Posted at 12.19.2018
For this assignment I will describe personal worth, prejudices, moral dilemmas and the impact they experienced on sociable work practice by reflecting on one of my values and how I needed to issue myself to overcome it.
Using Marxists and Feminists views of oppression I aim to identify, recognise, value and value diverse individuals for which I will give an example of which happened certainly to me and how I had fashioned to issue discrimination towards others.
I will also discuss theoretical frameworks to tackling oppression and discrimination utilizing the PCS model and how people can become empowered through groupings, advocacy or legislation.
Personal principles, Prejudices, Ethical Dilemmas, Discord of Interest and their effect on Social Work Practice
A value is something that concerns someone or a notion they keep, this determines how a person behaves, worth do not determine whether something is said whether it is right or incorrect in today's population. However, a person's belief's can affect how they behave towards others.
"Prejudice is a term which has somewhat negative connotations and is normally taken to mean a hostile frame of mind towards a person or group"
(Billingham et al. 2008. Pg. 196)
One of my worth and a prejudice of mine is the fact that any job I am used in will eventually go to the people working in a foreign country, especially India. This all stems from when I worked for a third party credit card processor chip, after giving them nine many years of service I would be produced redundant and my job would be actioned from people in India. For the next two months I'd have to train folks from there all the applications I used to be currently or possessed worked on. This offered me a problem do inform them everything I knew or simply a few of it? I had to be professional, therefore i gave them the maximum amount of information on the applications for which I recognized about, I even created consumer guides to assist with the training and they might use when I possessed left the company.
When talking to the people I found that we got things in common with the other person plus they were saddened that a person would lose their job. It wasn't their fault I was being made redundant however the companies where we functioned for. I had formed effectively challenged the new belief that experienced risen from a unfortunate situation.
"Values are just as effective as the actions they prompt"
(Preston-Shoot, 1996. Pg 31)
When dealing with folks from other countries I'll need to put my own principles and prejudices away, as everyone deserves insight in their lives no matter where they come from on earth. If I fail to put my principles and prejudices apart whilst dealing with them it'll impact the help they'll get from me, I have to be open minded to all ethnicities. Thompson (2005) explains that there is a need for genuineness (congruence) to be achieved in sociable work, that a positive working marriage between service end user and social employee is needed based on trust and esteem for the other person to build up.
Thompson (2006) explains discrimination as "to recognize a difference which is not necessarily a negative term". But when used in conditions of legal, moral or in a political sense it is known as being unfair e. g. being unfairly treated for your sexuality or cultural origins. If this occurs it can result in a person being oppressed.
When looking at oppression from a Marxists view D'Amato cases that individuals are oppressed because of the class in which they live in, that girls, homosexuals or folks of non-white pores and skin are subordinate to the Bourgeoisie and Capitalism is needed in culture as it shapes and depends upon oppression because of its survival. Marxists claim that if racism, sexism or homophobia was to be embraced it'll mean that a capitalist federal government would have to be overthrown and that oppression is vital to the have difficulties of socialism.
From a Radical Feminists view Zeiber (2008) argues that women are oppressed within the patriarchal system, that matrimony and the family are a result of capitalism. Holmstrom (2003) talks about Socialist Feminism, agreeing that women are oppressed by the dominance of men and of the financial inequality because of the positions of vitality men have within society.
I work on a farm where we often have Polish as well as United kingdom people working there. Twelve months a colleague was making cruel jokes into the Polish people, as others were making fun at their culture, and their Catholic beliefs were wrong. I could observe that something was incorrect, therefore i spoke to them; they explained they felt they were being discriminated against and began to feel very oppressed because these were not British isles.
Then I spoke to my manager about the problem which was occurring and he left me to "deal" with. I put to think about how exactly I would approach it so both celebrations would enjoy a the results.
So I asked the perpetrator to come outdoors and talk with me. I told him that the Polish people were unhappy the way in which he was dealing with them. He was surprised as he thought these were all "having fun" with each other. It was hard for me personally to confront the perpetrator as it was my dad, a guy I searched up to.
Reflecting on what had happened I realized I had developed said the right things to my dad as they continuing to utilize each in harmony, not attempting to offend each other, allowing a good working environment for all.
Discrimination are available in companies like the church, prison or with a person in a position of power. It could be covertly actioned by using disguises like the Klu Klux Klan in USA wear masks concealing their personal information or overtly actioned like apartheid in South Africa or the BNP in Britain.
Thompson (1997) shows how oppression can be analysed using the Computers model and there are three levels:
Personal (P) - a person's views e. g. prejudice against a group of people.
Cultural (C) - distributed beliefs between others, what's incorrect or right, therefore forms a consensus.
Structural (S) - how oppression of culture is produced through organization who support social norms & personal beliefs e. g. faith, media or administration.
Here is an exemplory case of the PCS model in action:
P: Son in the team you just work at makes offensive and derogatory feedback in regards to a gay man who attends also. He says that 'gay people aren't natural' or 'normal'.
C: Gay people basically repulse the community around him, and lots of the community members are involved with the neighborhood church, holding stable views about 'intimate morals'.
S: Popular tabloid marketing berates the 'unusual' activities of gay people. Spiritual leaders of all faiths support the instatement of laws to stop similar privileges for gay people. Legislation is handed by parliament that compromises the rights of gay, lesbian and bisexual people. There is an overwhelming 'consensus' of power found in all varieties of structural life.
(Lumber, J. 2001)
By using the PCS model it can help a person build an idea as to why others act just how they actually e. g. the stereotype of an adolescent using a hood, you believe they are simply trouble designers because of the particular press have reported, but not every teenager is out for trouble.
Another theoretical framework to tackling oppression and discrimination is through empowerment.
By empowering someone methods to permit a person to get control over and taking responsibility for own their actions. The Humanistic strategy by Carl Rogers (1959) induces visitors to become empowered.
As student communal workers we could educated about empowering the service individual, to concentrate on their strengths and also to interact as equals, we also need to safeguard vulnerable people, to take into account a person's economic, political and ethnical background at exactly the same time.
Groups also work to empower people as they provide support and if they become one they can become powerful. An example of this is from the Times Online dated June 13th 2007 'How basketball made us' (see connection 1), by forming a sports team for emotionally ill patients they each became empowered in a position to do things independently without having help from others.
There are strategies in spot to help inform people about inequality, discrimination and injustice such as advocacy and legislation. As communal workers we have to support and speak up for individuals that face being oppressed or discriminated against.
By using advocacy to signify those who are struggling to speak up for themselves. E. g. have learning or communication problems. Walker (2008) advises that advocacy has it advantages but also offers its weaknesses.
Strength from using advocacy are: Individuals who have been socially excluded from mainstream world gain a tone of voice, when a service customer has a interpersonal worker who listens can get self-assurance to speak for themselves, thus growing in self confidence and social employees can learn and understand more on how it feels to be disempowered when hearing a service customer.
But the weaknesses are: there's a danger that the social staff member can put their own views onward and not those views of the service customer, the advocate can take over, thus the service end user can become disempowered and the social worker may find that by using advocacy it can put them in conflict with the organisation where the work with, their loyalties can become split.
The legislation set up is to help and protect people against inequality and discrimination, for example:
Equal Pay Works 1970 & 1983 - prohibits discrimination due to sex relating to pay and terms of contract.
Race Relations Work 1976 - prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, nationality or ethnic origin.
Later amended in 2000 to include a work on public government bodies in undertaking their duties to own due regard to remove unlawful discrimination and also to promote equality.
(Brayne et al, 2010. Pg. 89-90)
The British Association of Public Work (BASW) has a code of ethics relating to how social workers must are more ethnical aware. Paragraph 4. 1. 6 (pg. 49) states that as a social worker you will:
Recognise diversity among ethnicities and then recognise what the impact of their own social & ethnic identity can have on others.
Gain working knowledge and understanding of service users cultural and social affiliations and the principles, beliefs and traditions associated with them, even although service users may be different.
Communicate effectively in a terminology where both get-togethers will understand, if needs be then by using an independent interpreter.
By using the various tools I have learnt through the course I am able to struggle discrimination, inequality and oppression, I will be more available minded to people that need help from cultural services and regardless of what their cultural background is I will be able to use this knowledge effectively.
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