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Strategies of Counselling Interventions

Counselling Interventions

Counselling interventions have been identified in professional literature as a unique interrelationship between a customer and a counsellor, which aspires to make a change and a growth in three main areas: Personal development, public modification, and professional development. Through the counselling process, the counsellor gets the responsibility to donate to the process of change, pertaining to to his / her client's personal development (Bordin, 1968). The existing essay will demonstrate several significant elements that are associated with counselling treatment as a emotional process, clarifying important aspects and strategies that contribute to the effectiveness of the procedure.

The Benefits of Allowing the Client to Explore

During the history of mindset and counselling a variety of attitudes and strategies such as the Psychoanalytic theory, the Gestalt, Rogers' Theory and the Behaviourism have been developed to be able to provide the client the ability to explore his or her internal world in diverse strategies and methods of connection that aim to increase the level of understanding as well as the level of motivation to improve. By allowing your client to explore his / her concealed world and new aspects in his or her behaviour, recognising cultural and mental experience can occur through the treatment process as well as the development of an insight. Desire to to help in clients to progress in exploration process has been greatly based on the idea that through attaching with vital healthy cores and by changing feelings, thoughts and behavior in an individual way, the client can improve in the healing process and also to fulfil his or her human potential.

The Great things about Using Silences in the Relationship

Lerner (1989) has identified intimate relationship as ". . . one where neither get together silences, sacrifices, or betrays the do it yourself and each party expresses durability and vulnerability, weakness and competence in a well-balanced way. " (Lerner, 1989, p. 3). Monsour (1992) has added that through the process the counsellor provides an unconditional support, which has been thought to be taking care of of an intimate romance. Silences have been considered as un-verbal reactions that express different meanings such as empathy and understanding or distress and misunderstanding. Using silences in the relationship allows both the counsellor and your client to get deeper, to share feelings and thoughts, or in a different way, to be aware of distances and spaces that may occur in the process. Using silences also reflects to the client that he / she is being listened to and that his / her shared feelings and thoughts are being carefully regarded.

The Benefits of Paraphrasing

Paraphrasing has been considered in professional books as an influential reaction that contributes greatly to the process' improvement. This reaction induces additional thoughts and new expressions and assists your client in examining issues. Using paraphrasing during counselling also helps the counsellor to clarify and brighten the client's expressions. Additionally it is significant to notice that reflecting expressions in the associations has been regarded as a similar psychological strategy to paraphrasing although it includes emotional aspects beyond cognitional elements that are being used in paraphrasing. However, using both paraphrasing and reflecting in the counselling process induces your client to explore and take a look at his or her thoughts and thoughts, brightens significant hidden aspects, and aids in developing an perception.

The Benefits of Using REBT Challenges

Basing on several major mental approaches including the Cognitive Behaviour Change theory, clients in therapeutic treatments are required to monitor their emotions, pondering and interacting both with themselves and with others, as they are encouraged to make changes in the "scripted nature" with their behaviour (Meichenbaum, 1986). Rational Emotive Behaviour Remedy (REBT) has reflected the concept that the client's troubling emotions have been predicated on wrong or false thinking and values. Through the use of REBT challenges through the treatment process such as self-talk and self-statements, the client can challenge his / her wrong beliefs and assumptions through self-defeating inside dialogue. REBT strategies provide clients the various tools and the ability to replace exaggerated beliefs and thoughts with motivating adaptive thinking, emphasising the modification of self-destructive principles and emotions and the removal of irrational or negative thoughts.

The Benefits of Using Positive Verbal Encourages such as "Yes" and "OK"

Counsellors' behaviour and reaction can help their clients to produce a significant change in the thoughts as well as behaviour. Using positive verbal encourages such as "yes" and "ok" through the counselling process can represent your client that the counsellor believes in his / her ability to succeed in handling with his or her current condition and in progressing in the treatment process. Using positive verbal encourages can also develop a positive environment, where the client trusts confidentially his or her counsellor's supportive expressions and behavior.

The Belief behind Directive Counselling

During the annals of mental health counselling mixed directive solutions such as Interpersonal Remedy and the Gestalt procedure and non-directive strategies such as Roger's theory have been developed, basing on different principles and assumptions. Interpersonal Therapy has centered on the interpersonal romantic relationships of the client, assuming that emotional problems can be cured by changing and increasing patterns of connections and communication. The significant aspect of the interrelationship of the individual with the surroundings has also played out a central role in the Gestalt procedure, emphasising the individual's notion of actuality.

Since the 1970s behavioural solutions have emphasised the facet of the role of considering and the habits of beliefs and its crucial influence on human behaviour. In previous years, behavioural strategies and methods focused on elements such as behaviours and actions that were observable, basing on the assumption that emotions and thoughts can be modified following change of behaviour. Cognitive therapists have assumed that individuals can only just change their behaviour or the way they work by changing their patterns of thinking and beliefs. Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapy, for illustration, has been based on the concept that an individual builds up different varieties of beliefs, pondering and actions because of this of his or her earlier experience and his or her interpretations and perceptions of the activities, while its purpose is to alter and reveal negative or incorrect habits of thinking and behavior which may be causing or conditioning anxieties or distress.

These techniques have emphasised the key purpose of the counselling process as a psychological treatment that aims to aid the client to expose and also to classify distorted patterns of thinking and values and to learn new practical ways to interpret personal experiences. The transformation from traditional behavioural treatment to cognitive-behavioural treatment has reflected a less mechanical treatment, as the client's pondering patterns and values have been regarded as the key resources to behavioural change and a central component in the counselling process.

The Opinion behind Congruence

According to Rogers (1957) a central key to self-generated rehabilitation of internal problems and a healthy personality development is concealed in the sufficient conditions of personality change. These necessary conditions consist beyond other critical elements such as empathy and credibility in the healing treatment, components of congruence. The three main main conditions of unconditional positive regard, empathy and congruence products your client in feeling reputed, valued and paid attention to non-judgmentally. The use of congruence in the counselling process has been based on the idea that counsellors who respond in this manner encourage their clients to share their thoughts and experience ideally, moving towards feelings of unconditional admiration and popularity. The aspect of congruence displays to your client trust, credibility and transparency, in respect of the counsellor's personality and behaviour, creates a positive environment of esteem and available communication, and promotes him or her to expose his or her thoughts, beliefs and feelings.

The Strengths of Using Summaries

Using summaries, or quite simply, statements that pull jointly and review the fact of significant client's expressions can condense and mirror important thoughts, values, values and thoughts that your client has expressed, and several cases explored, through the counselling process. Summaries that often arise at transition phases within a treatment or at the end of a period assist the client to organise expressions and events that have took place in an earlier stage of the time.

The Talents of Concentrating on a Client Issue

Burton (1975) has suggested that the therapist behaves during the treatment process as a person who included deeply with the client and his / her environment. Miller and Rollnick (1991) have added that motivational techniques and strategies that focus on the client along the way and his or her immediate environment can result in effective results. It is mostly necessary to clarify to your client that the counselling treatment is designed to be centred on his / her thoughts and behavior and assist him or her to make the appealing change. Another aspect, which is important to say, would be that the counsellor's concentration on his / her thoughts and reactions rather than on the relationship with the client can create an essential disruption in the existed interpersonal communication.

The Weaknesses of Closed Questions

In distinction to available questions that allow the consumer to broaden his or her cognitive field, encouragement to explore his or her thoughts, beliefs, beliefs and thoughts and the relationship along with his or her counsellor, closed questions eliminate and limit the client's capability to utilize these crucial subconscious strategies and tools. Furthermore, shut down questions often are the answer in their patterns, can usually be clarified in a few words, and more demanding a remedy rather than appealing one. Questions should also be focused about the situations and concerns of the customers, rather then the counsellor's concerns for them. Also, one of the central weaknesses of closed down questions would be that the counsellor leads his / her client to conditions that are appealing of the counsellor himself/herself.

The Weaknesses of Demonstrating a Lack of Respect

Basing on professional books, research workers have emphasised a respectful, objective and caring approach to be essential during the treatment process, as the client can feel disrespect even whether she or he in a level of regression, in respect with their mental situation, and confrontation often contributes to negative results as denial (Miller et al. , 1992), as the therapist should use the appropriate strategy and information, if required, to each level of the procedure (Diclemente, 1991). Rogers (1951) has declared that the best way to help clients to help themselves is by creating and preserving a true admiration and trust environment through the treatment process, which he called un-functional positive connection. Basing on this notion, treatment providers in general, and counsellors in particular, should reflect with their clients that they have confidence in the clients' skills to utilize their resources in an effective way, as the customers themselves are dependable with their thoughts, feelings, attitudes and behaviour. Through the treatment process, counsellors should help your client to be aware to his / her feelings behaviour, offering the fundamental tools and resources. In a very nice environment, clients can handle with the thoughts and behaviour in their specific way and regarding their mental condition, even though they may be sometimes distorted or refused by them. Furthermore, Counsellors should respond in a way that makes the client feel greatly in his / her presence and interest. They are not being deterred from using their individual expert as they switch on it to be able to help clients to own their own specialist in their life.

Conclusion

Finally, another important aspect that needs to be regarded as in the counselling process as well as in other treatment processes is the ethic of health care. Many theorists have encircled the principles that are employed with the ethic of good care (Gilligan, 1982), which addresses prices of trust, security from harm, attention and interdependence (Benjamin, 2001). The existing essay has analyzed significant strategies that can contribute to the effectiveness of counselling interventions such as using REBT Difficulties, focusing on a customer issue, and making a positive environment of respect and honesty. The usage of these crucial elements has reflected the concept that although during the counselling process a versatile environment is established, where the client feels assured to explore and analyze earlier experiences which may have not been sublimated, the counsellor's thoughts and behavior are not less significant, and he or she must create an environment, which is characterised by congruence, empathic understanding and approval.

Resources

Ellis, A. (1987). The evolution of rational-emotive remedy (RET) and cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT). In: J. K. Zeig (Ed. ). The Evolution of Psychotherapy. NY: Brunner/hazel.

Miller, W. R. , Zweben, A. , DiClemente, C. C. , and Rychtarik, R. G. (1992). Inspiration enhancement therapy manual: A professional medical research guide for therapist dealing with individuals with alcoholic beverages mistreatment and dependence. Country wide Institute on Alcoholic beverages Maltreatment and Alcoholism Job MATCH Monograph Series, 2. DHHS Pub. No. (ADM) 92-18894. Washington, DC: Supt. of Docs. , U. S. Govt. Printing. Off.

Miller, W. R. , and Rollnick, S. (1991). Motivational Interviewing: Preparing Visitors to Change Addictive Behavior. NY: Guilford Press.

References

Benjamin, M. (2001). Nursing ethics. In: L. C. Becker and C. B. Becker (Eds. ). The Encyclopaedia of Ethics (2nd ed. ). NY: Routledge, 1250-1253.

Bordin, E. S. (1968). Mental Counselling (2nd ed. ). New York: Appleton-Century.

Burton, A. (1975). Interpersonal Psychotherapy. Englewood Cliffs, N. J. : Prentice-Hall.

DiClemente, C. C. (1991). Motivational interviewing and the periods of change. In: W. R. Miller and S. Rollnick (Eds. ). Motivational Interviewing: Preparing Visitors to Change Addictive Behaviour. New York: Gilford Press, 191-202.

Gilligan, C. (1982). Inside a Different Speech: Psychological Theory and Women's Development. Cambridge: Harvard College or university Press.

Lerner, H. (1989). The Party of Intimacy. London: Pandora.

Meichenbaum, D. (1986). Cognitive behavior modification. In: F. H. Kanter and A. P. Goldstein (Eds. ). Helping People Change. NY: Pergamon Press, 346-381.

Monsour, M. (1992). Meanings of Intimacy in cross- and same- intimacy companionship. Journal of Friendly and Personal Human relationships, 9: 277-295.

Rogers, C. R. (1957). The required and sufficient conditions of healing personality change. In: H. Kirschenbaum and L. Henderson (Eds. ). (1990). The Carl Rogers Audience. London: Constable.

Rogers, C. R. (1951). Client-Centred Therapy. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

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