Posted at 10.02.2018
It seems Yahoo has everything protected, ranging from e-mail, photos, video, documents, and now, our health and wellness. On March 2008, Google announced the unveiling of Google Health, the business's personal health record job, which allows consumers to add their health information to an electronic record online, transfer prescription information from pharmacies and share that record with the doctor.
Digitalizing the health care system in america forms a significant challenge for the country's hospitals and doctors. In despite of the fast development in information systems and technology which digitalized everything surrounds us from the structure of organizations to the delivery of education; "only under 15% of American medical tactics keep their medical details online" (Laudon, 2010, p. 184), which concur that digitalizing the health care system is an obstacle. This obstacle reveals an "chance for Google to use a huge step into the healthcare IT, pursuing other major companies like Microsoft"(Thorman, 2010),
Beyond looking a competitive advantage with Microsoft, the reason why that made Google get involved into the Healthcare field continues to be vague. Google promises that its main objective of providing Google Medical care is "To arrange the world's information and make it universally accessible and useful"("Google health, " 2010).
On the horizon, Google's ambitious project is facing many quarrels from individuals and Privacy advocates who are boasting that saving private and hypersensitive information online may "breaches individuals level of privacy which can lead to losing their health insurance or job opportunities because currently HIPAA-the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Work of 1996-provides not a lot of protections for personal medical details and there is no federal privacy protections patients who set up personal health data online" (Laudon, 2010, p. 184). This fear among users and patients may hamper the development of using Google Healthcare unless Google reassure the public by providing more info about their security levels to make them self-assured about their private and delicate information. Also to encourage and encourage the public for using Yahoo Medical care, "lawmakers should provide further legislations to impose level of privacy controls and offer more protections for personal medical files" (Laudon, 2010, p. 184).
Many Medical routines, nursing homes, doctors, lawmakers, and administration representatives are proponents of Google quest and the extension of electronic health information, "which is one of the major goals of the federal government's force for nationwide electronic digital medical record adoption to build an information network where "health data can stream widely, privately, and safely to the places where these are needed. " Also Google's objective is the traveling drive behind the government's $19 billion EMR incentive program to transform america Medical care system" (Thorman, 2010). These incentives provide an opportunity for Google to lead the transformation of Medical systems.
"Moral and Cultural Issues in Information Systems" (Laudon, 2010, p. 184), this section describes many invaluable ethical and public principles and issues which developed because of the advancement and growth of information systems and technology. This case study about the engagement of Yahoo in Health care illustrates some of these concepts and gives us more description with their meanings by relating those to a genuine live circumstance. So let's go through a few of these concepts and make clear how they relate to the Google case study:
Responsibility - acknowledging the actual costs, obligations, and responsibilities for decisions. Google by creating its online Professional medical system should suppose the full responsibility for securing and safeguarding individual's data and ensure that the utilization of the data is being used limited to authorized purposes.
Accountability - a feature of systems and cultural institutions: This means that mechanisms are in location to determine who got dependable action. Again, Yahoo must be sure accountability of its systems and those in charge of creating and maintaining the machine.
Liability - a feature of political systems in which a body of regulations is set up that allows individuals to recover the damage done to them by other stars, systems, or organizations. Government and state government authorities must cross and enforce regulations guarding medical data and its own uses. Google must assume responsibility for the system (Week5: ethical and cultural, 2009)
I believe that Google should have the major responsibility for securing and guarding our personal data, also as users we are responsible for the security of our own data by having a good line of defense systems such as anti-virus and Spyware software installed on our PCs. Also we ought to educate ourselves to an even where we can have a reasonable knowledge of security methods against online dangers and personal information thefts. One needs to be very proactive when coming into and keeping personal data online to avoid ending up among the Internet victims because disregarding this fact generally leads to damaging effects.
There are in least three moral measurements which play a significant role in the proposed system (Week5: honest and cultural, 2009):
Information rights and obligations
Accountability and control
There are extensive stakeholders who are involved in this circumstance including patients and health-care consumers, doctors and other doctors, insurance companies, health-care related businesses like pharmaceutical companies, governments, and storage providers like Google, Microsoft and Revolution Health Group.
In despite of some level of privacy and security concerns, I strongly support having an sorted out electronic health details which generally help when moving over between different doctors and other doctors to provide them a go of your health history and reduce your medical costs as a consequence of repeating the same identification exams each time you search for a different doctor.
"Patients have to be able to better coordinate and take care of their own health information. We think that patients should control and own their own health information, and should have the ability to accomplish that easily, " said Adam Bosworth in November 2006.
We notice that on every trip to a clinic or a doctor's office, Shelves filled with folders and papers specialized in the storage space of medical details. Despite the quick development in information systems and technology atlanta divorce attorneys facet of our life, also we've seen a huge jump in the development of medical devices, however the aged system used for medical recordkeeping ages ago, sadly, is the same system our medical procedures and hospitals are still using now. Only under15% of American medical methods keep their medical data online and the rest uses the existing recordkeeping system which is paper-based, which makes effective communications and gain access to difficult. The current system for taking and storing medical information helps it be difficult, if not impossible, to systematically look at and share the info. It's also very expensive and time-consuming to keep up paper-based medical data (Rampy, 2008).
I think the reasons mentioned previously are more than enough to make us awaken, stop using the very old system, and support Yahoo in achieving its mission for providing an electric medical record system. Google's proposed digital medical record system would allow consumers to enter in their basic medical data into a web based repository and request doctors to send relevant information to Google electronically. "One feature of the system includes a 'health profile' for medications, conditions, and allergies, reminder messages for prescription refills or doctor visits, directories for local doctors, and individualized health advice. The application may also be able to admit information from numerous recordkeeping technologies presently used by nursing homes and other corporations. The intent of the system is to make patients' documents easily accessible, especially in emergencies, plus more complete and streamline recordkeeping" (Week5: ethical and cultural, 2009).
According to the website, Yahoo Health can
Organize your health information all in one place
Gather your medical details from doctors, private hospitals, and pharmacies
Keep your doctors up to date about your health
Be more knowledgeable about important health issues
"Google lists 7 Steps to Easy Usage of Google Health
Sign Up: For you personally and Google's Health Associates, the service is free. (Must be 18 or more mature to make a profile. )
Start tracking your health background and learn about your conditions
Import Your Medical Details from your doctor's office or pharmacy. (Walgreens has already been somebody. )
View Your Medical History
Discover and learn how your different medications interact
Use Yahoo Health to your own edge: get second views, submission prescription refills
Search for doctors and private hospitals" (Rampy, 2008)
Here are some images that show Google Health beta with some of its capabilities
This image shows new features, which makes it easy to talk about your medical details and personal health information with family, friends, and doctors.
These websites offer personal health services and you may import your medical data from those to your Yahoo Health profile.
"The most critical factors to the creation and development of electric medical records are: management, company, and technology.
Management: Electronic recordkeeping promises to reduce costs associated with keeping health data. However, the in advance costs of execution are challenging, especially to doctors who maintain their own methods. Managers would have to ensure data had not been used for profiling patients or use the info to deny medical procedures. Managers would also have to ensure data had not been misused for purposes other than what is intended.
Organization: The brand new system pledges to make data more prepared and simpler to retrieve. Organizations must be sure that data is not used for profiling and not used in the info examination technology called nonobvious romance awareness. Administration, private, and non-profit organizations must move new laws, similar to the HIPAA law, that provides adequate protection of consumer health data. That would help reassure patients and make sure they are more likely to utilize the machine.
Technology: New systems must have the ability to mesh with other versions of medical record-keeping applications. The software must be created around universal standards making implementation easier and more efficient. Most of all, technology must be intended to prevent security breaches. Systems must be accessible one-hundred percent of that time period, especially to obtain medical information for crisis patients.
All three factors must work together to prevent personal privacy invasions and ensure medical data is not misused or abused" (Week5: ethical and sociable, 2009).
Electronic patient details include more efficient gain access to and dissemination of medical data, especially in emergencies. The expenses of gathering, storing, and disseminating medical data promise to be lower with electronic digital health files.
Electronic health records stand to provide much-needed business and efficiency to the medical care industry. Proponents of electronic health records dispute that computer technology, once completely implemented, would enhance security somewhat than threaten it.
"Electronic health data with Google Health makes juggling your and/or your family's health data, coverage, medications, etc. easier as it allows for individuals to set up makes up about others, importing of medical data from medical, dentistry or eyesight treatment" (Rampy, 2008).
Allows for self-management in a central location and for one to be more knowledgeable and informed about health selections and decisionsas well as better subsequent finances for your wellbeing coverage.
"Users of Google Health can transfer medical details from U. S. pharmacies and medical facilities that include Longs Medication Stores, Walgreens Pharmacy, the Beth Israel Deaconess INFIRMARY, and many others" (Rampy, 2008).
"To start with, include privacy concerns over how the data will be captured, stored, and used. Security breaches already occur with some medical data systems and Google's suggested system is subject to the same hazards. People are bothered that delicate information legitimately accessible via electric health records might lead to their losing medical health insurance or job opportunities" (Week5: honest and cultural, 2009).
Some of the personal privacy and security concerns that most individuals are thinking about are: "Who at Google will see these details? What will be done with it? Why does Google need to get into the Medical care field. beyond hoping a competitive border with Microsoft? (Rampy, 2008).
I assume that the concerns about digitizing our medical files are valid because such delicate information is fatal and if "breached might lead individuals to shedding their health insurance or job opportunities especially with the lack of federal personal privacy protections for patients who setup personal health details online and the limited protections for personal medical data in HIPAA-the MEDICAL HEALTH INSURANCE Portability and Accountability Take action of 1996 "(Laudon, 2010, p. 185).
To ease these concerns about the privateness and security of your records, federal government should respond some legislations that protect individuals personal privacy and their personal health records, Also Yahoo should show the public their security methods to make them self-confident about their personal data.
Google is an innovative and exclusive company that desires to truly have a competitive benefit over other opponents like Microsoft. THEREFORE I believe that people should trust Google using their medical records for most reasons
Google's reassurances that its security is iron-tight and that businesses and people should have self confidence in its capability to store and protect data (Laudon, 2010, p. 184).
According to the website Google Health, Yahoo uses advanced security ways to help keep your information secure and private, therefore you always control how it's used. Yahoo won't sell your computer data. You are in control. You choose what you would like to talk about and what you would like to keep private.
The current medical recordkeeping system in the United States is aged, inefficient, and didn't manage the speedy development in information systems and technology, and I suppose that everyone knows about this bitter fact. So the Health care System in the U. S. must be entirely modified to an electric system which is more efficient, cost-effective, and provide an easy way for organizing and manipulating medical records.
Although there are a few level of privacy and security concerns associated with this proposed system which many individuals and privateness advocates claim about, however the benefits of employing this system outweigh its disadvantages. Government is already taking initiative by giving $19 billion EMR incentive program to enhance america Health care system. Also Yahoo took an initiative by launching its new system Yahoo Health which allows importing and saving medical data and writing them with doctors and other professional routines predicated on users' wellbeing and control.
There are adequate remedies that will look after level of privacy concerns and make people self-assured in supporting and using the suggested system, many of these remedies are:
Government should take more initiatives and action additional legislations to impose privacy controls and offer more protections for personal medical details.
Google should illustrate its capabilities and give more info about its security measures in safeguarding and securing individuals' personal data.
Google must give some open public information about its great things about providing such service and just why it's getting involved with Healthcare field, because many people think Yahoo will sell their personal data to third functions as a return for its ventures.