Organizational Structure And Culture

Apple is 56 and Intel is number 62 among bundle of money 500 company. I've selected both of these companies to describe organizational framework and culture.

1. a)

Organisational composition and culture

Structure

To meet goals, a business finds ways to organize employees some kind of structure. Normally most of company use four types structure.

Line structure, 2) Range and staff composition, 3) Matrix structure, 4) Team framework.

Line structure

Command from top to downward.

Common of small enterprise.

Line Professionals are gather analyzing all information.

Line and staff structure

This is perfect for middle and large size company.

Here employees chosen to help series manager

Matrix structure

For a particular project employee result from different division to help.

Need to reply customer quickly.

Team structure

Brings people as well as different skills to meat particular goals.

Lower level supervisor need to approved decision.

Team have capacity to take any decision.

Apple

The organizational framework of Apple is approximately non-existent and decided on launch decision making in the hands of folks in the participating in pitch. Apple is doing in credibly well and acquired attention of many people because; the company did the trick well and was very attentive to change. However, things needed a downward flip and Apple found them in a financial nightmare. Apple endured problems in regional areas, specifically in the accountability of spending and in fiscal decision-making. The identical "top-down" ideology that helped Apple grow also opened the door for a few serious financial deficits. With employees at different levels making decisions, it became difficult for the organization office to keep an eye on spending and purchasing. They may have different adviser and manager for different product. As like every company they may have retail operative, financing section, marketing etc.

Intel

Intel is amount 62 of bundle of money 500 company. As like apple, Intel also uses smooth organizational structure. Intel has seven directors, one CEO, and one chairman. Plus they also have different director and adviser for different products. As like, Computer silent group, this group is work in mobile and desktop sector. Data handling group, they work different kinds of computation. Visualization group, they work for move forward solution. Marketing sector, they work to boost marketing and sales.

Culture

Apple

The culture of apple was based on an idea that self-motivated person will continue to work hard if they don't have boss on their work. The framework of apple experienced allowed it. The reason is to take quick responsiveness. They assumed it is much better to get value of work. Apple primarily grew fast because decisions were made at the lowest possible level. Hq made policy and oversaw all activates. But local employees take their decision daily in all over the world.

Intel

Intel is the world's most significant microprocessor company. They found a location in fortune's list for their work. Intel is convinced it is their responsibility to provide their employees with challenging work that encourages these to create and innovate. Intel's goal is to structure human learning resource polices that make easier for work. The company is believes in providing good opportunities of their employees. Employees are judge on the performance. With the employees can hold their position by preordaining well.

1. b)

Relationship between structure and business performance

'Underlying culture'refers to organisational culture; 'bad patch' refers to an interval where business performance is low or employees are leaving the organisational culture leading to low business performance. Composition is the guide of an business. It helps to work effected easily. And culture increase employees mentality, so production increase automatically. If organizations culture will strong, then business performance will end soon.

1. c)

Factors to effect individual behaviour

Those two companies have many factors to impact individual behavior. Those companies do not drive their employees. They take decision after their individual performance. Apple use self-motivated theory. In order that individual will work hard to carry their performance. Intel assumed specific with challenging work promotes them to create and innovate. I think those factor impact individual behaviour.

2. a)

Approaches to management and theories of organization

3. a)

Leadership is someone who leads or inspires others. We have four basic authority styles.

Autocratic

Bureaucratic

Democratic

Laissez-faire

Autocratic is a traditional approach. Here director does not seek advice from with any staff. Employees have to move the order without any explanations. This leader dispatch style do not trust employee.

Bureaucratic is innovator flow e book. Everything must be done according to the book, otherwise those leader refer to their upper level. This style impact when employee works with their regular, when they know requirements of work, when they are use danger.

Democratic management style is recognized as participative style. It help staff to adopt any decision. Normally democratic market leaders are allows employees to determine their goals, market leaders want to provide opportunities.

Laissez-faire is known as hands off style. Here manager provide little information however the market leaders give much flexibility. This management can be apply, when employees are high skilled.

3. b)

Motivation is the driving a vehicle drive behind an action. It is vital because motivation decide our behaviour. Plenty of determination theory to stimulate. But among them tow is very effective.

Need hierarchy theory

Herzberg's two-factor theory

Need hierarchy theory in know as Maslow's hierarchy of needs. This is a theory of psychology. This theory is one of the most discoursed motivation theories. Humans need can't be fulfilling. This theory has five stapes to encourage people: 1. Self-actualization, 2. Esteem, 3. Love and belonging, 4. Security needs, 5. Physiological needs. This desire theory begins from physiological needs.

Herzberg's two-factor theory motivates certain factors at work. Two-factor theory distinguishes between: Motivator that is responsibility or can say that gives positive satisfaction. Along with the other is a Health factor that is job security that does not give positive satisfaction.

3. C)

Motivation theory is the key element of a innovator. It changes management decision. Drive theory describes to that how management do something with their employee. Because decisions change after an employee's demand. To motivate employee management have to fulfil their demand. Which means this theory has impact upon management actions.

4. a)

Nature of group and group behavior of organization

In standard views describe what sort of group to be organized and exactly how its actions are be passed away.

A group is a assortment of several public who use one another regularly to complete standard goals.

Groups help organizations achieve essential tasks.

Effective categories get high degrees of concert.

Situations where groups are easier to individuals, when there is no clear expert in an exacting difficulty or job.

4. b)

Effective team work

Team work, it has been now a practise in most organization. There are a certain folks of an efficient team that needs to be ensuring adequate output. It is right an useful team all the time have clear team goals that provide confidence associates to return priority of individual goals with this of team one. Common faith is also essential between associates and that may be facilitating from side to side open, genuine and shared managerial culture.

4. c)

Technology always helps all over the place. Technology change team and keep maintaining their knowledge. Some technology improve team function, like

Email

Mobile phone

Computer, etc

Email takes less than a second to send information, by that group work can be carried out. Mobile phone is currently most useful technology. I telephone 4, recently apple kick off it. It have video tutorial getting in touch with feature, so by that group work can be carried out.

Conclusion

In USA worker change their job 10 times in 20 years because of firm. If every company should flow structure, culture, inspiration theory then it can be reduce. And group will get reap the benefits of that.

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