Thomas Carlyle observed that the history of the world is very the biography of great men. No two men have affected the world more than Jesus and Muhammad. Nations have used their words as the foundation of their civilizations and laws. Completely 1 / 2 of the world's inhabitants trace the roots with their beliefs back again to Muhammad's words in the 7th century and the teachings of Jesus Christ in the 1st century. Usually are not were these men who've changed the world, and just how do they equate to one another? We get started with Muhammad.
Muhammad didn't appear extraordinary at first. However in time his name became known throughout the Arab lands as the one who united a disparate group of nomad Arabs into a robust force because of their God. Now, nearly 1, 400 years later, 1. 8 billion Muslims revere Muhammad as the greatest of all prophets.
About six hundred years before Muhammad another man came out on the picture who in three brief years changed the world. His name is Jesus Christ. In just a few decades after he kept earth, the energy and might of the Roman Empire was enveloped by the phenomenon of Christianity, now it is the world's largest faith with over 2 billion followers.
Although Muslims and Christians both consider highly in God, their spiritual differences have altered our 21st century world. But, can their many spiritual differences be traced back again to the teachings of Muhammad and Jesus? If these religious leaders were alive today, would they reveal the divisions with their followers, or would they agree with each other?
Perhaps we can answer that question by looking at the similarities and variations of Muhammad and Jesus. Both spiritual leaders experienced some similarities, but their differences account for much of the section we see today between Islam and Christianity. Within the next several pages, we can look at the:
Life of Muhammad
Life of Jesus
Similarities between Muhammad and Jesus
Differences between Muhammad and Jesus
After looking at Muhammad and Jesus, we will attempt to draw conclusions in what led to their enormous affect upon our world. We will also study their text messages for essential dissimilarities. First let's take a brief check out their lives.
Life of Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ was created about 6 B. C. in Bethlehem, an obscure town in the Roman province of Palestine. It was a period when many Jews were looking for the long promised Messiah spoken of more than 100 years before by Hebrew prophets. Luke, who recorded the life span of Jesus, writes that Jesus was born of the Virgin Mary, and that the angel Gabriel proclaimed him as the "Child of the very most High, " the "Savior of men" (Luke 1:26-38).
Jesus worked well as a carpenter in the Galilean town of Nazareth. At age 30 he started out his general public ministry by instructing God's Phrase and carrying out nature-defying miracles. Jesus' words and miraculous deeds fascinated huge crowds such as a magnet. He spoke of God with an expert that marveled everyone.
Jesus' sinless life of moral purity amazed both his supporters and his opponents. He also astounded them by turning water into wine, walking on water, calming storms at sea, presenting vision to the blind, restoration paralyzed limbs, and restoring life to the deceased. No one possessed ever showed such power and specialist. And his opponents were unable to refute Jesus' amazing vitality over mother nature.
Not only did Jesus perform great miracles, but he also spoke words of such profound wisdom, that it was said of him that "no man has ever spoken such as this. " His words were spoken with authority and revealed impressive information about the human being condition. In fact, Jesus said his words were what of God Himself.
Although the crowds that followed Jesus treasured and accepted him, Jewish spiritual market leaders were jealous of his popularity and wisdom. In their envy, they regularly looked for to trip him up or capture him in a violation of these law.
But Jesus' life was real and above reproach. Rather than violating God's laws, Jesus fulfilled each and every control by his righteous life. Jesus continually shown heartfelt compassion for the indegent and downcast. He searched beyond the outward appearances of men to their hearts. Jesus was always kind, going out of his way to help people, regardless of how important they were.
Jesus never boasted about himself. And his humility was combined with amazing courage and power. He condemned religious hypocrisy, and spoke boldly in the face of overwhelming opposition from the Jewish leaders and Roman rulers. But Jesus also trained forgiveness, and showed it by forgiving his executioners as he hung on the cross uttering, "Father forgive them for they don't know what they are doing. " (Luke 23:26-49).
Jesus made statements that totally infuriated his enemies. Jesus' cases make it impossible that he was simply a prophet, a great spiritual leader, or only a good man. "He was either who he claimed to be, [God] or he was a liar, or a madman, or something even worse. "
Jesus was betrayed by Judas, one of is own 12 disciples, and transformed to his Jewish enemies. The Romans then crucified Jesus over a cross and certified his death. After verifing his fatality, his body was located into a rich man's tomb in Jerusalem.
Jesus had advised his disciples he'd grow from the grave three times after his crucifixion. His disciples didn't imagine his words at first, plus they fled the field, afraid they would be wiped out like their leader. But three days after Jesus' crucifixion, these were suddenly changed. In the remarkable turnaround, they began proclaiming that Jesus acquired risen, and finally died as martyrs for what they believed to be true.
Before he ascended, Jesus guaranteed that he'd return to globe someday as Ruler. His supporters' conviction pass on just like a wildfire, consuming the entire Roman Empire. Our world hasn't been the same.
Muhammad was born in 570 A. D in Mecca, a city in American Saudi Arabia. He was an orphan, having lost both parents by age 6. After age group 8 the young Muhammad grew up by his uncle, Abu Talib. In time he joined up with the trading caravans as a merchant.
At time 25 Muhammad wedded a wealthy widow by the name of Khadijah, 15 years his mature. The couple experienced four daughters and two sons who died in infancy. During Muhammad's life he previously a complete of eleven wives. He was described as mild and humble naturally. He adored children and family pets.
At era 40, Muhammad dropped into a trance in a cave on Support Hira near Mecca where he stated to have read the angel Gabriel talk with him. Muhammad reportedly ran home crying out, "O, Kadijah! I have either become a soothsayer or else I am possessed of the Djin [demon] and absent mad. "
Khadijah and her Religious cousin Waraqah consoled Muhammad, ensuring him his vision must be real, and that he was truly God's prophet. Muhammad had additional revelations of Gabriel talking with him, but he still possessed agonizing questions about their simple fact. He was even more stressed when the revelations ceased, becoming dejected and interesting suicide.
It wasn't until later when his revelations resumed, that Muhammad finally commenced proclaiming himself as a prophet, and preaching "in the main one sovereign God, resurrection, and the previous wisdom, and the practicing of charity to the indegent and the orphans. "
Muhammad was illiterate and recited his revelations orally. It wasn't until after his loss of life that they were compiled and on paper in the Qur'an. Muslims accept the Qur'an as a miracle, believing it is 100% encouraged with no real human error. A lot of what we know as Islam - the lives and sayings of the Prophet - is based on text messages from between 130 and 300 years after Muhammad's loss of life.
In the face of rampant idolatry, Muhammad became zealous for Allah. It was his zeal that led Muhammad to take up the sword for Allah. He would pass on Islam by conquering the "infidel" (unbelieving) peoples, including Christians and Jews.
Prior to taking up the sword, Muhammad acquired co-existed peacefully with the countless Jewish inhabitants of Medina. But when he became aware the Jews rejected his prophetic calling and radical ideas, he became upset, and began dealing with them cruelly. As a result, some Jews were driven into exile by his militia, while others were executed using their widows and children for sale as slaves.
Prior to his death, Muhammad led several armed forces campaigns. He proved to be a courageous and capable military innovator. By enough time of his death in 632, Muslims ruled only in Arabia. But within ten years the Arab Muslims conquered Palestine, Syria, Egypt, Iraq, and then Persia (Iran). In one technology Muhammad and his followers had modified the political panorama of the Eastern world. Today Muslims round the world honor Muhammad as Allah's one "True Prophet. "
Before we go through the dissimilarities between Jesus and Muhammad, let's identify some of their similarities.
Jesus and Muhammad proven the world's two most significant religions, Christianity with 2. 1 billion, and Islam with 1. 8 billion people, collectively one half of the world's society.
Although their views of God's aspect were different, both men thought in and educated about one true God who's sovereign, infinite, all powerful, all-knowing, and the ultimate judge of all mankind.
Both men accepted the Old Testament as God's Expression, and recognized Abraham, as the one through whom God would make a great people. Jews and Christians believe God's promise is through Abraham's child, Isaac, while Muslims believe that it is through Abraham's other child, Ishmael.
Neither Jesus nor Muhammad wrote a book. However, their respected followers saved their words that people have today; the New Testament detailing the eyewitness accounts of Jesus' life and words, and the Qur'an, which reports Muhammad's consideration of his revelation. Whereas Muslims respect the Qur'an as a "Miracle" that must be taken by trust without the necessity of evidentiary support, Christians point to numerous evidences of early documents substantiating the trustworthiness of the New Testament.
Muhammad's most long lasting affect has been his ability to unite disparate sets of Arab individuals under the banner of Islam, primarily by military services conquest. This affect pass on further by conquests of several surrounding countries.
Between the 8th century to the 13th century, Islam was instrumental in several advancements in the arts and sciences. This era of cultural improvement is called "The Golden Age group of Islam" During this Golden Get older Muslim scholars made efforts to literature, mathematics, astronomy, medicine, and chemistry. Muhammad's effect rings noisy today through his 1. 8 billion enthusiasts around the world.
Jesus Christ influenced European Civilization peacefully. He advised us that God adores each of us separately and created us for Himself. He trained us to love and forgive one another. Secular world historian Will Durant credits Jesus' teachings with "the start of democracy. " Jesus' coaching of the high value of the individual resulted in the establishment of universities such as Yale and Harvard, the abolition of slavery, the enhanced dignity of women, and many hospitals charities and humanitarian works.
Although some similarities are present between Muhammad and Jesus, their dissimilarities are far greater. Let's check out some of the most important.
Muhammad said he was simply a man; Jesus said to be God. Actually, Muhammad never claimed to be more than a man, a prophet of Allah. His following prayer displays that:
"O Allah! I am but a man. " (Ahmed, Musnad, Vol. 6, pg. 103)
Although Jesus was completely a man who believed pain, became eager, worn out, and was enticed like us, Jesus also claimed to be fully God, equal along with his heavenly Daddy. He said that prior to learning to be a man, he and the father had always existed as you God, and acquired jointly created the universe.
Several popular conspiracy theories, like The Da Vinci Code, have asserted that the cathedral invented Jesus' divinity, but historical information indicates the earliest Christians believed that Jesus is both Lord and God.
Christianity would not be the same if Jesus' disciples hadn't truly assumed he was God. (The word, "Son of God" does not mean a biological offspring, or that Jesus is inferior to his Father, it only demonstrates their romance with each other within the godhead). All the evidence things to the actual fact that the disciples totally embraced his deity.
As a mortal man, Muhammad sinned like us. Jesus was reported to be "without sin" (John 8:46). Even his enemies were not able to accuse him of breaking any of God's Commandments. But Muhammad admitted he had erred, and asked Allah for forgiveness 3 x (Sura al-Ghafir 40:55; 47:19 al-Fath 48:2).
Muhammad never performed a miracle (Qur'an 29:50), but Jesus exhibited complete authority over aspect by doing numerous miracles (Symbol 3:9, 10).
Jesus fulfilled old Hebrew prophecies; Muhammad did not. Muhammad offered no qualifications but his revelation. Yet, nearly 300 Old Testament prophecies with 61 specific details were satisfied by Jesus Christ. Only God might have brought those details to go away. Thus, Jesus is a perfect match for each of them. Jesus' divine credentials were set up by his fulfillment of God's prophetic Word.
Jesus' resurrection showed divine vitality; Muhammad died and his bone fragments are reportedly within his grave at Medina. Jesus, on the other side, came back to life three days after he was crucified and verified dead by Roman executioners. Both Jesus' crucifixion and resurrection are historical facts that there is compelling evidence.
Jesus educated love and grace; Muhammad taught distribution and rules. Muhammad taught that we must attain salvation by sticking with Islam's Five Pillars of the Beliefs. Quite simply, our salvation is determined by our own initiatives. Even then, one has no guarantee of forgiveness, and must rely upon the mercy of Allah for forgiveness. Some Muslims believe the Qur'an teaches that becoming a martyr for Allah will gain them favour and they'll be rewarded by way of a heavenly harem.
Jesus said God created us for a romance with Himself. His plan is to adopt us into His heavenly family as His beloved children. However, we rebelled against Him and broke His moral laws and regulations. The Bible calling this sin. Such disobedience against a holy God requires common sense. Our good deeds, money, or prayers cannot eliminate our sins.
The Bible says us God is a seeking God who devised an idea to free us from our sin arrears. God's solution was to pay the purchase price Himself. In order to complete that, Jesus became a man who would die inside our place (Philippians 2:5). Jesus said: "God so enjoyed the entire world that He sent Jesus to pass away for us" (John 3:16). Jesus taught that salvation is a free present which must be embraced by trust in him together, not our deeds. It really is our choice to simply accept or reject God's free pardon.
Jesus and Muhammad have at time been confused amongst scholars as being one in the same. Both these individuals were given birth to at completely separate times; however, both men offered virtually identical purposes while on Earth. Jesus promoted Christianity and Muhammad promoted