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Study On Robespierre The Tyrant History Essay

Few historical heroes excite the amount of controversy that surrounds Maximilien Robespierre, a mild-mannered provincial lawyer who only lived to be thirty-six. He was a guy full of hypocrisy and assault. He was once described by the French copy writer Hippolyte Taine:

"In vain he detached himself from the action and raises his preacher's eyes to heaven, but he cannot hearing and seeing throughout him, beneath his toes the cracking of bone fragments, the streaming of blood, the insatiable gaping mouth of the monster he has trained and he bestrides. " (Rude 104)

Robespierre was a tyrant and a ruthless, bloodthirsty dictator. A leader without mercy, perhaps an example of the first modern dictator. Robespierre, who performed a sizable part in the French Trend, was a tyrant and presumed in murder of his own people. His economic, social and political guidelines were unsuccessful and some horrifying. The financial situation in France during the Reign of Terror was untenable, Robespierre stated he wished to rejuvenate the machine, but failed as he wished to control every part of it. The political guidelines passed by him were oppressive and unjust. Robespierre was indeed a murderous political despot and hypocrite in his own right. The social guidelines were distressing and the need to be a total dictator of the united states brought Robespierre to extreme means to gain his ability.

Commencing along with his monetary control of the costs and inflations, which ruined French people's chances at any satisfactory living standard where they cannot find the money for to even feed their family. Jacobins were happy to enforce general control of the prices and equipment, which eventually emerged in the Maximum Law of Sept 29, 1793. ( Rude 40 ) Robespierre was convinced that the riots that happened (because of the meals shortages) were provoked by aristocratic elements, he didn't see that in reality individuals were starving in Paris and in the countryside. Robespierre constantly stole food from poor peasant farmers to feel the Jacobins and the army, leaving them without the means of success; little was done to help these farmers. (Palmer 67)

Agriculture was the backbone of the French economy, Robespierre achieved to cripple the vendors by price expectations, going out of the tradesmen with little if any income from the sales which were made. This remaining two classes now despairing for means of income. This price control was essentially at the expense of the farmers and stores. (Carr 131) Military were authorized against the farmers, not only if these were not willing to give up all the crops that they had worked for so difficult, but even if indeed they missed an item on a set of plants or goods that they produced. This may mean that an execution or prison waited anyone who forgot to write that they grew a few rows of potatoes, or simply someone that forgot to revise their list. The committee of Open public Safety had taken control of not only politics but also the overall economy, Robespierre had placed himself as the economical dictator in a country that revolted to have a democracy. The payment and its own employees were filled with Jacobins who became, subsequently, corrupt as they manipulated the move of goods and money. Robespierre was a tyrant and a ruthless, bloodthirsty dictator.

Robespierre's social plans were presumed to be based on equality yet they were anything but just. The Jacobins has an anti feminist attitude. The year 1793 abolished all women's clubs. Even women advocators were not cared for as equals. Women belonged to fathers and husbands, this is hard to imagine as equality, yet in Robespierre's brain it was not only similar but fair. "Robespierre condemned women's general population participation, regardless of the fact that women had played an integral role in the French revolution. " (de Sarkar ) This does not appear like equality whether nowadays, or through the French revolution. The legal status of women was not much different from minors, imbeciles or simply even slaves. (Weiner, 90 )

The effect on the Catholic Church and its believers was damaging as the Cult of Supreme Being was set up. This was a faith that was to unify the nation, a region that was over seventy percent devout catholic. ( Sanchez 3 ) The new state faith was to be the only one practiced publically, every other openly utilized religions were to be punished. If Catholic priests didn't swear an oath to the Cult of Supreme being they would be executed. The property of the cathedral was liquidated and a large number of French people were denounced 'counter revolutionaries' of they did not convert to the state religion, punishable by fatality.

On February second 1794 the Law on Principal Education was transferred, this guaranteed that children would go to school. Robespierre ensured that what these children were learning was Jacobin morals and values, the school system was censored only to uphold Jacobins views. This is a calculated proceed to raise and produce young revolutionaries that were taught to believe that Jacobin way was the best way to operate a country. Despite having the underlining purpose of brainwashing French children, this legislations was not enforced heavily during the Reign of Terror, and failed in its wicked makes an attempt. (Sherman 49) It could be argued that by enough time of his death, Robespierre had become whatever the original goals of the Trend possessed railed against. His cultural procedures were unethical and in the end these were part of what lost Robespierre his dictatorship.

The political regulations were of outmost risk to the citizens, they were certainly the strictest & most nauseating. Robespierre was an excellent orator and opportunist who seems to have used the Nationalist sentiments of the time to help expand his own passions and career and to justify the murders of most who stood in his way. Prairal laws were laws that began the fantastic Terror in 1794 by not allowing the accused to defend themselves and providing more power to the brand new Tribunals for expedience in executions. The residents of France did not have a right to a good trial, witnesses or a jury, these were denied their rights. In his Justification, Robespierre says that Justice originates from a judiciary which is responsible to the people -- yet, in his political actions he previously justice dispensed regarding to nothing but his own agenda. During The Terror he instituted courts which were:

". . . special ground-breaking courts responsible and then [the] Committee of General public Security. These courts disregarded normal legal strategies and judged significantly. " (Eagan)

The rule of Laws became the ruler man or group of men led by Robespierre, he appointed all judges, who had been Jacobins. No research or witnesses were needed in the mass tests to convict 'counter revolutionaries'. There have been no freedoms and rights in the Reign of Terror. Freedom of expression was only permitted if it supported the Jacobin's views, usually it was treasonous. Open public speeches were prohibited if they didn't support Robespierre's morals and the consequence was fatality, although Robespierre supposedly invited people to present their opinions. The federal government under the Reign of Terror was reduced from over seven-hundred associates to seven or eight customers of the Committee of Community Safety. Robespierre claimed that he was against absolutism, when in fact he was owning a form of dictatorship, he used assault and terror to maintain his electric power. Robespierre was a tyrant and a ruthless, bloodthirsty dictator.

Robespierre was the sort of man who could pay lip service to enlightenment rules while at the same time advocating the violation of 1 of its most important goals: freedom of impression. Such was his skill for manipulation of words. Though it was his murderous activities which eventually cost him his life in 1794, his words are what most betray his hypocrisy. In his conversation "The Terror Justified", created before the French Country wide Assembly in Feb of that same calendar year, he clarifies that he experienced he must ". . . lead people by means of reason and the opponents of the individuals by terror. . . " (Sherman 182) Yet it is bluntly clear that he lead everyone with terror whether it was an unhealthy farmer, urban employee or the bourgeoisie and aristocracy. Robespierre's financial, social and political policies were unsuccessful plus some horrifying, he was a tyrant and a ruthless, bloodthirsty dictator.

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Robespierre: Ruthless Tyrant.

Ewa Kozakiewicz

Mr. Chisholm

Modern Traditional western Civilizations

St. John's College

October 15th, 2002

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