What is Singapore's important national hobbies? We ask ? Almost every other countries including our neighbors, have plethora of natural resources such as engine oil, gas, wood, minerals and land. We, Singapore have only our people and financial reserves. It is therefore our national interest to taken care of a financial stronghold to secure trader confidence and boost our financial and social steadiness by discouraging others who have sick intend towards us and also with effective diplomacy through friendly relationships and close assistance with the regional and international community.
The fundamental nationwide passions of Singapore would be the one of countrywide security through financial security. Yet, in order for all of us to achieve a strong financial reserve, diplomacy plays an important role. . "No one can forecast times of crises. So, although many people have questioned the need to maintain large reserves, we believe it's important never to only maintain, but indeed expand our reserves. We accumulate all the reserves as we are able to during times of strong monetary growth, so that we will always be ready. "1 With good diplomacy will in turn provide a strong and steady economy to the country by drawing shareholders all around the globe. Mr Lee Kuan Yew once said " We had one simple guiding principle for survival, that Singapore had to be more strong, better organised and more efficient then others in the region. " if not there is no reason for others to foundation here in Singapore. Therefore we had to be able and better then our neighbouring countries to get investors to operate efficiently and profitable despite our lack in natural resources. Through friendly relationships and close cooperation with the local and international community, we can be internationally discover as credible, principled and constructive. We had strong and friendly relationships with our friends and neighbors, ASEAN countries and key regional players e. g. US, China, India, and Japan. We, continuing to explore new avenues of cooperation and keep relationships stable through various ways such as, DCA (Defence Co-operation Arrangement), providing HADR (Humanitarian assistance Catastrophe Relief) to disaster struck countries.
Continuing effort have been devote for deeper engagement with emerging market segments including India, middle east etc. This outreach work were designed to grow Singapore's international space.
"Singapore will always be more rather than less dependent on external needs, as her small size restricts the opportunity for local demand, it does not have any natural endowment, really the only resources it can create are financial and individual capital that can increase with wealth accumulation and recruitment of overseas experts"2
The government in addition has created 2 companies to manage the reserve and they are GIC (Federal of Singapore Investment Organization) and Temasek Keeping. They are in-charge of management and progress of the reserves. "The government's reserves are supervised mainly by the Government of Singapore Investment Firm (GIC) and Temasek Holdings. Whilst GIC's ventures are all made overseas, Temasek invests largely in Singaporean companies. "3
It is observed that certain basics have been constantly followed, such as interdependency of stableness, security and prosperity. Therefore it is very important for Singapore to accomplish economic growth and success. Without economic security, its position as an independent nation can be easily undermined.
This aims particularly at fostering a romance with neighboring countries, bottom part on open up and frank communication", Singapore has used diplomacy not and then encourage a favorable regional trading program, which it recognizes as essential for East Asia's tranquility as well as success. "4 The federal government in protecting our national interest has to gear it procedures toward promoting economical development, achieving success and safeguarding it process of land building. Today policy requires us ensure a monetary prosperity for the country with improving belongings and bargaining position. Our market leaders since independence has collected experience in working with diplomacy " By 1965, having relished six years in federal government, Perfect minster Lee Kuan Yew and his colleagues were highly attuned to international cross-current, skilled in diplomacy on an informal level, and got seized available diplomatic opportunities" 5. A ministry was set up immediately after Singapore had announced his freedom. From the time Singapore became an independent country, it has changes it strategy for an effective international policy, so far obtaining it goals of monetary prosperity. We'd a long background since then, having participate Trade and goodwill objective, making Trade contracts with other countries especially those that are near to us. Singapore has been at the cross-roads of international trade and commerce because of its geographical location. It has enable us to make a good linkages with Europe, India, China and America. Such a long time there is steadiness, security and success within our borders and keeping close ties and harmonious marriage with this neighboring countries our overseas policy would be a successful one in guarding Singapore national interest. Using the uniqueness of our own country, our federal demonstrated to us that it's working in the needs of the nation, that will remain clean and non-corrupt, promoting a pro-business environment for businesses to flourish, this close relationship will remain strong. " It really is well recognized that Singapore's economic success is made on the global overall economy. What is not recognized is that the global market is the building blocks of its national security as well"6.
As mention, Singapore's nationwide security depends much on the global market. Therefore careful steps in international relationships and 'protection diplomacy' is put in place to secure our countrywide interest. Back "21 Sept 1965, Singapore was officially accepted into the United Nations (UN) as its 117th member when it was simply six weeks old. Subscribing to the international organization was critical step for Singapore to guard its sovereignty through collective security. "7 Singapore had defense relation with this countries: Israel ( providing training to SAF troops, protection equipment and technology). Taiwan ( providing military training earth ), FPDA ( security relations), Australia, New Zealand and USA just to name a few. Singapore needs external support for the countries security, with the inability of ASEAN to promote our armed service or financial security, we could kept with one option "security through contribution in global market". We request foreign participation into our current economic climate, "it created stakes for external powers to protect Singapore in order to protect their own economic hobbies. "8. Therefore Singapore has followed a structure of Economic development and national security goes together, while other country notice as a menace to their sovereignty with international investment, we recognizes it as a source for lowering vulnerability. With immediate growth in current economic climate means big money for defense expenses, the expenditure permit us to acquire some of the latest armed forces tools. Its air force has aircraft, missile and radar systems which are unmatched in the region. 9. It really is clear that in-order for Singapore to reduce vulnerability in South East Asia, we must start our economy to the western trade and investment.
Total security - Stopping risks right from the start with a deterrent ability. Therefore would help covers Singapore interior security while our exterior security is connect to our open economy. The Total defense which comprise of 5 elements, there are : Armed service defense, Social security, Economic security, Civil protection and Psychological security. Each is liable by a federal department.
Emphasis was place altogether defense by the country to market deterrences. Total defense recognition was disseminated to the public via various means such as through radian and Television media, news letters etc. Psychological protection (Pd) comes about due to the uniqueness of Singapore population with various descendent's from other parts of Asia. Pd focus on harnessing a collective will of Singaporean to operate for their privileges and protect what's theirs. To carry out this holistically, a Country wide Education (NE) program is created to bring fore this message.
Singapore is our homeland. This is where we belong
Singapore will probably be worth defending. You want to keep our traditions and our life-style.
Singapore can be defended. United, established and well-prepared we will battle for the protection of the homes and the future of our family members and children.
We must ourselves protect Singapore Nobody else is accountable for our security.
We can deter others from attacking us. With Total defense, we can stay in tranquility. " ibid 13-14
Social security works in tandem with Pd, both defenses is to link all distinctions ( ethnic, spiritual cultural) as you, and to build a multi racial, multi cultural society. Civil security is created to safeguard civilian lives, minimize damage to infra before war. This might send a signal to leading line military that their family is been taken care off before war.
Military security is the center to the TD in providing deterrence and its functionality in defeating its foe if deterrence fail. 6% of our country GDP switches into the defense budget. This in turn allows the SAF to obtain latest technology and increase its armed forces capability.
Singapore is a small country without natural resources. It achieved freedom in 1965, at which time it possessed a population of 1 1. 9 million and growing at a level of 2. 5% per annum, The current economic climate was highly reliant on opening up its overall economy to foreign investors and trade. Our fundamental national interest would the countrywide security through financial securities. In order achieve that, defense diplomacy and foreign relations plays a major part.
With foreign relation strengthen and international buyers flocking into Singapore with faith and trust, this itself end up being a deterrence to any ills intends towards Singapore as overseas investors continues to be also considering protecting their advantage here. Thereby providing a win-win situation.
In order for foreign investor to feel safe, Singapore had embark in a variety of HADR missions to demonstrate our well worth, taking active fascination with global affairs, interesting those who find themselves friendly to us and stand up to our believes. We had many bi / multi lateral security exercises numerous countries to demonstrate our good relationship with them. We'd prove to them a good control to safeguard our national interest, high standards of government, marketing of the limited resources, large international space and permanent perspective. We enjoy good relations with all the current key capabilities, participate activety in ASEAN, APEC and other local forums. These are important programs to reinforce co-operation n management of conflicts
Therefore with strong monetary, brings along strong financial, in-turn provide a security blanket to the country.