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The 4g Wireless Networks

The current system has very limited services; 4G is going to be The Technology which is going to be highly popular. With the growing of 4G this ability can be utilized to its fullest potential for various people in various walks of life. That is will help the military services of any region to a great level as the training video clarity and data copy speed will help the uniformed men in the warfare front. Likewise for the organization this is a benefit as they can have online offices worldwide and screen their business by seated in one part of the world. As well as for the personal put it to use is of great help the folks as it gets the better quality of service, connectivity and also helps the individuals in every the fields. This fourth technology helps us to gather all sorts of information which is needed without any difficulty. This 4G has substantially more benefits in comparison with the 3G and it also provides better service to individuals in a high level.


The wireless systems development has many decades such as 1G, 2G which is of wireless mobile system. The cordless systems which are currently used provide only limited services. The users of 2G and 2. 5G are asking for better quality in data, multimedia system and voice similar to the quality of the wired. But the data rate required for it's very high, which is also beyond the 3G capacities. This determined in the research of the Fourth Generation wireless network s (4G). The 4G vision unifies many mobile and the cellular networks. Anyway, there is a basic difference to the wireless mobile and the WLANs.

The wireless sites in the fourth era will have different systems and it'll overlie one with the other. The mobile station which has multiple interfaces will be fully equipped that will enhance its freedom. The 4G wireless sites will have different sorts of cellular components which will provide large number of service to the users, so that the people can converse with the aid of these networks and structures.

The 4G cellular networks are extremely flexible and can provide wide selection of technology to the users. They'll not only have the ability to use the internet services but will have the ability to use the other services like tone of voice plus some other day-to-day applications. They not only help in improving the services but also help us to acquire wide range of information and services.


The 4G is a safe and sound platform and many services can be produced use than it. It gives the complete satisfaction to the users.

Low Handoff:

This handoff will cause the wait in the services and it'll also create reduction to the communication of the info. Hence this will be supervised for the better communication.


The access is the important thing in the 4G sites as it gives connection to the users looked after supplies the end services.


The network should be of multi-service such that it will not only supply the basic access but also provides a wide range of services to the people who will need tone and other services.


The 4G network combines using the high end platform which is also cheaper and effective to utilize, and it can be managed easily.

Security service: For success of 4G, the essential requirement is security and ensure that the systems are safe and guarded.


The 4G has different range of models and it can be made use as required.

Optimal systems:

In this, in line with the agreement the optimal network for the service is picked and the connectivity is selected based on the internet network covering.

Hybrid sites:

The core tiers will be there and the layers will have systems of different sorts which will be presented layer below part.

Heterogeneous sites:

This deals with different and a myriad of networks which includes one common network. When the core part is the same it minimizes the overheads and can also improve in the performance of the network.

The fourth technology wireless network comprises 4 basic levels. They are Cordless Wide Area Network (WWAN), Cordless Metropolitan Area Network (WMAN), Cordless GEOGRAPHIC AREA Network (WLAN), and Cellular Personal Area Network (WPAN).

WPAN Networks

WLAN Networks

WMAN Networks

WWAN Networks

The sites of the lower levels has high bandwidth and play a small portion of networking and sometimes the sites of the lower level can play the role of the systems in the higher level.

The WPAN gets the shortest network connection. It has interconnection only to the non-public needs like; the Bluetooth can be utilized with it. It protects only a relatively short distance.

The WLAN also includes a brief area, but more than the WPAN. It includes the neighborhood area. For e. g. the utilization of internet in an area.

The WMAN addresses more than the WLAN. It provides communication between a metropolitan area.

The WWAN is the huge area but it generally does not have a very high bandwidth. The use of cellular, GSM can be seen with this network.

Wireless Fourth Technology Architecture:

Inter Technology Crossbreed Unit (HU):

This hybrid device acts as a bridge between different tiers. It combines many systems to gain access to different technology. The hybrid devices are of different kinds, they are:

WWAN-WMAN: This node provides a link between the WWAN and the WMAN network. For the WWAN it can act as the base stop and for the WMAN it serves as a customer station.

WMAN-WLAN: For the WLAN this device serves as an access point, and then for WMAN, it is the subscriber train station.

WLAN-WPAN: The sites WLAN and WPAN will be interconnected applying this unit. It could operate the Bluetooth the ad-hoc systems.

The main the different parts of the cellular networks will be the Mobile Switching Centre (MSC), Home location Register (HLR), Offering GRPS Support Mode (SGSN).

Properties of 4G:

Network Structures: It has Hybrid network architecture.

Driving Architecture: It has converged data and voice over IP.

Switching: It has digitalized turning with packetized tone.

Radio Gain access to: MC-CDMA, OFDMA.

Database: ELHR, VLR, EIR, AuC.

Data rates: It offers data rates of 100Mbpsc.

Roaming: It has global roaming.

Compatible: It is suitable to 3G.

Handsets: Numerous method tone, data streamed video with higher data rates.

Applications: Internet, MMS, Multi-media, HDTV M TV

Bandwidth: They have bandwidth of 100MHz

Frequency Group: It offers higher frequency rings of 2-8 MHz

Component Design: It includes smaller antennas, software multiband and wideband radios.

FEC Technology: It includes concatenated coding structure.

IP: All IP (IP6. 0)

As the cordless communication system develops the goals and the demand among the people keeps increasing. These wireless networks focus on their capacity and boundaries also offers some essential period.

The re-configurability can be carried out at any level, and it'll be great for the network supplier as well as an individual perspective. This provides selection between your alternate networks and is based upon all the problems.

The re-configurability system tells not no more than the physical level but also the stacks of the whole standard protocol. These 4G systems will provide many features to the users and it will provide end-to-end connection. The accessing, roaming and the other active features are extremely useful and everything is obtained at a minor cost. They are able to also select from the other cordless systems if required.

The following body shows about the interoperability of the 4G tiers.

The 4G sites usually support the global roaming and the end-to-end services in the wireless systems, and these thing usually be dependent upon the Quality of Service issues (QoS). The capability and the bandwidth for the 4G should be often more than that of the 3G to meet up with the business requirements. The 4G will depend on not only upon the speed and version but completely for its service and the quality.

The main distinction between your 4G and the previous generations is the fact that in 4G both the words and data can be directed, but in the other generations the voice and only a small amount of data can be directed across. The 4G can be utilized cordless with the Digital Subscriber line (DSL). Individuals throughout the world would be benefited and can use for communication, as its service and quality are extremely good. They are able to even conduct business from one area of the world to the other as it offers good speed and it is reliable. The people who have not yet used the 3G can immediately visit the 4G as it is more useful and of good velocity. It'll be predicated on the network IP technology. 4G is more useful than Wi-Fi. In Wi-Fi the length matters and it could be seen only in the sluggish way. But this 4G is faster and it could be accessed from anyplace and it is also cost-effective.

Quality of Service:

The quality of service plays an extremely challenging role in the 4G sites. It provide an array of service and a much better quality to the users. You will discover 4 types of quality of service, these are:

1. Packet- level Quality of service:

This QoS refers to the packet level service which also manages the error rate, and the area occupied by the buffer. It has a good packet quality which is very helpful to the users.

2. Transfer level Quality of Service:

This business deal level will depend on the transaction time it takes to complete a service and also about the packet reduction. Some of systems can admit the packet damage however the others cannot.

3. Circuit level Quality of Service:

The circuit level service is approximately the calls which have been connected and also about the circuit level transfer and other deals. It offers a good quality of service for the phone calls and services.

4. User-level Quality of Service:

The end user level quality relies upon the application and the other services. It also depends after the range of motion of the users which might support the quality of the network.


4 G is developed with the following aspects and advantages:

Its quickness would be 50 times high than 3G. The expected bandwidth of 4G is about 10Mbps.

It has options of three-dimensional online reality, video recording and the ability to feel at the event in case you aren't present actually there.

We get to connect to people, products and find out about the places when the cyber and real world merge.

The smart credit card in your mobile would advice you to do what next as it'll be monitoring your activities.

Last but not minimal 4G will provide access and support for authentication, paying down expenses, security and also supports whichever has mobile specific services.

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