholarships and fellowships this will put a strong impact on Advanced schooling. Scholarship programs play a key role in poverty decrease and it will enforce individuals to work hard for uplifting their lives and implications are better for the kids for this reason motivation (to take action).
Indigenous students if participate more frequently in the bigger education of any country then it'll be considered as a plus point because it will contribute in future, and insurance policy makers must keep in brain that the four indications of indigenous educational outcomes: (gain access to, participation, retention and success) are important and another thing is the fact that quality management is necessary for desired results. Another effort in past years by (PEEF) to provide indigenous scholarships in Punjab to the deserving students both on merit and need-based, and another thing is usually that the students who get scholarships and study in the establishment like LUMS is huge benefit and may foster better impact in future.
In this respect the private sector is also taking effort to take part in presenting scholarships to the colleges in this framework they will hint the MOU with the corporations and especially these MOU are authorized with HEC, because organizations have to identify they have the philanthropic attitude towards the culture or we can say that they fill the cultural responsibility by doing this act and entice all stakeholders by behaving in that way.
The ADVANCED SCHOOLING Percentage (HEC) has began different scholarship programs for the financial assistance of great but poor students, with an try to provide them with an possibility to answer well and get quality education and come upfront. Financial Support is further helping these to get jobs in multi-national organizations. As the number of indigenous scholarships rises then the degree of education will also increases because of greater enrollment in higher education. The emphasis must be given to those regions of the country where the basic education system is missing so in this respect the infrastructure must be made for the development and by promoting the neighborhood people it'll enhance the educated people in country and another thing is that authorities must put emphasis on the new business development and industry building process because these fresh graduates, MBA's later on needs to be used in several areas and the government must definitely provide them jobs to be able to wthhold the quality intellectuals and also prevent them from going abroad permanently which is now dilemma for expanding countries. If the people from the remote control areas were given scholarships then they can became role model for his or her region and the development process increased because people from these regions were automatically determined and outcomes are better in future and this all donate to poverty lowering and overall modern culture, community and economy of the country developed.
According to the programs and students' enrolment, facilities be produced available and finances should be provided to the public sector universities.
Local federal should support colleges/DAI under their observation or in other words public sector colleges, through rest in taxes as an encouragement, financial support on resources, university student support and infrastructure development grants, this type of offer may work to increase in the facilities of the universities and students, faculty people were facilitated by the new technology.
Finances for the projects should be accessible on timely basis because hold off of funds foster negative impact, the timely available cash helpful in in the years ahead, and this action for development must be the national goal of the Pakistan.
The acquired administration funds, college or university itself make a committee for allocation of cash and then spending in a right way is important which may be checked later on during the process of audit.
University position must be associated with the resources usage and what sort of students perform which is also associated with the university or college faculty participants, and the study and volume of publications per season which will combine or encourage the corporations and the healthy competition come into play.
16 years degree programs are released like the rest of the world, this initiative is performed by the universities of Pakistan but it needs improvement because if we want quality and international requirements in our companies we have to work more hard and pay back are than better for country and goal of higher economy can be achieved.
Resources made accessible and really should be used at maximum level.
Faculties should be allocated between open public and private sector universities at identical level if we deviate from one sector it will create bad consequence for another sector, so this tradeoff needs to be supervised properly and the balance of faculty between establishment is important factor for universities search rankings and students quality because quality teacher can deliver and quality education and better knowledge for the students.
If monitoring is manufactured a regular component of the establishments/DAI as an attribute of the inputs, functions and products then your productivity will be as desired by the bigger education systems and the outputs including gain access to, involvement, retention and success are achieved.
Private universities are standardized and must be supervised by the HEC in order to wthhold the quality because if the admissions are given to the students on merit basis and the hiring of faculty users is a crucial factor for the private sector as well and this will also monitor by the higher education commission to be able to preserve quality, however, many of private sector corporations give better plans for retention of skilled faculty users.
Emphasize on qualitative aspect because qualitative factors count up more as we written in simple earlier these qualitative aspects include the quality of students, the quality of teachers, the quality of labs (IT ) facilities, libraries, and quality education alternatively than quantitative education.
Systems are ready for productive and effective in conditions of the performance and execution of work at different levels.
Wastages of cash should be minimized.
Research basis should be made sufficiently strong since it will encourage most of the analysts to conduct their research better and effectively.
Internationalization and Globalization takes on a major role in the advancement of the corporations and its own will generate or inject the new ways of learning and many students including professors can gain more knowledge from the visibility of the globalization which all help to address in every the processes from planning.