Posted at 11.03.2018
Modern medicine is mostly credited to European Civilization because it has been generally written about and taken up in plenty of books and publications. Also, the Medical Classes and the universities in the Western world refer a lot to Westerners when they learn and educate about treatments and medical research. However, many of the 'discoveries' or studies in medicine should be attributed to Arabs or Muslims, from the center Eastern region. When European countries is at the so-called 'Deep Age range', before a revival there, the Arab world or the so-called Islamic Empire was actively involved with science and medication. Later, these discoveries, which developed the foundation of western drugs were glossed over and neglected as though they never been around or that Muslims never enjoyed a substantial role or contributed nothing. This newspaper aspires to enlighten the viewers and high light the efforts of some Arab and Muslim medical doctors (Islam Tomorrow; Kaadan).
This article will highlight different aspects of Muslim medicine. Firstly, it will look at the origins and affects of medicine. Secondly, the foundations of Muslim treatments will be talked about. Next, the translations and manuscript writing of Muslim medical scholars will be referred to. After that practices important Muslim Scholars. A look will be studied at an example of early Muslim nursing homes and treatments and then the conclusion follows. From then on there is a list of advice of how to acknowledge Muslim Efforts to Drugs.
Islamic medication has its origins and influences in several systems and from different schedules as well as differing people and beliefs. Among the main influences can be tracked back to its Arab roots, namely of the prophet Muhammad's time. Then there's also the affects from the Greeks, India and Iranian doctors. Many of the medical basis and foundations of the old Greek and Roman periods, and famous physicians such as Hippocrates and Galen, acquired a profound impact on Islamic medicine ( Islam Tomorrow; Kaadan).
Many of the origins of Islamic drugs goes back to the prophet Muhammad's time. Many hadiths about medication are to his credit. It has been reported that lots of successful treatments of diseases came into being therefore of Prophet Muhammad's (PBUH) advice (Muslim Contribution). You will find three unique types of therapeutic healing attributed to him: honey, Hijama (damp cupping) and cauterization. He was actually from the latter unless it could heal the complaint or disease. The main reason because of this was connected to the pain to be endured. Besides doctors such as Hippocrates, Galen and Imhotep, Muhammad was credited with stating that there is always a cause and a cure for every disease. Many Hadiths talk about this: " There is absolutely no disease that Allah has generated, except that He also created its treatment. " "The main one who dispatched down the disease, delivered down the remedy. " "For every disease, Allah has given a cure. "
It was because of the belief that there are many treatments for diseases, that Muslims actively employed themselves in medical research and studies and searched for cures for known diseases. Many clerics (Imams) were involved in cure-seeking as they noticed it as an extension of their responsibilities in accordance with the Prophet's teachings and advice (Al Ghazal; Muslim Contribution).
We find that many Greek and other Roman Empire medical records and results were translated by Muslims. Not surprisingly, Muslims do their own writings based on a few of these and added their own knowledge, thus accumulating more reference point works in medication. With this, Muslims could treat more diseases and increase their knowledge. The translated Western works were translated into Arabic and the Muslim knowledge put into that. The end products arrived in the Western part of Europe and they also discovered more about Greek, other and Muslim drugs (Islam Tomorrow).
Despite the many Muslim doctors and health professionals who all contributed to medicine, there are a few who attained great heights. Following are two such leading statistics.
He is often regarded as the father of modern medicine. He was a great thinker and medical scholar ever sold. He wrote many manuscripts on medication. One particular great work of Avicenna (Ibn Sina) from Persia, was his "The Cannon of Remedies", which was translated into Latin and then disperse through Europe. Avicenna was the main one who discovered contagious diseases and advocated quarantine to avoid the spread than it (Okerson 2010; Pormann & Savage-Smith 2007).
After Avicenna, he's seen as another great scholar of drugs. Some even equate him with Avicenna, while other say he became and was bigger than Avicenna. He also published numerous manuscripts and medical volumes and could have written 300, if he didn't expire. He critically evaluated earlier medical records and added his own knowledge and conclusions. His major contribution was about the blood circulatory system. His earlier knowledge was only re-discovered many years later in modern medication (Vancouver Island University).
Many Muslim medical doctors create places for treatments, which became forerunners for private hospitals. Here they cared for the sickly and wounded. These hospitals possessed trained staff by means of doctors and nursing personnel. That they had normal wards and parts, to specialist divisions such as areas for insane patients.
A good exemplory case of such a clinic was the one in Cairo, Egypt. Egyptians were old medical people in early Egypt and knowledge was passed on through the ages. The ideas and examples of this hospital were exported to Europe via the Crusaders who emerged to this area. Later private hospitals were built there predicated on this model. Unique to this hospital was the actual fact that it experienced female nursing staff (Pormann & Savage-Smith 2007).
The contributions of early Islam were very wealthy, voluminous and hugely varied that it overwhelms this brief descriptive essay. The early Muslims drew a lot on their old Islamic customs, knowledge and religious beliefs. These were also enlightened by knowledge from other civilizations such as Greece, Rome and India. They filtered ideas, have their own research, analyzed ideas and added new medical knowledge to existing ones. Great medical doctors and medical scholars came out of the rates of Muslims and Arab countries, especially the center East (Ahmad 1997).
The Muslim discoveries are not the main, but the technique and thought and school of thought of the drugs and treatments. Most of these were inspired by the Muslim/Islamic faith and that of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Here the Quaranic trust and simple truth is of important value. These guidelines resulted in many remedies of diseases and discoveries of new knowledge needed to address mysterious ones. The true value of Muslim efforts to that of Modern Drugs need to be recognized so that the greatness of Muslim medical scholarly and knowledge of early times can be recognized and earn its rightful devote Modern HEALTH BACKGROUND today (Kadaan; Pormann & Savage-Smith 2007).
Because of having less knowledge of mostly some westerners as well as some Muslims in respect of the contribution of Muslims to the medical sciences, the following is preferred:
Students at Major and SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL levels should come in contact with HEALTH BACKGROUND, with an emphasis on Muslim efforts to the research and knowledge basic.
At School level, especially in the Middle East and the West, History courses also needs to touch on the Muslim's contribution to dispel any notion that medical knowledge originated from the traditional Greeks.
Hospitals in the Arab (Middle East) world should honor the Muslim contributions by growing pamphlets with health background on it, as well as set up some pictures of Muslims such as Avicenna (Ibn Sina) and Ibn Al Nafis up on the wall surfaces.
Nursing Schools in the centre East and Medical Academic institutions is going out of the way to recognize the old masters and forerunners of Muslim medicine, and observe their efforts to modern medicine.