Posted at 10.08.2018
My enthusiasm for counseling has always been with addictions and the people involved in helping someone in restoration. I consider my personal theory of counseling ever before changing and integrative in the procedure. I am open to various ways of putting into action diverse ideas and techniques and experienced that clients can reap the benefits of a number of ways in conducting therapy. However, my bottom part theory produced from a mixture of cognitive behavioral treatment, logical emotive remedy, and family systems ideas. The following paper will discuss my point of view on becoming a highly effective counselor, what philosophies and ideas make up my theoretical ideas, what my intended goals are for counselling, my direct and indirect role as a therapist and lastly what techniques I plan on using to activate clients in the process.
The fine art of effective counseling, in my perspective, not only addresses the discovered need of your client, but the co-existing issues related to family, connections, work, education, spirituality, physical health, mental health, alcohol and drug use and legal concerns. The development of a highly effective counselor in regards to addictions depends upon the occurrence of attitudes, reflecting openness to alternative methods, appreciation of diversity, and most significantly the willingness to improve (Brammer, 2012). Effective guidance involves an activity, the aim of which is to help others to help themselves by making better alternatives. The counselor's assortment of skills includes those of developing an understanding romance, as well as interventions centered on helping clients change specific areas of their feeling, pondering and acting (Blau and Ellis, 1998).
I imagine a good counselor is somebody who can learn not to make judgments with respect to the person being helped. Although counselors have their own worth, these should not be imposed on your client and the counselor must wthhold the ability to actively pay attention to and acknowledge the views of clients. Inside the addiction field, a powerful counselor shall also have the ability to maintain healthy restrictions. This includes not taking their clients problems house with them and understanding the necessity for balance in their life. I have experienced that the addictions field can deliver a high burn up rate in counselors due to bad boundaries. Furthermore, I feel that an effective counselor understands the value of self-awareness in their personal, professional, and ethnic life. Since living in Hawaii and working skillfully here for 10 years, I've found that to be able to be familiar with cultural diversity is extremely important. This provides a safe and non-judgmental environment for the customers expressing themselves openly (Brammer, 2012). When I first moved to Hawaii I was completely unaware of this idea as a counselor and also have since made this limitation one of my talents throughout the years.
In regards to the addictions field specifically, I believe professional counselors adhere to honest and behavioral requirements of do in the supporting relationship. It is also important for a counselor to participate in ongoing supervision and continuing education in the delivery of customer services to allow them to participate in effective counseling. Counselors that are prepared to increase and change professionally and professionally are more effective in the ability to most probably, in tune and delivery of effective services (Ellis and Harper, 1961). Gleam level of professionalism and reliability that needs to be demonstrated through knowledge, skills and regularity in keeping the code of ethics and modeling (Middle for DRUG ABUSE Treatment, 2006).
The personal characteristics I find in an efficient counselor include persistence and acceptance. A counselor should use his or her self-control in dealing with people, even those who find themselves not likeable. This characteristic, when dealing with drug and liquor clients, is important since they have a tendency to be deceitful and repellent when taking part in treatment. Learning to grow into a more complete person from the knowledge of life's hard knocks can be a valuable quality in a counselor. Sociable skills are also important characteristics, such as being attentive skills, being present, having empathy as well as watching verbal and non-verbal cues (Corey, 2013). Effective advisors have an authentic interest in other people and in what they do. My interest for the habit field and seeing the success of the family and individuals is evident in my work and Personally i think contributes to the drive for the clients to continue forwards. This is referred to as admiration or unconditional positive regard for the person being helped (Blau and Ellis, 1998). Guidance requires a lot of training, followed by much practice. The counselor could very well be the first person that the average person has met for a long period who truly listens without prejudice and whom he or she can trust carry heartedly, therefore being a highly effective counselor for the success of your client is important (Moonshine, 2008).
Professionalism, cultural competency, sincerity, flexibility and authenticity are just some of the uniqueness which makes an effective craving counselor. With this, also come personal and professional strengths and limitations. My own limitations include using a systems approach, which presumes that family have roughly equivalent contributions to the process and also have equality in terms of ability and control. This opinion is not substantiated in the study on family violence, for example (Nichols, 2010). Hence, I appreciate that the practice of family systems therapy only should be used when one relative is not being terrorized by another relative. Being able to acknowledge imperfections and say that to mistakes is another personal quality an effective counselor shall hold (Corey, 2013). This shows to be another limitation for myself as I am always trying for precision. That is something I continue to improve on through supervision, feedback and willingness to start making changes in myself.
My belief encircling human dynamics parallel with some beliefs in existential therapy; that is, the foundation of therapeutic practice is dependant on an understanding of what it means to be individuals (Corey, 2013). I really believe according for the individual, exploring new aspects of action and thinking, and seeking balance between popularity of limits and identifying advantages. I anticipate using numerous methods to therapy predicated on this assumption of individuals nature. As I have worked in the addictions field I have formed a notion that our existence is not set; alternatively, people create self through experiences, connections with others and connection to living systems. I also trust a few of the human dynamics beliefs in the cognitive habit therapy. This includes the idea that folks have the potential to believe both rationally and irrationally (Corey, 2013). I see this predominantly when employed in the addictions field and the justice system. I have observed that working with the idea that we can identify irrational thinking habits and begin making successful thinking patterns has had a real profit in dealing with addicts and their families. I believe people can form and gain more control by increasing their skill packages for appropriate responses to difficult situations (Santee, 2007).
I think that the personality of the counselor plays an integral role in the procedure process. Personality, to me, is something you see in someone, showing reliability or continuity for someone to model. Personality, in this context, would definitely play a part in both helping the addict see variations in themselves, as well as the households taking a look at what has changed in the addict over time. Another important part to understanding personality and developing my own theory of counselling is how one may or might not exactly change as time passes. I believe my personality qualities are always changing through life experience. Erickson's view of Psychosocial Development played a huge part in my considering development and how one obtains their personality (Carver and Sheier, 2008). He believed that personality evolves throughout the life span, from beginning through maturity and finally to loss of life. He also assumed no part of life is more important than any other, and was which means first to propose the idea of life-span development. This theory definitely posed a direct effect on how I anticipate seeing the big picture of clients I am going to counsel in the future.
I think it is crucial to check out the complete person, over a continuum to observe how they develop, marking important parts in one's life that may be bench markers for their current behaviors. I believe that folks often respond in reaction to another event happening. This advances from interacting with social actuality and it changes constantly in response to incidents in the interpersonal world (Blau and Ellis, 1998). Erik Erickson goes on to talk about psychosocial problems as a turning point where potential development can be postponed or heightened (Berger, 2011). When guidance addicts, I think that it will be prudent to comprehend if there was a 'turmoil' in the early phases of trust versus mistrust, or in initiative versus guilt. If there was, then this would be considered a good location to begin with the client to discover ways to raised support them in changing antisocial actions, addiction or criminal activity.
I also find Alfred Adler's views have an impact on my thinking about action. His view of inferiority complex, preventing one from striving, and superiority complex, feeling the urgent need to excel at all costs, made me think a lttle bit more about how precisely people may feel and therefore behave (Corey, 2013). In dealing with families, I think that it is important to understand the complete active of the style; how every individual sees him/herself in relation to the system. This will likely in turn determine how they will behave now and in the future. For example, if a customer was put down his life time, called 'no good' and 'worthless' (rejection), matching to Adler's theory, he may develop an inferiority complex and create a lifestyle concerning dependence. I believe this theory is important in understanding why one is behaving just how he/she is in the current context.
A third area i find important in the development of my personal counselling viewpoint is how one projects on assessing and eventually changing habits. When learning about bonuses and sanctions, I found that it appeared to correlate with reinforcing behaviors you want to see accelerated or decelerated (Wanberg and Milkman, 1998). This goes back to my theory about people behaving, being and pondering in reaction to another event. In counseling others, I believe it would be very effective to give an incentive to a person when you watch a patterns you want to see again. I believe this theory of changing and reinforcing behavior would be extremely effective.
I believe that conditioning ideas greatly affect my ideas of how people feel and act. According to Carver and Sheier (2008), personality is the deposition of a person's conditioned tendencies. In other words, by adulthood you have an array of emotional responses to various stimuli. You additionally have tendencies to engage in various sorts of actions in a range of options. This view has three implications for personality examination that I agree with: it will focus on behavioral qualities rather than cognitions; focusing on observable areas of emotional reactions rather than a standard sense of just what a person is like. Second, is the fact that feelings and activities are tied to specific situations or cues. Finally, there is no better assessment then observation (Carver and Sheier, 2008). I feel that self-reports of emotions and behavioral tendencies are not as reliable as simply observing a person's patterns, mainly due to the idea of public desirability factors. Personally i think as though addicts and criminals are so excellent at lying down and deceiving, that observations of the behaviors is the most genuine way to see their true feelings and actions.
The prospect of substance use disorders to mimic a number of medical and psychological disorders and also to co-exist with craving is rather high (Levinthal, 1999). Therefore, it is important to understand material use disorders and summarize treatment modalities and positioning standards within the continuum of health care. This involves the data of the DSM-IV current diagnostic requirements, ability to determine placement conditions, identify the talents and limitations to various diagnostic and location criteria and foundation treatment services on the client needs (Slaght, 1999). I fight constantly with the thought of diagnosing a client predicated on the DSM-IV, however I assume that if the counselor is able to recognized the worthiness of research studies, they are able to tailor treatment strategies and modalities to the clients stage of change and cultural needs.
My viewpoint regarding evaluation and capacity to define behavior change in the addiction field, comes with a biopsychosocial aspect of your client through medical, vocational, cultural and family support, social, subconscious, legal and drug and liquor aspects (Johnson, 2004). Personally i think that individuals are best known through assessing the connections between members of the family, self-reporting, specific observations as well as the diagnostic standards for abuse and dependency. Having the ability to incorporate all of these factors allows a counselor in the addiction field to have a well-rounded approach to their counseling point of view. I believe that habit change is described by your client through observable changes in themselves, by the family in considering patterns and human relationships that are changing, as well as counselor observations. I think it all has to do with the ability to identify changes that are allowing the client to have difficulties less as time passes.
The goal I have in mind for myself in counseling includes helping strategies for reducing the unwanted effects of product use, maltreatment, and dependence in individual clients and their own families. I wish to have the ability to provide treatment services appropriate to the non-public and cultural id of your client. Meeting the task of working together will call for mutual understanding, flexibility, and adjustments among the list of drug abuse treatment specialist, family therapist, and family system (Nichols, 2010). This switch will demand a stronger concentrate on the systemic relationships of families. The idea for me is to help family members gain knowing of patterns of human relationships that are not working and create new ways to allow them to interact.
Systems theory recognizes that a whole system is more than the amount of its parts (Nichols, 2010). Nichols (2010) continues on to notice that the family systems model is dependant on the theory that families become arranged by their interactions around drug abuse. In adapting to the drug abuse, it's possible for the family to keep up balance, or homeostasis. Using the systems way, as a therapist I try to identify the maladaptive patterns of communication or family role set ups that require substance abuse for balance. In parallel, cognitive behavioral approaches derive from the theory that maladaptive behaviours, including chemical use and mistreatment, are reinforced through family interactions (Hubble, Duncan and Miller, 1999). One method for a therapist to get started on change with a customer would be behaviorally focused treatment which attempts to change connections and aim for behaviors that cause substance abuse, to improve communication and problem dealing with, and to strengthen coping skills (Blau and Ellis, 1998).
A major goal of family remedy in substance abuse treatment is protection, especially keeping drug abuse from moving in one generation to another. Study after analysis shows that if one individual in a family group abuses liquor or drugs, the rest of the family members are in increased risk of developing substance abuse problems (Miller, Taylor and West, 1980). Another goal evolving in my style of counseling offers a neutral forum in which members of the family meet to solve problems. Such a rational venue for manifestation and negotiation often is absent from the family lives of folks with a element problem. Though their lives are unpredictable and chaotic, the target is to normalize and negotiate the average person and family active. Goals shall be developed together, discovering what behaviors, attitudes, values or thoughts are hindering as well as strengthening the need for change (Slaght, 1999). Operant conditioning is used most often in reinforcing the style change and targets the dyadic relationships. This kind of conditioning modifies the incident of ones own voluntary habit due to the implications of the patterns. It performs on the environment, or social support, and is managed by its repercussions or final result (Watson, 1913).
A therapeutic marriage is empowering to your client. They will tend to view the therapist more as a reference than as somebody who tries to tell them how to proceed and your client can walk away from such an encounter sense like a person has really listened to them (Edelwich and Brodsky, 1992). I start to see the therapeutic relationship as an operating relationship and a kind of learning. I start to see the counselor as somebody who is willing to be an real person in the therapeutic romantic relationship, building rapport and create a person-to-person reference to which the client can experience expansion. The role of the therapist is to consistently model appropriate behaviours and actions that the individual or family can view and learn from. I view the therapist in the habit field as a tutor for the family or person that identifies that mental problems are usually caused by unrealistic perception clutches and to strengthen and model positive conducts.
I believe that the personality a therapist has has an integral role in this romantic relationship. They have to be spontaneous, hypersensitive, within the here and now and can illustrate caring and acceptance when working with lovers. Sometimes the therapist will need to share with your client, having appropriate restrictions in tact, to build the genuineness and rapport with someone in recovery. Through the use of laughter, spontaneity and personality, the therapist can unbalance the family and create change in a family group system therapy (Nichols, 2010). Most of all, I have experienced in my own career that truly enjoying your job, having appropriate restrictions, and a genuine care for the client has brought much success and empowerment to the customers drive as well as my very own.
To bring about change with the average person and family, the therapist helps to ensure that every relative is given a speech. Members of the family gain a broader and more accurate point of view of what they are experiencing, which may be empowering and may provide enough energy to produce positive change. To do this goal, family therapists help changes in maladaptive interactions within the family system (Nichols, 2010). The therapist searches for unhealthy relational set ups and faulty patterns of communication. In the counseling romantic relationship, the therapist and consumer interact to explore every part of the client's circumstances, permitting the given individual to re-evaluate his or her experiences, capabilities and potential. Counselors aid full and confidential appearance of the client's thoughts, without diverting any attention to their own thoughts.
Finally consumer privileges and confidentiality is paramount in the counseling relationship (Center for DRUG ABUSE Treatment, 2006). When there is no trust there may be no therapeutic romantic relationship. In order to benefit from therapy the client needs to be willing to share their biggest concerns and secrets. They'll only do that if they feel sure that it is safe to take action. Building trust usually takes time, and it must be earned. Part of the procedure for creating trust is respecting confidentiality. The client needs to feel reassured that any information they offer will not be used in in any manner that could harm them. Upholding this self-assurance of the client will allow the person and family to feel free and safe in writing to overcome issues and start to make changes.
A variety of assisting techniques are personalized to meet the needs of the individual client or family member and happen within the framework of a guidance session. Addictions counselling is suitable for children, children and adults who are abusing drugs or who are affected by someone else's addiction (Wanberg and Milkman, 1998). Treatment may include individual or group counseling sessions in a single or more sessions weekly as well as outpatient treatment or inpatient rehabilitation. Sessions are used for diagnosis, psychoeducation, treatment planning, support, evaluation of progress, recommendations and referrals. The space of treatment is based upon the precise substance or tendencies, the client's level of readiness, environmental impact and co-existing issues.
Cognitive behavior remedy uses a whole lot of problem solving, practice and role-play, that i enjoy doing with clients the most. They are the sorts of treatment techniques that I feel would work best in helping others identify the areas to be evolved and the style of effect their conducts are leading to. CBT also uses questions aimed at determining distorted assumptions, home work tasks, communication building and confronting faulty values (Morgenstern, Morgan, McCrady, Curroll and Keller, 2001). This often starts with redefining the challenge in terms specific to manners or in terms of positive habits to teach the average person and family product. Id of the antecedents, behaviours and effects is an integral part to this redefinition (Goblet and Arnkoff, 1992). It has an educational portion to it, that involves coaching communication skills, problem resolving, conflict resolution and negotiation skills. Some techniques used are believed stopping, logical emotive therapy, and self-monitoring. Operant fitness techniques often found in this remedy include token economies, contingency management and shaping. The goal of the therapist isn't just to aid in the here and today problem action, but also to model to the family and specific how to use cognitive ways of solve problems in the foreseeable future (Wanberg and Milkman, 1998).
There can be an assortment of techniques that use techniques, that i plan to assimilate into my theoretical counseling theory. The Narrative Methodology uses questions like 'when did the problem first come in your life', as well as the perfect solution is focused wonder question and pre-session change check in. These techniques would be good to begin trainings with to get the client talking about their viewpoint and to examine where they are really as far as thinking patterns and what area they want to be focusing on. Rational Emotive Behavior Remedy and Dialectic Tendencies Remedy uses techniques that get the client talking about the process of thinking through dialog instead of games or activities. The theory that our view of the world is exactly what shapes our experience serves as the groundwork of these solutions (Blau and Ellis, 1998). Problem handling remedies, role-playing, skill building, cognitive restructuring and habit rehearsal are often top features of cognitive behavior remedy. The basics are to recognize the thinking that transcribes to actions which have certain final results. The approach identifies a situation, accompanied by an computerized thought, perception, value, choice and result. Phases of change are often used to monitor and enhance the therapeutic romance and speed up their inspiration for CBT treatment process (Prochaska, DiClemente & Norcross, 1992). When introducing family systems remedy, I would use techniques such as genograms, family sculpting, counter transference, reframing, restructuring and setting of appropriate limitations (Nichols, 2010).
Treatment often relies on the therapeutic romance and motivational improvement. Change does not often happen effectively when recognized only by the average person. The support with their environmental contingencies and support network takes on a major role. Motivational Interviewing (MI) is another central technique I would utilization in engaging the client and their family to get started on taking a look at making changes. MI identifies that individuals with addictions are usually ambivalent and uncertain about whether or not they want to improve (Edelwich and Brodsky, 1992). Their habit has probably already experienced consequences on their behalf, which have brought them into treatment. Yet, they are suffering from their addiction as a means of coping with life, and they do definitely not like the idea of giving that up. MI helps visitors to make up their minds about how exactly to move onward, by helping the given individual to go through the advantages and disadvantages of different choices and actions. Rather than challenging, opposing or criticizing the person with the dependency, the therapist will help the individual to reach a fresh knowledge of themselves and what their craving means to them (Wanberg and Milkman, 1998). They do that by re-framing, and offering different interpretations of situations that come up in the change process, typically which improve the person's motivation to change. All of this is based on the individual's own goals and prices, which have recently been explored.
To this end, I consider my theoretical point of view to be an integrative approach to counseling. Being a counselor, I am ever before changing, becoming more self applied aware and centered on improving my limitations discovered as a counselor. I am open to a number of ways to combine diversity and techniques, which may benefit individuals and young families battling obsession. In combining cognitive behavior therapy, existential aspects, and family system methods to counseling, I have developed multidimensional perspective to my guidance style, that i use presently and plan on using in the foreseeable future to engage clients and their families in the change process.