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Project on Management and organizational Behaviour

Content
  1. Introduction
  2. Virgin Rail Group
  3. Vision
  4. Mission
  1. British Airways
  2. Vision
  3. Mission
  4. Organizational Framework and Culture
  5. 1. 1 Organizational Structure
  6. Virgin Rail Group- Flat management structure
  7. British Airways- Level management structure
  8. Flat Structure
  9. Advantages of chiseled management structure
  10. Disadvantages of even management structure
  11. Organizational Systems and Linkages
  12. Organizational Culture
  13. Forward and Backward Looking Cultures
  14. Virgin Rail Group- Organizational Culture
  15. British airways- Organizational Culture
  16. Advantage and Drawback of organizational culture
  17. Relationship between group structure and culture
  18. The Human Tool Function
  19. Individual Behavior at Work
  20. Factors which influence individual patterns at work
  21. Approaches to Management and Theories of Organization
  22. Classical University of Management
  23. Behavioral University of Management
  24. Systems Institution of Management and Contingency Institution of Management
  25. 4. 1 Functions of Management
  26. Virgin Rail group
  27. British Airways
  28. Importance of company theory and the effects
  29. Leadership Style
  30. Managerial Roles
  31. Leadership style of English airways and the effectiveness
  32. Motivation theory
  33. Scientific management approach
  34. Motivation theory of virgin group
  35. Motivation theory of British airways
  36. Relationship between motivational ideas and management practice
  37. Nature of Teams and Group Behavior
  38. Formal teams: -
  39. Nature of Groups at virgin group
  40. Factors causing failing to team work
  41. Impact of technology in team function
  42. Technology used in virgin rail
  43. Nature of Managerial Authority
  44. Conclusion
More...

This project isn't just done with regard to submitting even as we are asked to but also to gain knowledge with a great deal of means in both useful and theoretical ways. Word books and analysis courses cannot give complete knowledge to any learner. And I believe that the assignments are given for students to gain extra sensible knowledge from the extensive world around. In the analysis of organizational patterns we mainly focus on the knowledge of individuals, individuals, and teams act in firm and interprets the people to organization marriage in terms of entire person, whole group, whole group and whole social system. Its goal is to make better human relationships by achieving real human objectives, organizational aims, and social aims. This project record is under the wide topic organization. I've taken two company and have mentioned and have mentioned it's Organizational structure, its theories, management styles, patterns of person which can affect the organization, command styles, management approach, motivational theories, mother nature of communities within the organizations, factors for successful teamwork affects threaten the success and lastly the impact of modern tools. This survey helped us to apply the theoretical knowledge into both of these organizations and analyses the advantage and drawback.

Introduction

An organization can be explained as a group of individuals working alongside one another to achieve a common goal or objective. Available environment numerous kinds of group can be viewed, i. e. earnings making vs. non - income making, product based vs. service founded, localized vs. international and etc. The goals and goals of an organization would vary in line with the type of firm.

Since the capability of the business depends on the power or the performance of the individuals who works in an organization, potential of the employees can be improved through various factors and also through better composition and culture of the business.

For the purpose of this statement the organizations which were determined are Virgin Rail Group of company and Uk Airways.

Virgin Rail Group

Virgin Trains is a UK based company which is jointly had by virgin management and Stagecoach plc, where virgin management supports 51% and Stagecoach plc 49%. The two shareholders control virgin trains under a joint mother board called Virgin Rail Group. It runs as West Seacoast Trains Ltd under the brand Virgin Trains. And this was given to Virgin Rail Group (VRG) on 19th February 1997. They have 550 individuals, 873 station personnel, 1261 on-board personnel and 616 other staff. They believe their major resource and contributors will be the customers. Virgin Trains achieved Investor in People accreditation in 2007.

Vision

To continue being the best among the rest of the. To keep carefully the foundations such as protection, security and consistent delivery strong in everything they actually. And concentrating on the business enterprise and leisure market segments and driving effectively and efficiency.

Mission

To be a world-class group that works together with integrity and credibility, building long lasting business relationships, constantly seeking opportunities for expansion and creating an environment that builds up, motivates and rewards all employees by providing consistent returns for many its stakeholders

British Airways

British Airways can trace its origins back to the birth of civil aviation, the pioneering times following World Warfare I. Inside the 90 years that have passed because the world's first schedule air service on 25 August 1919, flights has transformed beyond all popularity. The Uk Airways Concorde fleet was finally retired, having with it the end of the world's only supersonic passenger services, which includes yet to be substituted. Uk Airways' fleet of seven Concorde's was dispersed for preservation to different worldwide locations.

Vision

To give the best service in affordable prices. To maintain carrying out as the best and comfortable company. And to provide even the rural areas with the services.

Mission

To be a world-class company that works with integrity and integrity, building lasting business relationships, consistently seeking opportunities for progress and creating a host that evolves.

Organizational Framework and Culture

The decided on organizations, which can be Virgin Rail Group and English airways, provide transportation service. However, Virgin Rail Group and United kingdom airways can be categorized as national and multinational respectively; it was possible to arrive at the next conclusion after considering the geographic area in which these organizations operate.

1. 1 Organizational Structure

The main reason for organizational framework can be identified as the section of work among person in the business, and the co-ordination of the activities so they may be directed for the goals and aims of the organization. There are mainly three types of organizational set ups.

1) Functional Structure: In such a structure groups of individuals who keep similar skills or perform similar jobs are clustered jointly and usually departments are developed.

2) Divisional Structure: Divisional constructions can be of three types. They are,

Division predicated on Product: Each product department provides the functions necessary to that service the specific goods or services it produces

Division based on Market: Group functions into divisions that may be attentive to the needs of particular types of customers

Division based on Geography: In that structure regional divisions are create to service customers in various geographic areas

3) Matrix Composition: In a very matrix structure specialists from functional departments would be given to work on a number of jobs that are lead by the project administrator.

Other structures are

4) Even structure

5) Pre-bureaucratic structures

As Virgin Rail Group and United kingdom airways are open public limited companies and specially the latter being a large organization, these organizations need to follow a formal organizational structure where they might have the ability to monitor the actions, assign responsibility for teams and individual people and co-ordinate different parts of the business.

Virgin Rail Group- Flat management structure

Each of Virgin band of companies are individually managed and operated, unlike other large business which may have centralized service companies such as Shell. Employees of each company are tightly linked with the go up and street to redemption of the company, giving them more control and liberty, and allow them to take pleasure from the sense of success. Due to its position as private company, the intricate group structure, and the unavailability of the consolidated accounts

British Airways- Level management structure

British Airways has a far more formalized structure with precise guidelines and procedures, because of its size and the global range of its activity. A significant change in the last years has been the reduction of its management layers, between the chief executive and the front collection who interface with customers, from nine to five. It now has small random groups working in parallel with the formal composition, with obligations that slice across different functions, or in a few circumstance duplicated these functions.

Flat Structure

Here we live mainly focusing on one of the main constructions which both our chosen organizations come under which is Smooth structure. The level composition is common in entrepreneurial start-ups, school spin offs or small companies generally. In contrast to a tall organisation, a flat organisation will have relatively few layers or just one coating of management. Which means that the "Chain of Control" throughout is brief and the "span of control is wide". Certain financial tasks may also require a more conventional structure.

Advantages of chiseled management structure

More/higher communication between management and staff.

Better team divided.

Less bureaucracy and easier decision making.

Fewer degrees of management which include benefits such as lower costs as managers are generally paid more than personnel.

Disadvantages of even management structure

Workers may have more than one administrator/boss.

May limit/impede the progress of organization

Structure limited to small group such as partnerships, co-operatives plus some private limited companies.

Functions of every division/person could be blurred and merge in to the job roles of other.

Organizational Systems and Linkages

Virgin Rail Group has a network which includes only uk. Due to this network the company has been able to broaden itself throughout the island in such a manner that customers would be able to carry out transactions easily from any area of the island It has been identified the option of versatile working programs within Virgin Rail Group is low. In your free time employment can be identified as the only real significant versatile working program at Virgin Rail Group.

British airways includes a wide range of countries unlike Virgin Rail Group of company. The company uses software applications in order to keep a global scale network. Especially the company would use Sun Microsystems program or UNIX platform software to be able to maintain the data base. It gives more facilities to customers to draw in easily them. Then only hey will feel as good service which the corporation offers them.

Organizational Culture

Each group will have its unique organizational culture and the majority of the time large organizations would tend to have a mix of these cultures.

Power Culture

Within a ability culture, control is the main element element. Power civilizations are typically found within a small or medium size firm. Decisions within an organization that screen a power culture are centralized around one key individual. That person wants control and the power behind it. As group work is not noticeable in a electric power culture, the organization can respond quickly to dangers around it as no discussion is involved. On the other hand this culture has its problems, insufficient consultation can lead to staff sense undervalued and de-motivated, which can also lead to high personnel turnover.

Role Culture

Common in most organizations today is a role culture. In a role culture, organizations are split into various functions and every individual within the function is designated a specific role. The role culture has the benefit of specialty area. Employees focus on their particular role as designated to them by their job description which should increase production for the company. This culture is quite rational to organize in a large organization.

Task Culture

A activity culture refers to a team centered method of complete a specific task. They are simply popular in the current modern business population where the firm will create particular 'job clubs' to complete a task to date. An activity culture clearly offers some benefits. Staff feels motivated because they are empowered to make decisions of their team, they will also feel respected because they may have been chosen within that team and given the responsibility to bring the duty to an effective end.

Person culture

Person cultures are commonly found in charities or nonprofit organizations. The concentration of the business is the average person or a specific aim. .

Forward and Backward Looking Cultures

Forward looking organizations are risk takers and perform well for this reason risk taking capability. Whereas backward looking organizations are organizations which do not embrace change and are led by systems and procedures.

Virgin Rail Group- Organizational Culture

Virgin is a Virgin is a flat and participative organization with an wide open, enterprising and adaptable culture, staffs are friendly, fun and courteous, the organizational weather is informal, stimulating, and cheerful, morale is high plus they enjoy their work. The culture at Virgin can best be described as a power culture, frequently within small entrepreneurial organizations. The energy source is specifically Richard Branson with rays of power and influence dispersing out from the central number (see Illustration 5. 3). The organization will depend on trust and empathy because of its performance as well as personal relationships for communications. There are few guidelines and techniques, little bureaucracy and the organization is pleased and strong. A power culture such as Virgin has the capacity to move quickly, innovate and respond well to threats. The culture at Virgin is obviously a significant contributor to its success.

Virgin culture is most likely unique in the air travel industry. It had been built on the eye-sight of an airline dedicated to premium customers who could do anything to meet them. Virgin is very much customer centered and the major difference with BA is that orientation pervades the full total business. Virgin Atlantic is also focused on the long-term; they have always sought progress in the permanent and acted appropriately.

British airways- Organizational Culture

British Airways could be thought as a job culture reflecting useful differentiation in its composition, but it isn't easy. There are two cultures playing role in Middle management, which is key to the execution of any strategy and the outcome of ethnical change, continues to be ruled by different functions and at the very top all the weight still goes on the individualist functions of high financing and take-over.

Advantage and Drawback of organizational culture

An organizational culture can be either vulnerable or strong. A solid organizational culture could be one were the majority of the participants contain the same basic beliefs and prices as applies to the organization. Folks in this group may follow the perceived rules and honest methods that are basic to the organization, even if those principles are not publicly stated by the organization. This may also be damaging to the company if the rules and regulations are more important to the individuals than the actual goals of the company.

Relationship between group structure and culture

The relationship between organizational culture and organizational framework is a very common theme that is often overlooked. These two can be difficult to be evidently distinguished in one another, and much more so to evidently define within an institution. Organizational structure works in a organizational culture, but it is not completely separate. Both are very much intertwined. The structure identifies the infrastructure, and the various methods and practices within that infrastructure, that helps an organizational culture run with the efficiency and uniformity that should be the sign of any healthy organizational framework, whether it's in a company, activities team, or any other create that is large enough to generate its own organizational culture. The foremost is the pre-bureaucratic composition, which is mainly known for lacking a structure that standardizes jobs.

The Human Tool Function

Stakeholder Perspective: It is clear that stakeholders would have goals and would expect organizations to attain these goals. The organizations should consider their stakeholder's perspective before making any decisions as this will minimize conflicts and steer clear of a strictly instrumental or theoretical approach to Human Source of information Management. Countries Trust Bank considers the impact of its activities on various stakeholder organizations, carries out activities which will develop a good romance with stakeholders and also abides by the guidelines, regulations and holds out business within an honest manner for all these purposes.

Human Resource Assignments: The role of Human being Source Management (Personal Management) is taking attention and handling the organizations most important resource which is people tool or the employees. Man Reference Management would help the organization to maintain a balance and efficiently coordinate with the employees to allow them to work more efficiently and effectively.

The HR department of Virgin Rail Group holds out an enormous quantity of activities for all these purposes; these activities range from arranging functions such as Holiday Eve get-togethers to New Year get-togethers where management and employees from various departments can interact with each other. Beyond this profession information programs, training.

British airways too holds out an enormous number of activities like other companies to ensure that they stand by their HR tasks. Further, British airways provides whole lot of facilities to customers. And it gives a safely quest and it offers maximum support to protect he passengers from all devastation and other incidents.

Personnel Regulations: An organization's employees policy means an idea, a plan of action or guiding ideas which that business use to impact and determine decisions, activities and other issues. Virgin Rail Group and British isles airways could have various personnel regulations.

Strategies, Operating Plans and Strategic Goals for Workers: An organization's strategy is about what the organization wants to achieve in the long term. There would be various techniques followed by an organization to accomplish these goals and objectives. For example British isles airways provides online arranging and cancellation services.

Finally it was possible to arrive at the conclusion that undertaking RECRUITING Functions would help any corporation to be successful. For these purposes various elements such as stakeholder point of view, HR roles, personal regulations, strategies and operating plans, and strategic goals for employees have to be considered.

Individual Behavior at Work

Factors which influence individual patterns at work

There are many factors which effect behavior at the job. workers should reveal the same goals as those of the organization, and the way to achieve this was through the use of organizational management concepts. All the staff should cooperate to accomplish the best consequence. Basic factors influencing individual behavior at work are organizing: Many problems of employees are come up because their work is not properly organized for them and workers have no idea the best way where their careers should be done. We can see that this could bring about anomie - the misunderstandings of the individual in relation to his job. Therefore can generate high stress.

Time and action study: Many work related problems occur because workers do not realize the one easiest way of performing job. Management should use time and action study to determine guidelines.

Incentives: Bonus repayments and incentive techniques give good employees a sense of earning progress, even if it's not promote them.

Working conditions: Management has a responsibility to provide good working conditions so that personnel can achieve their full creation potential.

Training: Good trainings not only enhances production performance but also build up the confidence of the employees.

Approaches to Management and Theories of Organization

Management strategies and organizational theories deal with how an organization achieves its management goals through the organizational composition, its design and other elements. The management theories can be grouped as five major academic institutions of management thought. They are,

Classical College of Management (Includes Scientific Management and Bureaucratic management) - here the emphasis was on taking care of workers and organizations more efficiently

Behavioral College of Management (Includes Man Relations) - here the emphasis was on understanding real human tendencies in the organization

Quantitative Institution of Management - here the emphasis was on increasing quality of managerial decision-making through the application of mathematical and statistical methods

Systems Institution of Management - here the emphasis was on understanding the organization as something that transforms inputs into outputs while in continuous connections with its' environment

Contingency Institution of Management (Includes Contingency strategies) - here the emphasis was on applying management concepts and procedures as dictated by the initial characteristics of each situation

It was understood that Virgin rail group practices a flat composition and United kingdom airways also practices a flat framework.

Based on the aforementioned information it is important to comprehend the management ideas which the corporation follows.

Classical University of Management

Even though clinical management was launched many years before, organizations still use these key points or theories with minor adjustments. When medical management is considered, Henry Fayol would be the significant persona which would emerge. Today's organizations follow what Henry Fayol introduced with minor adjustments. Bureaucracy means the utilization of rules, rules, policies, procedures and standardization of activities. This idea was released by Potential Weber. This type of management would be utilized in the military rather than in a loan company usually. This may be understood through the way in which both banking institutions operate.

Behavioral University of Management

According to research which was completed it has been possible to identify that human discussion or group human relationships have a primary impact on efficiency and would help increase the desire of employees. Therefore, the behavioral management institution principles tend to be focused to understand individual employee's action, their interaction and also motivational factors. When Nations Trust Bank has been considered it was possible to comprehend that the organization bears out many activities which would encourage staff communication. Further, the employee exchange program which is completed by Standard Chartered Bank can be considered as another example.

Systems Institution of Management and Contingency Institution of Management

As it was discussed earlier both organizations, Nations Trust Lender and Standard Chartered Standard bank, follow a centralized structure. However, in the case of Standard Chartered Loan company centralization is less visible as the bank thinks that empowerment of employees would draw out the best from the employees. In a systems approach the organization as a whole would be considered as one system and hence in these type of systems integration, communication and self-reliance plays a vital role. Whereas in contingency approach it is believed that there surely is no best way to arrange an organization and this must be decided based on the type of the organization.

Finally, maybe it's grasped that even though organizations still follow medical management they make an effort to move more towards usage of real human relations procedure and a contingency strategy.

4. 1 Functions of Management

There are mainly four functions of management. These functions are,

1) Planning: Determines the wide-ranging lines to carry out operations, preparing methods where they are carried out and setting criteria of performance.

When planning is done the management of the organizations would have to collect information from the environment in which they operate. For this function the organizations would use the macroeconomic factors and would use the PEST tool. Virgin Rail group and British isles airways would both use the Infestation tool so that they would be able to review the macroeconomic factors which would have an effect on their business. The frequent changes in the surroundings should be regularly noted through the PEST tool and based on that the organizations can react. Further, planning would have the following aspects; forecasting, utilization and also action decision.

2) Control: Checking actual performance against requirements to ensure sufficient progress and performance, and documenting as helpful information to possible future functions.

Control is a vital factor for both, British airways and also Virgin rail band of company, as it is the only way by which the managers will get out if the business is attaining the goals and objectives. Controlling can be executed by standards, measurements and comparisons.

Further, organizational performance could be measured based on production actions, through financial rations which could be likened against benchmarked companies, by setting expectations and having key performance indicators.

3) Co - ordination: Balancing and marinating the team by guaranteeing a suitable section of work and since jobs are performed in tranquility.

Both companies have been able to co - ordinate their activities through suitable divisions. In the case of Nations Trust Lender the bank has guaranteed that its selection of diverse employees would better understand one another through various activities so that finally they would have the ability to work together as a team to attain the goals of the organization whereas in United kingdom airways organization would also have to consider the international market within that they operate in order that they can better co - ordinate activities.

4) Motivation: Getting users of the groups to work well, to give devotion to the group and also to the task, to carry out their responsibilities properly, and to play an efficient part in the actions of the business.

It is known that the primary task of a administrator is to get things done through employees. But in order to get employees to execute some task they would need motivation. United kingdom airways provides inspiration for its employees through various methods ranging from provision of your safe and a wholesome working environment to empowerment of employees, to provision of rewards and awards. This would help to uplift the worker morale and in turn encourage the employees to help the organization.

Virgin Rail group

The management style can be defined as informal without being everyday, but Virgin's method of business is totally serious. Branson has a particularly individual design of informal, risk taking, entrepreneurial management. He handles by empowerment and mega-parties for his personnel. Within the business enterprise units, Branson implemented his own personal design of management, priding himself on positively including employees and seeking their ideas on ways of further adding value to his customers

British Airways

The role of the Panel is to provide entrepreneurial leadership of the business within a framework of prudent and effective handles, which permits risk to be assessed and monitored. The Plank sets the Company's strategic aims, ensures that the necessary financial and recruiting are in place for the Company to meet its objectives and reviews management performance. The Mother board sets the business's values and expectations and means that its commitments to its shareholders and others are recognized and achieved.

Importance of company theory and the effects

It can be an assembly of folks working together to attain common objectives by having a division of labor. As Jeffrey Pfeffer summarized in New Guidelines for Business Theory.

Organizational theory studies offer an interdisciplinary concentration on

The aftereffect of public organizations on the tendencies and attitudes of people within them,

The ramifications of specific characteristics and action on organization,

The performance, success, and survival of organizations,

Leadership Style

The so this means of leadership now should be basically the successful promotion of new directions. Leadership and management that are based on different assumptions and theories. The style that folks use will be based on a blend of their beliefs, values and choices, as well as the organizational culture and norms which will encourage some styles and discourage others.

Charismatic Leadership

Participative Leadership

Situational Leadership

Transactional Leadership

Transformational Leadership

The Quiet Leader

Servant Leadership

Managerial Roles

Interpersonal Assignments (Figurehead, Innovator, and Liaison): Social roles can be explained as relations with other people arising from the manager's status and expert.

1) Figurehead Role: A Figurehead role can be defined as the most basic and simple of managerial functions. Here the supervisor would be considered as a symbol which represents the business in things of formality. The director would be engaged in matters of an ceremonial aspect such as signing of documents, involvement as a cultural need, and being open to those who demand access to top authority.

2) Innovator Role: A Innovator role is just about the significant of assignments and it spreads through all activities of the manager. They would have a responsibility for staffing, and then for the inspiration of subordinates and advice of subordinates.

3) Liaison Assignments: A Liaison role entails the supervisor in horizontal relationships with individuals and groupings outside their own device, or outside the organization. A significant part of the manager's job is the linking between your organization and the surroundings.

Informational Functions (Monitor, Disseminator, and Spokesperson): The informational roles relate to the sources and communication of information due to the manager's social roles.

4) Screen Role: Identifies the supervisor in seeking and receiving information. This information enables the supervisor to develop an understanding of the working of the business and its environment. Information may be received from external or internal sources, and may be formal or casual.

5) Disseminator Role: Involves the supervisor in transmitting exterior information through the liaison role in to the organization, and interior information through innovator role between the subordinates. The information maybe mainly factual and may contain value judgments. The administrator is most important person here; he might won't provide information. This may bring about issues for delegation.

6) Spokesperson Role: Involves the director as formal specialist in transmitting information to the people outside the product, like the board of directors or other superiors, and the general public such as suppliers, customers, government departments and the press.

Decisional Jobs (Entrepreneur, Disruption Handler, Tool Allocator, and Negotiator): The decisional assignments entail the making of tactical organizational decisions on the basis of the manager's status and authority, and usage of information.

7) Entrepreneurial Role: May be the manager's function to start and plan manipulated (i. e. voluntary) change through exploiting opportunities or fixing problems, and taking action to enhance the existing situation. The supervisor may play a major part, professionally seeking advancements, or may delegate responsibility to subordinates.

8) Disturbance Handler Role: Involves the administrator in reacting to involuntary situations and unstable events. When an urgent disruption occurs the manager must take action to correct the situation.

9) Learning resource Allocator Role: Involves the administrator in using formal authority to decide where effort will be expended, and making options on the allocation of resources such as money, time, materials and staff, The manager determines the development of work and maintains control by authorizing important decisions before execution.

10) Negotiator Role: Is involvement in negotiation activity with other individuals or organizations, for example new agreements with a trade union. Because of the manager's expert, credibility, access to information and responsibility for source allocation, negotiation is an important area of the job.

Leadership style of English airways and the effectiveness

Leadership geeks may be lured to see unfolding a tale of proper leadership. We might start by thinking of Willie Walsh as the dominating decision-maker in the story, with some billion pounds/us dollars to invest in the future of his company.

Motivation theory

There are a variety of views as to what motivates personnel. The mostly held views or ideas are reviewed below and have been developed during the last 100 years or so. Unfortunately these ideas do not all reach the same conclusions!

Scientific management approach

Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856 - 1917) submit the idea that employees are determined mainly by pay. His Theory of Scientific Management argued the following:

Workers do not normally enjoy work and so need close guidance and control

Therefore professionals should break down production into a series of small tasks

As a result workers are encouraged to work hard and improve their output.

Motivation theory of virgin group

Motivation is a subconscious process that triggers the arousal, route and persistence of voluntary activities that are goal directed. Every employee must be determined to work and love the work they do. When there is no desire to the employee then they would lose the momentum and this will ultimately lead to less efficiency in the production. VRG practices the Maslow's Hierarchy of needs theory to inspire their employees. This theory was launched by Abraham Maslow. That one of the oldest inspiration theory introduced. Maslow's hierarchy of needs is predetermined to be able of importance.

Motivation theory of British airways

The motivational electricity of traditional management's tools - the carrot and the keep - can still be great. But those weapons lead to bad morale and, in the long run, bad management. That is why, at BA Anatomist, after an effective assertion of management's right to manage management put away the big stick and began to speak softly.

Relationship between motivational ideas and management practice

Motivation ideas were developed or built after the "man relations" findings. The new focus for desire theory was on the seek out satisfaction of human needs. This new approach swept through management thinking in the 1950's. And management practice is where motivation theory is put to work. And the practices help increase the efficiency.

Nature of Teams and Group Behavior

Groups in group mean a variety of people wanting to do a activity or reach an objective. You will find mainly two types of communities that can be found in an organization. They are:

Formal teams: -

Functional organizations - they are developed by company for e. g. Accounts department

Task teams - carrying out specific activity and on non permanent basis for e. g. concurrent engineer teams

Emerging formal teams - they are often electronic categories and highly self handling teams.

2) Informal communities:

Found with and across formal groups

Social interaction habits affect their formation

Form along interest lines, task requirement, companionship patterns

8. 1 Periods of Groups

Forming

Storming

Norming

Performing

Adjourning

Nature of Groups at virgin group

Let it be in managerial job at office or development job teamwork in important. Mainly, group more important in managerial level as to do the day-to-day or monthly activities. As per the stages in groups the actions and team customers' attitude grows, this is dynamics of categories.

Forming: The staffs or the clubs would be allocated to do a task within the given time. The leader of the group would be chosen by the group member and he'd prepare action intend to task.

Storming: the customers would be exchanging their and thoughts of how to attain the goal and discussion would arise due to misunderstandings among the list of tea members. This is could be leading to conflicts in clubs.

Norming: This is the stage where in fact the participants would be getting ready or collecting the background information regarding that leading the success of the duty.

Performing: That's where the best ideas and innovator works hard to put into action all the collecting information and find the best way to improve the moral and assurance of employees.

Adjourning: The teams would be dispatched and.

Factors adding success to team work

When developing a task team, your departmental team, or a sense of teamwork company-wide, these factors support teamwork success.

The relationships associates develop out of this commitment are fundamental in team development and team success. Growing accountable, productive, significant, participatory teamwork would help.

Factors causing failing to team work

Teamwork sometimes triggers negative contribution to success in a few circumstances. Sometime because of the team management being ineffective makes the whole team fail. And in few circumstances it isn't possible to make decitions quick and the less decision making become a huge failure.

Impact of technology in team function

The use of new solutions can improve and in some cases hinder team functioning and help them to keep up their knowledge in order to function effectively.

E-mail allows asynchronous communication this means team members do not need to maintain the same place at the same time to be able to communicate effectively.

Mobile phones allow teams to communicate even though associates are out of the office, on the road or elsewhere unavailable.

3G data cards allow team members to work and speak remotely

Groupware enables clubs to plan meetings, collaborate, delegate all in a virtual environment which can frequently be accessed remotely from anywhere in the world.

Technology used in virgin rail

Virgin rail groupings are using the present day technology as a factor which increases the success with their company. They may have Wi-Fi is provided by T-Mobile Hotspot, and offers instant connection for Wi-Fi empowered notebook computers. Now as a fresh technology they are simply adding their own press room where we will get the latest pr announcements as well as the downloadable images.

Nature of Managerial Authority

Nature of managerial specialist can be of four types. They can be,

1) Specialist: Authority sometimes appears as the right of a person to exercise effect or the right to make decisions, to carry out actions, also to direct others. Within their structure, organizations have a formal specialist system that depicts the authority connections between people and their work. Various kinds of authority are located, they are simply: line, personnel, and functional specialist.

Line specialist is represented by the chain of command. Personnel authority is advisory specialist. Functional expert allows professionals to immediate specific processes, techniques, or policies influencing people in other departments. Predicated on the information accumulated like the structure of the business and what sort of firm functions it was possible to identify that series and functional authority is employed by Nations Trust Standard bank. Standard Chartered Loan provider follows a combo of both staff and functional authority. Authority can even be viewed as due to interpersonal relationships rather than formal hierarchy.

2) Responsibility: Responsibility is the responsibility to perform the goals related to the position and the organization. Managers' primary duties are to study duties, problems, or opportunities in romantic relationship to the business's short-and long-range goals. The professionals at Countries Trust Bank and Standard Chartered Loan provider have taken great procedures to ensure that the organizational goals and goals would be found and they would also look at various problems and come up with alternatives for these problems through various methods such as conversation with customers and employees.

3) Delegation: In order for managers to accomplish goals within an successful manner, part of the work may be assigned to others. When work is delegated, tasks and expert are transferred from one position to some other within an company. The key to effective delegation of duties is the transference of decision-making authority and responsibility from one level of the organization to the level to that your tasks have been delegated. In Nations Trust Bank or investment company the delegation of responsibilities does not happen on a great scale but in Standard Chartered Bank or investment company the management has delegated more capacity to its employees than at Nations Trust Lender. The variant in delegation of electric power is due to the cultural variations of the organizations. As Nations Trust Bank practices more of a electricity culture you will see less delegation of specialist whereas regarding Standard Chartered Standard bank, the bank uses a role culture hence the bank will delegate more power to its employees.

4) Vitality: Electric power can derive from controlling access to important info about daily businesses and future strategies. Also, having access to and deciding to limit or reveal the resources and materials that are critical to completing objectives can provide a director with a source of power. Managers will often have access to such information and resources and must use discretion over how much or how little is disseminated to employees. Professionals of Nations Trust Bank or investment company and Standard Chartered Loan provider exercise their power to achieve the organizational goals and aims through various steps, for example assignment of jobs, allocation of resources as required and benefits of guidelines.

5) Conflict: Refers to the long-term management of intractable issues. It's the label for all of the ways where people manage grievances, standing up for what they consider to be right and against what they consider being incorrect. Since it was mentioned before both Countries Trust Bank and Standard Chartered Bank follow many solutions to prevent conflict and also to take care of conflict if conflict occurs. Both banks have established a range of guidelines for these purposes and also execute many programs ranging from counseling to doing social activities by which people can gain awareness from to CSR activities. Further, various educational programs have been carried out by Standard Chartered Loan company so that management can have an improved understanding and prevent conflict not only within the business but also with the external environment of the business.

Conclusion

Finally, I have to conclusion of the project survey on Corporation & Behavior subject matter. Now I love to re-cap what I have been speaking about throughout the task report. Firstly, I had began in talking about about my selected company to this project report. I QUICKLY would be moving to discussing the approach to management and compare it with one of the competitive company. Afterward, I am speaking about all relevant information about the leadership style that both company uses which go on with conversation of motivational strategies. Lastly, the impact of technology with business. Afterward, I shifted to the factors which influence the individual at the job, and had discussed few factors and exactly how it effects the organizations. I QUICKLY finally moved in to organizational theory and exactly how it performs an important role in the study of organizations.

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