Posted at 11.25.2018
The World Religions by Ninian Smart was first shared on August 1st 1998 by Cambridge University Press. This publication includes six unique areas of exploration between the world's major religions. The publication was written to spell it out the dissimilarities between these religions, such as their history, formation, rituals and their ethnical practices, placing them in every in one context. Quite soon after the first e book was posted on August 1st 1998, the second edition was printed which included another distinct section of exploration - the material aspect. This latest sizing added a new way of looking at the world's major religions in their imaginative form, such as paintings, models or sculptures.
The three measurements I've chosen to compare between Christianity and Islam are: the moral and legal dimension, the social and institutional sizing and the experiential and mental dimension. The ethical and legal dimension is the laws and regulations or guidelines a religious community follows to accomplish enlightenment or fulfilment of these life. The public and institutional aspect is an order a religious community practices showing their interactions with the religion. The experiential and mental aspect is when people react psychologically when they come across something that they find to be serious to their religious beliefs.
Christianity and Islam may be two different religions, but if we consider Ninian Smart's Seven Proportions of Religion, there are some similarities in addition to a few distinctions. In both these religions there's a code of ethics that individuals must follow.
Christianity has the Ten Commandments and Islam has many different morals and regulations explained in the Quran a Muslim should follow, though the most important of these will be the Five Pillars of Islam. The Five Pillars of Islam are essential for lady to achieve to live a life a good and responsible life. Addititionally there is the Sharia Rules in Islam; which dictates the way most Muslims live. 'Reliance of the Traveller' can be an English translated book of the Sharia Regulation by Nuh Ha Mim Keller. It states eleven different categories of the Sharia Legislations: purification, prayer, funeral prayer, fees, fasting, pilgrimage, trade, inheritance, marriage, divorce and justice. (See http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Sharia#Definitions_and_descriptions : Last Updated 28th Feb 2013. )
Another part of Sharia laws that is still used today, is Hudud offences. These are punishments for committing serious offences. These crimes are: unlawful sexual intercourse, fake accusation of unlawful sexual activity, wine drinking, theft, and highway robbery. These offences can result in: flogging, execution, stoning, amputation or exile. Each one of these punishments are done in a open public area. (See http://www. cfr. org/religion/islam-governing-under-sharia/p8034 by Toni Johnson, and Lauren Vriens. Previous updated January 9, 2013. )
The Islamic Legislation (Sharia) and the Ten Commandments will vary as Islam has a lot more regulations than Christianity and are also stricter. Christianity centers mainly on the daily life of a Religious, and the Ten Commandments educate a Religious how never to sin against their will. Similarities show that neither faith should commit adultery or murder. In addition, there is only one God, one cannot make an idol above God and you need to not take.
There are extensive techniques a Religious and a Muslim show their beliefs in their God. Usually going to Cathedral or a Mosque is vital if you would like showing your trust in your God, but there may be one important event both in Christianity and Islam that can show someone's faith. These occasions are: Ramadan and Easter. In both Easter and Ramadan, Christians and Muslims have to fast, though they fast in different and yet similar ways. Christians fast for 40 times and Muslims fast for per month. The thought of fasting in the Christian point of view is the fact that you sacrifice something that you'll call a luxury, such as eliminate food or watching television or anything that you would find difficult to do without with the period of time. In the Muslim viewpoint, fasting is used to instruct self-sacrifice and it also shows you how the poor and needy live.
The big difference between Easter and Ramadan is the fact that Easter reminds Christians of Jesus's life, where Ash Wednesday signifies the beginning of Lent, a time where Jesus put in forty days and forty nights in the desert resisting Satan's enticement. Then comes Hand Sunday, the day when Jesus happens in Jerusalem and crowds toss palm branches on the road. THE FINAL Supper employs on Maundy Thursday and the Crucifixion of Jesus comes every day after, Good Friday. Finally three days and nights later, on Easter Sunday, Jesus resurrects and looks before his disciples.
Though Ramadan is simple to understand, where all Muslims try to re-focus with their religious beliefs, purify their heart and soul and fortify their relationships with their family members. This time around is also used to think about their past life, to clear themselves of any incorrect doing and stop bad habits. The final day of Ramadan is named Eid ul Fitr where people observe and thank Allah for His power to help them. In doing so, Muslims are also required to give a set amount of money to charity so that the poor and needy can be happy too.
There could be many different psychological or experiential occasions in a Christian's life, but there is also one main minute in a Muslims life that influences them psychologically. Experiential moments could be viewing a miracle in front of their sight in a Christian's life, or maybe it's participating the Hajj in a Muslims life.
The Hajj is a pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia where an action of solidarity and ultimate worship is conducted with their God. This occurs between the 8th to the 12th of Dhu al-Hijjah (twelfth month on the Islamic calendar). The Hajj is went to by Muslims worldwide as it is one of the Five Pillars of Islam and must be went to at least once in the life of an Muslims.
Another experiential moment is World Children Day in a Christian's life. World Youth Day is presented every two to three years in a different country every time. The past World Children Day happened in Madrid, Spain in 2011. World Children Day is ideal for all ages but mainly for people between the age range of 16 and 35. That is to encourage younger generation to expand and understand the trust and life of Jesus Christ. Pilgrims utilize this time to think about their lives but usually on the life span of Jesus Christ and experience what He believed when He adopted the path that was set out for Him.
Similarly World Junior Day and the Hajj both have in common experience and sentiment, as both religions do this in honour and worship of their God. The only difference is they are different religions and they honour their God in different ways. Another similarity is the fact both these activities are went to by pilgrims who seek to learn more about their faith.
While using Ninian Smart's Seven Sizes of Religious beliefs to compare and contrast Christianity and Islam, I found that there are many good uses for this but there are limitations to the regions of religious beliefs that you can sometimes miss.
The major reason for using Ninian Smart's model is to discover the similarities and distinctions between religions in which his model gives you to decipher a faith between other religions and find how they could be as well or not likewise. The main area that a lot of religions have in common is a pilgrimage, where pilgrims set off to a substantial spot to honour and worship their God. The main difference is the way they use their laws and regulations, such as Christians say if you commit adultery you sin against God, however in Islam if you commit adultery you could be performed or stoned. The truth is that in Christianity even the most grievous sins can be confessed in the sacrament of confession, however in Islam the severe abuse for crimes devoted could be looked at as murder.
An area which has a limit is the ethical and legal dimension. In comparison to Christianity and Islam, Islam has many more laws and regulations, morals and guidelines than the Ten Commandments in Christianity. You can't compare something when there is only so little to compare about between your two religions. It might be like expressing Islam's ethics and legal system is completely different to Christianity, which it is, but the fact is that it is not possible to compare.
Another area that has constraints is the narrative and mythical dimensions. The reason that dimension is bound is because they could be vastly different. In the event that you compared the tales of Jesus Christ towards the Budda they would be greatly different because these were founded at differing times and places. Buddhism and Christianity likewise have different stories about how exactly they began and different common myths and legends about their faith.
One dimension that you could easily compare and contrast about is the material dimension. The materials dimension allows you to check out the several artwork, sculptures and complexes created by the fans of that religion. Although artworks, sculptures and complexes may be very different, their meaning is the same that they honour and worship their God. They all symbolize something about their God, or a special day in a yr, or a special person, but in all religions they largely will honour see your face, day or God.
Finally, the model of Ninian Smart's Seven Proportions of Religious beliefs is a useful tool that anyone may use to measure similarities or distinctions about two religions. It can also teach you a great deal about both religions if you research well.
In conclusion Christianity and Islam will vary in many ways, but they also have a couple of things in common. The use of Ninian Smart's Seven Proportions of Faith is a useful way to compare and contradict different religion, if they are major or small religions.