Posted at 10.02.2018
Aristophanes' play "The Clouds" is a play that is very complicated and in many ways speaks to the type of mankind. It is a play which makes feedback on the thoughts of that time period period, predominantly responses towards school of thought.
The plot of the story requires a daddy and his kid. The father, Strepsiades, is a rich man, but is soon to no more be a wealthy man if he will not do something positive about his situation. His situation is mostly that which entails his son. The daddy is at great debt at the start of the story because of the reckless and frivolous dynamics of the kid Phidippides. The daddy reaches a loss at the start of the play, being unsure of how to proceed about all his obligations.
The dad then hears about the "Thinking" shop where people get together and learn the art work of argument in romantic relationship to the field of philosophy. The father perceives this as a kind of hope for his problems. He think that if he is able to learn the art of persuasive debate he can move one over on his lenders and come out ahead over time. Unfortunately, the daddy soon discovers that he has no gift idea for learning the fine art of argument. He's a lost cause at the school and he is deemed too stupid to essentially be taught this fine art.
He then transmits his child to the institution hoping his son could learn and then dispute against the creditors. However, this course of action backfires on the father. The son learns to argue extremely well, he's a natural at it, and he transforms his argument towards his daddy, beating him up and then offering such a logical debate that his father could not complain. However, in the long run, when the kid remarks that he may argue a reason to beat up his mother, the father becomes enraged and burns down the Thinkery.
Aspect I find interesting in Aristophanes' "The Clouds, " is the actual fact that even though it's apparent Aristophanes is preaching to readers a far more non-religious subject matter of the importance of truthfulness, civic responsibility, and virtue, the play takes on a religious shade. In doing some record research into why this might be, I found out that Aristophanes' spiritual undertones could stem from the fact that Athenians were looking to harmonize knowledge and faith. When new clinical theories were starting to surface and become questioned, many people couldn't even consider them without sounding as if these were committing treason up against the state. Aristophanes converts to religion in order to remind his audience that both faith and science need to be equally available to questions, critique, and even in Aristophanes' circumstance, satire. This advice, that one things have to be evenly suceptable to critique and questions can also be seen through just how that Aristophanes advises there exists both a challenge with the accepted model of a "well-rounded" education, and the newer model as a result of such philopophers as the Sophists. Aristophanes observed the danger in not questioning a recognized theory or notion. Despite the fact I agree with Johnson for the reason that Aristophanes may be a "staunch defender of old worth, " Aristophanes saw that if something extensively accepted was kept unquestioned for too much time, it could become idle. In essence, a concept that I really believe should be employed more on the globe we live in today. A customarily accepted theory or perception could lose the exact fundamentals and ideals it was based on.
This play has a very obvious transfer in tone as Johnston point out in his article. in the end of his article, he mentions the concluding Aristophanes chooses for "The Clouds. " I show up in to the group that Johnson says, "see that this powerful ominous finishing as a persuasive likelihood. " As Johnson says, Aristophanes traps his audience; they're involved because of the laughter and satircal characteristics of the beginning of the play. We are able to chuckle at someone, like Socrates, that people have nothing in keeping with. But as the satire gets closer and nearer to us with Strepsiades burning up down "the Thinkery, " it becomes obvious that the audience is no more laughing at Socrates, with whom we have nothing in common, but instead at the perspective of the people we could become if we engage behavior encouraged by self-interest.
Ironically, as Johnson points out, Aristophanes was right in his warnings. Athens have fall because of its own self-destruction. I think it is interesting and a bit scary because I really believe we're able to apply this ominous alert to our own nation. We are guilty, in the same way the Athenians were, of sometimes being too proud of our political freedom. I believe wars, like this in Iraq, could lead to our demise. A lot more obvious if you ask me is the actual fact which i definitely believe we live losing sight of your traditional moral virtues. People in the usa find it so easy to point the finger, and refuse to examine our own beliefs, trying to impose them on others that may well not be able to endure our view of what democracy or independence should be. I find it morally questionable that people centralize our initiatives thousands of mls away whenever we have so many problems which may have the actual to be our end looming within the edges of our own country.
"Strepsiades is pointing forward to much of the self-destructiveness which helped bring the Athenians, and many other cultures proud of their values, to grief, " Johnson says. I believe quite a few leaders and people could never forsee a destiny like this in the us -- but it is the fact that belief that has the potential to bring us off our self applied inflicted pedestal.
Another interesting point Johnson brings to your attention is his caution in the condition of "how do we keep carefully the good will of our kids on whom we will depend? What is it that keeps children from exerting their superior capacity to misuse their parents when they don't get their way?" I think that this breakdown of the immediate family is prevalent in our modern-day
society. While it's a lttle bit different than what Johnson is recommending, never before in history, has our lack of respect and concern for those who came up before us been so evident.
Unfortunately, I cannot think of a family that has a unwell grandparent or other elder person in their family living in their home. Assisted living facilities and hospitals have grown to be a place where we can tuck them away so as not to have to forfeit any facet of our lives to be able to help preseve theirs. If we ignore and transform a blind eyes to traditions previously viewed as important inside our modern culture, we run the chance of as Johnson sets it, being "left with a predicament where the only basis for human being relationship is electricity. " Vitality is the foundation for all of our accepted laws and regulations and habits, if that for reasons uknown shifts, so would the laws. Then, as Johnson suggets, a boy would be free to
harm his parents.
Aristophanes has somewhat of your different view of justice than Socrates. Whereas I believe Aristophanes is concerned more with governmental repercussions of actions and adoption of certain values that may be considered treason, Socrates feels that consequences should come not in his life-time, but instead after his loss of life. In "The Apology, " Socrates speaks of fatality as more of an unfamiliar -- something he can't be afraid of, because he doesn't understand what it means. In Socrates' eye, death has the potential to be something great, so long as a person lives a good and virtuous life. Aristophanes, on the other hands, seems to be more concerned with what his peers and market leaders will think of him and do to him while others, if they commit some sort of a crime. Aristophanes paints a potrait of fatality as more of an end, rather than having the potential to be
Comedic satire and philosophical dialectic are similar for the reason that they are both practices of arriving at the reality by the exchange of rational (and regarding satire, funny) quarrels. In the
dialectic, it's by showing a thesis, creating a contradictory antithesis, and combining and resolving them into a coeherent synthesis, and in satire it's by attacking human vice through irony and wit. Regarding Aristophanes, he urges the folks of Athens to make changes through his satirical play.
This play is actually can be good article which we can applicable to your own world. When we do not take time to check procedures and beliefs, we've the potential to lose our value and whatever we thought important at the start. Despite the fact that people in those days would have just watched the play and laughed about it, Aristophanes actually directed for very serious alert.
A land too happy and too sure in its own values and politics has proven through history, never to work. We sometimes don't try or refuse our time to examine our idea and value. If we do not set our moral goals and desires, one day we can have the same problem as Athenian has endured.