Posted at 01.01.2019
Macbeth, written by Shakespeare, is a tragedy that showed the consequences of Macbeth's guilt from the peer pressure of Lady Macbeth. Lady Macbeth questioned Macbeth's manliness several times throughout the storyline. Macbeth wanted to prove that he was a more robust person. Even though Macbeth proved his manliness, he regretted his decision. Macbeth's decision to kill Duncan was based off of peer pressure from Lady Macbeth.
The character Macbeth have been told by the three weird sisters that he would be the Thane of Cawdor and king of Scotland. In order for Macbeth to adopt the throne, he previously to kill King Duncan. Macbeth never asked the question, "Do I really have to kill Duncan in order to become king?" Instead, Macbeth was pressured into his decision by his wife, Lady Macbeth. From Macbeth's decision some ask the question, "Was Macbeth really pressured by Lady Macbeth?" Another question often raised is, "Why did Macbeth decide to kill Duncan?" I believe the main reason behind the murder of Duncan was from the peer pressure of Lady Macbeth.
Macbeth had just returned from stopping two invading armies, but that did not stop him from wanting more power. Macbeth was ambitious but lacked he lacked the effort to make it happen (Snodgrass 37). He often considered the consequences that could happen if he were to proceed in killing Duncan. Macbeth also thought about the things Duncan had done for him when he served him as king. He decided he cannot bring himself to kill Duncan, but he wanted more success. On the other hand Lady Macbeth was a lot more ambitious than her husband. Lady Macbeth was referred to as 'very ambitious, burning in unquenchable desire to really have the name of queen' (Quennell 133). After Lady Macbeth read the letter her husband wrote her she said, "Hurry home therefore i can twist your thinking with my sharp words toward the obstacles that stand in the form of your crowning, a rise to greatness that destiny and the witches have promised" (I. V. 24-29). She had a plan up her sleeve to kill Duncan. Lady Macbeth didn't see anything wrong with killing Duncan; she only saw ways to gain more power.
Lady Macbeth called upon evil spirits to get her in the right mind-set to pressure Macbeth. She said, "Come you spirits that tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here, and fill me from the crown to the toe, top full of direst cruelty" (I. V. 38-41). "Come to my woman's breasts, and take my milk for gall, you murdering ministers, wherever in your sightless substance you wait on nature's mischief" (I. V. 45-46). "Come thick night, and pall thee in the dunnest smoke of hell, that my knife see not the wound it creates, nor heaven peep through the blanket of dark" (I. V. 48-51). First Lady Macbeth said, "Unsex me here, " to prove that she'd be willing to be the contrary sex. Lady Macbeth practically wished at this point that she had not been a female anymore, so she could kill Duncan. Then she called after the evil spirits to displace her breast milk with bitterness. Lastly, she asked for the night to be covered with fog so she'd not be able to see the wound of Duncan. This showed how much she was willing to kill King Duncan.
Macbeth told his wife Duncan will be staying with us but he'll leave the next morning. Lady Macbeth said, "O! Never shall sun that morrow see/ that person, my thane, is really as a book where men may read strange matters" (I. V. 58-61). She told Macbeth, "Look like the innocent flower, but be the serpent under't" (I. V. 63-64). She then said, "Leave all the rest to me" (I. V. 71). Lady Macbeth meant go and treat Duncan like royalty and keep your murderous intent hidden. Lady Macbeth then planned out the plot to kill Duncan. That greatly showed her ambition and hunger for power.
Macbeth contemplated if he should kill King Duncan. Macbeth had considered several reasons why he shouldn't and did not want to kill Duncan. First, Duncan was king over him. Second, Macbeth was his protector and host because he was residing at Macbeth's house, and he should not harm him. Lastly, King Duncan have been a good and kind ruler, so Macbeth felt he should never hurt him. Macbeth taken to his wife's attention that he didn't want to undergo with the plan to kill King Duncan. He said, "We will proceed no further in this business; he hath honour'd me of late; and I have bought golden opinions from all sorts of people, which would be worn now in their newest gloss, not restarted so soon" (I. VII. 31-34). Which should have been the finish, but Lady Macbeth wouldn't normally take no for an answer.
Lady Macbeth urged Macbeth to kill Duncan, which eventually resulted in his downfall. She didn't only question his decision, but she questioned his manliness. Men never prefer to feel weaker than women. Macbeth's wife said, "If you durst get it done when you were a guy; and, to become more than what you were, you'd be a lot more the man" (I. VII. 49-51). Lady Macbeth meant if you murder Duncan and do what you plan, then you will be a 'real man'. Lady Macbeth showed she could be masculine when she said, "I've given suck and know how tender 'tis to love the babe that milks me; I would, although it was smiling in my face, have pluck'd my nipple from his boneless gums, and dash'd the brains out, had I so sworn as you have done" (I. VII. 54-59). Lady Macbeth expressed an extremely powerful statement when she said she would be able to kill her own child. Lady Macbeth's words were a great challenge for Macbeth. Macbeth said, "Bring forth men-children only for thy undaunted mettle should compose only males" (I. VII. 72-74). Macbeth meant you have such a hardened heart that you should only bear male babies (Snodgrass 51). Lady Macbeth felt he was too compassionate to kill Duncan in order to claim the throne. He would rather take the throne fairly (Snodgrass 37). Questioning Macbeth's manliness pressured him into killing King Duncan.
"Lady Macbeth gave the excuse that she cannot kill Duncan because he looked too much like her father. She said, "Had he not resembled my dad as he slept, I had formed done it" (II. II. 12-13). She was giving an excuse for why she didn't want to kill Duncan. This showed she lost strength when she saw Duncan sleeping, for he reminded her of her father. It showed she became weak inside and pressured Macbeth instead. Lady Macbeth tried to sound tough when she said, "Unsex me here, " but became weak when she saw him sleeping.
Macbeth was afraid that the plan will fail, and the folks will see out that he murdered Duncan. She told Macbeth, "Screw your courage to the sticking-place, and we will not fail" (I. VII. 60-61). Lady Macbeth said, "If we pretend to grieve for the king nobody will challenge us" (I. VII. 77-79). He finally decided he wanted to prove to Lady Macbeth that he was a 'real man'. Macbeth experienced with your choice and murdered Duncan. She said, "Smear the faces with blood. " Macbeth refused, "Mocking his weakness, she takes the daggers and performs the task herself" (Rozakis 240). Lady Macbeth put blood on Duncan's guards and laid the daggers next to them. She left the people thinking it was Duncan's guards who planned the murder of these king.
The Bible gave us many good examples of how exactly we need to submit ourselves to your husbands. God gave a command having said that, "Wives submit to your husband as is fitting in the Lord" (NIV Colossians 3:18). Lady Macbeth must have let Macbeth make the decision based from what he was right and what he felt was the right decision. She was only thinking of herself and what she got from the problem. She knew she wished to have the title of becoming queen and didn't think of the results that could result from the problem. I Corinthians 11:3 stated, "The husband is to assume leadership in the house. " The husband and wife should both show love and respect towards each other, but he must have told Lady Macbeth "I'll do what is best for all of us. "
Both Macbeth and Lady Macbeth experienced guilt and regret after the murder of King Duncan. Macbeth experienced regret because he had to employ murderers to kill Banquo and Fleance to cover up the slaughter of Duncan (Rozakis 240). Macbeth started to feel insanity from the complete situation. Lady Macbeth was affected from the problem when she commenced to sleep walk. As Lady Macbeth was sleep walking, she began rubbing her hands. She rubbed her hands looking to get the blood from them (Quennell 134). She kept thinking that her hands were bloody from when she smeared the blood on the faces of Duncan's guards. This drove her into insanity, which eventually led her to commit suicide.
The story of Macbeth was a good example that showed the result of peer pressure. Suicide is the third leading cause of death in the us among teens. Peer pressure has not only led to suicide, but also drug overdoses, fatal automobile accidents, violent crime, and unwanted pregnancy (Unknown Author). Teens, who have been pressured by their friends, sometimes utilize suicide as a means out (Unknown Author). Lady Macbeth only considered fame and power and didn't take into account the consequences of her actions. She pressured Macbeth, which led to Duncan's murder. She didn't only think about how exactly this decision could affect her. She felt guilty, which led to her insanity. One action led to not only the murder of Duncan, however the murder of herself.