Posted at 10.03.2018
Every child comes into this world like wet clay, completely bereft of any vices, habits and behavioural habits. Socialising is the process by which the child moulds itself and learns the procedure of interacting and surviving in society. There are various key factors that influence this process - the family, the peers, the institution, society and spiritual beliefs. The first point of contact to the child and also the most important factor is obviously the family.
The ethics and behavior that is implemented at home is actually imbibed unconsciously by the child. Parents are generally role models for children. Hence the socializing skills are offered in most cases to the offspring. Elder siblings are also a source of influence. It really is due to this reason that in the joint family system that been around recently in India, the kids were always better modified to society. They had such a plethora of individuals to review and imbibe from that under any given circumstances in life, they would adjust and adapt freely.
But in today's nuclear family system, the parents play an even more important role in shaping a child's behavioural patterns. And even in the same family no two children can be the same. That's where the nature versus nurture debate will come in. The genetically ingrained characteristics has to be nurtured to conform to the rules of society. Essentially the most absorptive years in one's life is till age 10. An individual is often on the path of learning however the foundation of what a person becomes is laid of these formative years.
Various societies inculcate varied socializing skills amongst their members. It does not indicate the particular one culture is more advanced than the other. It just will depend on the way that the civilization under analysis has progressed. A civilization which has cultivated its young technology with one common set of guidelines and a consistent educational system is much more likely to be homogenous and more at harmony amidst themselves. But on the other hands additionally it is seen that heterogeneous areas, like america of America, benefit from the presence of various ethnic minority communities. Each minority community brings along with it, its culture, its ethnicity, their customs etc. Having so many socializing influences makes the parent or guardian society a far more tolerant one. 1
There are also found to be two types of socializing, with regards to the dynamics of factors that influence them. Positive socializing is one in which a person learns through good and happy experiences. Parents teaching their kids from other encounters, learning from literature or from peers are some example of positive socializing. Positive socializing may take on the form of natural socializing and designed socializing.
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Natural socializing is when a child through his own inquisitiveness starts exploring and learning from the various situations around him/her. The way a child responds to such situations is normally genetically ingrained. Planned socializing is when various external factors like parents, teachers, school curriculum, religious doctrines and social dictates try to change the internal response system of the kid to comply with more socially appropriate norms.
Negative socializing happens when a person knows or begins to comprehend after undergoing a poor experience or 'learning the hard way' as it is said. Learning the valuable lessons, that over speeding is dangerous, after ending up in an accident is an exemplory case of negative socializing. The victim of a bad rape too goes through the trauma of negative socializing and she shrinks into her own shell and abhors interpersonal contact.
Life is actually an assortment of positive and negative experiences. The more positive activities in socializing one has, the happier or even more positive the person gets. More negative socializing in a person's life gets him demoralised and unsatisfied. At any given time a person is usually the total of his preceding socialisation or past experiences. 2
A person does not have any keep over choosing ones parents and host to delivery. Thus, effectively a person has no control over the original socializing influences that certain gets in the first 10 or 20 yrs of ones life. Nonetheless it will depend on a person concerning how he uses his previous socializing skills and observation capacity to make a better tomorrow for himself. He should study from his previous and from the situations around himself to raised himself. Thus self actualization will set in and an individual can work towards his dream of a better tomorrow.
1. http://anthro. palomar. edu/social/soc_1. html
2. http://www. soc. ucsb. edu/faculty/baldwin/classes/soc142/scznDEF. html
3. http://www. delmar. edu/socsci/rlong/intro/social. html
4. Authors Own Analysis