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Overpopulation and anatomist for the real world

Introduction

Overpopulation. People talk a lot about any of it, but no person does indeed something about it. By meaning, overpopulation is the condition where the quantity of organisms surpasses the taking capacity with their habitat (Oak, 2009). Discussing overpopulation, we're able to mean two things. First we're able to imply that there are way too many people living on this planet. For example, in 2050, we are living with 9, 3 billion people on this world. (Bureau of the Census) Second, we're able to look at the challenge as a lack of resources. According a report of Petrotech (Laherrere, 2003), the demand of oil exceeds the production ready, and with oil reserves decreasing, this problem will even grow bigger. Within this document, we will look at the issues overpopulation brings, and that which we can do about any of it. In this record, we will show a remedy to fight this problem, by focussing on minimizing the number of individuals living on this planet.

Literature review

How will the earth look like in 50 years? Everybody has his own idea about that, but each of those ideas is more of your doom situation than an idyllic picture. If we keep on living like we do now, lots of the natural resources will be depleted. Also, global heat range increase with a few degrees, normal water level will grow and there will be famine in the developing countries. All these phenomena can be contributed to overpopulation, because this appears to be the basis for all these problems.

In the last century, world populace has increased with just as much as 400%, having it to the number of 6, 775 billion people living on earth now (UN, 2004).

If the global inhabitants keeps on increasing as it does now, exponentially, this will have disastrous effects for the future of many kinds on this planet. According to analyze the population will go over 9. 000. 000. 000 humans by 2050. The U. S. Bureau of Census estimations that there will be in between 7, 3 and 10, 7 billion people. Often, they discuss 9, 3 billion by 2050. (Body 1) This is due to rise in labor and birth rate and a decline in death count (Oak, 2009) which is due to progression in medical science, better hygienic situations and better food resource. Also,

When population goes up, the demand of resources will climb, however the reserves will decline because the capability of earth is limited. Within the last century, coal and oil demands have increased a lot, but since 1980, the demand has been higher than the discovery of new supply of oil and gas. We can also see an increase in the costs for both, which also signifies that demands go beyond source (Laherrere, 2003) (Number 2) We are able to also notice this issue on the planet source and demand of real wood.

Figure 2: Petrol/Gas demand, resources and prices

According to a report from U. N. Normal water, if all the freshwater on the planet were divided similarly among the list of global society, there would be 5 000 - 6 000 m of drinking water available for everyone, annually (UN normal water, 2007). Experts say that we can speak about normal water scarcity, when people have significantly less than 1 700 m of drinking water available per year, so it seems that there surely is no issue. However, the freshwater is not similarly distributed, and it is that the most densely filled regions, have the least freshwater available, because those are very warm regions, and there's a whole lot of poverty.

For food, there is a similar trend as for freshwater. The earth production of food is high enough to satisfy the demands, however the food does not reach all the individuals who need it. Also, for agriculture, people need water, so in parts where there is a lack of water, there is also a high chance that there is a lack of food. Countries that are abundant enough to import food do not face this problem, so again, food is not evenly distributed amongst all people (Sustainability Team, 2010).

Also, we would like to say something about the extinction of varieties, current economic climate fails and global warming.

Overview of existing solutions

Due to the fact that an knowing of overpopulation is existing a few decennia now, there have been a lot of ideas to deal with the trouble. The federal government of China was one of the pioneers with the One Child Insurance policy. They created a policy where they can only have one young child (China's One-Child Coverage, 1999), except for the rural areas, where people may have two children because they need to work on the land, after they make a petition. When people do not submit to this guideline, the second child would not have health care, the parents must pay more taxes and will be paid less because of their jobs. So generally, the family will be punished for having more than one child. In the cities this technique works quite well, except for the fact that people will have abortions if indeed they know that they can have a child. In rural areas, people frequently have several child, nevertheless they do not record it to the government (Oak, 2009).

Some folks have produce more scientific ideas. For instance, some think that we could send visitors to other planets. This, however, wouldn't normally be extremely effective. If we could deliver away 100 000 people per yr, this would not have a great result, due to fact that each day, 258 000 children are delivered (Garrett, 1993). Another example works more effectively agriculture trough changed crops. History demonstrates to us that this will produce an opposite effect, as better food means that less people will pass away of famine (Kii, 1996).

Another solution is always to give better education to people. This would lead to raised sexual education, and so fewer children. However, this might also lead to a demand for an increased position of living, which would result in a higher demand of resources, which already are scarce. Which means this is not really an option either. Supplying women more privileges is another option, because this would lead to women going out to work instead of staying home. But this will also lead to higher standards of living (Oak, 2009).

We may possibly also opt for better healthcare in producing countries, so moms would make sure their children will make it through, and will make fewer children. Today, mothers in poor countries feel that few children will make it through the first many years of their life, so to be able to be certain to acquire offspring, they make a whole lot of children (Johnston, 1999).

Encouraging the to death could a powerful way to decrease human population: very sick people must have the choice to stop medical healthcare. Also, individuals who are sentenced to life, should get the choice. This might cost a lot less too modern culture. Alternatively, there aren't that much people in such situations.

A last option is to diminish the ecological footprint. Globe can support the needs of all people who live here, if we reduce our footprint to 1 1, 8 hectares per person. This might be considered a solution for the western countries, but it could mean that folks have to live a life like people in Jordan or Uzbekistan, which is not a very attractive solution (WWF, 2006)

Own solution/ conceptual design

Our solution concentrates mainly on the loss of the labor and birth rate. The birth rate has a great impact on world people, and therefore you want to bring it down. Off course, there are other notable causes for overpopulation, but we disregard them deliberately. First, we'd make all people aware of the problems of overpopulation. To carry out this, we could do a big advertising campaign. Via this marketing campaign we can promote contraceptives, so there would be increased use of these products. We also ensure that this campaign is merely found in countries that have a huge inhabitants growth e. g. growing countries. This campaign consists out of 2 stages. The first period consists out of an broadcast of places on radio and Tv set which covers the most typical contraceptive products. After this phase there may be held a study to understand the consequences of this campaign so far and to make alterations possible. Period 2 will be a multimedia campaign which main focus on group is the rural women of limited literacy. Exactly why past campaigns never have worked is because people who could not read also don't realize the pamphlets and billboards used. So now we try to explain contraceptive use through volunteers. The advantage is the fact although we give attention to the low-literate people, additionally, it may reach the well-literate urban women.

Figure 3: Behaviour change model (Domrei, 2008)

This construction shows the next phase of our own media campaign. At first we educate the volunteers showing them the current contraceptive methods and the pros and contras of these. We also teach them to talk about accurate and positive information with the people. In this manner we ensure that no miscommunication is provided. So we also make sure that no false rumors are repeated by the population.

The multimedia marketing campaign occurs mainly on the air because it is one of the most effective ways to reach rural women of childbearing age. (Domrei, 2008)

There are also people who do not own a radio or Television, which is why we also use print out media. For instance we use stickers with a comic directed at low-literacy viewers. Also flip charts are used to support the volunteers. Also "mouth to mouth area" advertisement can be used. "Word of mouth" is the next most effective way to obtain information for women of reproductive era (Domrei, 2008). That is also why we use volunteers to visit the villages and locations and train them about contraceptive use so they can tell it to the rest.

The main problem is to get all the government authorities united. It really is useless to carry out a policy only if one half of the countries adhere at it. That is why we suggest making a global arrangement. Taking care of of this global design is to bring better education to the people. This can make women do family planning. It so happens to be proven that education of your population is immediately related to the quantity of children per few (UN, 2003). Another solution to make the people competent to the problem is more specific education. Today, only in developed countries is education guaranteed. It's important that the kids, all over the world, have school responsibility with a specific education about ecology and overpopulation. The birth rate decreases when the children need to visit school and they also have no cost-effective use, because they can not work at the farm (Oded Galor and David N. Weil, 2000).

This solution does not content a tiny change of today's education model but contents an ambitious restructuring of the model. It is necessary that tomorrow's children, the tiny kids, get competent to the condition about overpopulation so in the future they can support the alternatives too.

It's impossible to state that change is possible in a couple of months because it will take years but that will not subject. When those children are grown up to take the nature injury by exploiting the natural resources without thinking about the consequences or considering bearing children, they have age twenty. The individuals who are adults today will be competent to the problem by the press and federal support.

There are two groupings of people who've to be informed, to begin with the tiny children but second the untutored men and women who reside in the producing countries, especially the ladies.

To make people proficient to the problem, there must be a paradigm, an internationally change of perception about this problem called overpopulation. For the youngest kids, up to 12 years, it has no sense they get a lesson about overpopulation because they might not bear in mind anything about any of it within a few years. Therefore we have to link this topic with every possible lesson they have, like using literature about overpopulation while learning the youngsters how to read or use overpopulation as a subject when to attempt to solve some issues during mathematics, etc.

By allowing those kids in touch with this matter, we make charm to their subconscious. It turns out that people view something as true through their unconscious (Freud). In this manner there is the foremost opportunity that those kids will change the circumstances like they may be today to some better ones.

It's very important that those children, when they get older, get instructed in the ecology and the utilization of contraceptives because increasing the data also gives another problem. Mainly because that they get the knowledge of the developed countries, they want to live like people from the lady with a higher standard of living and therefore a huge ecological footprint. However, this is impossible to achieve since it will enlarge the situation so therefore it is very important to instruct them in the ecology to ensure that the ecological footprint would not rise.

The lessons in the use of contraceptives are specially useful for the women. The increase of knowledge shall cause the enlargement of the presence at the labor market. Together with the combination of knowledge about contraceptives you will see a march of emancipation among women, so you will see end of the suppression of men (Oded Galor and David N. Weil, 2000). The women goes to work, make their own money and you will see less time to improve the children. Anticipated the march of emancipation and the use of contraceptives, fewer children will be given birth to. The downside is, like we described before, that the ecological footprint of the informed population will climb. We can make up this by imparting this people of the necessity of durability. In so doing, this people can even make an example for the rest of the world, who aren't so smart about strength.

The federal could do some great work in the abundant countries to recreate the ecological footprint. Below are a few of the ideas.

The authorities could setup a kind of ECO-label, with different categories. For instance, A is the better class, B continues to be Okay, and C is bad. Companies with the C-label are not permitted to market. Companies with the B-label are permitted, and companies with the A-label even would be recognized by the government in advertising.

Another idea is to push people to isolate their houses, and to set up solar panels on the roofs. In order to do this, there should first be some survey of the financial express of the residents. If the residents don't possess enough money to cover these installations, the federal government could support them.

With the ascent of electric powered automobiles, one of the problems is the number of the automobile. So government could invest in installations where you can refuel your batteries.

In Antwerp, there is a prohibition to operate a vehicle quads. Authorities could lengthen this measure. For instance, they could prohibit the use of jeeps, sport automobiles and quads. Only people who really desire a jeep, would be allowed to drive one (Gazet vehicle Antwerpen, 2009).

Also in producing countries, administration could imply a lot. Steps like above wouldn't normally help, because the ecological footprint in those countries is not the challenge. Government could help here by rousing the visitors to haven't any more than two children. For example, like in China, the first child gets full medical support and gets money to go to college. The next child would get less money, therefore the parents would be reticent to have significantly more than one child.

CATWOE analysis

Transformation

Make sure only a livable amount of individuals walk around on this planet, so our world can still support the human needs.

World view

At this point in time, globe cannot support the quantity of people living on it. The ecological footprint exceeds greatly the capacity of the planet earth. This must most urgently be reduced.

Customers

The global populace. Everything you want to do is only to make certain the world populace will still be able to go on this globe. Our goal is to improve their way of thinking and performing without letting them feel harmed.

Actors

Only the earth leaders can assure a big change on world level. This problem is too large to be fixed by people without ability.

Owner

Eventually, the globe population must realize the challenge. Everyone must do his talk about if you want to be successful.

Environmental constraints

Educational cost, spiritual impact, will of world leaders, common rivalry, and opposition of companies.

Theory of organized behaviour

Attitude towards the behavior

Our solution is obviously something that is good for everyone, because if we do not change, the world is not capable of feeding us all. Because we also teach the people in saving the surroundings, it is also good for the world itself. The main problem is which it probably costs some time and money.

Subjective norm

Once we discussed the situation to everyone in such a way that everyone understands the issue, everyone must be assured that there has to improve something. Our definitive goal is never to make everyone happy with our solution, but to make it livable. So we do not concentrate on confrontation with individuals but over a fluent change to an improved approach to life.

Perceived behavioral control

It definitely must be possible to improve just how we take action now. It really is a must. The primary goal initially is to make certain that everyone understands that they have to help and stride along with the solution to make our solution successful. Everyone must help, not just a few. Since when they do not, we have a problem.

Conclusion

We think our solution will continue to work, because the normal people won't have to do a great deal of work. In the Western world, people will be pushed in a certain way. They still have the choice to do whatever they want (aside from the isolating, and the prohibition to operate a vehicle a jeep). If they need it a fresh car, they'll be influenced by publicity, and since only good cars are displayed in the multimedia, people will easier buy an automobile that is posted.

In developping countries, education will be obligated, so they will expand more competetent to cope with the issues. Also, people will still be able to have more than two children, nevertheless they will be afflicted negatively by doing so.

By making use of our alternatives, people all over the world will happily and oblivious do the right thing to save the entire world.

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