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Songs Of Innocence And Experience British Literature Essay

Blake considers, that terrestrial individual life is a way of heart and soul from Eternity and back Eternity. The spirit clothes in a flesh for the terrestrial presence. It supports in remembrance Eternity, that is Innocence. But the got Knowledge deforms, obscures this memory space. Alternatively, terrestrial existence, corresponding to Emmanuel Swedenborg's doctrine is reflexion of this occurs in Eternity. Blake the idea not only as philosophical basis uses this. It is applicable it as an creative touch. Therefore in each poem the two times sense is hidden. When Blake describes a rural panorama, video games of children, a pray in St. Paul's cathedral, it constantly reminds, that it's a question not of simple daily situations, and about the Eternal Life. Echoes of this Eternal Life we, mortal, can get, caressing the baby or ironing шÐÑсÑку a lamb. If we have though somewhat ability of divine eye-sight. Thanks to this implied sense basic children's verses choose serious philosophical product.

At this time Blake it is boundless trusts in блÐгосÑносÑÑŒ and mercy of the God. The god is a uniform and unique good beginning, and the People Child - the Christ - the invariable pastor and the defender of individuals. Blake divided Swedenborg's sights which rejected the concept of the Sacred Trinity. Swedenborg asserted, that the God is uniform, the God has only condescended for quite a while for the earth in image Jesus Christ. Alternatively, according to Swedenborg's doctrine, the interior world of the person is together and the entire world heavenly. The love, compassion, care about near are "conformity" to that occurs in the Sky, that is conformity to the God. Each of us is the tiniest similarity of the Sky, or the Sacred image». As outcome the Eternity as a unification is good luck achievable not only out of terrestrial lifetime. It could be found in a shower of everybody mortal, concluded in a carnal cover, but only when the soul maintains true spirituality, or Innocence.

But a genuine terrestrial life - a vale not only pleasures, but also sorrows. Tunes of Innocence» are full evenly both pleasures, and sufferings - both that and another an essence necessary parts of a divine Craft. The spirit rejoices, for stores storage of Eternity, but the flesh is doomed to put up with. Tracks of Innocence» illustrate both fun, and a grief, However light motives prevail in images of the circuit: Music of Innocence» speak about happy and sorrowless a condition of spirit individuals», about divine coverage, about spirituality of the terrestrial world.

Creation Songs of Innocence» has been completed in 1789. In those days Blake believed this cycle the done product. However in five years he has created a new routine Tunes of Experience» which includes been united together with Sounds of Innocence» in vital product Songs of Innocence and Experience Shewing the Two Contrary States of the Individuals Soul». By this time at Blake sights at the globe have radically altered. Variety of the reasons has induced this change, specifically, disappointment in the French Trend and a withdrawal from ideas of Emmanuel Swedenborg.

Early sights Blake can be identified conditionally as "Christian", and it is possible to mention its new idea "natural". In what is composed it natural»? The poet at an early stage almost focused all focus on extraterrestrial lifetime of soul and on idyllic Eternity. Echoes of the Eternity can be observed in a few terrestrial shows. The Divine, however, has been segregated from terrestrial enough by an accurate side. Achievement of full tranquility, a religious ideal probably only in Eternity, and the terrestrial life is kept down by the flesh and consequently is a vale of sorrows and tears. By writing time Tracks of Experience» Blake has significantly changed the point of view. Now it exchanges the focus on a terrestrial actuality. Terrestrial griefs do not cause in it more thought on requital in the future. The protest instead ripens: the life could be ideal and on the planet earth, but the globe is burdened by "spiritual fetters» which are essential for dumping. In this case there will be a returning of the Globe», that is earthly heaven coming.

Poem The Chimney Sweeper» is a typical example of polemic Blake of times Music of Innocence» with Blake times Sounds of Experience». Heroes of two poems act like exactly the same name among themselves, however in the first the small chimney sweep is unlucky because of the hardship, in the next - is competent to test pleasure contrary to them. Inside the first it sees a consolation in the God liberating it from "coffin" of the terrestrial life, in the second - is dressed in "shroud" on the Earth by the God (is more exact, the God-fearing parents) is doomed to sufferings.

Accusatory pathos is evenly strong in both poems, however in everyone it appears in own way: in the first - the joy can be done only in heavens as expiation of terrestrial grieves, in the second - the pleasure would be possible and on the earth if not brutality of existing usages.


(Songs of Innocence)

When my mother died I used to be very young,

And my dad sold me while yet my tongue,

Could scarcely cry weep weep weep weep.

So your chimneys I sweep & in soot I sleep.

Theres little Tom Dacre, who cried when his brain That curi'd like a lambs back, was shav'd, therefore i said, Hush Tom never brain it, for when your head's bare, You understand that the soot cannot ruin your white head of hair.

And so he was calm, & that very night time, As Tom was a sleeping he had such a perception, That thousands of sweepers Dick, Joe, Ned & Jack Were all of them lock'd up in coffins of dark,

And by emerged an Angel who acquired a shiny key, And he open'd the coffins & set all of them free. Then down a inexperienced simple leaping laughing they run And wash in a river & sparkle in sunlight.

Then naked & white, all their bags left out, They rise after clouds, and sport in the blowing wind. Along with the Angel told Tom, if he'd be a good boy,

He'd have God for his father & never want joy.

And so Tom awoke and we rose in the dark

And got with this luggage & our brushes to work.

Tho ' the morning was frigid, Tom was happy & warm.

So if all do their work, they need not fear damage.


(Music of Experience)

A little dark-colored thing one of the snow:

Crying weep, weep, in notes of woe!

Where are thy daddy & mom? say?

They are both gone up to the chapel to pray.

Because I had been happy after the heath, And smil'd among the list of winters snow: They clothed me in the clothes of loss of life, And taught me to sing the notes of woe.

And because I am happy, & party & sing, They think they have done me no harm: And are gone to compliment God & his Priest & Ruler Who make up a heaven of your misery.

The world is conceived as made, however the spirit human remains in a lay and pretence snare: it is new idea Blake. The poet already not the shepherd-boy with a pipe, such as Sounds of Innocence».


Piping down the valleys wild Piping tunes of pleasurable glee Over a cloud I saw a child. And he laughing said to me.

Pipe a tune about a Lamb: THEREFORE I piped with merry chear, Piper pipe that melody again - THEREFORE I piped, he wept to listen to.

Drop thy tube thy happy pipe Sing thy tracks of happy chear, THEREFORE I sung the same again While he wept with pleasure to hear.

Piper remain thee down and write In a book that all may read - So he vanish'd from my perception, And I pluck'd a hollow reed.

And I made a rural pen, And I stain'd the water clear, And I had written my happy tunes, Every child may delight to hear

The new Poet is a Bard, clairvoyant, the prophet. Its problem - showing to people a way to spirit clearing.


Youth of joy come hither,

And see the beginning morn,

Image of fact new delivered.

Doubt is fled & clouds of reason,

Dark disputes & artful teazing.

Folly is an infinite maze.

Tangled roots perplex her ways,

How many have dropped there!

They stumble all night over bones of the dead:

And feel they know not what but care:

And desire to lead others when they must be led.

The new level of religious way Blake is linked with sharp convert Swedenborg's ideas down. Blake has seen them from the new get together. Blake represents in spiritual swedenborgian philosophy its one-sided essence, dogmatism, the passivity sermon. Swedenborg published, that the individual spiritual is the individual obedient to the God. Blake first was completely trust this statement, but it had doubts in greatness and justice of the God. The god became for Blake a despotism embodiment. СвÐдÐнбоÑг attempted to make clear an inner world through principles of the material world. Thus the materials world was reduced to a pale copy of the fine and perfect world heavenly. Blake, having crossed through dogmas of Swedenborg, has resolutely declined differentiation of the material and religious worlds. He asserted, that true spirituality is put in pawn in the type in support of waits for the Apocalypse, revolt against divine establishments to be shown in full force.

In Experience Tunes» подспудно there may be one of characters Blake's mythologies - god Urizen (compare Your Reason). Urizen is the embodiment of standard reason and law which resist to free, free Creativeness.

Urizen is depicted in Blake's watercoloured etching "The Ancient of Times".

The match Thoughts - Reason» - only an integral part of a chain of contrasts which penetrates all routine and packages its figurative system: Light - Darkness, Good - Angrily, the Life - Death, the Youngsters - the Later years, the Man's starting - the Female start, free love - suppression of needs etc. Blake counterposes his "Contraries" to Swedenborg's idea of equilibrium. "Without Contraries is no progression", says Blake. "Attraction and Repulsion, Reason and Energy, Love and Hate are necessary to Human living. " The contrary beginnings are impossible one without another, but thus Blake accepted for positive remain positive, and accepted for negative - negative throughout all routine, in any framework, and it in many respects really helps to decipher symbols of Blake.

THE Individuals ABSTRACT

Pity would be forget about.

If we did not make someone Poor:

And Mercy forget about could be,

If all were as happy even as:

And mutual dread brings peace:

Till the selfish enjoys increase.

Then Cruelty knits a snare,

And spreads his baits with care.

He sits down with holy fears, And waters the ground with tears: Then Humility takes its root Underneath his ft. .

Soon spreads the dismal tone Of Unknown over his brain; Plus the Catterpiller and Journey, Feed on the Secret.

And it bears the fruits of Deceit, Ruddy and sweet to eat: Plus the Raven his nest has manufactured in its thickest cover from the sun.

The Gods of the earth and sea,

Sought through Characteristics to find this Tree,

But their search was all in vain;

There grows one in the MIND.

This poem (match to THE DIVINE IMAGE» from the first routine) - central for knowledge of philosophical system Experience Tracks».

Here Kindly, the Tolerance, the earth, Love turn into a element of the unnatural social establishments existing in kingdom Urizen, - that is the philosophical strategy Innocence Tunes» is totally discredited. Having shown falsity and hypocrisy of the basic virtues of Innocence, Blake creates new allegory of private world of the individual in which basis the image of the Tree lays favourite it. It from Fear and Humility - sanctimonious humility of your lamb (compare a poem "Lily") develops and soon scatters a gloomy crone of Opinion, that is unnatural, far-fetched faith which feeds the Caterpillar and a Moth, clerics being here symbols. At last, the Tree brings the Deceit fruits, that is lie and pretence (it is therefore sweet), and on the Tree there is a Raven - a loss of life sign. Such see Blakeу private world of the person and a religious way of the mankind which includes been placed down chains of Urizen. In previous stanza it is underlined, that gods of the ocean and the earth», that is wildlife, uniform with Thoughts, cannot find this Tree as there is it in a mind and cultivates him Urizen - inert, not creative Reason.


To Mercy Pity Peace and Love,

All pray in their problems:

And to these virtues of delight

Return their thankfulness.

For Mercy Pity Peace and Love,

Is God our daddy dear: And Mercy Pity Calmness and Love, Is Man his child and good care.

For Mercy has a individuals center Pity, a individual face: And Love, the individual form divine, And Peacefulness, the individual dress.

Then every man of every clime, That prays in his problems, Prays to the human form divine Love Mercy Pity Peacefulness.

And all must love the individuals form, In heathen, turk or jew. Where Mercy, Love & Pity dwell, There God is dwelling too.

In this poem, central for Sounds of Innocence, in the most different form the essential notion of a cycle appears: the human being characteristics is divine. The individual and the God is a very important factor. Loving the person, we love also the God, in the God we love Its mankind. Here the essential, important virtues of the world of "Innocence Tunes» are immediately named: Good, Tolerance, the earth, Love, similarly important as for a life terrestrial, and heavenly. These virtues in the "perfect" form exist in heavens, and in the "reflected" kind (according to to the doctrine about conformity») are given people, and folks holding in the Sacred Image, should talk about them with each other. The true Christian - the one who professes Good, Tolerance, the entire world, Love, that is that who creates a graphic of Eternity on the planet earth, and in this sense there is absolutely no distinction between the countries and religions (compare at Swedenborg: To the individual professing like to near, a way on the Sky it is exposed regardless of its terrestrial faith - the perception is learnt not by religious beliefs. Any person executing a life moral and spiritual, includes the Sky »).

According to new sights Blake, the way to going back of the Globe» lays through liberation of wants (to begin with - love) which can be connected Reason's chains - Urizen In a success of natural dreams - both fleshes, and spirit-. Blake considers the Imagination party, falling of "spiritual fetters». The terrestrial, carnal life with natural spirituality initially inherent in it becomes for Blake the new ideal rising to the place of idyllic Eternity. However in nearly all poems " Songs of Experience » this is a question of suppression of natural intuition or around punishment for their screen, from here - severe, sometimes bitter and hopeless tone of this cycle.

In Experience Sounds», certainly, caustic enough, "satirical" sneer over light, glowing - and absolutely improbable - the world of " Sounds of Innocence » contains, and in this sense the next circuit bears on itself the disappointment press. However it not is disappointment in a life generally, more likely, disappointment in past ideals. However, to inform, that Blake completely rejects the former representations, would be exaggeration: he titles the former perspective "one-sided", the ideas "limited", but completely not wrong. Experience does not refuse Innocence, but eliminates to it a moderate host to one of aspects of variety of the world. Blake shows, that Mildness is impossible without Violence, Mercy without Suffering, Pleasure without Grief, and Good without Harm. Skilled Innocence», combining sanitation with liberation of desires, sanctity with lack of pretence and hypocrisy, instinctive divine eye-sight» with the got knowledge becomes ideal Blake.

In a term, Experience assumes wider and diverse picture of the world including Innocence as you of two comparable - and equivalent in protection under the law - the get-togethers, each which is equally necessary, that is why is sacred.

However the essential considered a cycle nevertheless comprises that in kingdom of Urizen of virtue of Innocence fairly often turn to the contrasts. Because of this so unconditionally discredits Blake Kindly, Tolerance, the globe, Love which become icons of lie, hypocrisy and pretence so ruthlessly disorders mercy and religion which are the reasons of tears and sufferings. While there are spiritual fetters», idyll is inaccessible, but after dropping of these fetters Paradise can be done and on the earth for the Nature, as a matter of fact, and it is that ÐдÐм that may perform eventually all real human desires. Experience sounds» sing scolded, but not killed beauty of the terrestrial life, individuality of the Nature and the God - only in such sense and it is essential to understand them natural».

Its e book The Relationship of Heaven and Hell», (1790) became the manifesto of "natural" sights Blake. Difficultly enough with exactness to specify a genre of this product is simultaneously both the philosophical treatise, and the arch of aphorisms, and a poem in prose: definitely, Blake meaningly attempted to simulate bible stylistics. It is committed polemic with original Christianity, a minimum of with Swedenborg places. Producing theomachic» the traditions going in the English literature from J. Milton (from its poem Lost Paradise», 1667),

Blake declares insolvent the standard Christian idea of Good and Damage. Kind (Sky) sung in Innocence Songs» and symbolized by Christian faith as proceeding from the God and, hence, is exclusive good, becomes at Blake passive, all-accepting, that is why not creative, not the capable starting to development; on the other hand, rebellious Injury (Hell) recognizes to it the start active, creating for this, breaking traditional representations, goes development. The good personifies spiritual stagnation, and Injury - throwings and heart challenges without which thought movement is impossible.

Jehovah shows up in a poem as a severe, despotic deity and it is actually recognized with Urizen. The Satan, on the contrary, is shown as the selector, the fighter personifying the Poetic Genius. Breaking Christianity canons, Blake the Christ, tries to show, that much more likely, belonged to party of the Satan for was led by Creativeness and preferred to check out the wishes and promptings, rather than the imposed dogma.

The creativity which Blake considers as the bigger ability of the individual, undoubtedly, starts with the Hell. The sky personifies an order, rationality, dogmatism; the Creativeness is organised down by nothing at all, chaotically and absolutely irrationally. Traditional Harm becomes in The Marriage. . . » Symbolic of spiritual independence, creative energy, reformative the globe, and traditional Good - a passivity and dogmatism image. However Blake remains it is true to the dialectics and asserts, that two opposing are mad about each other and only their coexistence, "a married relationship" conducts to original spirituality.

The second major question The Relationship. . . » is a question of unity of spirit and a body. Blake rejects recognized of Swedenborg traditional representations in regards to a body as sinful flesh» (i. e. Harm) also to a shower as носиÑÐльницРdivine hearth (i. e. Good). Wedding occurs not only in a world, but also in each one of the mortal: heart and soul and a flesh - are standard. Blake asserts, that All Live - Is sacred», that is the material world not only is a pale duplicate of the world heavenly, it is self-important and self-sufficient, that is why is within own way perfect. The soul does not can be found independently from a flesh as the flesh is so sacred, as well as spirit; and for that reason carnal wishes are completely not sinful (as confirms the Sky), on the other hand, sinfully their suppression. In liberation of any flesh that may cause liberation of nature, Blake sees a way to a cleaning Apocalypse, to falling of Kingdom Urizen.

Certainly, the maintenance Sky and Hell Wedding» is not resolved at all by these general provisions. This difficult and deep philosophical product written in attribute for Blake an allegorical, figurative manner. He did not aspire to simplicity for things about which it narrated - mutual relations of Good and Harm, the individual and the God, - do not go through simplification, but the thoughtful reader cannot get into an essence of its philosophy and to monitor, at least partly, a thought course great visionery».

The period Blake's have difficulties against God using its rebelliousness, all-rejection and maximalism has came out short. It had been followed by profound turmoil and - as its final result - an extended silence, full refusal of the publication of the products. Spiritual turmoil has delivered Blake to thought on the God, on Innocence, but already in its other understanding. Now it considers creation of your material world as an element and direct result of Fall from here are some, that the flesh is inherently complete opposite to a religious substance and, hence, is in the beginning sinful.

The special place among Blake's products of the period occupies a poem "The Mental Traveller" (written apprx. 1800). It some kind of the religious autobiography of the poet and all together religious biography of mankind. Blake details origin, a party and decrease of any idea and in parallel shows, how its own sights developed and changed.

Tunes of Innocence and Experience » - it is the widest a known part Blake's heritages. They give full enough, but much not exhaustive representation about creativeness of this remarkable master. It would be desirable to expect, that eventually the Russian reader will have the ability to get acquainted more full with a traditions of the great poet-seer which includes in many respects predicted the further development of poetry, and individuals thought as a whole.

Auguries of Innocence

"Auguries of Innocence" by William Blake take up a special put in place his work. This part schedules from 1801-1803 years and conventionally related to the next period of his poetry. This years new religious mission Blake, when it replaced the idealistic, the naturalistic mood of days gone by comes an totally new concept of peace, predicated on - perceptions of certainty in the unity of all its contradictory aspects.

It is difficult to determine the genre of the work. Initially acquaintance it appears that in "Auguries of Innocence" is not any definite plot range, they appear only aphoristic fragments, in no way linked.

As one of the most complex and original phenomena of Western european literature, "Auguries of Innocence" is an organic area of the creative world of Blake. Understanding of this work can't be outside the framework of the poet.

The problem that confronts a copy writer, explained in the subject of the poem - "Auguries of Innocence. " In Blake's Innocence does not exist aside from knowledge, these polarities are not negate one another, all co-exist in unity.

It was this idea (the combination of incompatible) tends to represent the poet in his work.

Poem "Auguries of Innocence" was preceded by a routine of poems "Tunes of Innocence and Experience», which shows very clearly the dialectical eye-sight of the world poet. "The meaning of the booklet - the thought of continuity of real human religious experience, his integrity, . . . uniting in some higher synthesis natural in the personality of the delivery of" innocence, purity - and all the inevitable class of each are definately not being ideal. "

It is poetry, "where the world is comprehended in the encounters, the higher tranquility of the eternal and intolerable social dissection, the existing of his being, at the intersections of polarities. " (4, 28), and these polarities of innocence and knowledge do not negate each other, everything is interconnected, everything exists in unity. "We can not reject one another glorified, because everything in life is inextricably intertwined. " (5, 19)

The same notion of compare we see in "Auguries of Innocence. " But Blake infinite variety of the dialectic have difficulties of creation and damage. His images are consistently evolving. Out of this diversity, initially, a straightforward way that means it is difficult to understand. (12, 171)

Start "Auguries of Innocence" with lines that 're normally quoted when discussing the name of William Blake, with the lines have grown to be a manifesto of British Romanticism:

To see a World in a grain of sand,

And a Heaven in a wild flower,

Hold Infinity in the palm of your hands,

And Eternity in an hour. (1, 324)

No accident that this stanza reminds one of the first. It expressed the central basic principle of Blake. Here we could discussing the view of the internal and external. In each grain of fine sand, the author looks for to discern a representation of the religious essence, the desire to have direct ascent from a single, private encounters to the infinitely huge, widespread generalizations. And it was called a guy with imagination.

Center of the intricate artistic world of Blake is the man. Man is heaven and globe, hell and heaven and all the phenomena of the world concurrently. The poet says:

Thou art a guy: God is forget about:

Thy own Mankind learn to appreciate,

For that is My spirit of life.

(The Everlasting Gospel)

This is Creativity is what helps to throw off the shackles of the enslaved nature, unleash the belief, "see eternity in one moment. "

The value of free imagination - the main idea of another track:

A robin redbreast in a cage

Puts all Heaven in a trend.

A dove-house fill'd with doves & pigeons

Shudders Hell thro' all its regions.

The same idea is situated in the "Proverbs of Hell", from "The Relationship of Heaven and Hell", which reads:" You never know very well what is enough unless you know very well what is plenty of. " Here Blake discusses the human right to satisfy almost all their wishes. Enslavement reinforces the oppression of reason over imagination. Blake defends the right of inquisitive real human thinking which won't put any edges. Humility Blake - the best perversion of human being character. "Blake hated it, because it means the sacrifice of the God within man, the sin contrary to the Holy Ghost. Forced humility is religious murder. Individuals should never the put through Urizen's "One Legislations for the Lion & Ox" (The Relationship of Heaven and Hell). Humility is "the trick of historical Elf" (The Everlasting Gospel). " [S. Foster Damon. A Blake dictionary: the ideas and symbols of William Blake]

The law of most development is challenging. This is a concept the poet is in a paradoxical form of "Proverbs of Hell" we find the next lines: " Sooner murder an infant in its cradle than nurse unacted desires", and "Auguries of Innocence" image "a robin in a cage", embodies the restrained desire, poison the soul of man. No need to try to get rid of temptation, just going right through the full emancipation can see the reality, because "he who desires but serves not, breeds pestilence. "

A dog starv'd at his master's gate

Predicts the spoil of the State.

A horse misus'd after the road

Calls to Heaven for individual blood.

Each outcry of the hunted hare

A fibre from the mind does tear.

In these lines there's a symbolic picture of England and the world. William Blake created at the junction of epochs, it is not unexpected that in his work, he attempted to reflect and understand the occurrences that occurred at that time in his country and worldwide. The first endeavors to seem as early on in the pattern "Songs of Experience" that could later spill over in to the creation of such space poems as "Visions of the Daughters of Albion, " (1791), "Europe a Prophecy" (1794), " America a Prophecy " (1791). Blake is very thrilled by the destiny of the country, and he tried out to get the factors behind disasters and calamities, that was torn apart by England. He compares it to Babylon, where the idea of equality changed by an frame of mind of the servant (the images of the dog and beaten horses) and the owner, and the basic principle of independence - the machine of enslavement of the moral and communal.

That's what England Blake says in the poem "London" from "Melodies of Innocence and Experience":

I wander thro' each charter'd street,

Near where in fact the charter'd Thames will flow,

And mark in every face I meet

Marks of weakness, markings of woe.

In every cry of each Man,

In every Infant's cry of dread,

In every tone of voice, atlanta divorce attorneys ban,

The mind-forg'd manacles I listen to.

How the Chimney-sweeper's cry

Every black'ning Chapel appalls;

And the hapless Soldier's sigh

Runs in bloodstream down Palace surfaces.

But most thro' midnight avenues I hear

How the younger looking Harlot's curse

Blasts the new delivered Infant's tear,

And blights with plagues the Marriage hearse.

Cruel rationalism penetrated all spheres of life, and sociable and religious. Blake bitterly remarked: "The inquiry in England is, not whether a man has abilities and genius, but whether he is passive and polite, and a virtuous ass, and obedient to noblemen's viewpoints in art and knowledge. If he's, he is a good man; if not, he must be starved. "[ Alexander Gilchrist, Anne Gilchrist. Life of William Blake (1880), Size 1 ]. In such a society a man is similar to " hunted hare. "

Coarse rational brain thwart any makes an attempt of imagination. It is passive, the search for the sublime - unclaimed.

A skylark wounded in the wing, A cherubim does cease to sing.

A skylark here - Creativity in the hold of Urizen. The image of Urizen looks in the later works of the poet. This mythology of Blake's figure, embodies the mind (your reason).

Every wolf's and lion'showl

Raises from Hell a Human being soul.

"The Wolf and the Lion" thought to be symbols of vitality of Great britain. At Blake they become emblems of rigidity of an dying epoch. On anticipates the devastation of Babylon and the arriving kingdom of eternal Jerusalem.

Empire is no more!

And now the lion & wolf shall cease

- says final "Marriage. . . "

The outdoors deer, wandering here and there,

Keeps the Human being soul from good care.

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