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Research Achievements in Biomedical Engineering

BIOMEDICAL ENGINNERING

Biomedical Anatomist is a branch of anatomist which combines biology and remedies with engineering rules and mechanics for the improvement of advanced health care treatment and numerous breakthroughs in treatments. Bioengineer is a cross-disciplinary field which requires skills and knowledge to comprehend, determine and solve biomedical and specialized medical problems through engineering sciences. Biomedical Engineers works on various sector within bioengineering i. e. tissues engineering, genetic engineering, imaging, biomaterials and much more. Bioengineers design and develop new equipment and methods, surgical devices, prosthetics and unnatural organs for medical imaging, monitoring and diagnosing disease. In addition they work for the development of new surgical procedure and research alternatives. Bioengineering has turned into a promising and increasing field in present times.

Among various inventions of biomedical engineering, a cochlear implant is one of the important medical discovery. A cochlear implant is a surgically implanted medical device which replaces the function of the damaged inner hearing by bypassing the ruined hair cells of a cochlea to provide signals to the brain. It works greater than a hearing aid device. It is basically employed by the individuals who have hearing damage in both ears and those who are not benefitted by reading supports. The implant has been utilized by enormous population having hearing reduction and difficulties due to its immense performance. And as of December, 2012, around 324, 200 registered devices have been implanted worldwide.

Figure: Cochlear Implant (https://www. google. com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwiNqNuKhqrSAhWBPCYKHUGND3IQjRwIBw&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww. medindia. net%2Fpatients%2Fpatientinfo%2Fcochlearimplants. htm&psig=AFQjCNHJBWApt8n01ZcD9A0LCeka2nVq7A&ust=1488070699063874)

Another Significant achievement in Biomedical executive is Composite cells transplantation. There has been a lot of interest in the introduction of bioengineered buildings with multiple tissue types because of the recent success of scientific Vascularized Composite Allografts (VCA's) like the face (upper, lower) and belly walls. The structure transplantation serves as a replacement of traumatic losses from explosives, melts away, cosmetic concerns and various major functional accidents. Since VCA will depend on upon the development of recipients nerves in to the grafted donor structure, many issues have been arising for obtaining the cooperation of different muscle in vivo. Further research is going on to meet up with the challenges and complications.

The field of biomedical engineering is growing with successful experiments and surgeries. However, there are specific experimental and medical failures as well. In another of the cases, one of the Duke school Hospital surgeon controlled a heart and lung transplantation surgery of Jessica Santilan on February 7, without recalling the info of the donors blood type. There is absence of positive confirmation of ABO compatibility of the donor organs and the identified recipient patient. This is considered a crucial mistake for being it brought on Ms. Santilan desperately sick with symptoms of irreversible brain harm.

Biomedical Engineering is one of the very most promising job. One must complete a four years Bachelor's level and a two years' get better at level in Biomedical Engineering major to become a professional Biomedical Engineer. The average salary of a Biomedical Engineer is $86, 220 per annum. Being truly a Biomedical engineer, one can be employed by the betterment of health, culture and can perform a typical professional and financial living.

REFERENCES

  • Mattsson, J. , Ringden, O. , & Storb, R. (2008, Januaary). Graft Failure Allogenic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation. Retrieved from: https://www. ncbi. nlm. nih. gov/pmc/articles/PMC2344125/
  • Ericson, G. (2016, January 13). One-sided reading, cochlear implants examined in project. Retrieved from: https://source. wustl. edu/2008/09/onesided-hearing-cochlear-implants-studied-in-project/

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