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Overview of Negative Effects of Stress

  • Santelices, Marian R.

There are unwanted effects of stress in the mental, mental, and physical state


"Chronic stress floods the brain with powerful hormones that are meant for short-term crisis situations. Chronic visibility can damage, shrink, and wipe out brain skin cells (Wallenstein, 2003). "

Stress can affect an individual's health leading to a range of diseases that impacts the mental, psychological and physical well-being of an individual and can lead to emotional, mental, and physical ailments.


Negative ramifications of stress in the psychological state

Emotion and desire are often tied with each other. Our actions tend to be motivated with thoughts. Emotions are made of four integral components: physiological arousal, cognitive techniques, behavioral reactions, and affect. In Plutchik's Feeling Wheel, it is stated that there are eight primary individuals emotions that are made of four pairs of opposites: acceptance and disgust, fear and anger, delight and expectation, sadness and happiness. Based on the James-Lange theory, physiological reactions are prompted by environmentally friendly stimuli from the viscera and muscle actions. Recent evidence shows that emotions are almost the same but not likewise with physiological changes. Yet, there is a little evidence showing that folks can determine patterns of muscular and physiological stress. The Schachter-Singer theory is the mixture of both James-Lange and Cannon-Bard ideas. Regarding to Schachter-Singer theory, there's a dual cognitive interpretation where thoughts rely: Appraisal of the emotion-causing event and analysis of physiological process in our systems. Solomon and Corbit's opponent-process theory suggests that when an mental balance is disrupted, an opponent-process triggers to restore balance in one's emotional state. Prolonged contact with stimuli weakens the initial emotional response (Parker and Ettinger, 2010a).

Stress and feelings has a robust relationship. According to Selye's observation that if stress is not reduced, third express of exhaustion will be got into by organisms, showing signs of rip and wear, and susceptible to diseases. (Parker and Ettinger, 2010b).

Stress can lead to dysfunction. It could result in depression or anxiety. Sense frustrated is a common response towards stress. If these symptoms are momentary, it might be the representation of the ups and downs in life. However, if stress is prolonged, it can lead to mental health problems. Physiological and psychological conditions when anxiousness and stress is not treated early on: phobias, panic, amnesia, and multiple personality (Bressert, 2006).

The connection between disposition and stress is complicated. Stress is associated with ambiance and health. People with low self-esteem and social relationship problems are prone to have an increase in somatic and emotional problems. Mood disturbance and condition is an outcome of men and women with low psychosocial support (DeLongis, Folkman, and Lazarus, 1988).

Negative ramifications of stress in the mental state

The University or college of California, Berkeley, research workers demonstrated that long-term stress produces changes in the brain that explains the reason why people experiencing long-term stress will probably experience mental problems early on in life such as spirits disorders and stress. Doctors know that folks with conditions that are related to stress have brain abnormalities, like the differences between the amount of white matter and gray matter. Neurons which keep and process information and support cells is called Glia and is what gray matter comprises of. On the other hand, white matter comprises of axons which may have network of fibres that interconnect neurons. The white fatty myelin sheath surrounding the axon is where white subject got its name. Daniela Kaufer, UC Berkeley associate teacher of integrative biology, her co-workers, as well as graduate students Aaron Freidman and Sundari Chetty, found out that persistent stress creates big variety of myelin-producing cells and small number of neurons than normal. Extra myelin and white subject make changes to the communication and balance in the brain. (Chetty, Friedman, Lahn, Kirby, Mirescu, Guo, . . . and Kaufer, 2014).

Mental replies to stress include distractibility, unable to concentrate, depressive disorder, irritability, and anger (Parker and Ettinger, 2010c).

Negative effects of stress in the physical state

Research established that stress brings about health disorders including distressing events. The effects of trauma in the mental are long term and immune for treatments. The mental impact of injury contributes to physical health problems. The physiological arousal sets off the disabling of performing. In consequence, a person cannot go back to baseline activities such as occupational and interpersonal functioning. Trauma can harm one's physical and subconscious working (Andrea, Sharma, Zelechoski, and Spinazzola, 2011).

Response of an individual towards stress may contribute to coronary heart disease. Type A people especially those with competitive or hostile personality are inclined to coronary heart disease that Type B people, who are easygoing, not influenced to achieve efficiency and are more relaxed. People who have Type A behavior are prone to develop hypertension (Parker and Ettinger, 2010d).

There are unwanted effects of stress in the psychological, mental, and physical state


Prolonged exposure to stress can affect an individual's health, leading to a range of diseases that impacts the cognitive, emotional and physical well-being of an individual, such as, cardiovascular system disease, despair, moodiness, storage problems and

Especially damaged is our brain, the hippocampus, which regulates our memory and emotions and how it plays in a variety of mental disorders with long-lasting changes in brain composition, that are unraveled by researchers.


Parker, M. , & Ettinger, R. H. (2010). Understanding Psychology (3rd ed. ). 410 Hemsted Dr, Redding, CA 96002, USA. BVT Publishing

DeLongis, A. , Folkman, S. , Lazarus, R. S. (1988). The impact of stress on health and disposition: Psychological and public resources as mediators. Journal of personality and psychology, Vol. 54(3), 486-495, Retrieved from http://www. apa. org

Chetty, S. , Friedman, A. R. , Taravosh-Lahn, K. , Kirby, E. D. , Mirescu, C. , Guo, F. , . . . Kaufer, D. (2014). Stress and glucocorticoids promote oligodendrogenesis in the adult hippocampus. Molecular Psychiatry 19, 1275-1283. DOI:10. 1038/mp. 2013. 190

Physical Health Problems After SingleTrauma Vulnerability: When Stress Needs Main in the Body

Wendy D'Andrea1, Ritu Sharma2, Amanda D. Zelechoski3, andJoseph Spinazzola4

Andrea, W. D. , Sharma, R. , Zelechoski, A. D. , Spinazzola, J. (2011). Physical Health Problems After SingleTrauma Visibility: When Stress Calls for Root in the torso. Journal of the American PsychiatricNurses Relationship 17(6) 378-392. DOI: 10. 1177/1078390311425187

Bressert, S. (2006). The Impact of Stress. Psych Central. Retrieved from http://psychcentral. com/lib/the-impact-of-stress/000104

Wallenstein, Gene. 2003. Head, Stress, and Feelings: The New Science of Ambiance. Boston, MA: Commonwealth Press.

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