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Personality disorders and treatments

Everyone has a personality with identity traits such as stinginess, generosity, arrogance and self-reliance. However, when these characteristics are rigid and self-defeating, they may interfere with functioning and even lead to psychiatric symptoms. Personality traits are formed by early on adulthood, persist throughout life and impact every part of daily behaviour. People with personality disorders often blame others for their problems. They at times deny that they have a problem.

According to Sarason and Sarason, 10th edition, personality disorders deeply ingrained, inflexible, maladaptive patterns of thought and behavior which persist within a person's life. It is identified by way of a pervasive pattern of experience and behavior that is unusual with respect to any two of the following: thinking, disposition, personal relations, and the control of impulses.

The DSM-IV-TR 4th Release identified personality disorder as an enduring pattern of interior experience and tendencies that deviates markedly from the anticipations of the individual's culture, is pervasive and inflexible, has an starting point in adolescence or early on adulthood, is stable overtime, and causes stress or impairment.

Personality disorders are long-term habits of thoughts and behaviors that cause serious issues with human relationships and work. People who have personality disorders have a problem dealing with every day strains and problems. They often times have stormy romantic relationships with other folks.

Persons with a personality disorder have several distinct internal features including disruptions in self-image, capacity to acquire successful interpersonal romantic relationships, appropriateness of range of emotion, means of perceiving themselves, others, and the world and difficulty possessing proper impulse control. These disturbances come together to create a pervasive style of tendencies and inner experience that is quite not the same as the norms of the individual's culture which often tend to be expressed in habits that show up more dramatic than what culture considers usual. People with a personality disorder often experience conflicts with other people and vice-versa.

The character of one is shown through his / her personality, incidentally an individual thinks, feels, and behaves. When the habit is inflexible, maladaptive, and antisocial, then an individual is diagnosed with a personality disorder. Most personality disorders get started as problems in personal development and figure which top during adolescence and then are defined as personality disorders.


Personality disorders aren't illnesses in a severe sense as they don't disrupt emotional, intellectual, or perceptual working. However, those with personality disorders go through a life that is not positive, proactive, or fulfilling. Personality disorders are also associated with failures to attain potential.

A blend of personal background and biology seems to are likely involved in most personality disorders. Personality varieties during childhood and is also shaped through an interaction of two factors. They are inherited tendencies or genes and environment or life situations. Inherited tendencies are aspects of ones personality passed on to them by their parents, such as shyness or creating a happy outlook. This is sometimes called there nature. Environment is the environment one grew up in, situations that happened, and connections with family members and others. It includes specific things like the kind of parenting one got, whether adoring or abusive. Both arrived of the type nurture issue where inherited is nature and environmental is nurture. Personality disorders are usually the effect of a combination of the hereditary and environmental influences. You may have a genetic vulnerability to developing a personality disorder as well as your life situation may trigger the genuine development of a personality. http://www. mayoclinic. com/health/personality-disorders/DS00562/DSECTION=causes, Sept 11, 2010 at 7:54 p. m.

There are ten (10) specific personality disorders which may have been discovered in the DSM-IV-TR. These are: antisocial personality disorder, avoidant personality disorder, borderline personality disorder, centered personality disorder, histrionic personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, paranoid personality disorder, schizoid personality disorder and schizotypal personality disorder. These disorders are located into three clusters. Cluster A involves Paranoid, schizoid and schizotypal and are believed "odd" or "eccentric". Cluster B involves antisocial, borderline, histrionic and narcissistic and are believed as "dramatic, emotional, erratic". Cluster C contains avoidant, dependent and obsessive-compulsive and are considered "anxious or fearful".

Antisocial personality disorder is having less regard for the moral or legal specifications in the neighborhood culture, marked lack of ability to be friends with others or follow societal rules this may also be called psychopaths or sociopaths.

Avoidant personality disorder is the noticeable social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy and extremely very sensitive to criticism.

Borderline personality disorder is having less one's own identity, with quick changes in feeling; intense unstable social relationships proclaimed impulsively, instability in affect and in personal image.

Dependent personality disorder is the extreme need of other folks, to a point where in fact the person struggles to make any decisions or take an independent stand on his / her own. Concern with separation and submissive behavior, marked lack of decisiveness and self-confidence.

Histrionic personality disorder exaggerated and often inappropriate shows of emotional reactions, approaching theatricality, in everyday behaviour.

Narcissistic personality disorder is behavior or a illusion of grandiosity, a lack of empathy, a have to be admired by others an failure to start to see the viewpoints of others, and hypersensitive to the thoughts of others.

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is seen as a perfectionism and inflexibility, preoccupation with uncontrollable habits of thought and action.

Paranoid personality disorder designated distrust of others, like the belief without reason that others are exploiting, harming, or endeavoring to deceive her or him; lack of trust, perception of others betrayal, perception in concealed meanings, unforgiving and grudge holding.

Schizoid personality disorder is mostly characterized by an extremely limited range of sentiment, both in appearance of and experiencing, indifference to social relationships.

Schizotypal personality disorder is peculiarities of considering, odd values and eccentricities of appearance, behaviour, interpersonal style, and even though.

To be diagnosed with a personality disorder, a psychologist will look for: symptoms that have been present for an extended period of your time, are inflexible and pervasive, and are not due to liquor or drugs or another psychiatric disorder. The annals of symptoms can be traced back to adolescence or at least early adulthood. The symptoms have caused and continue to cause significant distress or negative implications in different areas of the person's life. Symptoms are seen in at least two of the next areas: thoughts, thoughts, interpersonal working and, impulse control

It is difficult to prevent personality disorder, however, as counsellors; we'd try to identify those individuals who are most likely to be vulnerable, such as children coping with neglect or abuse. Offering early treatment may help to reduce the risk. You should take steps in handling their stress level, increase resilience and boost low self-esteem. If someone became aware they have a personality disorder and get it cared for quickly and sticking with it for the long-term can help them to prevent symptoms from worsening.

According to analyze done by PubMed the entire psychiatric hospital admission rates in Jamaica were 136 per 100, 000 in 1971 and 69 per 100, 000 in 1988. The entrance rate for schizophrenia was 69 per 100, 000 in 1971 and 35 per 100, 000 in 1988. The 49% decrease in admission rates over these 17 years is related to the benefits of an island-wide community mental health service with psychiatric entrance to basic parish nursing homes in 1972. This entrance rate for schizophrenia is five to six times lower than the pace reported for Afro-Caribbean's in the united kingdom by lots of studies, and is more commensurate with the entrance rate for schizophrenia reported for the overall population in Great britain.

Personality disorders are common and affect 10% to 15% of the populace in america. Gender influences existence; for example, antisocial and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders are more prevalent in men, whereas borderline, reliant, and histrionic personality disorders are more frequent in women. http://www. wrongdiagnosis. com/p/personality_disorders/prevalence. htm?kcplink=1

Fredrick W. Hickling, Professor of Psychiatry at the College or university of the Western Indies stated in his notice to the Editor of August 27, 2010 that personality disorder manifests with three main problems. These are: issues in the management of ability, especially with regards to authority numbers and organizations, manifest by repeated issues, duplicity and transgression (wrong-doing); issues with physiological dependency (dependence on licit and illicit drugs, food and gaming) and mental health dependency (emotional and economical 'lean pon', and men-dicancy); and problems with sexual per-formance and performing. Personality disorder can be slight, modest or severe.

He further mentioned that work done with his colleagues at the College or university Medical center of the West Indies funded by the Run after Fund has identified that this condition occurs in almost 20-30 per cent of the Jamaican populace. This is almost 3 to 5 times greater than prevalence rates in other parts of the world. Jamaicans seem to be to truly have a proclivity for transgression, perhaps rooted in the historical psychopathology of your slave culture. http://www. jamaica-gleaner. com/gleaner/20100827/letters/letters2. htmlOctober 13, 2010, 10:02 p. m.

According to Dr. Sam Vaknin, writer of Malignant Self-Love: Narcissism Revisited (2007), individuals with personality disorders has a lot of things in common. These are: Self-centeredness that manifests itself by having a me-first, self-preoccupied frame of mind. Lack of individual accountability that results in a sufferer mentality and blaming others, world and the universe for his or her problems. Lack of perspective-taking and empathy. Manipulative and exploitative action. Unhappiness, suffering from depression and other spirits and anxiousness disorders. Vulnerability to other mental disorders, such as obsessive-compulsive tendencies and panic attacks. Distorted or superficial knowledge of self applied and others' perceptions, being unable to see his or her objectionable, undesirable, disagreeable, or self-destructive behaviors or the issues that may have contributed to the personality disorder. Socially maladaptive, changing the rules of the overall game, introducing new parameters, or otherwise influencing the external world to comply with their own needs. No hallucinations, delusions or thought disorders.

Example of personality disorder is somebody who just came out of a relationship and travelled into a different one quickly. The first time she fulfilled her new partner, she quickly became seductive with him, revealing him she treasured him and can not do anything to harmed him. However, things took a toll for the worse as she was participating in school and began informing him she do not have anytime, she's her assignments to complete. The gentleman would contact her but she did not want to talk to him. She made assurances to see him on several situations but didn't fulfill the guarantee. She even advised him that they can also see other people. She lowered by at his house and picked up her items that was there. She informed him that it generally does not make any sense she live and she preferred to perish.

Therapy and medications can help folks who have personality disorder; however, it is the individual's decision to take accountability for his or her own life that makes the difference. To heal, individuals must first possess the desire to change to be able to break during that enduring pattern of the personality disorder. Individuals need to want to gain insight into and face their inner experience and behavior. This involves changing their considering themselves, their romantic relationships, and the earth. This also entails changing their habit, for whatever is not acted after is not discovered. Using a support system example, therapy, self-help groups, friends, family, medication, they can free themselves from personality disorder. In addition they need to simply accept their illness, talk about it, seek treatment and live, enjoy life and realize their dreams.

I would recommend that more treatment centres come into procedure in Jamaica as patients exhibiting personality disorder same are cured at Bellevue Hospital and Ward 21 or even privately. However, these private hospitals do not specialize in treating patients who've a personality disorder. The facilities that people have here in Jamaica do not properly look after person with this disorder. People have to be more informed on personality disorder as a great deal of persons appear to have it although sometimes they don't realize and come to the popularity.

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