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Psychosocial Effects of Technology

  • Olivia Di Giulio

Introduction

As individuals of a modern modern culture, our company is use to technology being present in almost every part of our everyday lives. Being that technology is so within our everyday lives, it is nearly impossible to live on a standard life without it. Technology such as laptop computers and mobile phones have become fittings of modern culture, influencing how we connect, work, and spend our free time. Though the results appear minimal on the surface, technology can transform a person's physiological state. Technology influences how view ourselves, our romantic relationship with others, and the ways that we talk, therefore, creating negative psychosocial impacts on the lives of individuals.

Though technology is intended to market the strengths of human interconnection, it creates an abundance of negative affects and backlashes. Technology has been created and manifested in various forms throughout the twenty first century. Technology is a huge umbrella term, because of the thousands of creations that can fall under its category. Technology can range between a physical creation such as a laptop and a cell phone, to a exclusive creation like the Internet, its various websites, and different social press applications that can be accessed from both mobile phones and computers. The internet, that can be reached from numerous technological devices, allows individuals to fully participate in its online world through showing pictures, online talk forums, blogs, and to write about their life and daily activities through social media. Through these various strategies, the Internet allows users to generate virtual relationships and communicable ties. Though all of these facets seem to be extremely positive, the negative impacts outweigh its benefits. For each and every positive feature, in turn, creates a poor psychological impact in some form or form. Technology can affect our specific mental states to be, how we view ourselves, the ways in which we connect, and our relationships with others, that are some of the most crucial features of our human lifetime. Through technology we've redefined acceptable habits and moral norms, the basis of communication, and who our company is as a culture.

One might ask why it matters that technology has influenced our psychosocial sates to be. It issues because were mentally no more the same culture that people were before these technological advancements. Being a culture, our mental expresses have changed adversely. We have become lazy, reliant on technology, isolated, and unable to put down our scientific devices. Though technology can be hugely helpful, these are not positive changes, and also have affected the mind, human connections, and communication culture as a whole. We should be observant as a culture in how often we use our technology/ the ways that we use our technology, to be able to reduce its negative psychosocial impacts, otherwise, we will never be in a position to live without it. To become proactive and lessen these affects, we must look at the devices which may have forever changed the face of communication and the negative ways that it impacts our mental state and social areas of society.

There are numerous scientific advancements which may have completely redefined communication as a whole and the ways that our society communicates. These technical advancements contain mobile phones, which allow instant communication through texting, and computers, which allow for the download of various communication software, applications, and communal media apps (which can be found on both devices). Frequent uses of these devices and applications have allowed methods of communication to be entirely redefined, because most components of communication can now take place nearly. Technology is extremely convenient and interesting, making it extremely difficult for users to avoid, or want face-to-face communication. A review of undergraduate students confirmed that 85 percent use technology and cultural media to stay in touch with friends as opposed to other kinds of communication (HumanKinetics. com). Because of its convenience and easy convenience, technological communication has become a staple of our modern culture and has entirely redefined not only how we connect, and but also impacting one's relationships, anticipated to communication playing a significant role in the creation of individual ties.

Technology Negatively Impacting Personal Relationships

The quality of and logistics of human relationships have endured negative affects anticipated to technology use. Communication is a huge aspect of relationship building and when the foundation of communication changes, the basis of relationship building changes as well. Communication works a simple role in producing "the normal understandings" that help create moral norms and "community value systems" (Bruce Drake, Kristi Yuthas, Jesse Dillard). Within scientific avenues such as texting, communication is totally digital and many elements of conversation are lost such as body gestures, tone, and cosmetic expressions, allowing chat to be extremely impersonal and lack depth (Pyschcentral. com). Matching to psychologist Sherry Turkle, technological communication, such as texting, ironically interrupts relationship building, and will not foster conditions, which are essential to create a true connection with another specific (Pyschcentral. com). Being that individuals are constantly linked through texting, they do not receive the proper together time, which is necessary in creating a reference to others (Pyschcentral. com). In a recent study it has been discovered that the interruption of texting in a physical conversation "inhibits the introduction of closeness and trust", and reduces the empathy that one may feel for others (Wbur. org).

Technology does not substitute the quality of physical conversation and will not reach the same levels and depth that physical conversation can. Through dialog, individuals search for and create moral norms, where technology helps prevent the possibility of experiencing these comprehensive interactions (Bruce Drake, Kristi Yuthas, Jesse Dillard). Physical chat supplies the tools necessary in which people can develop "personal individuality, build close relationships, solidarity and community"; elements that are lost within technological communication (Bruce Drake, Kristi Yuthas, Jesse Dillard). Instead, communication and interactions fostered through technology are really substance less, due to the fact that it's difficult to kindle a genuine connection in a digital world, have comprehensive discussions, and rely on virtual fulfillment. Therefore, technical relationships have numerous backlashes. Like sensible relationships, the romantic relationships created through technology give individuals reassurance and validation. When the large number of these associations is not satisfied through virtual connection, it can cause someone to feel empty. It is extremely likely for you to feel unfilled when they count on this kind of validation, since it is virtual, and for that reason, not as likely for these organizations to be fulfilled instantly, instead of physical contact. Relationships and the process of romantic relationship building have changed, due to our societies shift in dialogue because of technology.

What we say and how exactly we say it's been entirely changed thanks to technology, which includes reinvented the technicalities of terminology. Mobile phones and computer systems that operate from a wireless connection can provide users with extremely fast technological communication, allowing emails to be delivered with speed. Abbreviations and colloquial words allow users to type fast information within texts and chat rooms one to the other. Though these aspects seem extremely positive, they are simply can be extremely dangerous for communication culture. Wireless connection and new conversational mechanisms supply the perfect formula to completely redefine the facial skin of communication. Users have grown to be extremely accustomed to this type of fast rate communication, to the stage where they can't live without it, due to its convenience and simplicity. Technology makes users desire acceleration as an essential need, which is incredibly damaging to quality communication. Technological communication, such as texting, and online boards, have virtually demolished the English dialect and uses of its right forms within the unit, have become few in number. Individuals are no longer making the effort to place emphasis on certain expressions or even to be grammatically right, because it is simply easier and faster to speak colloquially, therefore, preventing quality communication (Donovan A. McFarlane). Quality communication requires effort and without it, it brings about various misunderstandings (Donovan A. McFarlane). When communication is misunderstood, it is no more useful or achieves its goal (Donovan A. McFarlane). Inside our society quickness is often recognised incorrectly as efficiency (Donovan A. McFarlane). Individuals would rather summarize what they are saying, rather than properly describing their ideas, anticipated to your society's dependence on rate, that technology makes us desire (Donovan A. McFarlane). Though it is meant to simplify communication, technology has made communication more difficult, anticipated its impersonal mother nature and insufficient quality, which encourages ineffectiveness, instead of cohesive dialogue (Donovan A. McFarlane).

Technology Affecting Action, Mental Health, and Mental Processes

As a culture, habit has also been redefined through what's now viewed as morally correct and suitable. Technology has establish these new criteria in habit and implemented entirely new social limitations. It been said that technology like the Internet, does not promote sociable integration (Kraut, Patterson, Lundmark). During the last 35 years "Citizens vote less, go to chapel less, discuss administration with their neighbours less, are users of fewer voluntary organizations, have fewer dinner celebrations, and generally get together less for civic and social purposes" (Kraut, Patterson, Lundmark) credited to technology, therefore, permitting communal disengagement and a less unified world. Matching to HumanKinetics. com, technology can cause one to feel, "distracted, excessively pressured, and isolated", due to repeated use. Technological avenues, such as texting, further express negative behavioral habits by hindering our capacity to confront situations, allowing individuals to cover behind the screen of their mobile (Pyschcentral. com). Bernard Guerney Jr. , founder of the National Institute of Romance Enhancement, thinks that texting creates a "lack of courage" to deal with an strong or awkward situation, because it is simply simpler to cover behind a display, which can hinder one's social development (Pyschcentral. com). One can expand from certain life activities, which will have now become obsolete through the introduction of texting (Pyschcentral. com). Technology also manifests lazy patterns (Insidetechnology360. com). Technology's numerous functions allow most manual work to be done digitally, therefore, making the lives of people much easier and in the end making them lazier. As technology evolves, devices are able to do increasingly more for users (Insidetechnology360. com). For instance, Apple's iPhone feature Siri, allows users to press a button and discussion into the phone to ask for an action such as browsing the web, or making a phone call. As though making a cellphone or surfing the web was not easy enough, Apple has made it even more easier by allowing users to execute these actions with a drive of a button. Features such as this, in addition to numerous other features of technology, breed a lazy culture, because we no more have to perform any actions ourselves, because technology can simply do it for all of us.

Additionally, technology permits the developing of more severe personality disorders. With features that enable users to create a profile about their life on communal mass media sites, such as Facebook, and features that allow users to create up-to-the minute pictures on the day to day activities on social mass media applications such Instagram, it allows users to be fixated on their appearance and reputation. Therefore, users will most likely post their best traits via Internet, enabling for the manifestation of behavioral conditions, such as narcissism (Humankinetics. com). The more you are engrossed, the more likely one can experience physiological, emotional, and behavioral changes such as narcissism (Yi-Fen Chen). Certain activities and connections a end user can partake in will improve the likelihood that there will be psychological traces left behind from the digital environment, within the individual, after experiencing it (Yi-Fen Chen).

The negative influences of technology, which are obvious to the human eye, appear minimal. These affects can be seen in the manner communication has evolved and how we narcissistically portray ourselves via Internet, , nor seem extremely damaging. The affects through which we can not see, such as, the ones that affect the brain are the most detrimental, because they target our mental health. Negative impacts of technology of have further manifested themselves in the varieties of possible addictions and mental diseases. Being that technology is incredibly present in our lives and convenient, it is hard for some to reside in without it, creating an inseparable and unhealthy relationship between your individual and technology by means of an habit. Though it isn't an established disorder by the North american Psychiatric Association, there's been much speculation to add Internet Craving in in the latest addition of the DiagnosticandStatisticalManualofMentalDisorders (U. S. National Library of Medication), because of the manifestation of bad romantic relationships between users and technology. Internet Craving sometimes appears as an impulsive "range disorder" which contains "online and/or offline computer use and contains at least three subtypes: unnecessary gaming, intimate preoccupations, and e-mail/word messaging" (U. S. Country wide Library of Drugs). In 2012 study done by the Section of Mindset and Neuroscience at the University of Colorado in Boulder, Colorado, demonstrated a strong correlation between difficult Internet use and psychotic-like experience (U. S. Country wide Library of Remedies).

As a population, we should be extremely mindful and aware towards our technology use, because of its horrible psychosocial influences. Because of the way that it's positively promoted in your society, most individuals would never suspect the terrible backlashes of technology. We must be proactive about the way in which we use technology/ how we use our technology to be able to prevent serious changes towards our patterns, mental health, interactions, and how we communicate. These impacts are extremely detrimental towards our society of course, if we do not action upon them by monitoring our technology use, communication, interpersonal interaction, and our own mental health is only going to grow worse, and we'll therefore have a communication crisis.

Works Cited

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Chen, Yi-Fen. "See you on Facebook: discovering affects on Facebook ongoing usage". Behaviour & IT 39 (2014): 59-70. Web.

Drake, Bruce, Yuthas, Kristi, Dillard, Jesse. "It's Only Words - Influences of Information Technology on Moral Dialogue. " Journal of Business Ethics 23 (2000): 41-59. Web.

Human Kinetics. "Technology can have negative and positive impact on social relationships. " humankinetics. com. Web. 02 Nov. 2014. http://www. humankinetics. com/excerpts/excerpts/technology-can-have-positive-and- negative-impact-on-social-interactions

Kraut, Robert, Patterson, Michael, Lundmark, Vicki. "Internet Paradox: A Public Technology That Reduces Friendly Participation and Psychological Well-Being?" American Psychologist 9 (1998): Web.

McFarlane, Donovan. "Social Communication in a Technology-Driven Society: A Philosophical Exploration of Factor-Impacts and Outcomes. " North american Communication Journal 12 (2010): 1-2. Web.

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