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Samuel Noah Kramers Background History Essay

In Samuel Noah Kramer's Record Commences at Sumer, he mentioned "It has long been my contention that regardless of the obvious variations, both superficial and serious, between your culture, figure, and mentality" of the old Sumerians and modern humans, both groups are "fundamentally analogous, similar, and reciprocally illuminating". To sum this up in other words, Samuel Noah Kramer recommended that regardless of obvious differences you will see that both Sumerians and modern humans are equivalent in certain areas of life. Mostly comparable within our figure and mentality, but Kramer seen an evaluation where stood out from previous intricate society's. His aim was to gather information to see if a few of these problems that we've today existed within the historical Sumerian society. The information that Kramer collected revolved was mainly founded off of faith, social, and politics areas of Sumerian and modern day standards of living. In Kramer's passing The First "Sick" Contemporary society, he would try to prove that people weren't the first society to get failings and shortcomings.

The first good example that Kramer had suggested was structured from a politics standpoint and as he said, society's most catastrophic affliction commonly today known as war. Corresponding to him, warfare and fights were rampart all over the Old Near East. "The present day history literature were filled up with grisly details extracted from numerous royal inscriptions, and particularly the annals of the Assyrian Kings" (Kramer). This is a passing from History Starts out at Sumer, so out of this we can understand back then they experienced wars and tragedies as well. Only today wars were wrote down ever sold books to stop them from taking place in the future, whereas back in 4500-4000 B. C. it was to only praise the victors and or conquerors. These royal inscriptions didn't really get into aspect on the wars consequences but as we realize, any war includes a price. It's hard to have a warfare between two complex society's or interpersonal groups rather than have it impact economic, interpersonal, political, or even spiritual lifestyles. Also even as begin to check out the "Lamentation over the Destruction of Sumer and Ur" we can conclude that laws and order ceased to are present. The reason legislations and order didn't exist can be discussed following the defeat of the Sumerians by their neighboring enemies. As a consequence of the beat, the Sumerians were required into captivity as foreigners took over their land. Out of this you might observe that they didn't really have a strong political system or sense of authorities so it was survival of the fittest. The strongest people would dominate in this specific situation the lands, whereas the vulnerable would put up with and get whatever was left if the managed to make it through. Today however, we have rules regarding this in the Constitution. Actually though, the Nazis swore by "Survival of the Fittest" this along with Herbert Spencer and Charles Darwin. Back again to the idea however, although they didn't have a politics system this may compared to present day as well. For example, Somalia lacks a form of government and politics system also so from this we can relate with the Sumerians. Another example we could take from this, would be that the Sumerians were overthrown because they lacked a political system. This may be set alongside the Tsar authorities being overthrown in 1917. The reason why they were overthrown was due to their poor governing and their insufficient reality. Within the Tsar government the majority of the aristocrats possessed no idea that which was actually occurring in Russia, hence the reason they were overthrown by the Bolsheviks. So you could conclude that if the Sumerians would have had a much better political system this might not have happened to them. What Kramer learned out of this as well as I, is that however the Sumerians experienced their downfalls and shortcomings we experienced a few of same things that the Sumerians had opted through, thus making us relatively comparable.

This brings me to my next point in Kramer's controversy. Battle as we realize it, is a major cause of inflation and this was also true for early Sumer. Not merely did they go through the political wrath of the conflict, but they saw the consequences on the financial standpoint as well. To truly see what really took place though Kramer acquired us go through the "Lamentation over the Destruction of Sumer and Ur" as well as the "Curse of Agade". When looking at both these reviews, so as to Akkad and Sumer were the to begin many empires to rise and fall season in the area of Mesopotamia. When Sumer was defeated by neighboring enemies they experienced a need to obtain resources. As the streams and canal mattresses dry out and their plants and orchards were kept uncultivated, the Sumerians experienced trouble in their life as they battled to get the resources needed in order to survive. Also when we take a look at these two reviews you will notice how prices rose twenty to 2 hundred times above what they normally were. The costs increased so high a shekel of metallic could only get you on ban of fish. In today's contemporary society 50 shekels may possibly buy get you evening meal at Red Lobster so you can see right now what one shekel would get you. Is this similar from what our company is experiencing today? Gas and dairy are taking pictures through the roof plus a whole lot of other products. From the two passages that Kramer got us look at, you can say that the Sumerians confronted somewhat of any depression similar from what our aunts and uncles experienced in the 1930's or even what many people are facing today. So as you can view we also experienced a few of the similarities that the traditional Sumerians possessed experienced as well. Everybody thought tranquility was so significant back then, however they also experienced their gruesome and bloody fights which occurred both impacting political and economic standpoints.

As wars rage on, it was not the warfare itself that helped bring a finish to the Sumerians. Rather it was the monetary and political bonuses that brought about their end. Get back being reserve, there was yet another thing that Kramer seen in evaluation to the Sumerians and modern day civilization. The thing that he described was their communal or spiritual views. The Sumerians had a class system that is very similar to ours today. Inside our society we have it shattered into Upper, Middle, and Lower Classes. For the Sumerians however, they may have theirs comparable to us but with a small difference. For example, instead of just saying Upper or Middle income, the Sumerians possessed their cultural system broken up into jobs. So the Upper school would contain the priests, federal government officers, warriors, and nobleman. Whereas the center class would contain craftsman, retailers, farmers, traders, and mason staff. Then finally comes your slaves which would fall season into the lower class. And that means you can tell that the Sumerians have a category system just like ours, just theirs goes more into depth. Another thing that the Sumerians got advanced in was their writing system. Cuneiform Script may be one of the initial systems of writing. This style of writing revolved around a system of pictographs where each pictorial subject would carry its interpretation. This form of writing was usually written on clay tablets which later progressed into paper thousands of years later. We are able to study from this though, that the Sumerians were very smart compared to previous hominids who didn't have a form of communication. Several decades later these exact same pictographs used by the Sumerians changed into writing system that we use today. Over the years pictographs developed into words scheduled to it became simpler to understand and it was a much faster way of writing. As for their religion, Sumerians assumed that their world was handled by different Gods and Goddesses. They thought that all God Goddess was in charge of a definite thing. In order that would have for example Enlil who was simply the God of air, or Utu who was considered the God of sunlight. Although they prayed to several God, it is simple to say that they had supernatural beings that they viewed upon for direction similar to numerous people in our world today. For the Sumerians, they could go to temples where they would then give their thanks a lot and praise to the Gods. Today however, temples have transpired into what's now called a church but both these places revolve around the same basic concept and were created so that individuals could go and make offerings and present thanks to their Gods.

As Samuel Noah Kramer recommended, despite our differences the Sumerians and modern humans are far more similar than we think. When most people look back again at previous humans, we don't really understand their way of thinking. One might improve the question, why does they pray to several Gods rather than just one single or why performed they use pictures rather than words? The actual fact of the matter is though, us present day humans aren't too far off from the Sumerians. We do a few of the very same things that they do, except we've a different way of doing it. What we should can study from this though is the fact although we think were significantly not the same as past hominids, we've traits and do things nearly the same as how the Sumerian does things. I feel as if Samuel Noah Kramer have a congrats at demonstrating this as he pulled out some great information to help us relate with this. I understand each time I look again at earlier hominids, I will not just think of cavemen. As Samuel Noah Kramer said despite our obvious differences we are somewhat much like that of the Sumerians.

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