Posted at 12.12.2018
This essay on Sense and Sensibility handles letter-writing, one of the narrative techniques used to inform the storyline, to portray the individuals and to convey a few of the styles and motifs of the novel.
In Sense and Sensibility, letters form a vital part of Austen s narrative approach; while some characters are cited verbatim (direct quotation), others are merely mentioned but not seen by the audience (indirect reference point). However, while all the key characters speak through letter-writing, Austen rates only six characters directly.
Using this statement about the function of characters in the book as a guide, this essay provides a critical examination of the six characters in the book and will touch upon: The way in which each letter-writer addresses the character to whom she or he writes, and the way each letter is agreed upon. Why, in each circumstance, the character has written the letter. (Understand that the reason why, in each circumstance, may be diverse. ) How each identity portrays himself or herself in the notice and his / her drive for portraying himself or herself in this way and the scope to which each letter-writer expresses himself or herself with formality or informality, feeling or coolness, sincerity or the goal to control.
The first letter that is mentioned in the novel comes from chapter 4. When Mr. Henry Dashwood dies, giving all his money to his first wife's boy John Dashwood, his second partner and her three daughters are kept with no long term home and very little income. Under such unpleasant circumstances a notice is delivered to ask Mrs. Dashwood and her daughters Elinor, Marianne, and Margaret to remain with their faraway relations, the Middletons, at Barton Area. The offer is for a small house, on very easy terms that was written privately as well as for friendly accommodation. Mrs Dashwood got her resolutions produced and instantly replied to accept Sir Johns proposal. The house was simple, and the rent so uncommonly average, that she couldn t subject on any point. Elinor is unfortunate to leave their home at Norland because she has become closely attached to Edward Ferrars, the brother-in-law of her half-brother John.
We stumbled upon a series of words in chapter 29, after Marianne openly expresses her affections for John Willoughby. Elinor and Marianne are indebted to accompany Female Middleton to a celebration, even though Marianne complains she is far too morose to take pleasure from dancing. Marianne catches vision of Willoughby in the group of partiers and rushes towards him. She actually is astonished and deeply distressed when he ignores her and avoids eyeball contact, he is apparently deep in dialog with a young girl. When Marianne finally handles to address him immediately, he remarks without feeling that he previously received her letters but never found her at home when he attempted to visit her in reply. (Sparknote Editors, n. d). Marianne is heartbroken by this poor excuse and leaves the get together straight away with her sisters, she is so defeat by grief that she climbs into bed as soon as she gets home.
After breakfast, the next day, Marianne stocks with Elinor a notice that has just been supplied from Willoughby. In his letter, Willoughby apologises for anything in his behavior and manner at the get together that may have offended her. He expresses his admiration for the complete Dashwood family and regrets if he ever before gave Marianne any reason to believe he felt in different ways on her behalf. Finally, he informs her of his forthcoming engagement to another female and encloses in his notice the three notes that she sent to him in London and profits her lock of hair. This notice is tackled Dear Madam and signed off when i am, dear Madam, your most obedient humble servant. (Austen, 129)
The three words that are went back to Marianne from Willoughby are words of needy pleas for Willoughby to go to her at Mrs. Jennings's home. Marianne confesses that they were never formally engaged one to the other and starts off to understand her emotional behaviour. The to begin these three words declare that Marianne is in town and how she would like to see him, she evidence the letter expressing M. D. That is a much more romantic and personal putting your signature on than Willoughbys formal letter of address. Her second take note, which had been written on the day after the boogie at the Middletons', questions his whereabouts at the get together and just why he hasn't replied to her characters or come to meet her since he recognizes where she actually is being, again she signs or symptoms off M. D. the third and final letter from Marianne to Willoughby asks of his behavior towards her and a conclusion because of this change. Marianne magic if Willoughby has been told false truths about her and asks every question as to why his behavior was so unsatisfactory on her behalf. Marianne asks Willoughby to return her letters and her lock of wild hair if he no more profits her affections. (Austen, 132) Elinor is shattered over her sisters pain and can rarely think that Marianne could be so forward in her affections for Willoughby when these were not involved. Elinors kind heart still comforts her sister with delicate words.
Mrs. Jennings attempts to comfort Marianne but says all the incorrect things. She remarks to Elinor that her sister looks "very bad" (Austen, 218: 9) and this she should understand that Willoughby "is not the only real young man on the planet worthy of having. " (Austen, 218: 22) She continues on to make clear to Elinor how Willoughby needed to abruptly suggested to Neglect Sophia Gray, a rich heiress because he previously squandered all his fortunes.
There is a contrast between Elinor and Marianne reactions with their lovers' apparently insensitive treatment. Marianne insists through her grief that "I service not who understands that I am wretched. " (Austen, 167: 9) Marianne openly expresses her emotions and her endeavors for intimacy with Willoughby at the get together are open public, this contrasts strikingly with Elinor's more careful and private restraint.
The next notice to analyse is from Lucy Ferrars to Edward. Thomas, the Dashwoods' servant, will come from town with the news that "Mr. Ferrars" has married Lucy Steele. This information upsets both Marianne and Elinor, the two sisters behave very diversely, Marianne comes into a fit of hysteria, and Elinor shows up deeply saddened and disappointed.
Shortly after this news, Elinor considers she perceives Colonel Brandon getting close Barton Cottage on horseback, when she looks nearer, she realizes that the visitor is in fact Edward Ferrars. When he gets to the home, Elinor and Marianne question him about his recent matrimony, he realizes the misunderstanding and assures them that it was Robert, his sibling, who hitched Lucy Steele. Edward explains that now his brother is to inherit Mrs Ferrars's money, Lucy has shifted her affections to him. Elinor is so relieved and Edward soon proposes, Elinor allows his proposal which is so happy how occurrences finally proved. Edward is asked for dinner that evening and he clarifies the regrettable circumstances that first resulted in his proposal to Lucy. Edward also shares with the Dashwood sisters an email from Lucy where she prepared him of her marraige to Robert and take off all passionate ties with him. This letter is an extremely formal profile of Lucy detailing how she is wedded to Robert before she has even advised Edward of sacrificing her affections for him. Lucy says Edward that she has burnt all of his letters and can return his picture at the first opportunity. She asks Edward to ruin her letters but he can keep her diamond ring and scalp. Elinor is surprised and amazed by these revelations, Lucy formally addresses the letter as Dear Sir and without care leaves Edward with nothing. Edward is uncertain the length of time the affair between Lucy and his sibling continued for before Lucy experienced she should notify Edward.
Marianne finally allows the affections of Colonel Brandon and the sisters live jointly at Delaford. The sisters continue steadily to maintain a close relationship using their youthful sister Margaret and their motherat Barton Cottage, and the people live happily ever after.
Marianne's final popularity of Colonal Brandon seems completely out of personality, since the marriage requires her to forego her charming ideals entirely. It appears doubtful that Marianne would love Brandon with the maximum amount of love that she possessed distributed for Willoughby, she does not know him as well. By Austen concluding her novel with the relationship, she shows the magnitude of Marianne's personality transformation, she creates, "She was created to find the falsehood of her own views, and to counteract by her do her most favourite maxims. " (Austen, 339:1) If Marianne's ability to love Brandon is unconvincing, for the reason that of Austen's great beliefs in the power of the given individual to remake herself in light of shifting circumstances (Sparknote Editors, n. d).
The contrast between the sisters' heroes is eventually solved as both find love and lasting happiness. Throughout the situations in the novel, Elinor and Marianne find a balance between sense (or natural reasoning) and sensibility (or genuine sentiment) in life and love.
SparkNotes Editors. SparkNote on Sense and Sensibility. SparkNotes LLC. n. d. . http://www. sparknotes. com/lit/sensibility/ (accessed August 25, 2010).
Favret, Mary. Sense and Sensibility: The Letter, Post Factum, pp. 373.
Austen, Jane and Johnson, Reginald Brimley. The novels and letters of Jane Austen, Amount 1. F. S. Holby, 1906
Austen, Jane. Sense and Sensibility. B. Tauchnitz, 1864
JV Starfield, 2009. Jane Austen, Sense & Sensibility, Lecture 2. School of Johan