Posted at 10.11.2018
A role is a position and the goals that position includes. A function is the actions and tasks involved with a role. There are many different types of jobs that cops perform locally every day. Some of these roles are offense prevention, police, maintaining order, managing all situations, use of force, balancing specific and collective privileges, serving the community and oppressing the working class (Engel, 2011).
In my estimation, the roles that are most appropriate for the future of policing are offense prevention, police, maintaining order, and use of pressure. These are the jobs that I want to see cops act out. I really believe these roles are important for cops to perform because they help the city and the folks in it. These tasks make communities and neighborhoods better places. Criminal offense reduction is something that always must keep being investigated and keep being acted out by officials, until one day we find a method that actually prevents crime effectively. Law enforcement is an important role because without it people would break the rules and laws more regularly because they know they could get away with it. Preserving order is another important role because even while some of the duties may appear unimportant without officials' engagement these issues could really get out of palm. Finally, use of power is an important role because it is also a technique that needs to keep being applied and researched, until the day when officials don't abuse their pressure or hurt others any more.
I believe offense prevention can be an important role of cops because if we didn't have officers out their attempting to prevent criminal offense, we would have no person fighting criminal offense. Whether officials are successful at protecting against crime is not actually the point because we remain exploring other techniques in striving to fight criminal offense. Having officers out their preventing crime gives us more time to attempt to figure out a more effective way to prevent crime. Having officials fighting crime is better than having nothing and while they are not highly effective they aren't totally useless either.
Fyfe disagrees with my thoughts and opinions that cops role of protecting against criminal offenses is important or whatsoever helpful. He is convinced that it's unrealistic to think about authorities as the first line of defense against criminal offense. He also argues that the presence or absence of crime has nothing in connection with police officers. He is convinced that officers' ability to avoid crime is not a lot of and that we need to think up more sophisticated methods. He uses the exemplory case of Edgar J. Hoover and August Vollmer and their fight against crime to demonstrate his point. While they presumed they were avoiding crime, the low crime rates of their own time had nothing in connection with their methods; it revolved around the era they were in (Fyfe, 1993).
While Fyfe and I concur that we have to come up with more ways to avoid crime because police officers are not very effective in preventing offense, we disagree about the fact that this can be an important role for cops and for the future of policing. Police officers play a part in preventing criminal offense and even if we come up with better methods, officials may be involved in the execution of the new methods.
Wilson explains law enforcement as what an official does when there is absolutely no dispute such as giving a speeding ticket. This is an infraction of the law and steps are taken up to make the person responsible for their oversight, but there is no previous dispute (Wilson, 1968). I really believe law enforcement is an important role of cops because enforcing regulations is important. If the law wasn't enforced people would feel just like they could do whatever they want whether speeding, stealing, loitering, etc. People need some type of rules or restrictions or things could easily get majorly beyond control and chaos could dominate.
Goldstein agrees with my estimation, he says that you need to first look at the role of the authorities within the legal justice system to be able to analyze the authorities function. He declares that officers count greatly on the legal justice system when enforcing the law. They research, harass, punish, and offer safekeeping; they manage a greater level of business than most and must use discretion in deciding how to deal with certain situations. He basically says enforcing the law is a big part of what an officer does plus they do it by counting on the criminal justice system to assist them and lower back them up (Goldstein, 1977).
Maintaining order can be an important role because this is a large part of what officers do and if they didn't perform this role it might also lead to bafflement and chaos. Officials maintain order by controlling domestic violence phone calls, noises violations, loitering therefore much more, if they did not do this, these issues would not get handled. That is an important role for officials because a lot of calls involve these problems, they can stop a deal with, a celebration, kids from hanging out where they shouldn't, etc. I believe this is an essential role for an official.
Wilson will abide by my opinion, he says that a officer is more described by retaining order, but he also disagrees with me by saying this is more important than enforcing the law. I believe both of these roles are similarly important and should both be performed by officials. He states that order is defined as the absence of disorder and disorder is action that disrupts the serenity. Disorder carries a difference over right and incorrect and who is to blame for the incorrect. He argues that officers come across more order of maintenance issues than police issues, excluding traffic violations. He is convinced retaining order is the main role of your officer since it exposes officials to more physical threat if not handled correctly it might lead to dangerous situations. He is convinced the function of order maintenance defines the official and his / her role locally (Wilson, 1968).
Wilson makes some very valid points as to why maintaining order is this important role of police officers. I trust almost all of his arguments about how precisely and just why order maintenance is important aside from it being more important than police. I really believe this role is necessary in the foreseeable future of policing and consists of the officer with the community and provides him a good rapport with folks locally by keeping peace and keeping order within a nearby.
Use of Make:
The use of force I believe is more of your function when compared to a role, but either way it is a very important part of being an officer. I believe it is more a function because it is not a position of the official, but a task associated with being truly a police officer. The usage of pressure is important since it is an important ability we as a community trust officials with. When an officer abuses this electric power, by using more push than necessary or uses dangerous force you should definitely absolutely necessary, it creates people doubt officials and ruins the rapport they have got in the community and makes us feel unsafe. We see officers as people who protect us and are out there for are well-being, but if we think they can be breaking the law or harming people then we question their abilities and purpose.
Bittner explains the use of drive by stating that officials are outfitted and necessary to offer with any situation where force may be needed. The usage of force is respected upon officers with the hope that they will use it properly and not exceed the amount of force needed for the situation (Bittner, 1974).
Van Maanen clarifies the utilization of drive as a question of where, when and how much is necessary. Officials use a safeness pattern of examining any person they come into contact with of whether they will, if required, be able to overpower them. This is an important role or function because they need to control this role in support of make use of it when necessary (Truck Maanen, 1974).
I also believe that if the utilization of force was taught more carefully and effectively and when officers were kept more accountable for their activities then it would not be such a big issue. I know that officers can't be completely managed when out on the street and that problems do happen, but part of being an official is dealing with that responsibility and recognizing what is necessary for any situation. I think that if this is more focused on in training or classes it would help the situation dramatically.
Hunt is another writer who discusses the utilization of push and backs up what I really believe about the function. He clarifies normal drive, which is the product of accounting routines by officials for explaining what happened as excusable or justifiable. He talks about that normal make is justifiable or excusable because the drive was necessary for the situation accessible. He feels if normal make was trained and used more regularly than the use of force wouldn't normally be such a hot issue and excessive make wouldn't normally be as big of the problem (Hunt, 1985).
These four roles are what I believe are the best suited for future years of policing and what I'd like police force to do. I want police officers to give attention to these four tasks and perfect them and change lives. I believe if these four assignments were the main target and were educated correctly and completely then policing would become more effective plus some in our problems would be solved.
Four strategies that concentrate on the tasks and functions that I think are important and backup a lot of my thoughts are community policing, criminal offense control policing, problem focused policing, and evidence established policing. These strategies would best complete the goals of the tasks I believe symbolize the future of policing. Community policing can be an important strategy in my own opinion since it focuses on police and criminal offenses control. Crime control policing is basically because it focuses on criminal offenses control and crime analysis. Problem focused is because it focuses on searching for solutions and alternatives. Information structured policing is important and various because it mainly focuses on scholars and their romantic relationship with officials and the unlawful justice system.
Community Policing Strategy:
In my thoughts and opinions community policing is an efficient strategy since it involves police, preserving order and criminal offenses control, but it also involves the city, that i think is vital. I feel that involving the community is important since it builds the bond between police officers and the neighborhood or community they work in. Plus people in the community have an improved understanding of what goes on and what can help or not help certain situations. If officials have the city on their part they have a much better chance of effectively enforcing the law, retaining order and controlling or trying to prevent crime.
Kelling and Moore explain community policing and its give attention to a renewed romance between the community and the law. It feels that law is still the basis of authorities function, but would like to involve the community. It is convinced that community interaction and help is necessary for police to effectively maintain order, negotiate conflicts and solve community problems. Order maintenance, conflict resolution, problem solving and provision of services are the police functions included in this strategy. Crime control is also included in this strategy and it tries to perform this role through speedy response and preventative patrol (Kelling and Moore, 1980).
Crime Control Strategy:
In my judgment crime control is an excellent strategy because it obviously focuses on crime control, which involves prevention and is also one of the functions I believe is important. It also searches for new ways to effectively control offense and rules out old practices that are inadequate. It also uses crime evaluation, which is a newer way to look at crime and figure out what is working and what's not and what could possibly work in the foreseeable future. All of these functions involved in this strategy can be effective in the foreseeable future of policing and perhaps lead to determining a way to control preventing criminal offense and use research to take action.
Eck and Spelman explain crime control policing and exactly how researchers began to observe the capability to control crime because of this of the 1960 riots. They discovered that random, unmanaged patrol automobiles do not work which special devices sometimes work, but cannot be utilized regularly and were costly. Police administrators reasoned that maybe it was not that they did not work, but that they needed to be managed better. Experts also found that officers and detectives experienced free time that can better be utilized and differential authorities response originated to release patrol time. Criminal offenses evaluation was used because information about crime and criminals was needed. This strategy uses crime analysis to analyze the nature of criminal offense and criminals to help find way to regulate criminal offenses (Eck and Spelman, 1987).
Problem Oriented Policing Strategy:
Problem oriented policing focuses on problem solving, medical diagnosis and examination skills. I like this strategy since it supports community policing, but goes further in looking for creative answers to help cops roles. In my own opinion this strategy is important because it focuses on the future of policing and way to boost it which coincides with the functions discussed above.
Eck and Spelman explain problem oriented policing to be more of circumstances of mind then a program, approach or method. The keys to the strategy are analysis of the condition and the search for solutions; these are attained by using standard procedure technique or an analytic model. They explain that this methodology can be employed to a wide variety of problems happening in neighborhoods, non-residential areas, or metropolitan areas. Research on this topic demonstrates officers possess the interest and skills that are needed to conduct studies to find problems and alternatives. Officers involved in this kind of strategy enjoy enhancing the grade of life of the individuals they provide (Eck and Spelman, 1987).
Evidence Established Policing Strategy:
This is a good strategy in my own opinion since it integrates scholars and police work. It thinks that if indeed they interact we will have an improved chance of finding more effective skills for cops to use. That is a good procedure because it targets the future of policing and the way to integrate old techniques with new ideas and research. It focuses on which assignments of police work and that are not and what can be done to make them far better.
Sparrow presents data based mostly policing as an approach that adopts a vision of how the marriage between scholars and cops should work. It says that officials should care not only about success, but efficiency and funding also. Law enforcement officials do not examine medical methods and scientists have no idea much about operational policing, which is why academia is slow to attain conclusions. This plan believes that if indeed they work together we have a better chance of getting excellent results. It requires officials engaging in this plan to adopt a new group of skills. A whole lot of work must be achieved on both sides to be able to see results, but if it is done the results can be quite useful and effective (Sparrow, 2010).
Tools and Strategies:
I imagine the tactics or tools that are most important for each one of these strategies are community participation along with crime examination, which helps find problems and alternatives. I believe if the city is involved it helps officials perform their assignments and functions easier and more effectively and I believe if we require crime analysis it'll lead to finding the problems that need to be set and answers to mending those problems.
Community policing involves tactics or tools such as problem handling, ft. patrol, information gathering, community organizing and consultation, education, regular patrol, specialized forms of patrol and rapid response. Also, information showing between officers and detectives to help criminal offenses solution and clearance is also included (Kelling and Moore, 1980). Offense control policing entails tactics or tools such as time management, differential police force response strategies, crime analysis, patrol, investigations, security, and stakeouts (Eck and Spelman, 1987). Problem focused policing involves techniques or tools such as problems being described more specifically, information accumulated from outside sources not just internal sources, participating in search for solutions, developing creating solutions, and analysis of the problem (Eck and Spelman, 1987). Research based policing consists of strategies or tools such as extensive analytical support, romance between scholars and officers, and tackling problems or hazards (Sparrow, 2010). These tools or tactics are being used for putting into action these strategies more effectively.
The four most important roles of police in my judgment are police, crime prevention, maintaining order, and the use of force. Many of these are shown in some way through the four strategies presented, community policing, criminal offense control policing, problem oriented policing, and proof based policing. The tools and tactics posted help effectively put into practice these strategies such as community participation, crime analysis, patrol, etc. Most of the authors shown support my ideas, but some disagree with which functions I really believe are most significant. Their research and arguments help further describe what my viewpoints are involving police officers' tasks and strategies.
Works Cited Page
Bittner, Egon. 1974. "Florence Nightingale in search of Willie Sutton: A theory of the authorities. Pps. 17-43 in Herbert Jacob (ed. ), The Potential for Reform of Criminal Justice. Beverly Hillsides, CA: Sage.
Eck, John E. and Spelman, William. 1987. Who ya gonna call? The police as problem-busters. Criminal offense & Delinquency, 33: 31-52.
Engel, Robin. 2011. Component 2 Notes: The Jobs and Functions of Police.
Fyfe, James J. 1993. Good policing. Chapter 12 (pps. 269-289) in Brian Forst (ed. ), The Socioeconomics of Offense and Justice. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe.
Goldstein, Herman. 1977. The police function. Section 2 (pps. 21-44) in Policing a Free World. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger Posting Company.
Hunt, Jennifer. 1985. Law enforcement officials accounts of normal make. Urban Life 13(4): 315-341.
Kelling, George L. and Moore, Tag H. 1988. The evolving strategy of policing. Perspective on Policing, volume level 4. Washington, D. C. : National Institute of Justice, U. S. Department of Justice.
Sparrow, Malcolm K. 2011. Governing Technology. New Perspectives in Policing. Harvard Kennedy Institution. Country wide Institute of Justice.
Van Maanen, John. 1974. Working the road: A developmental view of law enforcement tendencies. Pps. 83-130 in Herbert Jacob (ed. ), The Prospect of Reform of Felony Justice. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Magazines.
Wilson, Adam Q. 1968. The patrolman. Section 2 (pps. 16-56) in Styles of Police Behavior: The Management of Laws & Order in Eight Neighborhoods. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University or college Press.