Posted at 10.13.2018
In the Brand Hong Kong plan, the HKSAR Government always depicts Hong Kong as a diverse city with an available, tolerant and pluralistic community. It says, people here are free to air their views and follow their religious and political beliefs. Hong Kong's diversity is also shown in its mixture of old and new, American and Chinese structures and the selection of international cuisine available. However, these features can only show Hong Kong is a multicultural city, however, not a diverse one. In the truth, Hong Kong people still fail to tolerate and allow somebody or something which go beyond their limit. Therefore, it is doubtful that Hong Kong is truly a "diversity city". In this essay, Hong Kong people's ideas of what is dirty would be examined with an outsider circumstance, based on Terence McLaughlin's arguments on mud.
According to McLaughlin, there is absolutely no such material as absolute mud, whether a thing is dusty or not is merely our judgment. Mud can be almost anything that we choose to call filthy. They have often been thought as "matter out of place", in other words, something can be dusty in a single place but not dirty in another place. Whenever a person has been asked about what is dirt, probably he or she may instantly reply things which contain bacteria or germs would be dirty, for example, worms, mice and waste material.
This ideology could be attributed to the concept that everything in the civilized modern culture has to be clean or 100 % pure. It is not good to get things that are "bad" or "dirty". Nevertheless, as advised by McLaughlin, there is no absolute dirt. In some countries, worm can be an ingredient for baking typical cuisines. Mice are widely used in scientific experiments. Some throw away can be biodegraded to produce methane, so as to generate electricity. People classify these things as "dirty" just because they are usually taken from place.
It is an entirely relative notion that dirt and grime can be tolerated or not be tolerated. Slimy and sticky things are dusty because they are hard to remove and unpleasant, people are afraid that the boundary between personal and other is being blurred. And thus they will be contaminated by other people whom they don't like. The principles of air pollution and purity, mud and sanitation are public constructs, these are related to given society's view of contamination. They are not based on bacteriology, but on avoidance of defilement by others. Values about dirt are therefore ideological, they are simply related to electric power relations in population. Theories of mud are tools for understanding and looking into inequity and marginality in our society.
It is common for Hong Kongers to see "outsiders", i. e. individuals who are different from our human population, as grubby. Mainlanders from our motherland - China - are one of these and it will be analyzed and discussed in depth in this essay.
Since the implementation of Person Visit Program in 2003, numerous mainland travellers have started to visit Hong Kong every day. Hong Kong people prefer to describe them as "rude", "unhygienic" and "arrogant", because of their biased impression. Even though copy of sovereignty over Hong Kong from the uk to China has recently occurred for more than 15 years, many Hong Kong people still won't consider themselves as Chinese subconsciously. The main reasons are the difference in terminology, culture and living environment. They tend to acknowledge their nationality as "Hong Kongese" rather than "Chinese". These distinctions even lead for some conflicts among folks from the two territories in previous few years. The stem of the challenge isn't just the difference mentioned above and unhygienic issues, but could be explained by McLaughlin's view on dirt in the following aspects:
According to the "one country, two system" idea suggested by Deng Xiaoping, the Paramount Leader of the People's Republic of China, there would be only 1 China, but indie Chinese parts such as Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan would have their own capitalist financial and political systems, as the slumber of China uses the socialist system. Therefore, Hong Kong extended to keep up a capitalist economy as it was a United kingdom colony, while that of China is a socialist one.
This capitalist financial system allowed Hong Kong to be more economically successful than China in the 20th century. From your flourishing textile, watch and rings industries in the 1960's, to the turn of main monetary industries to retail, money and real estate in 1980's, Hong Kong individuals were generally having an increased degree of income and living standard than people in mainland. Also, as a well-developed entrepot, Hong Kong takes on an important role in the Asian financial system. This might make Hong Kong people build a mindset of they are simply superior to mainland Chinese. Alternatively, Hong Kong continues to be reserving the United kingdom law and tax systems, but not using those from China. People may therefore have a good idea that their economic and political systems are more civilized, since corruptions and black-market deals aren't commonly found in Hong Kong. Unlike the situation in China, real human right and freedom of talk are highly covered in Hong Kong. These factors made Hong Kong visitors to feel that they may be superior.
When mainland vacationers spitting, throwing rubbish everywhere you go, eating or taking in on public carry, sitting on the floor, letting their children to excrete in public areas areas, probably most Hong Kongers will classify them as soiled. This is because those are out-of-mainstream behaviours. Inside the eyes of Hong Kong citizen, mainland tourists might have already become a sign of dusty. However, in the eye of businessmen, mainland travelers are VIPs because of the high purchasing power. Their visit undeniably improves Hong Kong's economy and generates more occupation vacancies. Mainlanders are contributors but definitely not dirty in this case.
In a more extreme situation, in the Olympic Game titles, when a Chinese athlete wins a silver medal, many Hong Kong people will celebrate the victory immediately, and be proud of being truly a Chinese language in this short moment of energy. Both mainland travelers and the Olympic sports athletes are Chinese language, Hong Kong people discriminate the ex - but see the later as idols. This is caused by subject out of place.
Because of the unstable political change in 1997, many Hong Kong people purposed to migrate to foreign countries somewhat than staying in Hong Kong before that yr arrives. During that time frame, Hong Kong people frequently questioned about their individuality. The fear of facing the chaotic change and the delight to be a resident of the successful city reaffirm their identity as a "Hong Kongese" rather than a Chinese language.
Besides the self-identity crisis, the moral and national education (MNE) is also being strongly compared by Hong Kong resident. They are afraid that the young years will be brainwashed by the articles of this subject and therefore turn into a Communist. If this comes true, Hong Kong is a city identical to people in mainland very soon. This is what Hong Kong people not prepared to see, as they are fearful that the boundary between personal and other (Hong Kong and mainland) is being blurred.
Another issue worried by Hong Kong people is their resources and welfare are being exploited and snatched by mainlanders, from anchor infants to the struggle for milk powder. Hong Kong people cannot tolerate the privilege which formerly belonged to those to fall in to the hands of others. They protested and wanted the Hong Kong Government to create regulations to prohibit mainlanders to keep taking benefits from their city. On the other hand, Hong Kong people wouldn't normally argue that their neighbours are using up their resources. It is because they see the other person as compatriots, while mainlanders are not.
Mainlanders aren't automatically dirty. Hong Kong people are experiencing bias and discriminations to them, dirt is merely the reason to discriminate them. Talking about people, things or procedures as clean or dusty is not a socially neutral action, it is created and created by the public. Hong Kong is actually not as available and tolerant as stated in the "Brand Hong Kong" advertising campaign. The behaviours of mainlanders might not exactly be accurate and do harm Hong Kong people. No one can evaluate whether Hong Kong people's opposition and accusation towards mainlanders are acceptable or not. This is because different people have different sides of view. The thing could be concluded is the fact, Hong Kong still has a even strategy to use to achieve a real "diverse" city.