The problem of racism is one of the central designs in the American literature. Remarkably, the problem of racism has persisted because the time of slavery and slave trade, when dark slaves were cured as mere commodities and whites experienced their superiority. The racism surfaced and evolved eventually. Nevertheless, the antagonism between your whites and the blacks in america persisted that by natural means damaged the American literature, which mirrored sociable problems and complicated social, interracial romantic relationships. In this respect, it is specially noteworthy to make reference to such books as "Their Eyes Were Watching God" by Z. N. Hurston and "If He Hollers Let Him Go" by C. Himes, which uncover the full level to which racism was deep-routed in the consciousness of People in the usa both whites and African Us citizens. Both novels give attention to the situation of racism in the American population, although Hurston focuses on the depiction of racism in regard to African People in the usa women, whereas Himes stresses the challenge of racism in regard to DARK-COLORED men, but both creators reveal effectively that the challenge of racism affected both genders and all cultural classes and organizations within the American society.
On inspecting both novels, it's important to lay focus on the actual fact that they both concentrate on the problem of racism and complicated racial relationships. At exactly the same time, both novels show clearly the full scope to which racism damaged the life span of American people. In this respect, African People in america were traditionally inferior to white Americans, to the magnitude that these were cared for as mere commodities, as if we were holding a sort of inferior race, which can't ever be add up to whites. At this time, Hurston goes probably too much because she often tends to associate BLACK ladies and women with mules, who are providing to men. For example, when the explained African People in the usa she reveals the fact that they were deprived of any rights and liberties and they could not are a symbol of their protection under the law and interest. Instead, they had to follow to the whites without any attempt to rebel. For example, Hurston uses metaphor and allegory to spell it out African Americans and to reveal their position in the American world dominated by the whites: "These sitters have been tongueless, earless, eyeless conveniences the whole day. Mules and other brutes had occupied their skins. But now, sunlight and the bossman were absent, so the skins sensed powerful and real human. They became lords of sounds and minimal things. They passed countries through their mouths. They sat in wisdom. " (Hurston, 2). Naturally, the author will attributes such characteristics as conformity and helplessness, which will be the characteristics of such pets as mules, to African Americans. In spite of the fact that the author associates African People in america with "mules and other brutes", she still stresses that they are not totally deprived of individual dignity. In stark comparison, they are still eager to complete that they are human and they are equal to whites and other people because as soon as the setting up changes and their "blackness" is not seen nowadays, they feel comfortable and alert to their human being dignity. They change as if by magic from speechless mules into commendable humans.
At this aspect, the novel "Their Sight Were Watching God" is comparable to "If He Hollers Let Him Go" by Himes. To put it more specifically, the main personality of "If He Hollers Let Him Go", Bob Jones, who's an DARK-COLORED, counts for his successful career development because many African Us citizens have been successful and began to receive high salary and get advertising. In such a situation, readers can trace a significant evolution that occurs to the main identity as he changes his attitude to other folks also to himself most importantly. At first, the main character seems to be an ordinary BLACK, who got used to be a substandard man to whites. He got used to follow which is obvious that he'd never change his lifestyle and his action, if he had not acquired an opportunity to take a different position in his work place. To put it more accurately, he was raised with the fact that whites are superior to blacks because they are experts and rulers of the world, whereas African Us citizens always performed low-qualified careers. However, as soon as Bob perceives that African People in america can find the advertising and get higher position in their place of work, he starts working harder and does indeed his best to improve his position in the company. In such a way, Bob changes as change African Americans in the reserve "Their Eye Were Observing God".
At once, the aforementioned changes take place at two levels: interior and outside. At the surface level, characters described by both creators change when their blackness is not seen, when they are treated as average people but not as blacks. With the poor level, the people change and feel their human dignity when they see they can be add up to whites and when they can flourish in spite of the fact being dark.
The life of the primary characters of the main book reveals the full controversy of the life span of African People in america in america. Their life was packed with hardships and problems. Alternatively, sometimes they were happy plus they know very well what goodness and good life looks like. In this admiration, you'll be able to refer to the description of the key persona of "Their Eye Were Viewing God' by Hurston: "Janie found her life like a great tree in leaf with the items suffered, things enjoyed, things done and undone. Dawn and doom was in the branches. " (Hurston, 8). It is worth mentioning the actual fact that Hurston uses the metaphor again assessing the life of people to the tree, which has different branches. In this respect, the novel written by Himes is less rich stylistically but, instead, the laconic and appropriate terminology makes the information of hardships of African People in america, their prospects and failures, extremely genuine and heart-touching. So, Hurston uses metaphors, allegory and other stylistic devices to depict vividly the life span of African People in america, whereas Himes targets the realism of the depiction, steering clear of pointless deviations from the narration of his report. Nevertheless, it's important to lay focus on the fact that the main heroes of both novels have experienced both hardships and joy but the hardships dominate apparently in their life. Amazingly, both personas, Janie and Bob, have desires and objectives; they incorporate dawns and dooms in the branches of trees with their lives.
Janie is aware of the fact of her inferiority. She grew up with the thought of being inferior but in the span of her life she battles resistant to the prejudices and stereotypes to debunk the myth that African Us citizens are inferior to the whites. She is aware of the superior attitude of the whites to African People in america: "You know, honey, us colored folks is branches without root base and which makes things come round in queer ways. You in particular. Ah was created back due in slavery so that it wasn't for me personally to satisfy my dreams of whut a woman oughta be and do Ah wanted to preach a great sermon about colored women sittin" on high, nonetheless they wasn't no pulpit for me. " (Hurston, 15). Certainly, Janie can rely on herself only. She will not know her ancestry but, nonetheless, she actually is ready to begin her life anew and, what is more she wants to achieve her life. Similarly to Janie, Bob has little notion of his ancestry. Nevertheless, he thinks that he is able to succeed in his job development and he matters for promotion because he works hard and his anticipations are just.
Unlike Bob, Janie does not count for her professional job as the means to improve her position. Instead, she relies heavily on relationship as the tool to get a better public standing up: "Ah would like things sugary wid mah matrimony lak when you sit down under a pear tree and think. Ah" (Hurston, 23). Janie acquired great prospects and desires associated with her successful relationship: "Janie drawn back a long time because he did not symbolize sun-up and pollen and blooming trees, but he spoke for far horizon. He spoke for change and chance. " (Hurston, 28). In this regard, she seems to be a bit idealistic as well as Bob is, when he matters for his advertising.
On the other palm, Janie shows to become more pragmatic and she is going to act for sure and she would like to marry successfully: "Thank yuh fuh yo" compliments, but mah wife have no idea nothin" "bout no speech- makin". Ah never married her for nothin' lak dat. She's uh female and her place is at de home. " (Hurston, 40-41). Eventually, Janie marries successfully and she is happy. She gets money and the man she likes. As opposed to Janie, Bob doesn't have such an opportunity to succeed in marriage. Instead, he depends completely on his labor and hard work but he fails because he is outpaced by way of a white rival. In such a situation, he understands that whiteness continues to be important and preceding to professional features of people. He grows desperate after he manages to lose an possibility to get a promotion: "I started out questioning when white people began getting white - or alternatively, when they started out dropping it. I liked those two white kids; these were white, but as my aunt Fanny used to state they couldn't make it. " (Himes, 118). The idea of whiteness becomes essential for him because, as he expected to get promotion, he had started to become white but he failed eventually.
The concept of whiteness depicted by Himes can be tracked in the book compiled by Hurston: "Take for illustration that new house of his. It had two tales with porches, with bannisters and such things. The rest ofthe town appeared as if servants' quarters encircling the "big house. " And different from everyone else in the city he put off relocating until it had been colored, in and out. And look at the way he colored it - a gloaty, sparkly white. " (Hurston, 44). Big residences and posh lifestyle are from the life of white people and this life is not attainable for blacks. Instead, the writer repeatedly associates African Americans with animals showing their inferiority to the whites: "Somebody got to think for ladies and chillun and hens and cows. I god, they sho don't believe nothing theirselves. " (Hurston, 67).
Nevertheless, Janie shows to be able to change her life and triumph over existing biases and stereotypes: "Janie performed what she acquired never done before, that is, thrust herself in to the talk. " (Hurston, 70). In such a way, Janie does do something to change her life even if her activities contradict to existing sociable norms. Likewise, Bob challenges communal norms as he strives to get promotion. However, unlike Janie, who succeeds in her work, Bob fails but his failure is sort of a norm.
Janie knows that she's to do something by herself to change her life for better: "When you take down yo' britches, you look lak de change uh life. " (Hurston, 75). At the same time, Janie looks forward to to violate existing social norms and standards: "It had been so crazy digging worms by light fixture light and setting out for Lake Sabelia after midnight that she experienced such as a child breaking guidelines. That's what made Janie enjoy it. " (Hurston, 98).
In such a context, it seems to be quite natural that she succeeds. Incredibly, her success appears to be as natural as the inability of Bob. By the finish of the novel, Janie is pleased with Teac Cake: "[Tea Cake] looked like the love thoughts of women. He is actually a bee to a blossom - a pear tree blossom in the spring. He seemed to be crushing scent from the world with his footsteps. Crushing aromatic natural herbs with every step he got. Spices hung about him. He was a glimpse from God. " (Hurston, 101). In contrast, Bob is devastated by his failing to obtain the campaign he used to count for.
On the other hand, the life span of Janie continues to be far from perfect because, in spite of positive changes in her life, she still remains an BLACK, who is subject to assault and offence: "Before the week was over he had whipped Janie. Not because her patterns justified his jealousy, but it relieved that terrible fear inside him. Having the ability to whip her reassured him in ownership. No brutal conquering by any means. He just slapped her around a little showing he was boss. " (Hurston, 140). In such a situation, when Janie, as an DARK-COLORED girl, is deprived of any protection under the law she can depend for nothing but God: "They huddled nearer and stared at the door. They just didn't use another part of their bodies, plus they didn't look at anything but the door. The time was previous for requesting the white people what to look for during that door. Six eyes were questioning God. " (Hurston, 150). In that situation, the loss of life of Teac Cake seems to be some sort of liberation of Janie: "Once after uh time, Ah never "spected nothin", Tea Cake, but bein' deceased from standin' still and tryin' tuh have fun. Nevertheless, you come "long and made somethin" outa me. So Ah'm thankful fuh anything we come through together. " (Hurston, 158). In case of Bob, he would never get such liberation because he has to work hard to keep up his family and he has no hopes for a better life because he cannot turn into a white.
Nevertheless, Janie has quite questionable feelings in regards to her oppressor because Tea Wedding cake is an oppressor but, on the other palm, she is happy with him: "Janie held his head securely to her breast and wept and thanked him wordlessly for offering her the opportunity for loving service. She had to hug him tight for soon he'd be removed, and she were required to tell him for the last time. Then the grief of outside darkness descended. " (Hurston, 175).
In spite of all hardships, Janie continues to be happy by the finish of the novel: "So Ah'm back home agin and Ah'm satisfied tuh be heah. Ah done been tuh de horizon and back again and now Ah kin set heah in mah house and live by comparisons. " (Hurston, 182). On the other hand, Bob's life becomes the full total failure. At exactly the same time, both books show that the key characters are destined to racism. In addition, it is evident that both characters could be more happy if they were whites. No marvel, Bob stresses the value of whiteness and how it affects the life of individuals.
No wonder, Janie becomes happy only when she stays by themselves and is victorious the trial, where white women recognized her that proved to be the most crucial factor that allowed her to gain the trial. Actually, the path is a sort of acceptance of Janie and her addition in to the white community. In such a way, whiteness becomes the foundation of calmness and delight in the life span of Janie: "Here was serenity. She pulled in her horizon just like a great fish-net. Pulled it from around the stomach of the world and draped it over her make. So much of life in its meshes! She called in her heart and soul to come and see. " (Hurston, 184). In this regard, Bob didn't become a "white", which he likely to do through his campaign.
Thus, taking into account all previously listed, it's important to lay focus on the actual fact that both books "Their Sight Were Seeing God" by Hurston and "If He Hollers Let Him Go" by Himes show that racism affects the life span of African People in the usa consistently. Moreover, racism deprives African People in the usa of huge opportunities to succeed in their professional and personal life. They have problems with inferiority and long lasting oppression from the part of the whites. Because of this, the whiteness becomes an appealing goal the key characters want to achieve. However, as the problem of truth, the whiteness makes people worse as Bob, the primary identity of "If He Hollers Let Him Go" concludes. Therefore, as long as racism persists, the inequality and oppression of the minority are inescapable.