Posted at 01.01.2019
All findings, wrote in the format of any formal survey, must be completed to a higher standard in order to meet the crieta for OCN Usage of Higher Education. There were several constraints present whilst producing this assignment which included: time constraints for last distribution and a set word matter of 2000 words. Therefore factor was considered regarding chosen theme; it would need to provide suffcient information to research and evaluate without becoming to intricate or frustrating.
Euthanasia is a controversial issue and has been brought to public attention often when individuals have tried to market their to die; the most recent case focusing on a gentleman named Tony Nicklinson. He had taken his case to high courtroom where he pleaded judges to give his doctor a "common rules defence necessarily" against any possible murder fee, as he wanted to end his life but required assistance to do it. Tony was refused his software and the dispute as to whether cases like this should be legalised still carries on. Government authorities have been asked often to give individuals the to choose their own fatality however this might mean legalising euthanasia, but is this right?
Euthanasia is thought as the intentional closing of the life to be able to relieve fighting or pain; it can be grouped as three different groups which can be:
Voluntary euthanasia; the person involved demands that they expire, this is legal in a few countries and United states.
Non-voluntary euthanasia; the person involved cannot express their hopes or decide to get rid of their life which means no consent is given, this is illegitimate in every countries.
Involuntary euthanasia; the persons life was ended against their will; normally, this is considered as murder.
This report talks about whether euthanasia should be legalised in the United Kingdom and people's views regarding some of the other issues, such as age group restrictions. A bottom line will be drawn from all research and information accumulated. Both major and secondary data were used for this particular study to help the researcher look more in-depth at the topic of euthanasia. Key data, is data accumulated by the researcher via questionnaires, interviews or observations; It enables the researcher to get the most accurate and up-to-date data. Extra data is data used, that once was collected by another person such as books, journals or case studies and records.
PROCEEDINGS / METHODOLOGY
Questionnaires and Literature research were the chosen methods for this survey. They will be the most effective given the timescale for completion; they allowed chance to acquire quantitative data in a short period of time. The questionnaire also allowed anonymity which allows the participants to provide more open and genuine views. Different methods were considered but were viewed as irrelevant or unsuited because of this particular review such as:
Observations - this was not considered, as watching somebody who wants to get rid of their life would be biased. The observer could easily be swayed to concur euthanasia is suitable because of the emotion of watching another person anguish. It would also have to be looked at whether this would be moral as it could be intrusive.
Case analysis - This could be beneficial, however for the purpose of this report it was not appropriate given the time constraint for conclusion and the word limit would not give scope for an in depth research study to be compiled.
Interview (self-report studies) - again this technique was not a choice due to the time restraint no known members in the local area who may be useful.
The analysis targeted everyone within an area area of Region Durham. Twenty questionnaires were handed out and all were received back, fully completed. There was a gender break up in members having twelve female and eight male subject matter, aged eighteen to forty-five.
A questionnaire (See appendix 1) was made up of eleven questions, including both open and closed questions; this allowed both qualitative and quantitative data to be generated and gave an opportunity for the participant to sophisticated on certain answers using their own views and thoughts. The data was collected inside a seven days period such that it could be evaluated and recorded regularly to aid completion of this report.
A tally graph (See appendix 2) originated from the questionnaire in order to view results more effectively; the studies are further documented in a graph (See appendix 3) using all data accumulated.
Procedure: Main Research
A questionnaire was compiled (See appendix 1), that was made up of standardised questions; a variety of open and shut down questions were used and it got areas for the participant to sophisticated on answers and add personal views or feedback that may help to aid the questionnaire. This is then passed out to a group of 20 individuals and a specific timescale was identified for the go back of the data. Due to moral concerns, a disclaimer mentioned that any uneasy questions didn't have to be answered.
Procedure: Secondary Research
Literature from posted creators and internet research were completed to obtain a more in-depth perception into euthanasia and the true instances and issues where folks have been affected by your choice of whether or not the UK should legalise your choice to chose when your life ends.
FINDINGS (See appendix 2 & 3)
All twenty subject matter were for euthanasia, and said that it should be legalised in the united kingdom, but the questionnaire (See appendix 1) presented differing views regarding, under what circumstances it should be made legal, for example limited to terminal condition.
The research conclusions showed that there have been a higher variety of participants that thought euthanasia is not right for children; therefore the only way this may be further explored would be to survey members under the age of eighteen which might cause turmoil.
The tally graph (See appendix 2), provided an alternate way of browsing the findings made from the questionnaire (See appendix 1), and plainly exhibited that whilst all 20 things said that euthanasia should be legalised, there was no reliability with the other questions such as era, when it should be legalised and whether a mother or father can decide for a child. The questionnaire raised consciousness that legalisation is not something you can merely say yes or no to because it highlights many other intricate details that needed further clarification.
ANALYSIS / DISCUSSION
Whilst all participants which were surveyed through the questionnaire method, said that they were to get euthanasia (See appendix 3), it is evident that once the subject matter is broadened, views change when it comes to it being something which should only be a voluntary option for an adult. This boosts further questions in relation to children getting the right never to continue their life in suffering and pain and that the mother or father or guardian gets the ultimate decision, but this has not been considered in-depth due to the word limitation of this assignment.
Those surveyed were less favourable about involuntary euthanasia, as someone else is required to help end someone's life, and in regards to a parent making the decision about their child. Therefore euthanasia is to be legalised the studies from this analysis strongly suggests that it would be voluntary euthanasia that would be the more desirable option to be agreed on, as the decision and activities required are took after by the individual involved only and not other third party would need to be engaged in finishing a life. Research through the questionnaire was limited as people did not fully grow on the questions that they were asked to, which didn't allow for in-depth discussion about the specific questions (See appendix 1).
After collecting and creating all data from the principal research (See appendix 1, 2 & 3), internet and books research was conducted in order to elaborate further on the findings that was brought to light during the primary research. It was found that whilst euthanasia is illegitimate in most countries, it is however legal in holland for folks who experience a terminal disorder or pain and providing that full consent is distributed by the patient, a doctor is authorised to get rid of that persons life by lethal injections. This triggers much discord regarding patients who think that travelling to holland is acceptable to end their lives, however if another person accompanies them there with the intention of this patient having their life concluded, as soon as they land on English soil they could be imprisoned and prosecuted under British laws and regulations. In 1935, a voluntary euthanasia culture named Leave was established and has since dedicated their time to help these patients gain situations for voluntary euthanasia to be produced legal in britain; this sparked much controversy between your general public and many quarrels for and against the reason was brought ahead. Several polls indicated strong quarrels both for and against euthanasia which include:
People should have the right to chose when and how they pass away.
The quality of the individual future would be limited by never-ending pain and anguish and occasionally loss of dignity if person good care is needed.
It would take away the burden for others to be prolonged carers. I. e. family.
People end the lives of family pets that are terminal or suffering so why should humans not be grated the same value to end their anguish.
It contradicts a doctor's oath to save lives and could lead to malpractice.
Live is scared and really should be maintained no matter what.
Many people believe life is a gift idea from God in support of he can decide when life should be over.
Hospices were unveiled to improve the last journey of life, they can administer treatment and do everything possible to help a person complete their lives with only a small amount distress and as much dignity as is possible.
This study shows that the topic of euthanasia is very complex and legalisation is not really a straight forward decision to make. As euthanasia is a life decision that can't be reversed, it is crucial that any regulation to allow this might have to be clear and detailed regarding if so when it is appropriate. Considering every one of the research conducted in this report, there has not been a definitive concluding answer that can be agreed upon, as to if euthanasia should be legalised in britain. It outlines that many cases have stable reasoning for euthanasia to be legalised, to be able to get rid of pain and anguish. Having said this if circumstances are to be granted it may escalade and lead to prone people been taken good thing about and individuals lives may be finished against their desires, if the ultimate decision was authorised to be produced by others, i. e. doctors or members of the family.
A far better approach to research could be someone to one interviews with individuals or joining a group controversy as an observer. Research study evaluation would also be considered a good method of research if you may identify individuals with the same medical diagnosis and prognosis for the future and different views on euthanasia.
Separate studies into voluntary, non-voluntary or involuntary euthanasia allows the research to be totally focussed on each area to be able to expand the results of course, if the three studies were analysed it would give a more focussed knowledge of people's views.
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