Posted at 10.11.2018
Today we think of slavery as condemning humans to lifetime bondage, working without wages and maltreated. However, slavery seems to have been a occurrence in many historical civilizations such as Babylon, Egypt, and China. Most slaves were battle prisoners, kidnapped or obliged to pay for debts. They were the property of the expert, with little or no rights or position. Most of them were cared for cruelly even though most old civilizations acquired some laws to regulate slavery, such as the Babylonian Code of Hammurabi. This sort of slavery also existed through the lives of Moses, Jesus and the Prophet Mohammad. Most of the slaves, in those days, were prisoners of wars. They could be wiped out, raped and sold at at any time. The three Abrahamic religions dealt with the slavery establishments in various ways, they didn't not abolish it, but each one them control it in a way that goes with the norms of the society.
Islam tried to resolve the condition of the slaves which were in the Arabian Peninsula by encouraging people in several ways to set their slaves free. The Muslims were ordered that in reparation of some of their sins they need to emancipate their slaves. As a start, and since it is harder to improve a cultural habit, Islam regulated the organization of slavery and better the treatments of the masters toward their slaves. In many verses of the Quran, it is obviously stated that the human will be the descended of 1 ancestor, that no person is superior to the other whatever the race, ethnicity or the sociable status.
The prophet Muhammed also ordered his Umma (Community) to threat the slaves and the servants as these were their brothers and provide them with from what they eat and what they wear. He also ordered that the slave must not be given any work beyond his capacity and if it is necessary the professional must help him. This good treatment of the masters had a positive result on the attitudes of slaves to their masters. The slaves held their mankind and moral dignity and be a member of these master's family. In addition, the slaves also relished the right to keep their religious beliefs and to have a family group, to make money and own a house.
According to Islam coaching, humans are free and were born free. It is the natural and proper condition which must be looked at as the norm. Therefore, to liberate a slave is one of the highest virtues. To emancipate a slave is known as equal to save its life from the wrath in the next world. In Islam people were encouraged to enter into agreements and deals which empowered slaves to earn or be granted their liberty at the expiry of a certain term or, most typically, on the death of the dog owner. In those days, there were occasions when groups of wealthy people, operating alongside one another, would buy and established free many slaves to be able to obtain in that way the favour of God.
Islam has commended mankind in the treatment of slaves, and urged their liberation. We can see from the history of several different peoples in the Islamic world that slaves quickly integrated into the main population and achieved positions of great position and power, some of them even gained their liberty.
In the early Christianity, slavery was regarded as natural phenomena. In the Old Testament there is absolutely no specific condemnation of slavery. On the other hand, it does approve and regulate it and means that the traffic and ownership of human beings proceeds in an satisfactory manner.
In the brand new Testament, it is explained that Jesus did not point out disapproval of the enslaving of individuals.
However, regardless of some critics against Jesus declaring that he didn't abolish slavery, it undeniable that he explicitly stood against every form of injustice. The quest of Jesus was
Furthermore, in the brand new Testament it is clearly indicated how a good Religious must treat slaves: the Religious experts must call Religious slaves "brothers". In addition, it stated that masters must how kindness, justice, and tolerance toward their slaves and that their position, as expert, recommended responsibility and obligation.
Paul, in his letters, also reminded Christians to take care of their slaves as brothers and sisters. He emphasized on the justice and fairness toward slaves. Paul also asked Christians to consider them as morally accountable humans who are also a part of the body of the Christ and asked the slaves to follow to their masters. He also explained that spiritual status is more fundamental and important than social status. Paul had not been opposed to the flexibility of slaves if the chance arose but believed that God possessed called visitors to different positions in life and they were to live out the Religious life in the positioning in which these were called.
At enough time of the Old Testament, there have been two types of slavery; the possession of overseas captives or warfare prisoners and the type of contractual servitude, where an Israelite is good for a certain time a "slave" to some other Israelite, usually because he has become poor and does not have any other option. An Israelite, in biblical legislations, is assured certain privileges both while a slave and upon liberation.
The first possible mention of slavery in the Old Testament is at Genesis where Noah cursed Canaan for the sin of his son Ham and predicted that he would be the servant of his brothers. Both prophets Abraham and Isaac possessed servants; however, the first clear exemplory case of slavery is at Exodus where the Israelites were made to are slaves. Relating the Exodus, the Israelites were slaves in Egypt and their situation was clearly unacceptable to God, by their rescue and the legislation regarding slavery in the Mosaic Laws.
After the Israelites possessed remaining Egypt the acquisition of slaves were arranged by the Mosaic Law which permitted these to make slaves of Jews and Non-Jews people. Regulations states evidently that the Jews must treat their Hebrews slaves as though they were their servants. They need to also provide them with the possibility with their freedom in the 7th time of these service, and provide them the resources to get started on a fresh life even though they can remain a slave if indeed they want. Inside the exodus it is declared that anyone who put a guy to slavery against his will must be killed. Furthermore, there were many laws coping with assault against and the slaves and those who ran from their experts must be guarded and not delivered. The Israelites were also allowed to buy slaves from other nations and to keep them for an indefinite period as slaves, nevertheless these were included in the commonwealth of Jewish community, plus they could take part in festivals and were given the Sabbath recovery.
In the twenty one century, slavery is recognized as a violation of individual rights which is abolished by all the countries and nearly all religions. However, the texts of the Abrahamic religions( Judaism, Christianity, and Islam) relates clearly to the slavery establishments as common one which is viewed as satisfactory in those days. Indeed, all the three religions governed the slavery, developed laws for this and sorted out it in ways to preserve the slave's dignity and life. This pushes us to ask yourself, why the Abrahamic religions that value the life span of a human being didn't abolish slavery in their text messages.
It is clear that the three religions were created at the same time where slavery was a common practice and most of the societies were against any reforms which could change their behaviors and cultural routines. For these reasons and according for some explanations, the three religions didn't abolish slavery at the beginning, nonetheless they were resistant to the inhuman treatments and make an effort to regulate in order to improve the life of the slaves also to preserve their individuals dignity. In Islam, slavery was at first controlled and then abolished by the time of the caliph Omar Ibn Al Khatab, however, it didn't concluded the slavery in the Islamic world. In Christianity and Judaism, slavery was justified by the curse of Ham and for a few Christians and Jews it is God's will on earth.
In spite of the religious rules and abolishment, the individual protection under the law and worldwide firm, slavery still prevails in the twenty-one century however in a modernize form. Some scholars declare it is neither the results of cultural methods nor the results of a certain religions. Relating to them, slavery is a part of the human mother nature that seeks to have electric power on another individual and also to control it to be able to satisfy the human being ego.