Posted at 10.05.2018
Carl Rogers an important American psychologist, one of the many theorists although, arguable the most leading shape whom founded humanistic psychology and established the individual centred strategy (Charleson, 2011). The word 'person centred' arose from the perceptions clients were and are cared for as the truth (Colledge, 2002). Rogers' view was that there are as much different realities as there are people within the earth.
Rogers turned down the deterministic dynamics of the psychoanalysis and the behaviourists view to counselling (McLeod, 2008) and the approach is really as it cases to be 'person centred', thus meaning that the individual centred counselling is the non - directive strategy of the counsellor. According to Wilkins (2010), your client directs the session as they themselves are reported to be the expert on their experiences.
Rogers also mentioned that for successful remedy to be performed there have been six necessary conditions, three of them Rogers referred to as the center conditions that relate with the frame of mind of the counsellor and the modus operandi. The three key conditions are that the counsellor is empathetic, has unconditional positive regard for your client and congruence between your self and the microorganisms. I am going to discuss the three core conditions in greater detail further on within my reflective piece of work. (research)
However, the theoretical assumption to person centred counselling began with the fact that both the counsellor and customer are reliable (Colledge, 2002) and every individual contain the innate potential to actualise. Rogers draw upon this term of actualising from Maslow's hierarchy of needs, created his ideas of the person centred approach, and termed it the self-actualisation of the person, as previously mentioned Rogers believed that all individuals have the to self- actualise provided the right conditions are present (Mearns, Thorne, 2010).
Another point which Colledge (2002) stated was that the foundation to Rogers' theory of the shape of reference point is subjective or perceptual, that leads me onto another point regarding this skill of the counsellor.
The shape of research is a fundamental skill to counselling, which I believe means I feel what the client feels and experience what the client encounters and I understand the situation as they understand it. As I believe of the client's framework of research, I am reminded of a particular sentence that I'd like to share, as I find it a mystical way to clarify the meaning to the 'body of guide' for myself.
It was a specific sentence within a Mearns and Thorne publication (2000, p. 55) that mentioned the possible depth to people and their way of being as an 'Unseen party of communication between the therapist and the client'. In a sense, this sentence may describe a definite practice session that stands out within my mind. I was the counsellor with one of my peer associates within our trio's group, I believed completely within her moment in time, I had been within her 'frame of reference', and we were in the unseen boogie of communication identified by Mearns and Thorne.
However, I am aware that this could possibly be down to the actual fact that people have a romantic relationship that is established, the words I had been reading were in framework, and I really do have more understanding of her (Tolan, 2012) identity and personality. She discussed how she would approach a problem, and I visualized her actions, but unfortunately, I did not discuss my visualisation or tone this with her. In reflecting on this, I am not completely sure what center conditions I could use to describe this apart from being with her in as soon as.
Locus of evaluation could be either external or internal. The external locus of evaluation is referred to as, the viewpoint of external people in the way they want someone to live your life (Gladding, 2011) or otherwise through the conditions of well worth that was located on you from childhood. Alternatively, with the inner locus of analysis, you live your life within your rules and responsible for your own thoughts and opinions.
Time boundaries or time keeping are without doubt the parameters or suggestions that govern an operating relationship between your customer and counsellor (Hough, 2010) and I appreciate that time keeping is essential and it is good practice once i am a trained counsellor or hope to be. EASILY can't be reliable on my course, how can the clients rely upon me?
I was reading the written work of Spurling (2004) when I came across a paragraph, which points out beautifully the value of time restrictions and the process of counselling,
This process is approximately change and the rate or routine of change cannot be predicted in advance, as it is the results of the interchange between counsellor and client, and the unpredictability of the counselling therefore needs predictability in the structure of the setting to become suffered (Spurling, 2004, p. 29).
I understand why and realise the value to enough time boundaries in just a counselling treatment and the capability to stick to it.
As mentioned recently there are three core conditions for successful therapy to be achieved which relate with the counsellor's frame of mind. It is, without hesitation a counsellor will need the center conditions that Carl Rogers outlines (Gladding, 2011) within his person centred style of the Counselling theory.
These include Empathy, Congruence, and unconditional positive regard (UPR) towards your client. These core conditions I really believe are necessary for counselling to work for your client and for customer progression into a completely performing person, that is, a person whom uses their capability to the fullest amount possible (Gladding, 2011).
However, relating to Gladding (2011), there are two degrees of empathy. You are described major empathy, the other is advanced empathy, and the two levels are defined differently. However, I am going to only be referring to the primary degree of empathy in this particular piece of work, when i am only within the first semester of my degree. I really do not believe I could or I am able to convey the advanced level of empathy at this time, as I would only have the ability to show this advanced stage as I improve within the remaining years of my level.
Empathy as described by Gladding (2011) is a counsellor's capacity to effectively, echo back to the client their feelings, thoughts and to be within the client's body of reference concerning the situation or viewpoint that your client may perceive as being current.
Empathy one of the 'necessary and sufficient conditions for change' (McMillian, 2004, p. 53) with congruence and unconditional positive regard (UPR) or just known as the approval of any client's position or perspective. The primary conditions of the person centred approach will be addressed further on in my own reflective essay within the individual centred method of counselling.
It is my opinion that we should use key empathetic replies by the abilities of clarification, paraphrasing and reflecting the client's thoughts back again to them. Although as I began rehearsing the role of the counsellor, I experienced that at times I was parroting words that my peers got said, reflecting back again on these lessons, I now know that occasionally the words only hold area of the meaning and don't fully express the deeper emotions. I've realised this and I am endeavouring to try being attentive more vigilantly to the client's modulation of voice or any hesitations, and be aware of the client's body language as all these factors can express a deeper interpretation than words can.
However, Gladding (2011) goes on further to establish empathy or conveying empathy as being able to put myself in the client's situation with their perception and sentiment but remaining objective, this description from Gladding appears to be nearly the same as the central condition of UPR. I think that in everyday activity I am empathetic towards people and suspend my own personal judgement and ideas, which, in the person centred procedure are very important for any consumer to create a trusting romance and encourages them to self-explore on the deeper level. This point is carefully intertwined with Carl Rogers's primary conditions of UPR and congruence.
Unconditional positive regard is one of the key conditions I find quite easy to demonstrate within the practice procedure with my peers. This I really believe is one of my qualities that I possess. I am not a person without defence barriers, behaviours, or reactions that can be recognized by others as inconsiderate as well as perhaps foolish sometimes. I am also able to accept i make faults but I am not reluctant to declare them, therefore i accept people, as I'd like these to be acceptant of me.
However, in so far as i wish to believe I am a non-judgemental person, there could quite possible be considered a time I am faced with a client or situation that I cannot allow. I am positive that the non-public development on the amount will help me to address my own fears and unresolved issue so my ability on offering the core condition of UPR is increased which allows my clients or prospective clients to achieve constructive change. According to Rogers, (1959, p. 208) UPR 'seems effective in bringing about change' within your client.
It is my understanding that congruence has been truthful and honest, however, Rogers state governments in his six necessary and sufficient conditions for healing change that the role of congruence must be within the therapist or integrated into the partnership. Rogers (1959) also linked congruence to the other center conditions of empathy and UPR, he mentioned that for remedy to occur within the therapeutic romance the wholeness of counsellor needs to be main, but part of congruence should be the experience of myself and the client would need to experience empathy, congruence, and UPR.
As a counsellor, I really believe it will be problematic for me never to ask questions frequently. This 'weakness' is a target for me personally to achieve, and to only ask questions when appropriate, also as it is person centred counselling it is a practice of non - directive approach to therapy and asking questions could possible lead the client. The client could also understand some questions as being oppressive and insinuating that they need to feel or think in a specific way, quite simply, I could unintentionally impose more conditions of worthwhile onto your client. The asking of questions I really believe will be a challenge; however, I do understand, that questions may be asked of the client but only when it is suitable to do so and to deal with requesting any questions in a thoughtful and non-judgemental way.
To conclude, Rogers' person centred theory seems quite simple however, it appears to be problematic for me as of this early stage to show certain primary conditions within the practice session's but I am going to endeavour to achieve and be the best that I can be. Although, I am quite comfortable with the theory and deep esteem for Rogers' theory, I am however looking forward to learning more about the several methods to counselling, for example, cognitive behaviour and the gestalt approach. I am intrigued to discover how they differ and compare those to the person centred strategy.
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