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Person Centred Care for Dementia Patients

  • Ingrid Joy Moreno Castaneda


This paper presents the different areas of person-centred strategy in the promotion of health to older people with dementia and other geriatric health issues. The ideas of individuality, protection under the law, choice, privacy, independence, dignity, esteem and autonomy are discussed. Impacts of equality, culture and variety in the provision of person-centred methodology are also shown within the opportunity of open public health, health campaign, attitudes toward health insurance and the demand for medical.

The non-person-centred procedure namely institution perspective and bio-medical point of view are also evaluated. By gathering information through the internet, other approaches to the provision of medical care to older people are also discussed and presented to be able to give us a better view of the several strategies that facilities might be using and help us understand the composition of care and attention available.


We are all unique atlanta divorce attorneys way, although we may result from one cultural track record and even from the same family, we own our own group of traits that define our personality. Similar yet different in lots of ways.

Regardless where life can take us, I believe each and every one of us has the to be respected so that as we grow older, we continue steadily to live life with dignity.

Health providers are continually researching to make the provision of health be of quality. With dementia and seniors care, lots of techniques are being routines to make their services suit to the needs of the customers trying to place into consideration the complexity of each person.

The Task

Person-centred approach sets older people with dementia the centre of care. It is a holistic procedure where the older works together with the care giver and the family in keeping, promoting, and enhancing an excellent of life for the elderly with dementia.

Question 1

Person-Centred Way is the way in which of care that targets the person as a whole and as a person. Its care identifies the uniqueness of the person, his personality and personal personality which all plays a part in the person's id. It supports the person with dementia in all aspect of his or her needs and not only on the physical facet of care. There are a number of principles that are inter-related with each other in this process. One rule co-exists with the other and the lack of one will make it problematic for this approach to be always a success. This process allows personal expansion of older people towards self-actualization resulting in proper dealing with the changes that comes with later years.

  • Individuality is exactly what models a person apart from others. It really is that set of qualities or heroes that distinguishes someone's uniqueness. That is a strategy that targets dealing with the individuals subjective view of life. Basing health care from the elderly's achievements, abilities and desires at the same time dealing with them with respect and dignity as a person.
  • A right is what's due to the person. The methodology focuses on the elderly's to make his own choices how to live life. It also helps the person to make his own decisions regarding his care and attention and even allowing him the right to experience "bad decisions. "
  • Choice. In person-centred contacted older people is empowered to make enlightened choices about how to deal with things and on what they would like to do and face the consequences after every decision.
  • Privacy is of great importance in this process. Confidentiality is held all the time. The elderly's key points and views of something aren't to be mentioned with others without the consent of the person involved. This also contains the individuals personal date even past activities. That is also the key reason why when rendering health care to residents the gates of the area are kept finished to provide privateness for the client.
  • Independence is getting the capacity to do things on your own. In this approach it supports the individual to be by himself and in order to permit this, the care and attention provider safeguards the surroundings and generates assistive devices like handrails to permit movement with an even of independence. If capable the elderly is permitted to walk out the facility provided with proper identification.
  • Dignity has been worthy of admiration. In here the individual with dementia is viewed beyond the disease and his views and rules are honoured. This approach allows the elderly to live regarding to his moral guidelines.
  • Respect in person-centred methodology gives high regard for older people putting under consideration the person's accomplishments, abilities and characteristics. Older people is allowed to uphold his own beliefs and values without having to be judged.
  • Autonomy is making the elderly completely control of his treatment. This principle is possible in a medical facility when the elderly is given the right information about his identification and present them the opportunity to understand fully their health to allow them to make prepared decisions about their attention.

Question 2

  • Institution perspective focuses on the group of rules and recommendations by the institution. In here the attention providers habits their programs of care and attention abiding to the group of rules of the service or organization. Like for instances when the client continues to be capable of going out, he will not be allowed to do so if it's prohibited in the service promoting protection for the client. Also in instances when the guideline is designed for residents to possess their dishes in the eating area, then all clients should be there during mealtime and will not have the choice to own it in a tray in their room not unless if they are not well enough to take action but their healthy needs are met by a prepared well balanced food. Institution perspective puts the laws and regulations and rules of the establishment and its own adherence to it as priority as opposed to the desires and needs of the clients but still dealing with the health, cultural, emotional and physical well-being of the elderly.
  • Bio-medical perspective handles the medical facet of dementia. It begins with arranging the medical analysis of the disease basing it from the signs and symptoms manifested by your client. Signs or symptoms of dementia change from one person to another but in order to diagnose it as dementia, it will need to have at least two impairments from the main elements specifically: memory, communication and dialect, ability to target, reasoning and view and visual understanding. This perspective stresses that the disease is intensifying in nature with minimal hope for the near future and intervention is focused of drug treatment.

Question 3

  • Reality-Orientation Procedure is presenting information to the individual with dementia, re-orienting the person with the date, time, his or her current location and the individual and the problem to bring him back to reality. For those with dementia, there's a need for continuous re orientation and reminder of the now. It is important to ask them if they know where they are, and tell time the time frame, the day, time of your day and even writing information about what is happening in the world to keep them current to issues. Care providers can all build a conversation by requesting older people about his family, their whereabouts, and how they may be, this can even be ways to assess the extent of memory loss of the elderly and provide modified information should there be considered a need. Pictures, clocks, calendars and reading materials can be used to help the client be oriented of considerations and be a definite indication of 'today. '
  • Validation methodology is acknowledging what older people with Alzheimer's disease is experiencing. Usually this process is employed with people in the overdue level of Alzheimer's. In most cases, when an older is on the overdue stage of the disease they manifest certain gestures or behavior that may seem unusual and incomprehensible. These mannerisms are signs of what the elderly is trying to mention. Unlike the reality-orientation strategy where there is the reorientation of facts, here the thoughts of older people are accepted as it is no subject how bizarre it may be, it sometimes appears as a reality either one owed in today's or in the past. The care supplier empathizes with older people by putting oneself in the shoes of the elderly and discovering things with the sight of your client, at her or his level and stand point. The procedure will not deny nor assess the thoughts of the elderly no matter how irregular it is thus, reducing the elderly's stress, boosting dignity, promoting pleasure for older people and understanding this is of the behavior for the elderly. When the attention giver steps into the shoe of older people they may reach understand that this abnormal behavior may be considered a manifestation of the elderly's unfinished issues and somehow can assist in resolving these issues. Because the elderly's thoughts aren't denied and declined by the care and attention giver, they're in a position to build trust thus pushing good communication.
  • Assistive systems are devices or gadgets that are products of technology that are beneficial to the elderly with dementia. These are gadgets that can be used to make the elderly's life easier and near to normal as can be and live a life with dignity. To name a few of these devices, we've the reading aids to help those who are experiencing hearing reduction to help them in proper dental communication. Even goods that have censor like faucets and lights make it possible for the elderly to use these things. Digital clocks are even of great help to allow them to tell the time. Radio and tv sets make it possible for them to know the currents situations through the news headlines. In some instances the elderly can be track using checking devices to know their whereabouts as long as they be out of the vicinity. Phones are also something of technology which allows regular communication of older people with the family no matter the time and distance. Addititionally there is what it called telecare, that are gadgets that help the treatment provide in making health care, like hoist to assist in mechanically moving the elderly. There are also gizmos like digital thermometer and blood pressure to make vital signs monitoring easier and convenient.
  • Holistic Approach focuses on four facet of care for the elderly, the surroundings, the communication between your recipient of attention and the specialist, nutrition and the activity of the client. The care company should make the surroundings or liveable space of the elderly free of clutter and with safeness features like hands rails so as to allow maximum motion for the client with less stress and anxiety. The environment also needs to be free of unnecessary noises for sometimes this can make older people agitated. The care and attention provider should also nurture a good verbal and non-verbal communication with older people. If the elderly is not really a native of the country and has limited vocabulary then it is merely necessary that someone should stand as an interpreter so as for interactive communication to occur. In cases when the elderly cannot converse but can read and comprehend, then care supplier can use visual materials for communication like pen and newspaper. The fitness of the client is also given importance by building a dietary plan you start with the diagnosis of the healthy demands of your client and then structuring the diet of the client according to his or her healthy needs. The health care provider should also organize some activities for the client may it be physical or mental in mother nature. Activity like show and find out is an opportunity for the client showing something and share his or her thoughts about it. Then there are also board video games or memory video games that will assist the client put their thinking functions to make use of. There also lots of activities that require a little physical motion like pin bowling which can even be a source of exercise for your client.
  • Alternative remedy: Music and Artwork Therapies. Music remedy makes use of music to create the disposition of the client and to hook up emotions and feelings between the customer and care supplier. Mellow tunes can help soothe the feeling of your client and music of different eras can also evoke thoughts from the client by reminiscing past life encounters. Here your client can also be given the choice to choose the sort of music she or he wants to listen to. Clapping and dance are also urged to include in the fun. Art therapies should be that which aren't too childish to avoid demeaning the clients. Care givers can assist the clients to begin their fine art and then they can put their thoughts and thoughts in to the art activity then they are motivated and asked to share the experiences behind their work. The experience should give clients the adequate time for you to do their fine art putting into consideration capabilities of older people and they need not finish everything in a single sitting to prevent putting stress and anxiety on the clients.

Question 4

  • Public Health and Health Promotion

Public health focuses on the campaign of health insurance and the advancement of life by firmly taking actions and interventions that will prevent and treat dementia and other geriatric health issues. This is a combined effort by the private and federal government health sectors, neighborhoods and individuals. In New Zealand, the ministry of health allots a cover the health promotion of the ageing citizens. This profit is for all New Zealand citizens no matter culture. Medical care providers stand by the basic principle of equality in rendering care. They give the same kind of health care to their clients treating them all as equals. Within the provision of person-centred method of individuals with dementia within open public health insurance and health promotion, there could be an issue in relation to cultural variety. Yes, there may be equality in the sense that every citizen of the united states is given the to get access to this health advantages regardless of ethnic background and with this in mind, it is safe to say that these services are assumed to be what the overall people needs not placing into account that this is a country with a diversity of culture.

  • Attitudes to health and demand for healthcare

The attitude we have towards health greatly differs on the cultural background that one has. And thus how we value health will also relate to the demand for professional medical. How we live out life during the young years will result to the health condition the particular one will have in the maturing years. The family and the social personal preferences play a great role in the choices of food that people eat even in people with dementia or other geriatric health issues.

According to the Ministry of Health (2003), a substantial concern for Pacific homeowners here in New Zealand is the affordability of food. They are most likely to article that they sometimes run out of food due to financial strains set alongside the Maori and the Europeans. This would only imply that the elderly will not have the sufficient amount of nutrition in their daily diet.

Question 5

The different health sector criteria and rules of practice essentially set the guide for the person-centred methodology in the sense that it addresses the entirety of the procedure. As what these rules of practice says, every person has got the to be cared for with respect. Just like the approach it has it emphasis on the person as someone who has every right to respect. These codes practice also identifies the personality and uniqueness of every one and expresses that you need to not be discriminated for his years, cultural background, spiritual and political opinion, etc. Just like that in the person-centred strategy towards people with dementia and with other geriatric health conditions they must be from discrimination. Level of privacy and protection are of great importance also as stipulated in the many codes of practice and in the person-centred procedure. Although with dementia or other geriatric health conditions, the elderly should viewed as an individual go his / her health condition that is included with age.


I recommend that for facilities who offer services to older people with dementia and with other geriatric health conditions they must make an effort to group their older accordingly, those with similar ideas, personal backgrounds and features, this way they can somehow build the necessary exercises and activities that could suit the group's personalities. Even with the circulation of food, they can group this in a manner that would provide them with the right nourishment at exactly the same time giving the clients the possibility to eat the sort of food that they have grown with for this too is an integral part of their personal information. When healthcare providers make an effort to give a personal level in the provision of the services it somehow implies that they recognize the individuality and uniqueness of the clients.

In the provision of health services, I would recommend that services should be style to the character of the said community, in this manner, the needs of the customers will be provided with their medical needs consequently. I also claim that there must be teams who'll visit the areas on a regular basis to continuously evaluate medical needs of the contemporary society and make ways to give the people easy access with their services.


In conclusion, there are a number of approaches that can be used in the provision of medical services. These approaches cannot be successful without the determination of the professional medical providers. There are several aspects to consider when deciding on the sort of method of practice with people who have dementia and other geriatric health issues but we must remember that although old and frail they remain people with a respective identity who are well worth of our value and should get the due right to live their staying times with dignity.


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