No Exit by Jean Paul Sartre | Analysis

Keywords: no leave sartre, no leave analysis, no exit essay

Analysis of No Exit

No Leave by Jean Paul Sartre is a play that symbolizes the German occupation of France. He was a soldier in the France Army during World War II and experienced to face the humiliation of beat and the fighting of warfare. No Exit takes place in an area which is meant to be a part of hell occupied by three people who cannot stand being around one another. This is an allusion to the partnership between your French and German people living between each other during the war. In this play, Sartre discusses issues such as liberty, reliance on others, deception, and "bad faith" (Spark Records, analysis). In this essay I will discuss different ideas and symbolization that help the audience understand Sartre's conveyed messages about how exactly he views loss of life and how one must handle the present. Also, I will discuss the characters in depth to comprehend why they managed the situations they were in so in another way than the others by looking at and contrasting their personalities. Sartre also was a firm believer in either a "being-in-itself", a being that let us other people control them or a "being-for-itself", a being who makes their own alternatives. "Existence precedes substance" was the theme to his opinion a human's consciousness was devoted to a "being-for-itself, " or a "being-in-itself" (Spark Records, examination). Humans have the power to control their options, thoughts, characteristics, principles and certain characteristics. With this ability also comes responsibility for your choices. This nervousness of responsibility causes visitors to step back again and let others selected and control what they think and do. It really is a way to cope rather than take responsibility for your actions. This in turn creates the idea of a "being-in-itself" instead of the human's usual "being-for-itself". Within this paper this notion will be mentioned and compared with the heroes reactions to their own personal simple fact in hell.

The four people that Sartre portrayed in this play will be the valet, Inez, Estelle and Mr. Garcin. Garcin is a journalist from Rio and the first to be launched to the story and enter the area. His cause of fatality was execution by way of a firing squad for trying to desert during a war. The warfare was not specified exactly, but his reason for deserting was that he was a pacifist and was standing up for what he presumed in. During the play, it is clear that Garcin can deal with the thought of their hell better than the other two personas in the area. He considers and realizes that the three of them were not come up with by chance but actually brought together deliberately to torture each other with others existence. He explained that the ultimate way to cope with this predicament was for every person to maintain themselves and leave the other maintain hopes to be able to coexist peacefully. Throughout the whole account, Garcin looks back into the past and looks at Earth's present and tries to make peace with himself about the wicked things he previously done to his loved ones on Earth. He completely understands why he is damned to hell and will not question anything about where he's. Inez is the next person to enter in the room and is the most damaging of all of the characters. She helps it be her mission to cause the most hostility and problems to the other two people in the area. Her past profession was as a postal clerk. She feels she is in hell, because she seduced her cousin's wife and applied adultery. The reason behind her fatality was that her fan, her cousin's partner, left the stove on while they were sleeping and the gas wiped out them both. She obviously dislikes men and automatically hates Garcin. In most cases she is certainly competing with him. However, she quickly confirms Estelle very attractive and pursues her for all of those other story. She will try to find any way possible to be nearer to Estelle and also scares her. Estelle is the previous person to enter in the hell. She is the most skittish and frightened person in the room. She depends on mirrors to remind her that she is actually there, so when she realizes there are no mirrors in the room she agrees to rely on Garcin and Inez to identify her lifetime. She also firmly is convinced that she does not belong in hell, being only happy to acknowledge to her reason behind death: pneumonia. She refuses to use the term lifeless but asks everyone to instead use the word absent. Inez pursues her but Estelle informs them that she can only just be with a man and favors Garcin. Garcin is quickly considering Estelle but then quickly puts all of his energy into concentrating on Inez and her activities. Estelle finally confesses that she experienced an affair on her husband and wiped out her illegitimate child. Lastly, the most incomprehensible of all personas is the valet. He was the person to lead every individual into the room, rarely answering any questions in support of supplies brief, cryptic answers. He informs Garcin of the bell in the room with which he may be summoned, but it seldom works. The valet is similar to a devil picture. He provides Garcin a chance to escape but knows that because of his personality, he'd never leave in fear of Inez transferring judgments on him for leaving the area. The characters think that the valet gadgets with each of them indirectly and triggers them great annoyance and problems, like the furnishing of the area.

Existentialism is the rejection of any traditional approach to objective understandings of human tendencies. Existentialists choose to review and appearance at specific humans who can be found independently of any kind of community, tradition, or legislation. In No Exit, it's rather a perfect place for existentialism to be viewed because of how each persona is taken out of his / her component to be selected apart and analyzed. Since there is absolutely no way out and no mirrors, the heroes are left to choose for themselves if they're really there and have an essence. Sartre questions the variations between lifestyle and fact with each personality. Each individual has died on the planet and is left to only endure off of what they have gone of their souls. They are able to see for themselves who they really are due to their closed down off situation. A mnage a trios has been created in this play where each identity must either disregard or allow the judgments of others in the area. Initially, both Inez and Garcin have a discord about the way Garcin's face appeared. She didn't like the way his mouth flipped and she demanded that he stop. He chose to believe her view and tried to avoid. This is one of many examples of how these individuals agree to count on the view of others to explain their lifetime. Garcin allowed Inez to establish his fact. Another interesting point relating to this work is the fact that Sartre didn't describe hell as being a definitive place. He gives you to notice that hell is actually a state of mind. Sartre most likely wrote this play during the German job of Paris therefore you can conclude that he compared the eyelid-less stare of the valet to the Nazis and their security of the French people. Garcin is deeply bothered by the valet looking at him because of his fear of being judged by others questioning eyes.

Sartre practices the strategy of exposition, or giving a detailed backdrop to each identity, to introduce each identity by placing them in an awkward and odd situation. Sartre also foreshadows many of the major factors of the play before they occur later on. For example, every character is already dead yet they still are in denial and continue steadily to think of themselves as alive. They continue steadily to make responses like there is nothing different about their lives and refuse to accept where they are at first. Also, there is foreshadowing of the type development between Garcin and Estelle. Initially when Estelle first views him, she recognizes him and attaches him with her fan on earth. This foreshadows their romance down the road in the story. Existence and essence is also discussed with the exemplory case of how Estelle relies on a mirror to believe she is very there. She relies on material things to define her lifestyle. Inez on the other hands refuses to let other people define her lifetime or substance. "She remarks that she is always "painfully conscious" of herself" (Spark Notes, evaluation). "Hell is other people" is also a main issue portrayed in this play (Scridb). Estelle needs Inez to be her reflection but it isn't easy for her to aid Estelle totally because they may have different views about appearance. There will be a difference in the manner they might see one another. Inez greatly dislikes the way Garcin looks at her, and feels like he's always judging her. Garcin also hates the thought of other people judging him for what he has chosen to do and would visit nothing to prove them incorrect, even if this means him staying in the room forever. Both Estelle and Garcin refuse to let go of their pasts and accept what was already done. They each cause their own hell, and it seems like a constant cycle of personal torture. They still both act like they are before and refuse to look at the here and today, unlike Inez. She plainly perceives her present and understands that the past can't be altered, and so she decides not to linger onto it. "All you own is here" is an evidently true offer said by Inez that greatly emphasizes the idea of acceptance (Spark Records, examination). Garcin, towards the finish shows that he has the least amount of do it yourself understanding and worthwhile. He is not able to decide on his motives as to why he ran from the conflict and whether he considers himself a coward or not. He asks Estelle to tell him what her opinion is and depends on her to encourage him either way. Just like Inez, Garcin is incredibly worried about others laying judgments on him, and concerns too little control. He is convinced that given that he is gone, he has kept his storage and legacy in other people's hands to do what they please with it. He gives his flexibility to determine himself to others. He has became a "being-in-itself". This is the whole reason he chooses never to leave when the valet opens the door for him. He is convinced that people will always evaluate him from the options he has made in his former, and decides to damn himself to the room for eternity. Sartre powerfully shows that hell could simply be other folks by placing Garcin, Estelle and Inez collectively. Hell can be a mindset rather than simply a physical place. Just the power of every person's gaze using one another takes away from each person's personality all together. There is no need for physical torture when the mere lifestyle of the other notable causes enough anguish. Each identity loses and ignores their given flexibility and responsibility.

No Exit is an extremely interesting little bit of literature which I recommend to anyone who wants to see an abstract way of looking at life and its many important themes. Responsibility for one's actions, acceptance of others, self-reliance on defining one's self, lifestyle, focus on looking at the present and not dwelling on the near future are incredibly important means of operating life that are echoed throughout this work. Each figure symbolizes weaknesses where many folks have and can relate with.


1. Scribd. "No Leave by Jean Paul Sartre. " Non-commercial copyright. 9 May. 2008. .

2. SparkNotes Editors. "SparkNote on No Leave. " SparkNotes LLC. n. d. . 17 Nov. 2009. .

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