Of Mice and Men is a book by John Steinbeck that was publicized in 1937. The novel says the tragic and unfortunate history of two friends George and Lennie in a ranch in California during Great Depression. The story of both protagonists introduces a multitude of messages regarding the conditions in U. S. during the Great Despair. These ideas and emails that are intended to be reflected in Of Mice and Men, are usually more significant than the character types or the plot of the book.
A novel's idea, goal and message is on its designs. John Steinbeck, in his books Of Mice and Men and Cannery Row, handles many themes and uses explanations to express his factors. If these novels are profoundly scrutinized, it can be noticed that, although posted 8 years apart, these novels' themes are parallel in many ways.
To get started with, Cannery Row is a story of misfits. The major theme in this book is the ability of blending in the world for "outsiders". Gamblers, prostitutes, drunks, bums, performers, biologists, grocers live side-by-side in Cannery Row. People surviving in this utopian world are outsiders; however, they are simply connected both to one another and the Row. Throughout the book, we meet a great variety of folks who come from different places and have different statuses which do not change through the story which variety provides book its "color". Steinbeck's depiction of the environment with,
"Cannery Row is the obtained and scattered, tin and flat iron and rust and splintered timber, chipped pavement and weedy plenty and junk heaps, sardine canneries of corrugated flat iron, honky tonks, restaurants and whore residences, and little crowded groceries and flophouses. " (Steinbeck, Cannery Row, 5)
clearly places the assorted atmosphere of the Row in our thoughts. The major individuals of the book; Mack and the boys are "bums" and reside in a place possessed by Lee Chong; Dora works a brothel in the name of a restaurant; Doc is the sole hope of the city since he has knowledge; Lee Chong, a Chinese man, is a grocer who provides various materials and supplements. Although all of them are outsiders and have different properties, each of them talk about the same town and do not suffer from a feeling of owed. They will be the parts of Row and Row is a part of them. Just as, Of Mice and Men also contains "outsider" numbers. All temporary employees in the ranch, like the protagonists Lennie and George do not belong to the contemporary society they live in. They can be "aliens" who always travel from plantation to farm and don't have any sense of appropriate: "'Guys like us, that focus on ranches, will be the loneliest guys on the planet. They acquired no family. They don't really belong room. ' " (Steinbeck, Of Mice and Men, 31-32)
Other conditions that Steinbeck put in these novels are camaraderie and family. Friends and households are the two "elements" that form up an individual: as the old proverb also emphasizes, "Tell me your good friend and I'll tell you who you are". Throughout the novel Of Mice and Men, we can easily see any sign of neither a friendship nor a family group except the "compulsory" relationship between George and Lennie. These two main results of the novel are good friends only due to background between them and Aunt Clara. The reason why all the character types of the novel are single handed and don't have either trust or sympathy to the other person is as a result of society's denial in sheltering friendships. Every single worker in the ranch has a concealed abhorrence to the other person and this creates turmoil in the farm, for me. Unlike Of Mice and Men, all individuals in the novel of Cannery Row are good-hearted and tolerant. All of them are helpful and supportive to one another and their sturdy friendships. For example; the claims of Mack, "'I been thinking for a long period, " Mack continued, "what could we do for him-something nice. Something he'd like. ' " (Steinbeck, Cannery Row, 38) shows the amiable aspect of the "bum" and his determination to throw a celebration for Doc, whom they love too much for his even-tempered aspect. Additionally, Lee Chong can quickly trail and power his clients in the Row to acquire the money he owed, but, instead, he prefers to let the money get back to him automatically: "He never pressed his clients, but the bill became too large, Lee take off credit. Rather than walk into the town the hill, your client usually paid or attempted to. " (Steinbeck, Cannery Row, 7). Even though these characters have no family, they may have the other person as friends who can help one another when he or she needs which sturdy atmosphere creates the utopist id of the Row.
Another theme, loneliness, includes a magnanimous put in place the novel Cannery Row with the type of Doc. If Doc is deeply reviewed throughout the novel, surprisingly, it can be realized that he's more complicated than he was first of all portrayed. Regardless of being a favorite and a respected member of the Row, Doc, is, profoundly, a very distressed and desolate person and he never gets on one's torso until the end of the novel. He prefers enjoying beverage by himself or hearing music exclusively than throwing a celebration or going to Carry Flag Restaurant: "In spite of his friendliness, and his friends Doc was a lonesome and a set-apart man In a group Doc always appeared together" (Steinbeck, Cannery Row, 87). Also, if the storyline of Of Mice and Men is carefully analyzed, the idea of loneliness' as a significant factor in the lives of the personas can be deeply sensed. For instance, Curley's better half is lonesome even if she is married and flirts with other employees in the ranch in order to end his loneliness. Crooks also serves for example in the theme of "loneliness" since he suffers from the great quantity of companionship because of his pores and skin. (Steinbeck, Of Mice and Men, 105)
Furthermore, both of these novels give us an idea about the views about women through the times of "Great Depression". Really the only female figure in the book of John Steinbeck, Of Mice and Men, is Curley's wife. Curley's wife presents the views about women in the 1930s. We see that women are not reputed locally. Every worker in the ranch is reluctant of Curley's partner because they think that she always causes trouble. She is lonely and because of this, she looks for any signs of love in the biceps and triceps of other men. In addition, we do not even know the true name of Curley's wife and this shows the worthlessness of women in the culture. Furthermore, George's views about a whore house, which illustrates and adds up to the insignificance and trumpery of feminine society, show you the attitudes toward ladies in 1930s:
"'A man can go into a whorehouse and get a beer and sex for a cost agreed upon in advance - unlike less professional romantic relationships, you really know what you're going to get and what you would have to pay for it' " (Steinbeck, Of Mice and Men, 83)
Similarly, Carry Flag Restaurant is the environment through which the theme of prostitution is analyzed throughout the book, Cannery Row. The Keep Flag Restaurant is a small business not only that offers a service popular, but also run orderly and frankly. Although, it benefits the community, the brothel is still regarded as "a place without honor". Like the views of George in Of Mice and Men, women are valueless in this book but on the other hand, some are highly esteemed in the culture. People residing in the Row-especially men- somehow show some value to the women working there because they know they are repeating this job because of their need for money. Unlike other female heroes in John Steinbeck's novels, Dora Flood, who owns the Beer Flag, is treated with immense admiration in the contemporary society. Even the women, whose husbands go to Ale Flag Restaurant, behave Dora with reverence. She is a strong, decided and wise feminine character who courses people who have her advice, apart from other women individuals in the novels of John Steinbeck as it is obvious in the lines,
"That is no fly-by-night cheap clip-joint but a sturdy, virtuous team, built, managed, and disciplined by Dora who, madam and female for fifty years, has through the exercise of carefully selected presents of tact and honesty, charity and a certain realism, made herself respected by the intelligent, the discovered, and the kind. " (Steinbeck, Cannery Row, 16)
The two protagonists' desire plantation is the most effective mark in the booklet. Their aspiration seems so resilient and steadfast that even Chocolate and Crooks, whom they have got known for a short while, become impressed by this sensation and need to get involved with their "future" farm. This farm is the representation of freedom, protection, belonging for them. Moreover, it also symbolizes the "American Wish" and the impossibility of it. On the contrary, in Cannery Row, a location, Carmel Valley, symbolizes "the American Dream". Though Carmel Valley includes a short part in the book, it shows a significant connection with the novel Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck. The description of Carmel Valley and Mack and the guys' futuristic strategies involving this place reminds us of the dream ranch of George and Lennie. Matching with Lennie and George, Mack and the young boys start to see the impressive beauty in the Valley and fantasy to live off the land: "Mack and the guys came down to this place gladly. It had been perfect It was a spot to relax, a spot to be happy. " (Steinbeck, Cannery Row, 66).
Other icons that convey a significant part throughout the novel Of Mice and Men are portrayed through animals. To begin with, the doggie which Candy offered to Lennie mitigates Lennie's desire for softness in the novel Of Mice and Men. However, his devotion to touch smooth materials causes the loss of life of the dog like so many other mice that Lennie rubbed out. This mortality of the puppy dog symbolizes the weakened ones that cannot endure. The forceless puppy dog illustrates the primary rule of the type by dying in the hands of Lennie, the most powerful man in the book (Steinbeck, Of Mice and Men, 120). Mice and Rabbits also format the willingness of Lennie to the gentle things but, unlike the young dogs, these pets or animals portray the precarious and very sensitive area of Lennie. Although he is a strenuous man, he has a massive weakness towards tender skinned animals. His desire to have gaiety and satisfaction by massaging these soft pets shows us the irony in his personality as it is mentioned in the novel:
However, in Cannery Row, Steinbeck often illustrates the heroes as symbols in the book. For example, Frankie is a mentally handicapped boy who is neglected by his mom and used by Doc to the Traditional western Biological Lab. He's capable of neither doing any work nor understanding or learning anything, and he just appears to do everything a little bit wrong. Frankie has a whole lot in keeping with Lennie in Of Mice and Men. Like Lennie, Frankie symbolizes all the "amity" on the globe: love of your respective friends, amour of beauty, and the desire to show your fondness to those who are significant and significant to you. Comparable to Lennie, throughout his life, Frankie becomes a sufferer of the misunderstandings and intolerance of the city. The pitiful part of Frankie's fate is that the challenge is not in his intentions but in his impulses and the he holds them out are indeed harmful to others:
Moreover, another persona in the book that assists also as symbolic is Doc. Collecting activity of Doc presents the irony in Doc's personality. Although collecting a wide range of pets can be inferred as the vast productivity of mother nature, it also means a population's massive destruction which cannot be expected from a person like Doc. Doc is a good-natured person who wants to help and guide people but this harmful collecting activity that ends up with deaths of many animals contradicts with his gentle personality and this attributes a paradox in his figure. (Steinbeck, Of Mice and Men, 27)
Great Melancholy is one of the most important features throughout the U. S. record. The quotation, "It started out in the U. S. soon after the brand new York Stock Market Crash of 1929 and lasted until about 1939. By past due 1932 stock ideals had lowered to about 20% of their past value, and by 1933 11, 000 of the U. S. 's 25, 000 finance institutions acquired failed for a blend of reasons, including declining property ideals, bank goes by panicked customers, and defaults on lending options. " (Encyclopedia Britannica Online) briefly summarizes the history of the major event.
John Steinbeck's Cannery Row and Of Mice and Men are experiences of dissidents through the Great Depressive disorder in 1930s following the World Conflict II. Throughout the novels we take a look at the penetrating effects of this on financial and social problems. The soldiers walking to the beach and the troops patronizing the Beverage Flag and the Doc's party will be the reminders of the concluded warfare and the Great Despair in Cannery Row:
"On such a morning hours and in such a light two soldiers and two girls strolled easily along the avenueThe watchman shouted at them and when they didn't move he emerged down on the beach and his dog barked monotonously. 'Don't you know you can't lay down around here? You have to log off. That is private property!' The military did not even seem to listen to him. " (Steinbeck, Cannery Row, 76).
During the time of failed businesses, tough poverty and long-term employment, massive amount migrant workers came to California from other areas of America in order to find a destination to work. This migration, mainly caused by the droughts and failed vegetation, took place in the south of the U. S. Men migrated from ranch to ranch on short-term with badly paid agreements to "build up a stake" as Lennie and George reflected in Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck. (Steinbeck, Of Mice and Men, 43)
In simple fact, this job opportunity was the only kind of employment, open to these inerudite employees. In addition, the society's ignorant identity is also dominating throughout the fiction. Ranch employees' simple dreams, handmade cards on the free times, dogmatic views about women and trend to violence are the most significant instances for the uneducated area of U. S. during Great Major depression as it is talked about in the next lines:
We also see a lot of unemployed and the indegent caused by the Great Depressive disorder within Cannery Row too: Prostitution has been held up by many women in Dora's Ale Flag Restaurant; Mack and the guys are unemployed although their ages are suited to work and people like Sam Malloy are in awful conditions. Regardless of the abominable conditions in the Cannery Row, personas in this town are generally satisfied and don't plan to change their position during the novel. This gratified atmosphere among people in the Row creates the town's utopist identity looked after provides happiness for the reader.
Firstly, it can be concluded that similar topics, like outsiders, loneliness, views about women and friendship are examined in both novels. For instance, the ranch personnel in Of Mice and Men and residents in Cannery Row are misfits; the character types in both novels are profoundly lonely and unfortunate; Dora, Women at the Beer Flag and Curley's Wife in these individual novels signify the same belittling view about women. In the second place, the symbols are also significantly parallel in Of Mice and Men and Cannery Row. For example, Lennie and George's desire farm and Carmel Valley will be the symbols which symbolize the American Wish and the impossibility of computer. Furthermore, Frankie in Cannery Row is the illusion of love, pureness and innocence in the community exactly like Lennie in Of Mice and Men who's also emotionally handicapped like Frankie. Finally, the testimonies of the novels take place in California before Great Depression. It can be detected that poverty, unemployment and the soldiers of the post-war years are the products of the same times of Great Despair and Second World Conflict.
To conclude, by taking into consideration the statements above, it could be affirmed that Of Mice and Men and Cannery Row are books directly parallel to each other in their styles, icons and historical features.