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Software Piracy From An Islamic Perspective IT Essay

Software piracy is known as to be unethical therefore act may hugely have an effect on the right of ones possession towards his/her products and piece of works. However, reports (refer:http://www. nationmaster. com/graph/cri_sof_pir_rat-crime-software-piracy-rate) point out that the rate of software piracy is high especially among the list of developing nations, where most them are Muslims. In fact, this problem appears to have no stopping point despite all the initiatives and initiatives done either at the average person, group, nationwide or international levels.

Discuss this critical problem of software piracy in the light of Islamic point of view on ethics and possession.

Everywhere when confronted with this earth, the problem of using pirated software is broadly talked and reviewed by people. However, do people really understand and know what is the meaning of software piracy, the copyright infringement of software (also known as software piracy) refers to several routines which involve the unauthorized copying of computer software. Copyright infringement of this kind is extremely common. Most countries have copyright laws which connect with software, but the degree of enforcement varies. There are many reasons not to use pirated or pirate software. First of all, it is illegal and there is liability on your part. It's dangerous. If the software is from an unauthorized source, you could be getting a program that is not fully functional. Secondly, there won't be another version of the program when there is no revenue to put back into research and development. This earnings has made the merchandise affordable to respectable users. Finally, it is very not ethical. Or we like to say "doing the right thing when no-one is looking. " Ask yourself how you would feel if your life's work travelled without compensation? Begin right now and be an moral professional.

Software piracy refers to the work of copying different computer software and never have to pay for them. This is a form of stealing intellectual property. Intellectual property and copyright fall under the same area which announced that copyright provides rights exclusively given for a definite times to the creators of intellectual work, e. g. literary works (anything in writing), artistic works (drawings, maps, plans etc), musical works, videos, sound recordings, computer programs (source and object code) for sale or any other use. It really is, in concept, not concerned with things that aren't perceivable, such as abstract ideas, concept, and the like. Copyright protection starts when works are in reality created and set in a tangible form. the growing digital technology, increasing use of personal computers, communication technology and their convergence into a built-in information technology, have given climb to challenging legalities for copyright and many mire are expected in the foreseeable future, the simple distribution, changing digital information and proliferation of computer networking, raise concerns about copyright. Copyright was designed for three basic reasons: to encourage creators because of their original works: to encourage option of the works to the public; and to aid access and use of copyrighted functions by their public using circumstances.

As mentioned before, software piracy is outlawed. Sarcastically, many who are 'rehearsing' and involving in pirate software are completely alert to the legalities, though they are able to reduce continuing the practice. Some think about the only solution that works without splurging excess amount on purchasing the product.

Around the world, authorities are already enlisted and stated the laws and regulations regarding software piracy, they are some of them:

Counterfeit Copies - Producing counterfeit copies and selling them to other consumers is a grave offense. There are different punishments in different countries but all are in agreement that earning money off of someone else's intellectual property is an offense. This includes making copies of different software, such as game titles, video gaming and other software that is used for the computer.

Distributing Counterfeit Copies - Creating counterfeit copies and providing them with away is also a kind of piracy. Even though the person will not ask for anything for these copies, it is considered an offense as the person is not who owns the copyright or doesn't have the consent of the copyright owner to send out the copies. This is one of the most rampant piracy tactics that the anti-piracy relationship is trying to deal with.

Selling Personal computers with Pre-installed Pirated Software - Although that for sale this is actually the computer, this is considered an criminal offense as the computer on the market is packed with different pirated programs. This function is also called hard disk launching. That is considered an offense because the consumer who will buy the computer does not receive the backup of the original program and the other items included with it, like the CDs or certificate agreements.

Online Posting - Writing of software online is prohibited. Freeware and shareware programs will be the only programs that may be allocated online. Other software is prohibited to be shared with other people online. This also contains piracy music. THE WEB can be used as a way of transmitting against the law software to differing people surrounding the world. This is the case for lots of copyright software.

Shareware without License - Although shareware can be legally distributed online, it becomes unlawful when the certificate for use has already expired. This works for software that may be downloaded for a free trial. Using this software following the trial offer has expired is considered software piracy. Software licensing must be acquired before these shareware programs can be shared with other people.

Islam is meant to be a complete life-style. WOMAN is destined by Islamic guidelines and therefore is obliged to check out the instructions as recommended in the Quran and Hadiths. Islam is a faith based upon the surrender to God (Allah). The name of the religious beliefs, al-Islam in Arabic, means distribution and peace, for it is in submitting to God's will that human beings gain serenity in their lives nowadays and in the hereafter. Islam is known as to be a comprehensive religion and its ethical system is considered to be one of the major moral systems. Owing to the importance of establishing an moral system in neuro-scientific IT, especially at our present time which is witnessing an increasing honest problems, several specialist organizations have ready codes of ethics to be complied with by users of these organizations.

The main agendas which can be proven to ethics in relation to it can be linked right down to hacking, privacy, software piracy and IT personnel work ethics. By firmly taking into deeper look, we get started to understand that ethics and information technology require more issues which overall are in the same way worst. These are some issues related:

Computer professionals' obligations towards their employers and their clients;

Proper documents of software by designers and creators;

Proper trials of software by designers and designers;

Handover of systems to clients;

Designers and designers leaving your computer project mid-stream;

Providing maximum security of software to clients;

Computer pros honoring the proprietary issues associated with the algorithms, strategies and data;

Computer specialists working towards appropriate systems with desire to of

Complete data integrity; and

Computer specialists' engagement in producing systems aimed at unethical ends.

In defining the idea of "harm" that you can do by an IT professional or maybe normal people and civilians, injury can be explained as the undesired effects to individuals or organizations resulting from any process or system (software) used. In order to avoid the injury Allah has warned us in all honesty and reliable through his word of wisdom which is Al-Qur'an in Surah 13, Ayah 119: "O ye who imagine! Fear Allah and be with those who find themselves truthful. " And Prophet Muhammad (saw) has said: "The trader must avoid five features, otherwise he should not buy or sell: Usury, swearing by God that the item is good, withholding the defect, commending (the product) when offering and belittling (it) when he's buying" (Tahtheeb al-Ahkam Ch. 7).

The verses above evidently emphasize the importance of telling the truth and how God perceives those who inform the truth and exactly how they are rewarded. The first verse encourages people to be in the band of those who find themselves honest and only tell the truth whilst the second verse portrays the great reward of those who have been truthful on the planet.

Suggest potential answers to - at least - reduce the work of software piracy among these societies.

Before we can move to the deeper solutions, why not we uncover what the real are cause the event of software piracy. Factors behind piracy and counterfeiting may include growing cost of original software, making them unaffordable to a sizable segment of the populace, improvements in technology (tools for reproduction of copyright product) making piracy a simple task, low starting cost for pirating, lack or insufficient enforcing copyright laws, huge profits can be produced easily by pirates and weakened deterrent (fines and jail sentences are nominal).

The literature suggests that many factors describe the software piracy phenomena. These factors are grouped into four categories: first is an economic factor; claim that Gross Local Product (GDP) per capita is inversely related to software piracy level. Given the reduction in software prices, it may be that a country's GDP has a less influence on piracy than it do some years back. Second is ethnical factors; software piracy is assumed to be more prevalent in nations with a weak IT infrastructure because the quality of available software is lower. Thus, people often duplicate and work with pirated software. 60 compounded as software revisions arise. While the need to stay competitive through improvements is important, it is beneficial only when affordable. Finally is regulatory factors; expanding countries may unintentionally encourage software piracy by imposing high tariffs, hence increasing the expense of software. Additionally it is believed that insufficient fines for buying pirated software are also reasons for piracy growth. And lastly interpersonal/cultural factors; these factors make reference to the prevailing interpersonal and cultural attitudes shared by users of a world. Many reports have indicated that the culture factor affects a country's software piracy rate.

Getting through with the causes, the disadvantages have emerged to come along due to lack of public awareness of in under-developed countries. There is probably the lost earnings to the companies and countries involved, the increased prices by software companies to pay for loss, lost careers wherever software companies have crops, lost domestic and foreign opportunities, lost trust in the ability of some countries to safeguard intellectual property, immoral activity condemned by all religions, unlawful activity leading to prosecution and increased international pressure at the financial, financial, Politics level. Regarding to Robert Hollyman, BSA chief executive and ceo, software piracy robs the global market of thousands of careers and billions of dollars in pay and tax profits.

Given the situation of software piracy in campus since it is a small community yet has quite big of potential software piracy practice. Software piracy on school campuses may be generally divided into two categories. The first occurs when the establishment itself is violating copyright legislation. This results when installations of software programs are in excess of the terms explained in the licensing agreement or under laws. For instance, software that is qualified for use on a single machine is installed on many pcs or on the network server, allowing infinite access. Oftentimes, the school is unacquainted with the problem consequently of poor or no software management.

In other cases the school simply cannot afford to buy software and decides to risk the infringements. Students more commonly conduct the second kind of piracy. In this particular circumstance the piracy often takes place on the Internet where students trade or simply give away software programs as one would trade. When the students are employing the school's network or pcs to assist in their illegal activity, the university itself may be kept liable. All associates of the campus community can take steps to prevent such unlawful activity and decrease misuse of computer resources. It is important to promote a knowledge of regulations and also to ensure that specific types of procedures and protocols are carried out to establish a foundation on which illegal activity may be averted.

Discussing both of these issues, there are five alternatives offered to allow schools to be software legal:

Appoint a software supervisor.

Create and apply a computer usage policy, including software and Access to the internet.

Conduct regular software audits.

Establish and maintain a software log of licenses and subscription materials.

Teach and promote awareness of software compliance.

It is explained above that regarding school, college or university software piracy where some alternatives are proposed but, generally they are some more alternatives and tips to prevent or lessen the software piracy. The first idea is through the use of the code key - For days gone by 5 to 7 years, software developers have devised an idea to reduce or prevent software piracy. That is by using a code key. A code key includes the software that you buy. Before fully installing the software on your computer, you must provide the specific code key that was included with the program. After providing the code key, you can run the software on your computer. The code key also locks after it's been used. This is so that the software cannot be installed on other pcs after it has been installed using one. You will need to call the manufacturer of the program to be able to use the code key again. This is not good news to the people who pirate software.

Secondly is the release of open source; referred to as free software that anyone can download from the web. A lot of different software can are qualified as open up source. Start source software is under the certificate free software license. There are also different upgrades for these wide open source software that can be freely downloaded from the web. By using available source software, people won't need to stress about spending a lot of money for original copies of software. This will also lessen the number of people who are employing pirated software as there are different programs that can be used and they don't need to pay fines when they are caught.

Third is the hardware key; a hardware key is a device that is used for anti-piracy. This tool helps prevent software vendors to spread their products or utilize them without authorization from the copyright owner of the program. The hardware key works when it's attached to your personal computer. It displays software licensing and enforces licensing of the protected software that is discovered using the pc. This tool will reduce software vendors from illegally distributing the software that they have and is a good prevention strategy for piracy.

And last but not least is anti-piracy software; there are different types of anti-piracy software that exist for free. Anti-piracy software is used to prevent unlawful duplication or against the law use of copyrighted software. There is also an anti-piracy software that inhibits hackers from engaging in the software and duplicating it without consent from the copyright owner. A few of them are also already included on the disks of the software that contains this program. This might also be for piracy music. The anti-piracy association is also looking for different ways to prevent software piracy. Confirming anti-piracy may prevent it from happening.

These are a few of the measures that have been integrated or intended to stop preventing software piracy. With all the improvement of technology, there are a great number of things people can use to bypass these piracy actions but there are always new and effective what to use against piracy.

The issue of software piracy seems to remain a everlasting feature of the marketplace. It is issues that will not disappear completely, but it can be manipulated or curbed to reduce its negative effect on the firms and countries engaged. There are some measures that can be taken to reduce piracy functions and the deficits associated with them. Piracy won't be taken out or eradicated from the world, but it absolutely sure can be curbed and reduced to its minimal activities with the assistance of the developed and the developing countries in taking these drastic measures to make the world a better place to live.

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