Posted at 12.13.2018
Introduction: There will vary learning styles which may have developed with associated lab tests that helps individuals to comprehend their learning styles. A learning style is a method that is used to teach which is particular to a specific individual and which is assumed that if utilized by that individual, it will help these to learn their best. It has been described as that one style that helps individuals to process the stimuli of their brain which helps them to comprehend what they are being taught.
Though the idea of learning style is relatively young having gained floor in the 1970s, it is becoming an important process in the modern education especially on concerns concerning how teachers utilize it in the curriculum and exactly how it is utilized in the development of the curriculum. It's been found out that if educators understand the training styles of their pupil, they can help their students to adapt to the needs with their classroom work and therefore make the procedure of learning interesting to them. So that it has been found quite important to combine the many learning styles of students in the curriculum to be able to ensure that the curriculum meets the needs of the various students who are taught using the same curriculum. (Wang and Nagy, 2007)
This paper talks about different learning styles which have been identified. It'll try to associate the learning styles with that they are being in the curriculum. Hence the target will be on the learning styles and the way the curriculum has been developed to appeal to the needs of different learning styles. But first let us look at learning styles.
Models and theories of learning styles
There tend to be more that 80 learning styles which may have been suggested but all of them contain some basic styles. You will discover three basic learning models which have been identified and that are being used by learners. Let us take a look at these models.
This is a model where scholar learn through finding. It is a way where ideas, principles, and other information are closely associated with the images that are symbolized in a graphical manner. The learner simply need to see the body gestures of the educator and the facial appearance that the tutor in order to comprehend what they are teaching. This method is usually utilized by those students who are able to concentrate for years and who want to sit before their classrooms to avoid any distraction to their visual helps. These students may think in pictures and at the same time learn form the visible shows like diagrams, over head transparencies, videos, turn graphs, and other materials designed to use visual helps to communicate. The learners are usually quite definitely attentive through the classroom lessons and they take notes to be able to absorb the majority of the info that is being given by the tutor. (Lawrence, 1999)
Researches have discovered that aesthetic learning theory helps students to improve in many education areas including critical thinking where they are likely to link design with verbal and aesthetic information and sketch understanding from such a romance, retention where these students are likely to remember almost all of the information that was visually or verbally represented, comprehension where pupil can understand new ideas and hook up then with their past experience or knowledge, and company where the students can in fact use diagrams in order to organize large amount of data in a way that it can be easily understood. The bottom of the learn style is based on the way students can visualize the info and later interpret it and build literacy along that data. (Sather, 2007)
Auditory Learning Style
This is a method where students learn through hearing. With this style, students learn through verbal lectures such as a variety of discussions, conversing and being attentive. The pupil who uses this style may well not strive to be in leading of the class nonetheless they like residing at a distance where they can get almost all of what is occurring. They could interpret the meaning of a talk through interpreting the root tone of professor voice, pitch, acceleration and other nuances of talk. They may not concentrate on writing what's being said nevertheless they are very keen on listening what's being said. They don't really rush to take notes but they remember to write their notes. The learners can also benefit a lot from reading aloud texts and also use a tape recorder. This style is used by about 20 percent of the population. In most instances, when these students are learning, the read nonetheless they cannot understand if there is no sound in the background. Therefore most to them will be reading and at exactly the same time hearing music or any other history noise. Some of the students have been found to learn when there is certainly noise in the backdrop. These learners concentrate more on the sound they are experiencing that what they are learning. If they are spelling, they often use sounds. In the event they talk with individuals, they are likely to forget their faces but keep in mind their brands. These students also prefer to don't stop talking. (Kolb, 2003)
Tactile or Kinesthetic Learners
These can be described as learners who learn by moving, doing or coming in contact with. They are descried as learning best by having a hands approach where they positively explore the physical world around them. Although they may look like restless students how discovers it hard to remain still for long period, they use their restlessness in moving and touching to learns. In this respect, this learning style is said to take place when student carry out the physical learning activity instead of taking their time to pay attention or watch the demo of an learning activity. Scholar who utilize this learning styles have been said to the a few of the natural discoverers learners as they are able to achieve almost all of their learning through useful applicability of the ideas unlike having thought over something for along time and then initiating the idea. However there isn't evidence that is proven to support the effectiveness of the kinesthetic theory of learning.
Going by the above mentioned learning theories, the aesthetic learners makes up to thirty percent of the population while the auditory learners are around 20 to twenty five percent. There fore kinesthetic learners could make up majority of the populace in this regard creating to about 45 percent of learners. Kinesthetic learners have been found to become more successful in the other activities at institution and in other areas of program.
This analysis provides us the three major types of learning styles that are used. This shows variety that is accessible in the college student population and for that reason you can find need to understand this diversity to become an effective curriculum instructor. This indicates that though a educator may be having scholar in the same category, they m ay be having diverse needs than the physical needs that the tutor can actually see in the students. Therefore as was said in the intro, there is dependence on the teacher to own full understanding of the diverse learning varieties of every single student to be able to appeal to their needs. Without such and understand of the training styles of students, it would be hard for a tutor to identify students and classify them into their respected learning styles. This might help the tutor to serve them well. Why don't we now take a look at the way the curriculum is developed in order to appeal to the needs of the students. (Fang, 2002)
Curriculum Development and Learning Styles
Curriculum is utilized to support the effort of the tutor in education. A curriculum is just a set of program that provides detail on how students should be educated. It acts as guide that is systematically designed to allow learner to comprehend concepts it stages. It really is an important tool not only to the tutor but also to the learners. Educators place a great deal emphasize on the design of the curriculum since it offers impacts on the training of the students. Curriculum and training are some of the most important sectors in education. Hence we can say the curriculum is the base of any education process. (McCarthy, 2004)
As we've said learning theories are very imprint in the training process. It is because they impact on the look of not only the curriculum but also instructions and diagnosis. Learning theories are believed when discovering the process being that they are important in aiding the training process. Learning theories are important in the curriculum since educator place a lot of emphases on the intuition, feeing, sensing, imagination and other aspects that are important in assisting the student understand what they are being shown. Inside the curriculum learning styles are also important in analyze, reason and the situation dealing with process.
In the instruction, learning theories impact in that teachers should come up with their own instructions methods which will help the students know very well what they are being taught. Teachers should produce teaching methods that attracts the needs of the students using the aforementioned four learning styles. Which means that it will first take the educator time to comprehend the kind of learners who are in the course and make an effort to dwelling address their needs in the process of coaching. A teacher will use various experiences which may have been gained as time passes. Furthermore a tutor will be be prepared to use reflections, conceptualization and experimentations in coming up with the best coaching method that will help the students understand. As instructors of the curriculum, teachers can expose variety of experiment elements in the classrooms like audio, music, visuals, body activity, verbal lecturing and other methods that will cater for the needs of the students.
For a tutor to know if they are providing needed curriculum and instructions to the learner, they are likely to assess the students. This is an integral part of the curriculum which ultimately shows the effective of the look and implementation of the curriculum. In this regard, educators must understanding the needs and learning varieties of different students in order to come up the proper assessment techniques. Because teachers cannot give different analysis checks to different students corresponding to their learning style, they should therefore make use of various techniques in the evaluation that will assist them to develop all the brains in their classroom. In their respect, the assessment testing should be balance so that it addresses all the needs of students without presenting undue gain to others.
The curriculum is made up of all these three aspects. That means that there surely is the curriculum content, there should be defined was in which the curriculum will be instructed to the students, and it must provide means of diagnosis for the items of the curriculum. Therefore the provision of the curriculum must be predicated on the learning style as had been illustrate above.
Consideration of the training styles is very essential in the learning environment since it dictates the way the curriculum is developed. In growing the curriculum, there has to be effort to handle the needs of the student. As we've seen from our examination, the biggest ratio among the pupil population perhaps the kinesthetic learner who constitute about 45 percent of the populace. Which means curriculum must take into consideration this percentage of the populace in order to own relevant and effective contents. This content of the curriculum must give specific details which ensure that the deliver of the items will have more sensible work than theoretic work. That is in order to work with the ratio of the populace that is high in the populace.
Unfortunately many curriculums which may have been designed never have kept to the issue of learning ideas in the population. This makes many of the curriculums struggling to meet their expectation. The expectation of any curriculum is to impart knowledge to the students in the easiest manner possible. This can help them to gain knowledge easily. Therefore if the curriculum is to meet its goals, it must be designed in a way that it dealt with the needs of each and every learner in the populace. In this regard the curriculum may be getting the contents that manage the learners but the instructors may fail to implement these provisions. This makes learning inadequate and pupil underperforms.
As we have seen there are many learning styles that are used by students. These learning styles are important given that they help every single student to comprehend the contents of the curriculum in the easiest way possible. Educators as the trainers of the curriculum must understand the learning design of their students in order to give them the best instructions that they need in their learning process. The look of the curriculum must also take care of the needs of each and every student. Which means curriculum should be developed in a manner that its content, instructions and the diagnosis manuals must give every single student an advantage. Which means that professors as the teachers of the curriculum have a job that can be played to ensure that the needs of each and every student is achieved.
Fang, A. (2002). Utilization of learning styles in curriculum development. NY State
Kolb, D. (2003). Experiential Learning: Experience as the Source of Learning and Development. NY: Wiley
Lawrence, G. (1999). Sensible Guide to Learning Styles; Oxford University
McCarthy, B. (2004). Teaching to Learning Styles; London: Routledge
Sather, A. (2007). The advantage of principals and coaching of supporting junior engagement in institution; NASSP Bulletin December 2007
Wang, N. & Nagy, J. (2007): The alternate route teacher change to the class. NASSP Bulletin, March 2007