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Plant cell diagram - plants only means of surviving

A plant cell diagram is made up of 3 different components. These 3 components work hand in hand to protect the plant cell, nourish the plant cell and also other main functions of the cell as a whole. These components include the following:

  • Cell wall
  • Protoplasm
  • Vacuole

The plant cell diagram component is bounded externally by a cell membrane otherwise known as the plasma membrane. The cytoplasm contains several cell organelles named as the following:

  • mitochondria
  • plastids
  • ribosomes
  • endoplasmic reticulum
  • lysosomes 

Golgi Body is also called Golgi complex or the Golgi apparatus. It plays a major role in transporting chemical materials to and from the cell. It has three distinct components:

  • flattened sac or cisternae
  • clusters of transition tubules and vesicles
  • large vesicles or vacuoles

Golgi is mainly associated with the secretory activity of the cell as well as:

  • the concentration
  • storage
  • condensation
  • packaging of materials for export from the cell across plasmalemma

Endoplasmic reticulum links the nucleus and cytoplasm of the plant cell. ER can be of smooth or rough types

Lysosomes are tiny membrane-bound, vesicular structure of cytoplasm which houses hydrolytic enzymes and is known for intracellular digestion. These are also known as suicidal bags. And can be found in all animal cells but only in few plant cells. Lysosomes are of different type; they include:

  • Primary lysosomes: these are the newly formed lysosomes with hydrolytic enzymes
  • Secondary lysosomes: are the newly formed lysosomes via the fusion of phagosomes as well as primary lysosomes. Here contents of phagosome are digested or hydrolyzed
  • Residual bodies: are worn-out secondary lysosomes. These contain undigested remains
  • Autophagic vacuoles: are made by the fusion of primary lysosomes with cell organelles from the cell’s own cytoplasm. This brings about auto digestion of cell or its organelles

Peroxisomes: can be widely seen to occur both in the plant cell diagram as well as animal cells. They are spherical or ovoid bodies enclosed by a single membrane. It contains certain oxidative enzymes that can be used for the metabolic breakdown of fatty acids to a simpler form of sugar. In green plants, peroxisomes help in undergoing photorespiration

Vacuoles: are sap embedded vesicles in the cytoplasm. These are surrounded by a membrane known as the tonoplast. In a plant cell, there can be more than a vacuole but however, the centrally located vacuole is larger than others

Cilia and Flagella: are mobile hair-like appendages that can be seen on the surface of the plant cell diagram. These are cytoplasmic processes and generate water currents, food currents, act as sensory organs and conduct several other functions of the cell.

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