In 1922, F. Scott Fitzgerald published the novel THE STUNNING and Damned, which challenged his literary reputation. In his book, Fitzgerald intertwines his life experiences into the individuals of the novel. Fitzgerald places a great emphasis on a single period of the lives of the two main people, Anthony and Gloria Patch, as they travel from a period of delight and pleasure, to a time of hate and discontent towards one another. Anthony Patch packages from a life quest from Harvard, to alcoholism, greed, and home pity; eventually damaging his body and mind from the effects of both.
The title THE STUNNING and Damned in the end refers to both main character types in the book, Anthony Patch and his partner Gloria. While living the nice life, of way too many parties and abnormal liquor, Anthony and Gloria open up themselves to fighting and failing. The "beautiful" and the "damned" are one and the same people. It's their beauty and carelessness that damns these to fall from grace and suffer.
The Beautiful and Damned was set in once period that F. Scott Fitzgerald himself lived. There are several similarities between Fitzgerald and the primary identity, Anthony Patch. Matthew Bruccoli mentioned it best "The Dominant affects on F. Scott Fitzgerald were his aspirations, literature, Princeton, Zelda Fitzgerald and alcohol" (2003). Fitzgerald portrayed these same qualities to the key personality, Anthony Patch. The storyplot commences in 1913, when Anthony Patch was 25 years old. Anthony's life commences with much heartache. At time eleven, he previously already lived through the deaths of both his mother and father. During his Juvenile years, Anthony goes to Great britain, for private tutoring, and then eventually attends Harvard. After graduating from Harvard, Anthony acquired high dreams for himself. He considered himself to be above others; within an aristocratic sense. He experienced that he'd one day take action meaningful along with his life; something that would bring him much notoriety and fame.
Fitzgerald was coached from a age to shoot for Excellency. Fitzgerald experienced high dreams for himself. He attended Princeton, in 1917, but soon decreased out because of concern with failing. Literature played a very large role in his dreams. From his quick time at Princeton he published stories for a number of of the school magazines.
In the Book, Fitzgerald provided these same traits to the main personality, Anthony Patch. Inside the book, Anthony also shows an interest in literature. He is afforded the opportunity, through his allowance from his grandfather, to acquire a rather large assortment of literature; literature that was thought to be obtainable only by the astute and rich.
Anthony Patch was also educated to shoot for Excellency. He was tutored in Great britain, by private tutors and then attends Harvard. After graduating from Harvard, Anthony will go abroad to Rome and lives an extremely free life, where he paints and enjoys his time with friends that he achieved at Harvard. Anthony steps to NEW YORK many years later, because of his grandfather's illness, and is engrossed in the aristocratic and reckless atmosphere of the Jazz Age.
Fitzgerald's writings were very important at that time. It is thought that Fitzgerald's contributions to books helped shape film and theater, and that film directors had taken a few of the literary knowledge from Fitzgerald, and used it as their own. The changing culture and behaviour of the 1920's were resonated in motion pictures and in literature. But, the critics of that time period were hesitant to put Fitzgerald in the category as that of Faulkner, or the sort. Instead, Fitzgerald was grouped as a "Jazz Years Writer". Jonathan Enfield stated that film's impact both on Fitzgerald's technique and on the patterns of eyesight shaping his approach have much broader implications for the analysis of American fiction (669).
Fitzgerald coined the term "The Jazz Time". "The "Jazz Age" for Fitzgerald the word may have resonated humorously with Natural stone Age, Bronze Years, and Flat iron Age-periodizations of archaic humanity that arrived to use among archaeologists through the second 50 percent of the nineteenth hundred years" (Breitwiese, 2000). The Jazz Get older saturated the culture of the 1920's. This is a very reckless time. It was the "anything should go" frame of mind that fostered after World Battle One. You can hear the bass from the jazz night clubs resonating throughout the roadways, and the enthusiasm of visiting the doubtful speakeasies, where liquor was used underground as a result of prohibition laws and regulations.
The Ten years of the 20's was also called the boom, despite the 1921 recession. During this time Industrialism came into being, and the center course found themselves able to acquire the same riches and opportunities that the wealthy usually appreciated. Fitzgerald was noticeably main authors to monitor these changes in the North american Culture, and he used these plans to set the stage for his second novel THE STUNNING and Damned. The book portrays a depressing portrait of what can occur to a committed couple during the sluggish and hedonistic modern culture of the Jazz Get older.
In Fitzgerald's novel, Anthony Patch never preserved occupation during his amount of time in New York. He lived off of an inheritance, still left by his mom after her loss of life years before. Anthony learned quite a lot about the currency markets from his grandfather, who was simply a millionaire at that time, and he used that knowledge to collect himself a fairly profitable assortment of cost savings bonds. The cost savings bonds seemed to be doing quite well; so well that Anthony possessed no need or need to works some lifeless end job, or any job in any way for example. Anthony believed that to acquire work was "beneath him" and he grew up to perform better functions for world; he just didn't know just what that was, yet.
Anthony held many get-togethers in his apartment. The apartment was where life started for him. It was where he slept, ate, and most importantly of most interested. His apartment was held clean by way of a butler, who brought him his mail, and prepared his breakfast every morning. Anthony's aesthete figure was resonated to his very picky visitor, Maury Noble and Richard Caramel, who had been his friends from Harvard of course. Anthony's involvement with Maury and Richard always included the pleasantries of alcohol. Initially, the alcohol utilization is taken care of at a public level. Anthony is solitary and incorporates liquor into his schedule normally as he can. Each time Anthony hosted a get together at his apartment in Manhattan, alcoholic beverages was introduced to set the spirits. Many critics of the novel state that "The most powerful autobiographical elements in Fitzgerald's second book, The Beautiful and Damned, lay in its portrayal of an marriage both defined and strained by unlimited parties in New York City and its environs" (Baughman).
Since this is a love history gone badly, I believe it is important to clarify how Anthony found his better half, Gloria, in the book. Through Richard Caramel's acquaintance, Anthony matches Richards's cousin, Gloria Gilbert. Gilbert, a level gal from Kansas City Missouri, was regarded to be one of the very most sought after in the country, at that time. Her beauty was untouched, as Anthony would soon find out. One day, Richard brings Gloria over to Anthony's apartment for an release. Anthony detects Gloria to be glowing, as she parades around the area; talking no more than herself. Anthony confirms his mind wanting to know. He looks at her and thinks "She was dazzling-alight; it was agony to grasp her beauty in a glimpse (Fitzgerald, 57). Anthony and Gloria continue steadily to go out mutually, until Gloria determines that she really wants the abundant free lifestyle that Anthony is living. She wishes to be always a part of computer. The parties, theatre and speakeasies make her come alive in the storyline; as if this was her lifestyle prior to her assembly Anthony. I feel that Gloria and Anthony are compatible, for the most part, because both Anthony and Gloria are both very home utilized in themselves. They both want glory and success, but they are unable to exceed their own self absorbed atmosphere to acquire it. Anthony is waiting on his grandfather to expire, so that he can take on the large inheritance, and he won't step out of this realm of thinking. Anthony is scared to take the next phase to acquire anything, much less a job. Gloria is so self- absorbed, and stuck up. She could experienced any man, as she stated in the novel "EASILY wanted anything, then I would just take it. "
The lives of Anthony and Gloria quickly went downhill because of their attitudes. This is ironic because the life of Fitzgerald, as this isn't a biography, between the appearance of his first book, This Part of Paradise, in the spring and coil of 1920 and his second Novel, The Beautiful and damned, two years later, was almost as do it yourself dangerous as that of Anthony Patch Gloria in the novel (Eble, 1999). I think the brand new York Press Stated it best "The book is full of that kind of pseudo-realism which results from shutting one's sight to all or any that is good in individual dynamics, and looking only after that which is small and mean-a view quite as fake as its extreme contrary, which, reversing the process, results in what we have learned to classify as "glad" literature" (Field, 1922).
The most contributing factor to Anthony's mental curiosity and his continuous degeneration was his continuous consumption of alcohol. When Anthony and Gloria kept their apartment in New York, and moved to their "Gray House" in Marietta, they continuing to host elaborate get-togethers; even thought there budget would not enable it. Anthony's alcohol ingestion became worse over time. He started to drink in the morning. He'd go to restaurants along with his friends at lunch break and drink much more alcohol. Evening meal would also include liquor. It soon became visible that Anthony was an intolerable bore without it. It was, as if, Anthony and Gloria were living there day to day lives without much so this means.
There is irony in the actual fact that Fitzgerald was also known by his friends to truly have a serious taking in problem. Fitzgerald liked to live on the free life as well. "First there have been the drunken sprees that appeared to be a party of youth and vitality, past due followed by the bitter, abusive drunkenness that many of Fitzgerald's friends acquired come to respect as sheer do it yourself damage" (Irwin, 1987). Was Fitzgerald really resonating his personal sense in his writings? I think he was. Actually, most critics firmly believe "the stunning and the Damned is thus an exploration of life's meaningless and of the decay of figure that results from such a point of view" (Pelzer 53).
When Anthony's grandfather dies, he's shocked to discover that his grandfather, out of utter disgust towards Anthony, fails to leave him the inheritance. For a long time Anthony waited, with high expectations that he would have the inheritance, and he expected it because he was the first grandson. He had no desire to obtain a job, or better himself, because he just realized that he'd someday be rich from the money passed down. Anthony refused to give up and he made a decision to bring the matter before the courts. This may have been the one time in the story that Anthony actually asserted himself at anything. Gloria, who is by now absolutely frustrated with Anthony's frequent drinking and bickering, withdraws from him.
Days before the inheritance, their money dries up. Anthony goes out to pawn some watches, but comes home later drunk and beaten up by one of is own former fellow workers. His friends, Maury in particular, sees Anthony turning out to be a drunk, and he won't help Anthony. When Anthony profits to his apartment later that evening, he is fulfilled by Gloria, who informs him that he won the inheritance. It had been too late. The money didn't matter any more. Anthony was mentally and literally tore down by the consequences of liquor, that he'd never have the ability to benefit from the money, as he dreamed when he was young.
The tale ends with Anthony resting in a wheelchair and searching at the docks; hanging around on a dispatch to consider him to Britain; where he will live the rest of his life. Anthony mentions over the last webpage in the publication that he didn't give up, despite what folks thought of him.
Even thought Fitzgerald didn't earn a lot of credibility with this book, he did a great job of portraying a love report; that is eventually ruined by greed and despair. It is simple to observe how this could have happened through the reckless times of the 1920's.